|Publication number||US2734498 A|
|Publication date||Feb 14, 1956|
|Filing date||Aug 7, 1953|
|Priority date||Aug 11, 1952|
|Publication number||US 2734498 A, US 2734498A, US-A-2734498, US2734498 A, US2734498A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (6), Classifications (18)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 14, 1956 2,734,498
P. VON ARX ARRANGEMENT FOR CLEANING METAL AND STONE SURFACES THROUGH IMPACT Filed Aug. 7, 1953 mg. I
INVENRR 'Pnvl- VIM/ARX United rates Patent ARRANGEMENT FOR CLEANING METAL AND STONE SURFACES THROUGH IMPACT Paul von Arx, Sissach, Switzerland, assignor to P. van Arx & Co., A. G., Sissach, Switzerland, a Swiss com P y The present invention has for its object an arrangement for cleaning metal and stone surfaces through impact, characterized by the fact that a casing mounted on suitable supports and opening downwardly carries between its terminal surfaces a rotary system including two lateral vertical plates between which spindles, extending in annular formation, carry each a series of pivoting adjacent hammers forming impact tools projecting be yond the plates, the range of operation of said tools being limited by abutment rods extending also between the lateral plates in a manner such that during the rotation of the rotary system, the hammers may exert their impact on the surfaces to be cleaned, in succession and in accordance with the sequence of the shafts carrying them, the angle of impact being always acute.
Accompanying drawings illustrate by way of example two embodiments of an arrangement according to the invention, together with two detail modifications thereof. In said drawings:
Fig. 1 is a cross-section through the arrangement in accordance with a first embodiment;
Fig. 2 is an axial cross-section through line 11-11 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a lateral view of the arrangement according to a second embodiment;
Figs. 4 and 5 relate to the detail modification above referred to.
The arrangement according to Figs. 1 to 2 includes a substantially cylindrical casing opening downwardly and mounted on suitable supporting means which include two lateral uprights 11 standing in the medial vertical cross-section of the arrangement and each of which is connected with a lateral vertical lug 10a rigid with the casing 10 through a nut 12. engaging the threaded uprights and pivotally secured to the corresponding lug. The two uprights 11 are engaged at their lower ends inside sleeves 13 through each of which a spindle 15 extends, which connects two parallel links 14 with each other. These parallel links 14, forming with the spindle 15 a lateral support for the casing, are pivotally secured to the lower lug 10b provided on said casing and their outer ends are each provided with a carrier wheel 16. The rotation of the uprights 11 round their axes provides thus for adjustment of the distance between the casing 10 and the surface of the member to be cleaned, said member on which the arrangement is laid being constituted in the present case by two metal sheets riveted to each other. In the two flat lateral walls of the casing 10 facing each other is revolubly mounted a rotary system including an annular series of carrier spindles 17 interconnecting two lateral plates 18. On these carrier spindles 17 are pivotally secured, in adjacent relationship, a number of hammer-shaped impact tools 19 projecting beyond the periphery of the plates 1.8 which may also assume the modified shape illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5. For limiting the amplitude of oscillation of the hammers 19, there are provided a plurality of abutment rods 20 extending, also in annular formation, be-
tween the lateral plates 18 on the outside of the annulus constituted by the carrier spindles, said abutment rods being provided with coats 21 constituted e. g. by small rubber sheaths; the arrangement of said abutment rods 20 with reference to the carrier spindles 17 is such that, during the rotation of the rotary system, the hammershaped tools may not move towards the left-hand and towards the right-hand side with reference to their carrier spindles beyond the terminal positions illustrated in Fig.1.
In operation, the rotary system is operatively connected with an electric driving motor through the agency of a flexible shaft and the arrangement is shifted onto the surface to be cleaned. During the rotation of the rotary system in the direction illustrated in Fig. 2 by an arrow, the hammer-shaped impact tools engage, in succession as defined by the sequence of the shafts 17, the surface to be cleaned under an acute angle a of about 45, whereby the latter is cleaned through the impact of the hammershaped tool. The angle a defining the direction of impact on the surface to be cleaned, may be adjusted between predetermined limits, say between 30 and 60 through an adjustment of the uprights 11, which may be of importance according to the nature (iron or stone) and the state of material to be cleaned.
Fig. 3 shows an arrangement similar to that described hereinabove wherein, however, the distance between the axis of the rotary system and the surface on which the arrangment lies, is not adjustable by reason of the fact that the support carrying the arrangement is constituted in the present case by mere lateral carrier plates 22 assuming the shape of shoes.
Instead of carrier plates, it is possible to provide two lateral carrier wheels mounted coaxially with the axis of the rotary system and the radius of which is equal to the distance between said axis and the surface to be cleaned.
What I claim is:
In an apparatus for cleaning metal and stone surfaces and having a casing with an opening directed downwardly and a plurality of adjacent impact tools pivotally secured to a plurality of spindles mounted between two rotatable plates within said casing, said tools extending beyond the periphery of said plates a length such that said tools may pivot around their spindles without impinging against the inner periphery of said casing and are adapted, as they pass in register with the downwardly directed opening in the casing to impinge on the surface to be cleaned, that improvement comprising a threaded upright at the front and at the rear of said casing, a wheeled frame at the front and at the rear of said casing, each upright being pivotally mounted at its lower end on one of said frames to revolve freely around the vertical axis of said upright, each of said wheeled frames being pivotally secured to said casing, and a nut threadedly engaging each upright and pivotally secured to caid casing, whereby the angle of the casing relative to the surface to be cleaned may be varied and the height of the casing above the surface may be varied.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 176,569 Woods Apr. 25, 1876 939,544 Pickard Nov. 9, 1909 1,352,582 Clarke Sept. 14, 1920 1,356,338 Clarke Oct. 19, 1920 1,773,408 Rolfsen Aug. 19, 1930 1,882,769 Bugg Oct. 18, 1932 2,136,529 Trimble Nov. 15, 1938 2,279,922 Kranen Apr. 14, 1942 2,290,596 Kirchner July 21, 1942 2,525,250 Westphal Oct. 10, 1950 2,534,969 Hauser Dec. 19, 1950
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|US939544 *||Feb 18, 1909||Nov 9, 1909||Orson L Pickard||Bowling-alley finishing and leveling machine.|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2851028 *||Oct 3, 1955||Sep 9, 1958||Charles T Asbury||Loop tension cutter|
|US2889612 *||Sep 23, 1957||Jun 9, 1959||Aser Joosepson||Semi-automatic roto scaler|
|US3061860 *||Sep 20, 1960||Nov 6, 1962||Bennett Vernard B||Centrifugal concrete cleaner|
|US3063690 *||Dec 29, 1960||Nov 13, 1962||James N Cornell||Concrete milling machine|
|US4295274 *||Jul 27, 1978||Oct 20, 1981||Tennant Company||Scarifying machine|
|EP2987596A1 *||Oct 14, 2014||Feb 24, 2016||Albrecht Baumann||Impact tool and device for removing materials containing stone|
|U.S. Classification||125/3, 29/81.5|
|International Classification||B21J7/16, B28D1/18, B08B7/02, A47L11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A47L11/4058, B08B7/024, B28D1/181, B21J7/16, A47L11/00, A47L11/4036|
|European Classification||A47L11/40F, A47L11/40G4, B21J7/16, A47L11/00, B08B7/02C, B28D1/18B|