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Publication numberUS2732555 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 31, 1956
Filing dateFeb 5, 1953
Publication numberUS 2732555 A, US 2732555A, US-A-2732555, US2732555 A, US2732555A
InventorsTaylor Paisley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Paisley
US 2732555 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 31, 1956 T. PAISLEY 2,732,555

FINGER SUPPORT FOR BOWLING Filed Feb. 5, 195a l; INVENTOR. B 7'4g/0/ Paisley BY E2; as [Zia/9,44%

United States Patent Oflice 2,732,555 Batented Jan. 31, 1956 FINGER SUPPORT FOR BOWLING Taylor Paisley, Femdale, Mich.

Application February 5, 1953,.Serial No. 335,194

5 Claims. (Cl. 2-41) This invention relates to finger supports and more par-.

ticularly to an improved finger support particularly adapted for use in the game of bowling.

As is well known, the bowling balls conventionally used in the game of bowling are provided with two or three spaced passageways which extend inwardly fromthe periphery thereof and facilitate gripping the ball, the ball being gripped by inserting the thumb and a portion of either one or two fingers in the spaced passageways.

Assuming that two fingers and the thumb are utilized to grip the ball, the passagewaysareso spaced-that substantially all of the bowlers thumb and the outer end portions of the middle and ring fingers extend into the passageways while the palm of the-hand, the inner portions of the middle and ring fingers, and the index and little fingers extend along the periphery of the ball. When the ball is so gripped, the middle and ringfingers are bent at an angle of approximately 90 degrees at the intermediate joints in such fingers,or the joints just outwardly of the joint between the inner ends of the fingers and the palm portion of the hand.

It has been found that in order to consistently knock down the maximum number of bowling pins, the ball should be rolled in such'a mannerthat it curves inwardly toward the center of the bowling. alley during its travel toward the spaced pins. In order to obtain such. a curvilinear path of travel, it is desirable to impart a rotary motion to the ball as it' leaves the hand and it is also well known that the preferred method of obtaining such rotary motion is to release the ball in such a manner that the thumb is pulled out of its passageway-firstwhile the middle and ring fingers remain bent, with the outeriend portions extending. into their respective passageways. The ball then rolls from the middle and-ring fingers as it is released and the. rotary and linear sliding. motions of the ball combine to provide a curvilinear path of travel.

Howevenmany bowlers have a tendencyto straighten theirmiddleand ring fingers before they release theball, with the result that only av translatory motion'is imparted to the ball, thus makingit diflicult to consistently knock down the maximum number ofipins.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide a finger support particularly adapted to hold selected fingers in a bent position so as to prevent the bowler from inadvertentlystraightening such fingers prior to the release of the ball.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved finger support of the indicated'character which is simple in construction, economical to manufacture, durable and reliable in-operation.

Still another object of the invention is to provide an improved finger'support which may be readily adapted for either right hand or left hand use-andwhichmay be used-without marring or otherwise damaging the "bowling ball, or interfering with the hand grip on the ball.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide a lightweight finger support incorporating improved means for releasably securing such support to a finger of the bowlers hand.

The above as well as other objects and-advantages will becomeapparent from the following description and the appended claims. A preferred embodiment of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawing throughout the several views of which corresponding reference characters designate corresponding'parts and wherein:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the present invention secured to selected fingers of a bowlers hand gripping a bowling ball;

Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of a finger support of this invention;

Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the structure illustrated in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a sectional view of thestructure illustrated in Fig; 3 taken onthe line 4-4 thereof;

Fig. 5 is an end view of the structure illustrated in Fig. 3, with the retaining means in the open position;

Fig. 6 is an end view of the structure illustrated in Fig. 3, with portions in section, and showing the retaining means in the closed position; and

Fig. 7 is an enlarged perspective view of the finger support illustrated in Figs. 1-6, showing the finger sup port positioned on. a bent finger and the strap and connecting member in the closed position.

Referring to the drawing and more particularly to Fig. 1, a conventional bowling ball 10 is shown having spaced passageways 12, 14 and 16 formed therein in the conventional manner. It will be understood that the present invention is applicable for use in bowling with balls having either two or three passageways and the ball 10 is shown with three passageways for the purposes of illustration.

The ball is gripped in such a manner thatsubstantially all of the thumb of the bowlers hand extends into the passageway 12 while the palm of the hand, the index and little fingers, and the portion of the ring and middle fingers between the'palm and the joints-in the fingers adjacent the palm extend along the periphery of the ball. The middle and ring fingers are bent at an angle of approximately degrees at the'joints in the fingersremote from the ends thereof and the outer end portions of such fingers extend into the'passa'geways 14 and 16.

The present invention provides" means for supporting the middle and ring fingers in the bent position so that the bowlerwill not inadvertently straighten such fingers before he releases the ball, To thisend, a support member, generally designated 15, is fitted on each of such fingers. Each support member is formedof a single sheet of relatively thin material, stamped or otherwise formed inthe shape of an elongated, taperedcup having relatively long curvedend walls 18 and 20 shaped to fit the dorsal surfaces of the finger when the finger is bent and joined at the apex by an integral portion 22. The end walls 18 and 20 extend angularly inapproximately perpendicular planes and the sides of the end walls are integrally'joined by spaced side walls 24 and 26 which functionto prevent the end walls from spreading apart as pressure is exerted thereon bythe finger. A recessed portion 25 is formed in the free edge of each side wall 24 and 26m provide'clearance between such Walls and the periphery of the ball 101-when' the support'is fitted on thefinger. It will be understood that straps or other reinforcing members (not shown) could be provided'to reinforce the end walls so as to enable such walls to withstand the forces'exerted thereon. The support'member may beformed from any material, such as metal or rust or corrode when in contact with moisture or perspiration.

Since the outer portion of the end wall 18 extends partially into one of the finger passageways, the walls, in cross-section, are snfiiciently thin to enter such passageways when positioned on the finger without marring or otherwise damaging the material from which the bowling ball is formed and without interfering with the users normal handgrip of the ball. Such a thin-sectioned construction also permits the support to be shaped, within limits, to fit fingers of various sizes and shapes. The support members may, however, be manufactured in some graduated sizes.

For the purpose of releasably securing the finger support to the finger, so as to maintain such finger in a bent position with the walls 18 and 20 abutting the dorsal surfaces of the finger on each side of the finger joint, one end portion of a strap 23 is fixed to the side Wall 24 by any suitable means, such as the rivet 30, the strap being sufficiently long to extend around the finger. A connecting member, generally designated 32 and formed of a single piece of flat type wire, is slidably fitted on the strap 23 and performs the double function of adjusting the effective length of the strap and releasably securing the free end of the strap to the opposite side 26 of the support member. The strap may, of course, be made of any suitable material, and other types of connecting or fastening members may be used, but the illustrated types have been found satisfactory and desirable. A portion 34 of the wire forming the connecting member extends substantially parallel with the axis of the strap 23 while the other portion of the wire is bent in the form of a square wave having spaced transversely extending portions 36, 38, 40 and 42 integrally joined by longitudinally extending portions 44, 46 and 48. The free end of the straight portion 34 is bent in the form of a hook 50 adapted to releasably engage an aperture 51 formed in the side wall 26 adjacent the apex of the support member while the free end of the square wave portion is spliced to the straight portion 34 at a position near, but spaced from, the hook 50.

The strap 28 is interlaced through the oppositely directed, coplanar recesses in the square wave portion of the connecting member 32 so as to overlie the alternate, transversely extending portions 36 and 40 and to underlie the alternate transversely extending portions 38 and 42, while the longitudinally extending portions 44, 46 and 48 and the straight portion 32 prevent transverse movement of the strap relative to the connecting member 32. When tension is applied to the strap 28, the transversely extending portions 36, 38, 40 and 42 of the connecting member 32 resist longitudinal movement of the connecting member relative to the strap.

From the above description, it will be appreciated that the connecting member may be positioned at any desired location on the strap 28 after which the hook portion 50 is positioned in engagement with the aperture 51 in the side wall 26 so that the strap snugly fits the finger and retains the support member on the finger. As shown in Fig. 7, the support member 15 is fitted on the finger when the finger is in a bent position, the letter A designating that portion of the finger which is nearest the knuckles while the letter B designates that portion of the finger which is nearest the fingernail. The support member thus supports the finger so that the bowler will not inadvertently straighten the finger before he releases the ball. After the support member 15 has been positioned on the finger, the hook portion 50 of the connecting member 32 is then inserted in the aperture 51 in the side wall 26 so as to maintain the strap 28 snugly against the finger and retain the support member on the finger.

While a preferred embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, it will be understood that various changes and modifications may be made without de' parting from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A finger support comprising a pair of end walls joined at one end thereof, said end walls extending in angular relationship in approximately perpendicular planes, a side wall extending between and rigid with said end walls, and means for releasably securing said support to a finger whereby the inner surfaces of each of said end walls simultaneously abut the dorsal surfaces of the finger.

2. A finger support comprising a pair of angularly extending end walls integrally joined at one end thereof and lying in approximately perpendicular planes, a pair of spaced side walls interconnecting the side portions of said end walls, and means for releasably securing said support to a finger with the inner surfaces of each of said end walls simultaneously abutting the dorsal surfaces of the finger.

3. A finger support comprising a pair of angularly extending end walls integrally joined at one end thereof and lying in approximately perpendicular planes, a pair of spaced side walls interconnecting the side portions of said end walls, said walls formed of relatively rigid, thin-sectioned material which may be shaped within limits to fit fingers of various sizes, and means for releasably securing said support to a finger with the inner surfaces of each of said end walls simultaneously abutting the dorsal surfaces of the finger.

4. A finger support including, in combination, a pair of angularly extending end walls integrally joined at one end thereof and extending in substantially perpendicular planes, each of said end walls shaped to fit the dorsal surfaces of a finger, a pair of spaced side walls integrally joining the side portions of said end walls, and means for releasably securing said support to a finger with the inner surfaces of each of said end walls simultaneously abutting the dorsal surfaces of the finger, said last mentioned means comprising a connecting member formed of a single piece of wire, a portion of the wire extending in a substantially straight line and having a hook on the free end thereof adapted to engage an aperture in one of said side walls, the other portion of the wire bent to form a plurality of adjacent, open-sided, oppositely directed recesses lying in a substantially fiat plane, and an elongated flexible strap interlaced through the recesses formed by the wire, one end of said strap fixed to the other of said side walls, said connecting member performing the double function of adjusting the effective length of said strap and releasably securing one end portion of said strap to one of said side walls.

5. A finger support including, in combination, a pair of angularly extending end walls integrally joined at one end thereof and extending in substantially perpendicular planes, each of said end walls shaped to fit the dorsal surfaces of a finger, a pair of spaced side walls integrally joining the side portions of said end walls, each of said side walls having a recess in the free edge thereof, and means for releasably securing said support to a finger with the inner surfaces of each of said end walls simultaneously abutting the dorsal surfaces of the finger, said last mentioned means comprising a connecting member formed of a single piece of wire, a portion of the wire extending in a substantially straight line and having a hook on the free end thereof adapted to engage an aperture in one of said side walls, the other portion of the wire bent to form a plurality of adjacent, open-sided, oppositely directed recesses lying in a substantially fiat plane, and an elongated flexible strap interlaced through the recesses formed by the wire, one end of said strap fixed to the other of said side walls, said connecting member performing the double function of adjusting the eifective length of said strap and releasably securing one end portion of said strap to one of said side walls.

(References on following page) References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Budington July 16, 1872 Viickers Feb. 19, 1884 Van Wagener Mar. 18, 1884 White Apr. 16, 1912 George Apr. 26, 1921

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US129392 *Jul 16, 1872 Improvement in finger-guards
US293831 *Oct 3, 1883Feb 19, 1884 William h
US295212 *Apr 5, 1883Mar 18, 1884 van wagenee
US1023538 *Apr 19, 1909Apr 16, 1912Charles J WhiteGarment-supporter.
US1375690 *Feb 28, 1919Apr 26, 1921Howe Safety Appliance CompanyFinger-guard
US1980635 *Jun 5, 1931Nov 13, 1934Rasmussen William RThumb guard
US1986519 *Feb 28, 1934Jan 1, 1935Murray Thomas OSuspenders
US2212862 *Dec 18, 1939Aug 27, 1940Adjusta CompanyBuckle
US2391851 *Nov 17, 1942Dec 25, 1945Donald Willard ElleryBowling glove
US2482190 *Feb 19, 1945Sep 20, 1949Eugene J ReardonFinger hole insert for bowling balls
US2497749 *Jan 30, 1948Feb 14, 1950Julia WagnerHand and finger shield
US2646985 *Sep 28, 1950Jul 28, 1953Klares John FFinger grip insert for bowling balls
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3011171 *Mar 23, 1959Dec 5, 1961Pell Kalman LFinger support for bowlers
US3994493 *Oct 23, 1975Nov 30, 1976The Raymond Lee Organization, Inc.Bowling accessory device
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/21, 473/130
International ClassificationA63D5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63D5/00
European ClassificationA63D5/00