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Publication numberUS2734498 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 14, 1956
Filing dateAug 7, 1953
Priority dateAug 11, 1952
Publication numberUS 2734498 A, US 2734498A, US-A-2734498, US2734498 A, US2734498A
InventorsP. Von
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Von arx
US 2734498 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 14, 1956 2,734,498


INVENRR 'Pnvl- VIM/ARX United rates Patent ARRANGEMENT FOR CLEANING METAL AND STONE SURFACES THROUGH IMPACT Paul von Arx, Sissach, Switzerland, assignor to P. van Arx & Co., A. G., Sissach, Switzerland, a Swiss com P y The present invention has for its object an arrangement for cleaning metal and stone surfaces through impact, characterized by the fact that a casing mounted on suitable supports and opening downwardly carries between its terminal surfaces a rotary system including two lateral vertical plates between which spindles, extending in annular formation, carry each a series of pivoting adjacent hammers forming impact tools projecting be yond the plates, the range of operation of said tools being limited by abutment rods extending also between the lateral plates in a manner such that during the rotation of the rotary system, the hammers may exert their impact on the surfaces to be cleaned, in succession and in accordance with the sequence of the shafts carrying them, the angle of impact being always acute.

Accompanying drawings illustrate by way of example two embodiments of an arrangement according to the invention, together with two detail modifications thereof. In said drawings:

Fig. 1 is a cross-section through the arrangement in accordance with a first embodiment;

Fig. 2 is an axial cross-section through line 11-11 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a lateral view of the arrangement according to a second embodiment;

Figs. 4 and 5 relate to the detail modification above referred to.

The arrangement according to Figs. 1 to 2 includes a substantially cylindrical casing opening downwardly and mounted on suitable supporting means which include two lateral uprights 11 standing in the medial vertical cross-section of the arrangement and each of which is connected with a lateral vertical lug 10a rigid with the casing 10 through a nut 12. engaging the threaded uprights and pivotally secured to the corresponding lug. The two uprights 11 are engaged at their lower ends inside sleeves 13 through each of which a spindle 15 extends, which connects two parallel links 14 with each other. These parallel links 14, forming with the spindle 15 a lateral support for the casing, are pivotally secured to the lower lug 10b provided on said casing and their outer ends are each provided with a carrier wheel 16. The rotation of the uprights 11 round their axes provides thus for adjustment of the distance between the casing 10 and the surface of the member to be cleaned, said member on which the arrangement is laid being constituted in the present case by two metal sheets riveted to each other. In the two flat lateral walls of the casing 10 facing each other is revolubly mounted a rotary system including an annular series of carrier spindles 17 interconnecting two lateral plates 18. On these carrier spindles 17 are pivotally secured, in adjacent relationship, a number of hammer-shaped impact tools 19 projecting beyond the periphery of the plates 1.8 which may also assume the modified shape illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5. For limiting the amplitude of oscillation of the hammers 19, there are provided a plurality of abutment rods 20 extending, also in annular formation, be-

tween the lateral plates 18 on the outside of the annulus constituted by the carrier spindles, said abutment rods being provided with coats 21 constituted e. g. by small rubber sheaths; the arrangement of said abutment rods 20 with reference to the carrier spindles 17 is such that, during the rotation of the rotary system, the hammershaped tools may not move towards the left-hand and towards the right-hand side with reference to their carrier spindles beyond the terminal positions illustrated in Fig.1.

In operation, the rotary system is operatively connected with an electric driving motor through the agency of a flexible shaft and the arrangement is shifted onto the surface to be cleaned. During the rotation of the rotary system in the direction illustrated in Fig. 2 by an arrow, the hammer-shaped impact tools engage, in succession as defined by the sequence of the shafts 17, the surface to be cleaned under an acute angle a of about 45, whereby the latter is cleaned through the impact of the hammershaped tool. The angle a defining the direction of impact on the surface to be cleaned, may be adjusted between predetermined limits, say between 30 and 60 through an adjustment of the uprights 11, which may be of importance according to the nature (iron or stone) and the state of material to be cleaned.

Fig. 3 shows an arrangement similar to that described hereinabove wherein, however, the distance between the axis of the rotary system and the surface on which the arrangment lies, is not adjustable by reason of the fact that the support carrying the arrangement is constituted in the present case by mere lateral carrier plates 22 assuming the shape of shoes.

Instead of carrier plates, it is possible to provide two lateral carrier wheels mounted coaxially with the axis of the rotary system and the radius of which is equal to the distance between said axis and the surface to be cleaned.

What I claim is:

In an apparatus for cleaning metal and stone surfaces and having a casing with an opening directed downwardly and a plurality of adjacent impact tools pivotally secured to a plurality of spindles mounted between two rotatable plates within said casing, said tools extending beyond the periphery of said plates a length such that said tools may pivot around their spindles without impinging against the inner periphery of said casing and are adapted, as they pass in register with the downwardly directed opening in the casing to impinge on the surface to be cleaned, that improvement comprising a threaded upright at the front and at the rear of said casing, a wheeled frame at the front and at the rear of said casing, each upright being pivotally mounted at its lower end on one of said frames to revolve freely around the vertical axis of said upright, each of said wheeled frames being pivotally secured to said casing, and a nut threadedly engaging each upright and pivotally secured to caid casing, whereby the angle of the casing relative to the surface to be cleaned may be varied and the height of the casing above the surface may be varied.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 176,569 Woods Apr. 25, 1876 939,544 Pickard Nov. 9, 1909 1,352,582 Clarke Sept. 14, 1920 1,356,338 Clarke Oct. 19, 1920 1,773,408 Rolfsen Aug. 19, 1930 1,882,769 Bugg Oct. 18, 1932 2,136,529 Trimble Nov. 15, 1938 2,279,922 Kranen Apr. 14, 1942 2,290,596 Kirchner July 21, 1942 2,525,250 Westphal Oct. 10, 1950 2,534,969 Hauser Dec. 19, 1950

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US176569 *Sep 17, 1875Apr 25, 1876 Improvement in stone-dressing machines
US939544 *Feb 18, 1909Nov 9, 1909Orson L PickardBowling-alley finishing and leveling machine.
US1352582 *Nov 23, 1918Sep 14, 1920Clarke Alex ASurface-treating device
US1356338 *Apr 24, 1919Oct 19, 1920Clarke Alex ASurface-treating device
US1773408 *Dec 17, 1925Aug 19, 1930Ole RolfsenRotating tool for working in earth, rock, metal, wood, and the like
US1882769 *Aug 10, 1929Oct 18, 1932Bugg Kenly CPolishing machine
US2136529 *Jan 12, 1934Nov 15, 1938Harry C TrimbleSurfacing machine
US2279922 *Feb 12, 1940Apr 14, 1942Kraner Warren ACleaning device
US2290596 *Mar 21, 1940Jul 21, 1942Prec Way Resurfacing CompanyBowling alley surfacing and leveling machine
US2525250 *Dec 5, 1944Oct 10, 1950Robert M WestphalMachine for pounding, loosening, and removing paint, scale, and the like
US2534969 *Aug 14, 1946Dec 19, 1950Hauser CarlSurface working machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2851028 *Oct 3, 1955Sep 9, 1958Charles T AsburyLoop tension cutter
US2889612 *Sep 23, 1957Jun 9, 1959Aser JoosepsonSemi-automatic roto scaler
US3061860 *Sep 20, 1960Nov 6, 1962Bennett Vernard BCentrifugal concrete cleaner
US3063690 *Dec 29, 1960Nov 13, 1962James N CornellConcrete milling machine
US4295274 *Jul 27, 1978Oct 20, 1981Tennant CompanyScarifying machine
EP2987596A1 *Oct 14, 2014Feb 24, 2016Albrecht BaumannImpact tool and device for removing materials containing stone
U.S. Classification125/3, 29/81.5
International ClassificationB21J7/16, B28D1/18, B08B7/02, A47L11/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47L11/4058, B08B7/024, B28D1/181, B21J7/16, A47L11/00, A47L11/4036
European ClassificationA47L11/40F, A47L11/40G4, B21J7/16, A47L11/00, B08B7/02C, B28D1/18B