US 273330 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Mar. 6, 1883.
JNVENTOR/ ATTORNEY Nrrnn STATES] ATEN'I Fries.
JAMES BERNARD WILSON, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 273,330, dated March 6, 18?:3.
Application filed February 25, 1882.
Too whom it may concern V Beit known that I, JAMES BERNARD WIL- SON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, haveinvented certain new and useful Improvemeutsin Umbrella- Itunners; and I do hereby declarethe following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form partof this specification, in which- Figures 1 and 2 are elevations of a broken umbrella-stick with my improved rnnnershown as applied thereto. Figs. 3 and 4 are elevations of said runner, the former being without the latchmechanism; and Figs. 5 and 6 are elevations of modifications. Fig. 7 represents the blank from which the runner is formed.
My invention has forits object to provide an umbrella-runner so constructed that it will effect the fastening of the umbrella in its open anditsclosed positions withouttheemployment ofthe usual spring used for thatpurpose, which spring involves the cutting of a kerf in the stick that weakens the latter.
My improvements relate to an umbrella-runner having a spring-latch pecnliarlyconstructed and arranged, as hereinafter fully described.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, A designates an umbrella-stick having two pins, a and a.
B is a runner, composed of a notch, b, and sleeve b. The notch bis ot'the usual construction, while the sleeve b hasa longitudinalslot, 11 whose lower end is flared, as shown at b. The edges of the slot are shaped to form two ears, b b, which are turned up, as shown,and pierced for the passage of apin,c, which forms the shaft or pivot of a latch, (J. Said latch is formed with two catches, c 0 which have -in-' clines c c, sloping in opposite directions, respectively, and straight shoulders or faces c a The catch 0 is above the notch b, and the catch 0 below said notch,a portion of thelatch between said catches resting, when neither of the latter is in engagement with its pin-,on the notch, so that inmoving the runner on the stick the latter will not be scratched by said latch.
D represents an india-rubber band, which encircles the sleeve and latch below the notch (No model.)
and above thecatch,'servingasaspring, whose tendency is to draw the catch endsof thelatch toward the stick. In lieu of this band, aspiral or other spring may be applied in any suitable manner to effect the same result. V
The operation is as follows: To close the umbrella, the runner is moved on the stick toward the handle until the pin a enters the slot 1) and engages with the catch 0 To open the umbrella, the latch is first depressed by pressure applied to the lowerend or thumb-piece, G, and the runner then moved up the stick until the catch 0 engages with the pin a. To release the engagement, the latch is depressed as before and the runner moved down upon the stick.
In lieu of straight holding-pins c a, bevelg both of which are above the pivotal point or.
fulcrum, it is adapted to engage with both holding-pins and to be released from engagement with either by depression of its lower end or short arm. As the latch projects over the notch, it is supported on the latter and prevented from scratching the stick. When the umbrellais closed the holding-pin a. is between the shoulder a? of the catch cand notch b. When the umbrella is opened the pin a. is
between the shoulder c of catch 0 and the a notch. In both cases the holding-pin is between the shoulders of one of the catches of the latch and the notch, sothat movement of the runner in either directioni. 6., up or down-is prevented until the latch t is duly depressed to effect disengagement.
The latch is shown as made with two shoulders, which form the catches, and against which ICO Fig. 6, with the edges of which the latch engages. The pins may be made of wire bent to form heads.
I have not herein claimed the slide having a slot extending its entire length, the metal on either side thereof being turned up or bent radially outward to form bearings for the lever, because the same forms the subject of another application I have made for Letters Patent, in favor of which said application the subjectmatter just mentioned is herein and hereby disclaimed.
What I claim as my invention is- 1. An umbrella-runner having a slot for the reception of a holding-pin, and havingthe sides of the said slot bent up to form bearings for a spring-catch, formed of a single piece of metal, having two catches-one above and the other below the notch--the catch being so arranged as to rest upon the notch while the runner is being moved along the stick, substantially as described.
2. The combination, with runnerB and notch 11, of lever 0, having two catches above its pivotal point, one of said catches beingahove, the other below, the notch, and the said lever being pivoted on said runner, substantially as described, whereby it may be vibrated transversely to the longitudinal axis of said runner, as set forth.
3. The combination, with the sleeve 1) and notch b of an umbrella-runner, of the lever C, t'nlcruined on the sleeve and supported on the notch to avoid contact with the umbrellastick, substantially as described.
In testimony that Iclaim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand this 24th day of February, 1882.
JAMES BERNARD \VILSON.
ANDREW ZANE, J r., S. J. VAN STAVOREN.