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Publication numberUS2733650 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 7, 1956
Filing dateMar 20, 1953
Publication numberUS 2733650 A, US 2733650A, US-A-2733650, US2733650 A, US2733650A
InventorsL. A. Williams
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Microwave cooker controls
US 2733650 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 7, 1956 L. A. WlLLlAMS MICROWAVE COOKER CONTROLS 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 20, 1953 Fla.

l/vvs/vror? Lou/s A. WILLIAMS BY 3% 9 A NEV Feb. 7, 956 L. A. WILLIAMS 2,733,650

MICROWAVE COOKER CONTROLS Filed March 20. 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG. 2 1 23 //8 27 1 52 I 7 3a 0 Y o I v O O INVENTOR Lou/s A. WILLIAMS BY MQEY Feb. 7, 1956 L. A. WILLIAMS 2,733,550

MICROWAVE COOKER CONTROLS Filed March 20, 1953 3 Sheets-$heet 3 I /NVN7O/2 J) L Lou/s A. WILLIAMS 43 1 /96 BY W 3;

United States Patent MICROWAVE COOKER CONTROLS Louis A. Williams, Belmont, Mass, assignor to Raytheon Manufacturing Company, Newton, Mass, a corporation of Delaware Application March 20, 1953, Serial No.,343,661

Claims. (Cl; 99-327) This invention relates to microwave cookers, andmore particularly to the mechanism insuch a machine that starts the application of heat upon. the appearance of a sandwich or other objectin'the-heating; compartment, and releases the sandwich into a delivery compartment when heated.

In the automatic vending of heated food, such as hot sandwiches, it is necessary to provide some means for starting the heat source when a. sandwich is positioned in the heating compartment, terminating the heating cycle when the food' is cooked, and releasing the cooked food into the, delivery compartment. The apparatus of this invention provides; automatic means for doing these things. By methods known to the automatic. vending art, an item of food to be heated is released into the heater compartment through a spring-loaded door. The floor of the heater compartment is-formedby a curved springloaded member that rotates downward under the weight of the food to actuate a switchthat turns onv the heatproducing means for theheating cycle. Atthe endof the heating cycle, a solenoid is energized to release a latch and permit the hinged member to rotate further downward, releasing the food into a delivery compartment. Upon the removal of the food from the delivery'compartmerit, counterweights mounted on the support member bring the rotating member back into position to form the floor of the heating compartment readyv to receive the next item of food; While the device is particularly useful in the automatic vending of cooked foods, such as hot sandwiches, it is apparent that it can be used in other automatic operations.

Other and further advantages of this invention will be apparent as the description thereof progresses, reference being had tothe accompanying drawings wherein:

Fig. l is an isometric view of avending machine in which the invention may be used;

Fig. 2 is a side view of a heating-means and the release mechanism of the invention;

Fig. 3 is a bottom viewofthe release-mechanism of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a somewhat diagrammatic view of a portion of the release mechanism intwo-of its operating positions;

Fig. 5a is a view of theswitch-operating mechanism showing two of its positions;

Fig. 5b is a view of the switch-operating mechanism in a different position; and

Fig. 6 is a schematic digram of the electrical circuits associated with the heating means and release mechanism of the invention.

In Fig. 1, the numeral 10 designates the case of the vending machine. The foods to-be cooked and dispensed are stored in the upper part. The heating means and releasing mechanism of the invention are positioned in the middle section, as shown by the dotted lines, and are designated generally by the numeral 11. The lower part of the vending machine 10 contains the power supply 12, shown in dotted lines. The case 10 has on its front a delivery slot 13, a coin slot 14, a release button 15,

Patented Feb. 7, 1956 and a coin return slot 16; these last three elements operate in conjunction with any of several well-known types of vending mechanisms. The heating means and release mechanism 11 are shown in more detail in Figs. 2 through 4, 5a, and 5b. Energy for heating the food or other material is supplied by a magnetron 17. Energy from the magnetron is coupled to a heating compartment 18 through a section of wave guide 20 that is enlarged to a horn 21 at the end nearest the heating compartment 18. The food is introduced into the compartment 18 through a door 22,, as seen in Fig. 1, in the top of the chamber against the action of a spring 23 that tends to cause the door 22 to close, preventing the escape of energy when the food is within the heating compartment 18. The floor of the compartment 18 is formed by a pivoted support 24. This support is formed, preferably, with a curved upper surface 25, as is best seen in. Fig. 4. The purpose of this curved surface is to assure that the food 19 after cooking and release will readily slide out of the heating compartment and into the delivery. compartment, as seen in Fig. 1. This support member 24 is attached to a bracket 26 that is pivoted to a shaft 27 set in two frame members 28 and 30- that are fastened to the wave guide and held parallel to each other by spacers 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, and 35. The support member 24 is attached pivotally to the bracket 26 by a pin 36 and urged upward to close the compartment 18 by a spring 37. An arm 38 is attached to the bracket 26 and extends backward from the shaft 27 and downward as does the bracket 26. Weights 39 and 39a are attached to the downward extending portion of the bracket 26 to urge the support upward against the bottom of the compartment 18. The bracket 26 is held in this upward position by a latch 40 that is mounted on the frame member 28 in a manner permitting it to move horizontally under. the tension of a springv 41 to engage the pin 36. The rear end of the latch 40 is attached to an armature 42 of a solenoid 43. When this solenoid is energized, the latch 40 is pulled out of engagement with the pin 36 against the tension of the spring 41, permitting the support 24 and the bracket 26 to rotate clockwise and downward under the weight of the food or other object 19 in the compartment 18. The rear portion of the arm 38 is formed with a cam surface 44 that contacts roller 45 attached to the front end of an operator 46 of a switch 47 when the support 24 rotates downward in a clockwise direction. against the action of the spring 37 under the weight of the food or other material 19 in the compartment 18. This rotation takes place about the pin 36 and before the latch is released, as can best be seen in Fig. 5a. When the solenoid energizes to release the latch 40, permitting the arm 38 and bracket 26 to drop further down, the shape of the cam 44 permits this action to take place without interference. from the switch operator 46. A spring 48 is also mounted on the bracket 26 to aid in this restoring action. It will be seen from Fig. 4 that this spring 48 presses against the spacer 33 when the support 24 is in the lower position, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 4, and in this position is under tension. Upon the removal of the sandwich 19, this tension causes the spring 48 to exert a force in a counterclockwise direction about the shaft 27 which aids in the restoring action of the counterweights 39 and 39a.

Thesolenoid 43 and theswitch 47 operate in an electrical circuit shown in Fig. 6. The magnetron 17 is provided with a permanent magnet 50, a filamentary cathode 51, and an anode 52. The filament 51 of the magnetron 17 is supplied with current from the secondary 53 of a transformer 54, the primary 55 of which is connected to power lines 56 and 57. A source of positive potential comprising a rectifier 58 is connected between the filament 51 and the plate 52 of the magnetron 17.

The rectifier is supplied with A. C. power from the lines 56 and 57 through a transformer 60 over normally-open contacts 61 operated by a relay 62. The coil 63 of the relay 62 is energized from the power lines 56 and 57 over a set of normally-closed contacts 64 on a timer 65 and a set of normally-open contacts 66 on the switch 47. The timer 65 is also energized from the lines 56 and 57 over the normally-open contacts 66 of the switch 47. The timer 65 is also supplied with a pair of normallyopen contacts 67 to complete the circuit that supplies potential from the lines 56 and 57 to the solenoid 43.

In operation, when a coin is inserted in the slot 13, a sandwich 19 is released through the door 22 into the heating compartment 18. The weight of the sandwich resting on the support member 24 pivots this member about the pin 36, causing the cam surface 44 on the rear of the arm 38 to rise into contact with the roller 45 on the operator 46 of the switch 47, closing the normally-open contacts 66 of this switch and energizing the relay 62 to close the normally-open contacts 61 to supply anode voltage to the magnetron 17 through the rectifier 58. The closing of these contacts 66 also energizes the coil of the timer 65. When plate voltage is supplied to the magnetron 17, radio frequency energy is supplied to the heating compartment 18, cooking the sandwich 19. After a predetermined time interval sufficient to cook the sandwich, the timer 65 operates to close its normally-open contact 67, completing a circuit to the solenoid 43. The solenoid 43 energizes, releasing the latch 40, and permitting the support member 24 to drop the rest of the way to the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 4. The curved surface 25 on the support member 24 then causes the sandwich to slide downward and forward into the delivery compartment 13, as seen in Fig. 1. As soon as the sandwich is removed, the counterweights 39 and 39a cause the bracket 26 to move counterclockwise, bringing the support member 24 into position to close the bottom of the heating compartment 18. In this position, the arm 38 is located as shown in Fig. a so that the operator 46 drops to open the switch 47, thus opening the contacts 66, as shown in Fig. 6. Therefore, the relay 62 is deenergized. Likewise, the timer 65 is deenergized to return it to its initial position. At this time the system is in its initial position and the machine is ready to resume its next cycle.

What is claimed is:

1. In combination, a heating compartment adapted to contain objects to be heated, means for inserting objects into the heating compartment, a pivoted support forming the floor of the compartment formed with a finger, a radio frequency oscillator for producing radio frequency energy and means for applying said energy to the heating compartment, switch means for starting the oscillator, an operating arm for said switch arranged to be moved by said finger, timing means for controlling the operating time of the oscillator, means under control of said switching means to initiate operation of said timing means, and solenoid means under control of the timing means for releasing the pivoted support permitting said support to swing downward releasing the object.

2. In combination, a heating compartment adapted to contain food to be heated, means for inserting food into the heating compartment, a pivoted support forming the floor of the heating compartment formed with a finger, a radio frequency oscillator for producing radio frequency energy and means for applying said energy to heat food in the compartment, switch means for starting the oscillator, an operating arm for said switch ar ranged to be moved by said finger, timing means for controlling the operating time of the oscillator, means under control of said switching means to initiate operation of said timing means, and solenoid means under control of the timing means for releasing the pivoted support permitting said support to swing downward releasing the food.

3. In combination, a heating compartment adapted to contain food to be heated, means for inserting food into the heating compartment, a pivoted support forming the floor of the heating compartment formed with a finget, a radio frequency oscillator for producing radio frequency energy and means for applying said energy to heat food in the compartment, switch means for starting the oscillator, an operating arm for said switch arranged to be moved by said finger, timing means for controlling the operating time of the oscillator, means under control of said switching means to initiate operation of said timing means, a solenoid operated latch under control of the timing means for releasing the pivoted support permitting said support to swing downward releasing the food.

4. In combination, a heating compartment adapted to contain food to be heated, means for inserting food into the heating compartment, a pivoted support forming the floor of the heating compartment formed with a finger, a radio frequency oscillator for producing radio frequency energy and means for applying said energy to heat food in the compartment, switch means for starting the oscillator, an operating arm for said switch arranged to be moved bysaid finger, timing means for controlling the operating time of the oscillator, means under control of said switching means to initiate operation of said timing means, solenoid means under control of the timing means for releasing the pivoted support permitting said support to swing downward releasing the food, and counterweights on said support to return said support to the initial position when the food is removed.

5. In combination, a heating compartment adapted to contain food to be heated, means for inserting food into the heating compartment, a pivoted support forming the floor of the heating compartment formed with a finger, a radio frequency oscillator for producing radio frequency energy and means for applying said energy to heat food in the compartment, switch means for starting the oscillator, an operating arm for said switch arranged to be moved by said finger, timing means for controlling the operating time of the oscillator, means under control of said switching means to initiate operation of said timing means, a solenoid operated latch under control of the timing means for releasing the pivoted support permitting said support to swing downward releasing the food and counterweights on said support to return said support to the initial position when the food is removed.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,739,155 Lincoln Dec. 10, 1929 2,288,713 Ireland July 7, 1942 2,363,724 Ford Nov. 28, 1944 2,384,863 Warner Sept. 18, 1945 2,489,500 Pulliam Nov. 29, 1949 2,495,415 Marshall Jan. 24, 1950 2,531,238 Tandler et a1 Nov. 21, 1950 2,559,444 Locke July 3, 1951 2,578,971 Georgeson Dec. 18, 1951 2,614,480 Elmer Oct. 21, 1952 2,644,392 Foster July 7, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1739155 *Jan 16, 1928Dec 10, 1929Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoElectric toaster
US2288713 *Nov 30, 1940Jul 7, 1942Mcgraw Electric CoAutomatic toaster
US2363724 *Jul 5, 1941Nov 28, 1944Ford Everett PWiener vending machine
US2384863 *Sep 24, 1941Sep 18, 1945American Inv S IncDispensing and vending system
US2489500 *May 20, 1947Nov 29, 1949Pulliam Dudley CElectrical cooking or toasting appliance
US2495415 *Oct 17, 1945Jan 24, 1950Raytheon Mfg CoHigh-frequency electromagnetic cooking apparatus
US2531238 *Apr 17, 1947Nov 21, 1950Vendomatic Machine CorpMerchandise vending machine
US2559444 *Nov 23, 1945Jul 3, 1951Locke Arthur AEgg cooker
US2578971 *Feb 16, 1951Dec 18, 1951Leo F EberleAutomatic electric bread toaster
US2614480 *Mar 27, 1947Oct 21, 1952Elmer Geoffrey DPackaged article cooker
US2644392 *Jun 6, 1949Jul 7, 1953Etc IncToaster
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2839650 *Feb 14, 1956Jun 17, 1958Jack Webb CorpSandwich heating machine
US2921171 *Jun 4, 1956Jan 12, 1960Gen Motors CorpDomestic appliance
US3168637 *Jun 14, 1962Feb 2, 1965Tappan CoMicrowave oven control
US3224361 *Feb 21, 1962Dec 21, 1965Husqvarna Vapenfabriks AbAutomat for heat treatment and delivery of food-stuffs
US3283113 *Jul 9, 1963Nov 1, 1966Lyons & Co Ltd JElectronic oven for vending machine use
US3300615 *Jul 9, 1963Jan 24, 1967Lyons & Co Ltd JElectronic ovens
US3335656 *Mar 26, 1965Aug 15, 1967Lyons & Co Ltd JVending apparatus
US3343479 *Sep 8, 1965Sep 26, 1967Philips CorpSystem for heating and vending packaged food
US3363080 *Mar 30, 1965Jan 9, 1968Tappan CoElectronic cooking oven
US3416429 *Oct 14, 1966Dec 17, 1968Micro Vend IncFood dispensing machine
US4219716 *Apr 26, 1978Aug 26, 1980Dca Food Industries, Inc.Bottom entry oven
US4303819 *Apr 25, 1980Dec 1, 1981Dca Food Industries, Inc.Bottom entry oven
EP0339806A1 *Apr 3, 1989Nov 2, 1989CMB Foodcan plcVending systems for hot food
WO1988003298A1 *Oct 27, 1987May 5, 1988Deloffre Jacques PaulAutomatic distribution machine for dispensing reheated food products
Classifications
U.S. Classification99/327, 219/721
International ClassificationH05B6/80, G07F9/10
Cooperative ClassificationH05B6/6435, H05B6/808, G07F9/105, G07F17/0078
European ClassificationG07F17/00F4, G07F9/10B, H05B6/80V, H05B6/64K