Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2732746 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 31, 1956
Filing dateAug 2, 1954
Publication numberUS 2732746 A, US 2732746A, US-A-2732746, US2732746 A, US2732746A
InventorsFrank W. Uraauaut
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Torque limiting screwdriver
US 2732746 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 31, 1956 F. w. LIVERMONT 2,732,746

TORQUE LIMITING SCREWDRIVER Filed Aug. 2, 1954 Un ed.

2,732,746 TORQUE LIMITING scnnwnnm Frank W. Livermont, Duarte, Calif. 7 Application Au uste, 1954,.Serial No. 447,114

4 Claims. c1. s1- s2'i4 This invention relates to an improved torque limiting tool.

It is an object of this invention to provide a tool such as a screwdriver wherein the blade will turn with respect to the handle when a preselected torque is applied.

It is a further object of this invention to provide means whereby the torque, which when applied causes the blade to turn with respect to the handle, may be readily varied.

It is a further object of this invention to provide novel means for determining the slipping torque which can be varied to change the torque range of the tool.

Other objects and advantages will be readily apparent from the following description.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the handle and tool receiving member.

Figure 2 is a section taken along line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary view of a screw-driverblade mounted.

Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 3, of a modified form of blade mounting.

Figure 5 is a perspective view of the ball retainer and one of the dimple plates.

The device has a hollow handle or barrel 10, which is threaded internally at both extremities. Screwed into the lower extremity of the barrel is a cap 12, which has a central bore 14 receiving tool holding member 16. The tool receiving member 16 has a bore 18 which receives the hexagonal portion of spindle 20, and has a smaller aligned bore 19 receiving the cylindrical projection 21. The spindle 20- is press fitted into the member 16 and projects into barrel 10.

Mounted in cap 12 is a first dimple plate 22, which in this embodiment is press-fitted into a suitable recess in the cap. Slidably mounted upon spindle 20 is a second dimple plate 24 which has a hexagonal bore preventing rotation relative to spindle 20. Between the dimple plates 22 and 24 a retainer plate 26 is provided carrying a plurality of equal size balls 28 which fit into suitable dimples or recess in the dimple plates.

The spindle 20 extends centrally through a spring 30 which receives the frusto-conical upper extremity of member 24 and bears against said member. At the upper extremity spindle 20 has a knurled tip 32 which is press fitted into recess 34 of spring retaining member 36, which has a frusto-conical hub fitting into spring 30 and a flange 33 against which the spring bears.

The spring retaining member 36 is centrally recessed to receive ball 38 which is peened into a recess 40 of adjusting screw 42 which is screwed into the upper end of the barrel 10. A cap 44 may be provided to screw into barrel 10 to cover the adjusting screw 42.

The tool holding member 16 may be provided with a hexagonal bore 46 to receive the hexagonal base 48 of a tool, in this instance a screwdriver, as in Figure 3, or may be threaded as in Figure 4 to receive a threaded tool.

It is readily apparent that tightening of adjusting screw 42 compresses spring 30 requiring greater torque before tool holder 16 will turn with respect to handle 10. The amount of torque is controlled by the upper race 24 and lower race 22.

The retainer plate 26 in this embodiment carries five balls 28. The members 22 and 24 are each provided with 20 recesses which receive the balls.

To permit the tool holder 16 to rotate with respect to handle 10 the torque applied to the tool holder 16 must be sufficient to cause the balls 28 to climb out of the recesses 50 and thereby overcome the force of the spring 30. This causes member 24 to slide axially along spindle 20 a distance equal to the depth of recesses 50 so that the balls 28 may move from one of the recesses 50 into an adjacent recess 50.

By replacing one or both members 22 and 24 with other members having deeper or shallower recesses, the torque may be varied. Thus the range of torque which may be applied to the instrument is set by the adjusting screw 42 and the limits of the range set by the depth of the recesses in the members 22 and 24.

While what hereinbefore has been described is the preferred embodiment of this invention, it is readily apparent that alterations and modifications can be resorted to without departing from the scope of this invention and such alterations and modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A torque limiting tool comprising in combination: a barrel, a coaxial tool holding member having a projecting element extending into said barrel, means providing a flange shoulder on the projecting end of said element, torque transmitting means encircling said element including axially spaced dimple plates each having a plurality of indentations, balls interposed between said dimple plates and extending into said indentations, means securing one of the dimple plates relative to said barrel, means mounting the other dimple plate for axial sliding movement relative to said projecting element but preventing relative rotary movement therebetween, resilient means interposed between said flange shoulder and the latter said dimple plate, and adjustable thrust receiving means limiting axial movement of said flange shoulder under force of said resilient means. I

2. A torque limiting tool comprising in combination: a barrel, a coaxial tool holding member having a non-circular projecting element extending into said barrel, means providing a flange shoulder on the projecting end of said element, torque transmitting means encircling said element including axially spaced dimple plates each having a circular series of indentations, balls interposed between said dimple plates and extending into said indentations, means securing one of the dimple plates relative to said barrel, the other dimple plate having a non-circular bore receiving said projecting element for axial'sliding movement relative thereto but preventing relative rotary movement therebetween, a compression spring interposed between said flange shoulder and the latter said dimple plate, and adjustable thrust receiving means limiting axial movement of said flange shoulder under force of said spring.

3. A torque limiting tool comprising in combination: a barrel, a coaxial tool holding member having a projecting element extending into said barrel, means providing a flange shoulder on the projecting end of said element, torque transmitting means encircling said element including axially spaced dimple plates each having a circular series of indentations, balls interposed between said dimple plates and extending into said indentations, means securing one of the dimple plates relative to said barrel, means mounting theother dimple plate for axial sliding movement relative to said projecting element but preventing relative rotary movement therebetween, a compression spring interposed between said flange shoulder and the ice " "9,789,740 a z r latter said dimple plate, a thrust receiving ball element limiting axial movement of said fiange shoulder under dimple plates and extending into said indentations, means securing one of the dimple plates relative to said barrel,

means mounting the other dimple plate for axial sliding movement relative to :said non-circular shaft but-preventing relative rotary movement therebetween, a compression spring interposed between "said flange shoulder and the latter said dimple plate, and adjustable thrust receiving means within the barrel limiting axial movement of said flange shoulder under force of said spring.

References Cited. in the iile of this patent UNITE l) STATES PATENTS 1,881,633 Johnson Oct. 11, 1932 2,250,736 Torr'eseh July 29, 1941 2,396,040 Darling d Mar. 5, 1946

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1881633 *Sep 3, 1926Oct 11, 1932Western Electric CoOverload clutch
US2250736 *Dec 19, 1939Jul 29, 1941Torresen Carel TTorque wrench
US2396040 *Oct 30, 1944Mar 5, 1946Darling Frank LScrew driver
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2857793 *Jun 1, 1956Oct 28, 1958RenaultTorque-limiting tool holder for machine tools
US2927672 *Apr 15, 1957Mar 8, 1960Bernard KriegelAutomatically releasable torque transmitting apparatus
US2945497 *May 15, 1957Jul 19, 1960Molins Machine Co LtdDriving arrangements for the tobacco hoppers of cigarette-making machines
US2968979 *May 5, 1959Jan 24, 1961Aijala Sulo APredetermined torque release hand tool
US2984133 *Jun 23, 1958May 16, 1961Zimmerman Milford STorque limiting screw driver
US3034623 *Jul 30, 1956May 15, 1962Chicago Pneumatic Tool CoCam clutch device
US3035675 *Nov 10, 1958May 22, 1962Sunbeam CorpOverload clutch for power lawn mower
US3451514 *Dec 4, 1967Jun 24, 1969Milwaukee Electric Tool CorpAdjustable torque controlled release clutch for power driven tools
US4242930 *Apr 27, 1979Jan 6, 1981A. B. Chance CompanyTorque controlled clamp stick adapter
US4613023 *Nov 1, 1984Sep 23, 1986Lucas Industries Public Limited CompanyDevice for limiting output force applied by a rotary transmission
US4844177 *Aug 7, 1987Jul 4, 1989The Aro CorporationTorque sensing, automatic shut-off and reset clutch for toggle controlled screwdrivers, nutsetters and the like
US4880064 *Nov 5, 1987Nov 14, 1989The Aro CorporationTorque sensing, automatic shut-off and reset clutch for screwdrivers, nutsetters and the like
US4901610 *Jul 7, 1988Feb 20, 1990Precision Instruments, Inc.Adjustable torque controlling mechanism
US6450072Oct 23, 2000Sep 17, 2002Honda Of America Mfg., Inc.Clutch ball adjuster for tappet setting
US6640674May 21, 2002Nov 4, 2003Pilling Weck IncorporatedScrewdriver having a variable torque-limiting in-line drive
US6832533 *Jul 30, 2003Dec 21, 2004Daniel HuangTorque convertible adapter for driving tools
US7052239 *Jun 27, 2003May 30, 2006Airmaster Fan CompanyOscillating fan clutch
US7222559 *Aug 16, 2005May 29, 2007Chun Fu WangScrewdriver with torque setting mechanism
US7272998 *Jun 15, 2005Sep 25, 2007Gauthier Michael TTorque-limiting mechanism
US7272999Feb 11, 2005Sep 25, 2007Snap-On IncorporatedT-handled torque-limiting driver
US7503443 *May 2, 2006Mar 17, 2009Seekonk Manufacturing Company, Inc.Torque control mechanism
US7650821 *Jun 23, 2006Jan 26, 2010Gauthier Biomedical Inc.Torque-limiting mechanism
US7766751Sep 20, 2007Aug 3, 2010Honeywell International Inc.Torque limiting devices for actuators
US20060179981 *Feb 11, 2005Aug 17, 2006Brian CutlerT-handled torque-limiting driver
US20060278051 *Jun 23, 2006Dec 14, 2006Gauthier Michael TTorque-limiting mechanism
US20070039425 *Aug 16, 2005Feb 22, 2007Wang Chun FScrewdriver with torque setting mechanism
US20080016991 *Aug 9, 2007Jan 24, 2008Gauthier Michael TTorque-Limiting Mechanism
US20090078524 *Sep 20, 2007Mar 26, 2009Honeywell International, Inc.Torque limiting devices for actuators
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/474, 464/39, 464/36
International ClassificationB25B23/143, B25B23/14, B25B23/142
Cooperative ClassificationB25B23/1427
European ClassificationB25B23/142B2