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Publication numberUS2732199 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 24, 1956
Filing dateApr 13, 1950
Publication numberUS 2732199 A, US 2732199A, US-A-2732199, US2732199 A, US2732199A
InventorsFriedrich Meinig
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Meinig
US 2732199 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

F. MEINIG Jan. 24, 1956 BALANCE Filed April 13, 1950 United States Patent BALANCE Friedrich Meinig, Gottingen, Germany Application April 13, 1950, Serial No. 155,614 Claims priority, application Germany August 18, 1949 8 Claims. (Cl. 265-54) I The present invention relates to a balance, and more particularly to a precision balance provided with an automatic device for applying the weights.

It is an object of the present invention to decrease the surface of the balance in heat exchange with the surroundings.

It is another object of the present invention to provide a balance having a casing devoid of dead corners in its interior in order to eliminate uncontrolled heat exchanges and flow conditions.

It is a further object of the present invention to increase the stability of the casing while keeping its weight as low as possible.

It is still another object of this invention to provide a balance which is simple to manufacture. All the parts of the balance can be well fitted to one another and mounted on the base plate, thus having a high inner stability favorable in the use of the balance.

The balance according to the invention comprises in its broadest aspects a base plate and a cover arranged on the base plate, the cover having a substantially circular cross section.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the base plate has a substantially cylindrical shape of a diameter slightly in excess of the diameter of the cover.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention the cover includes a substantially cylindrical wall arranged on the base plate and a lid arranged on the edge of the cylindrical wall opposite to the base plate. The lid may be either flat or dome-shaped and preferably semi-spherical.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the cylindrical wall has an aperture, and a door having partcylindrical shape is provided for closing the aperture. Preferably the door is designed as a sliding door of substantially the same curvature as the cylindrical wall.

Preferably an arc-shaped rail is connected to the cover and a clamp is movably arranged on the rail and holds the door, the clamp being preferably shaped as a handle for manipulating the door.

In a preferred embodiment the aperture of the cylindrical wall is substantially half-cylindrical and can be closed by two movable doors each having the shape of substantially a quarter of a cylinder of substantially the same curvature as the cylindrical wall.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention a substantially semi-circular rail is arranged substantially along the upper edge of the half-cylindrical aperture on which clamps are movably arranged and which respectively hold the doors. Preferably, the clamps are shaped as handles for manipulating the doors.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention a flexible strip is arranged between the doors and adapted to seal the interior of the cover in the closing position of the doors. At the same time this strip decreases the flow of air when the doors are open.

2,732,199 Patented Jan. 24, 1956 Preferably, the flexible strip is held by a clamp arranged on one straight edge of one of the curved doors.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, means for neutralizing any electric charges generated by the motion of the doors are provided. These means may be designed as a layer of a lacquer adapted to remove the charges. This lacquer may be either arranged on one or both doors or on the flexible strip.

The novel features which are considered as characteristic for the invention are set forth in particular in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, both as to its construction and its method of operation, together with additional objects and advantages thereof, will be best understood from the following description of spe cific embodiments when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a balance according to the invention, the cover being partly broken away;

Fig. 2 is a top view of the balance shown in Fig. 1, the left half of the lid being broken away;

Fig. 3 shows a plan view at an enlarged scale of the overlapping ends of the doors shown in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged side elevation showing one of the doors and the clamp connecting it to the rail; and

Fig. 5 isatop View of Fig.4.

Referring now to the drawings, the balance comprises a base plate 1 preferably of cylindrical shape on which the entire mechanism needed for a weighing is mounted. The weight means is operable from the exterior of the device in a well known manner, as shown, for example, in U. S. Patent Number 2,614,825. In Fig. 1 the balance beam 2 supported by the column 4 and one of the weighing pans 3 suspended from one end of the balance beam 2 are shown. A vertical partition 5 subdivides the space inside the cover 20 into approximately two equal parts, the partition 5 being arranged at right angles to the balance beam 2. All these parts are covered by a half cylindrical wall 6 with two doors 3 and 9 and a preferably removable lid 7 arranged at the top of the cylindrical wall 6. The cylindrical wall 6 has preferably a diameter slightly less than the diameter of the cylindrical base 1. The lid 7 may be dome-shaped, as shown in the drawings.

The two doors 8 and 9 preferably consist of transparent material such as glass or Plexiglas. The doors are shaped each as substantially a quarter of a cylinder having substantially the same curvature as the wall 6 and are connected by means of clamps 10 to a substantially semi-circular rail 12 fixed at its opposite ends to the upper edge of the partition 5. The clamps are arranged at the outer ends of the upper curved edge of each door as clearly shown in Fig. 2.

The clamps 10 slide along the rail 12 by means of rollers 11 as clearly shown in Figs. 4 and 5. They hold the doors 8 and 9 by means of screws 22 and flexible layers 23. Preferably the clamps it are provided with handles 14 for the manipulation of the doors. Extensions 24 forming continuations of the doors 8 and 9 abut in the closing end position of the doors against the partition 5.

A flexible strip 13 is arranged between the doors 8 and 9 and is adapted to seal the interior of the balance in the closed position of the doors (Figs. 2 and 3). Preferably, the strip consists of a textile fabric or rubher being folded as a loop the ends 25 of which are held by a clamp 26 provided on one of the straight edges of one of the doors, such as 5, so as to hold the strip 13 in a fixed position with respect to said door.

The clamps 10 can be moved by means of the handles 14 so that each of the doors 8 and 9 can be opened independently of the other so that either an aperture What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A precision balanc'e'comp'rising, in combination, a cylindrical base; a partition fixed to saidbase and extending upwardly therefrom; a column mounted onsaid base; a balance beam pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on said column and havingtwo arms one of which extends across said partition to one side thereof and the other of whichis adapted to be connected to a weighing mechanism located on the other side' of said partition; a pan suspended from a free endportion of said one arm of said balance beam; a cylindrical wall mounted on said base, extending upwardlytherefrom, and engaging said partition toform with said opposite side thereof a chamber open only'at thetop' and-adapted to house the weighing mechanism; said-wall being foriiied in part by adoor of part-cylindrical shape facing said one side of said partition to giveacces's to said pan; and a lid located over and covering the space'defined by said wall.

2. A precision balance comprising, in combination, a cylindrical base; a partitionfixed to said base and extending upwardly therefrom; a column mounted on said base; a balance beam pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on said column and having two arms one of which extends across said partition to one side thereof a pan suspended from a free end portion of said one arm of said balance beam; a cylindrical wall mounted on said base, extending upwardly therefrom, and en gaging said partition'to form with said opposite side thereof a chamber open only at the top and adapted to house the weighing mechanism, said Wall having a movable portion facing said one-side of said partition to give access to said pan, said movable portion of' said wall being in the form of a segment of a cylinder and being movable about the axis of said cylindrical wall from a closed position, where said cylindrical wall extends completely about said base, to' an open position overlapping an adjacent part of said cylindrical wall; and a lid located over and coverin'gthe space defined by said wall. 7

3. A precision balance comprising, in combination, a cylindrical base; a partition fixed to said base and extending upwardly therefrom; a' columnmounted on said base; a balance beam pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on said post and having two arms one of which extends across said partition to one side "thereof and the other of which is adapted to be-connected to a weighing mechanism locatedonthe other side of said partition; a pan suspended from a free end porticn of said one arm of said balance beam; a cylindrical wali mounted on said base; extending upwardly'therefrom, and engaging said partition to form with said opposite side thereof a chamber open only at the top and adapted to house the weighing mechanism, said wall having a movable portion facing said one side rtition to give access to said pan, said movn of said wall being in the form of a' segment der and being movable about-the axis'of said lindrical wall extends completel about said base, to open position overlapping an adjacent part of said defined by said wall; and a flexible sealing strip fixed to one sideedge of said movable wall portionand-engaging said adiacent part of said' cylindrical wall so"that"sai'd movable wall portionis in sealing engagemer'itwitli 'said 4 l adjacent part of said movable Wall while being movable with respect thereto.

4. A precision balance comprising, in combination, a cylindrical base; a partition fixed to said base and extending upwardly therefrom; a column mounted on said base; a balance beam pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on said post and having two arms one of which extends across said partition to one side thereof and the other of which is adapted to be connected to a weighing mech anism located on the other side of said partition; a pan suspended from a free end portion of said one arm of said balance beam; a cylindrical wall mounted on said base, extending upwardly therefrom, and engaging said partition to form with said opposite side thereof a chamber open only at the top and adapted to house the weighing mechanism, said wall having a movable portion facing said one side of said partition to give access to said pan, said movable portion'of said wall being in the form of a segment of acylinder and'bein'g movable about the axis of said cylindrical wall from a closed position, where said cylindrical" wall extends completely about said base, to an open'position overlapping an adjacent part of said cylindrical wall; a lid located over and covering the space defined by said wall; a'fiexible' sealing strip fixed to one side edge of saidm'ova'blewall portion and engaging-said'adjacent'part of said cylindrical wall so that said movable wall portion is in sealing engagement with said adjacent part of said'movable wall while being movable with respect thereto; and a layer of lacquer located on said flexible strip for preventing the creation of static charges.

5'. A precision balance comprising,'in' combination, a cylindrical base; a partition fixed to said'base and extending upwardly therefrom; a column mounted o'n'said base, a balance beam pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on said column and having two arms o'neof which extends across said'pa'rtition to one side thereof, and/the other of whichis adapted to be connected 'to a' weighing mechanism'located on the other side of said partition; a pan suspended from a free end portion of said one arm of-sai'dbalanc'e beam; a cylindrical wall mounted on said base, extending upwardly therefrom and engaging" said partitionto' form with said opposite sidethe'reof a chamber open only at the top and adapted to house the weighing'mechanism, said'wall being formed at said one side of said partition by an arcuate' rail extending ab'outthe axis of said cylindrical wall and a pair of doors slidably mounted on said rail, beingin the form of segments of a cylinder and'being movable o'n'said rail about said axis of said cylindrical wall from a closed position, where said cylindrical wall extends completelyabout saidbase, to an open position where said doors are in overlapping relation with one door located behind the other; and 'a'lid located over and covering the space defined by said wan.

6. A' precision balance comprising, in combination, a cylindrical base; a partition fixed to said base and extendinglupwardly'therefrom; a column mounted on'said base; a balance beam pivotallym'o'unted intermediate its ends on said column and having two arms on'e'ofwh'i'ch extends across said partition to one side thereof and the" other of which is adapted to be'conne'ctcd'to a weighing-mechanism located on the other sideof said partition; a pan suspended from a free end portion of said one arm of saidbalan'ce'beam; a'cylindric'al wall mounted on 'said base, extending upwardly therefrom, and engaging said partition to form with said opposite side thereof a chamber open'only at the top and adapted to house theweigh in'g mechanism, said wall being formed at said one side of said partition by an arcuaterail extending about the'axis of said cylindrical wall and a pair of transparent doors slidably mounted on said rail, being'in the form of segments of a cylinder' and bei ngmovable on saidrail about sa'id axis of said cylindrical wall from a closed position; Where said cylindrical *wall extends completely about"'saidbase','to anopenposition where saiddoo'r's are in overlapping relationwith' one'doo'r located behind "the other; and a lid located over and covering the space defined by said wall.

7. A precision balance comprising, in combination, a cylindrical base; a partition fixed to said base and extending upwardly therefrom; a column mounted on said base; a baiance beam pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on said column and having two arms one of which extends across said partition to one side thereof and the other of which is adapted to be connected to a weighing mechanism located on the other side of said partition; a pan suspended from a free end portion of said one arm of said balance beam; a cylindrical wall mounted on said base, extending upwardly therefrom, and engaging said partition to form with said opposite side thereof a chamber open only at the top and adapted to house the weighing mechanism, said wall being formed at said one side of said partition by an arcuate rail extending about the axis of said cylindrical wall and a pair of doors slidably mounted on said rail, being in the form of segments of a cylinder and being movable on said rail about said axis of said cylindrical Wall from a closed position, where said cylindrical wall extends completely about said base, to an open position where said doors are in overlapping relation with one door located behind the other, said doors in said closed position thereof having overlapping edge portions; a lid located over and covering the space defined by said wall; and a strip of flexible material fixed to one of said overlapping edge portions of said doors and engaging the other of said overlapping edge portions to maintain said doors in sealing engagement with each other.

8. A precision balance comprising, in combination, a cylindrical base; a partition fixed to said base and extending upwardly therefrom; a column mounted on said base; a balance beam pivotally mounted intermediate its ends on said column and having two arms one of which extends across said partition to one side thereof, and the other of which is adapted to be connected to a weighing mechanism located on the other side of said partition; a pan suspended from a free end portion of said one arm of said balance beam; a cylindrical wall mounted on said base, extending upwardly therefrom, and engaging said partition to form with said opposite side thereof a chamber open only at the top and adapted to house the weighing mechanism, said wall being formed at said one side of said partition by an arcuate rail extending about the axis of said cylindrical wall and a pair of doors slidably mounted on said rail, being in the form of segments of a cylinder and being movable on said rail, about said axis of said cylindrical Wall from a closed position, where said cylindrical wall extends completely about said base, to an open position where said doors are in overlapping relation with one door located behind the other, said doors in said closed position thereof having overlapping edge portions; a lid located over and covering the space defined by said Wall; a strip of flexible material fixed to one of said overlapping edge portions of said doors and engaging the other of said overlapping edge portions to maintain said doors in sealing engagement with each other; and a layer of lacquer located on said strip to prevent the creation of static charges.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 269,508 Birmingham Dec. 26, 1882 486,828 Groulelf Nov. 22, 1892 688,034 Spengler Dec. 3, 1901 1,002,331 Stenius Sept. 5, 1911 1,065,588 Carter June 24, 1913 1,130,916 Marrinan Mar. 9, 1915 1,426,170 Frantz Aug. 15, 1922 1,920,855 Gloekler Aug. 1, 1933 2,028,627 Sherron Jan. 21, 1936 2,614,825 Kadlec Oct. 21, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 102,426 Switzerland June 30, 1922 486,935 Germany Nov. 27, 1927 330,081 Great Britain June 5, 1930 OTHER REFERENCES Roller-Smith Co. catalog 240, supplement No. 3, February 1938, main office 233 Broadway, New York. (Copy in Division 66, class 265, subclass 54B.)

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US269508 *Oct 27, 1882Dec 26, 1882 Door-hanger
US486828 *May 23, 1892Nov 22, 1892 Albert grouleff
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3027958 *Jun 6, 1956Apr 3, 1962Cenco Instr CorpBeam balances
US4762190 *Sep 8, 1987Aug 9, 1988Mettler Instrumente AgWeighing apparatus including wind shielding means
US4798250 *Dec 14, 1987Jan 17, 1989Sartorius GmbhBalance with wind guard
US4893686 *May 1, 1989Jan 16, 1990Mettler Instrumente AgDraft protection device for precision balances
US5074369 *Jan 15, 1991Dec 24, 1991Mettler-Toledo AgElectronic weighing apparatus having protective cover means
US5152356 *Apr 25, 1991Oct 6, 1992Mottler-Toledo AgWeighing scale with cover operating means
US6499816 *Jun 20, 2001Dec 31, 2002Norbert L. BeadelGrinding machine enclosure
Classifications
U.S. Classification177/181, 312/305, 177/190
International ClassificationG01G1/00
Cooperative ClassificationG01G1/00, G01G21/286
European ClassificationG01G1/00, G01G21/28W