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Publication numberUS2736314 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 28, 1956
Filing dateApr 13, 1953
Priority dateApr 13, 1953
Publication numberUS 2736314 A, US 2736314A, US-A-2736314, US2736314 A, US2736314A
InventorsRandall H Hale
Original AssigneeRandall H Hale
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cervical brace
US 2736314 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 28, 1956 R.' H. HALE CERVICAL BRACE Filed April 15, 1953 INVENTOR. 774/7141? f/z/e.

BY hm United States Patent CERVICAL BRACE Randall H. Hale, Los Angeles, Calif.

Application April 13, 1953, Serial No. 348,421

1 Claim. (Cl. 128-87) This invention relates to cervical appliances for immobilizing the cervical spine.

The conventional cervical appliances are constructed of metal with the weight-bearing surfaces, including the chin cup, occipital support, and the posterior and anterior sections, being padded with felt and covered with soft leather. These known appliances are unsanitary in use, since they cannot be washed, do not permit full posterior and anterior traction and, being of metal construction, do not permit X-ray observation with the appliance in use.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved cervical appliance, which is of relatively light weight construction, is washable, permits X-ray observation while in use on a patient, and which provides for the obtaining of full posterior and anterior traction adjustment.

Further objects and advantages of the invention, residing in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts, will appear clear from consideration of the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings and from the appended claim.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a perspective front view of a cervical appliance in accordance with this invention, as worn upon a patient,

Fig. 2 is a rear perspective view of the appliance as seen in Fig. 1, and

Fig. 3 is an enlarged section on the line III-III of Fig. 2.

Referring to the drawings, the improved cervical appliance comprises a chin support cup, indicated generally at 10, a neck (occipital) support part, indicated generally at 12, chest and back support parts, indicated generally at 14 and 16, and commonly referred to as the posterior and anterior sections, respectively, side neck adjustment straps 18, shoulder and underarm straps 20 and adjustable tension rod assembles, indicated generally at 22.

The chin cup, occipital, posterior and anterior parts of this improved appliance each have the same general construction illustrated in Fig. 3, in that each said part is formed by an outside sheet 24 of thermosplastic material to which there is secured a backing pad 26 having peripheral edge portions 28 which extend beyond the peripheral edges of their corresponding thermoplastic sheets and follow the contour of these sheets.

Very satisfactory results have been obtained with the use of thermoplastic material sold under the registered trade mark Plexiglas and with the use of backing pads of foam rubber. Plexiglas is light transmitting, washable, of relatively light weight, and is responsive to heat, applied for example by a heat lamp, including an infrared lamp, to enable the sheets to be accurately and closely formed to shape. The side straps 18, and the shoulder and underarm straps 20, are all separately formed from washable material and are completely detachable from their respective body support parts 10, 12, 14 and 16.

For attaching the straps to their respective parts I employ press stud fasteners, indicated generally at 30, and each composed of a female part 32 and amale part 34. Where the straps are provided with adjustment buckles p CC 36, each buckle incorporates at the rear, one part of such a press stud fastener.

One part of each fastener, being the male part as shown in the drawings, is secured in a hole 38 formed in the thermoplastic sheet 24 and has its rear end covered by the backing pad 26. The other part, being the female part 32 in this instance, is secured upon the end portions of the separate straps.

The shoulder and underarm straps 20 may be made from webbing material and fitted with a flat tubular section 20 of rubber, or rubber-like material, for engaging under the patients arm.

Both the anterior and posterior parts 14 and 16 are of similar size and configuration and each has four corner ear portions where the fastener means are applied for the attachment of the straps, with the traction being readily adjustable by actuation of the buckles 36 at the four corners of the anterior part 14.

The side. straps 18 connecting the chin cup 10 and the occipital support 12 have adjustment buckles 36 accessible at the chin cup, whereby all strap adjustments are capable of being effected in front of the patient.

Referring to the tension rod assemblies 22, a pair of such assemblies are provided at the back and at the front, with the assemblies of each pair being laterally spaced. The front pair is connected between the chin cup 10 and the anterior part 14 while the rear pair is connected between the occipital part 12 and the posterior part 16. Each such assembly comprises a metal rod40 secured at one end, as by rivets, to the thermoplastic part of the chin cup or occipital part and having a screw threaded end portion 42 on which an adjustment nut 44 is mounted. Each screw threaded rod end portion 42 fits slidably into the upper end of a tube 46, secured at its outer end, as by rivets, to the thermoplastic part of the anterior or posterior part. The effective length of the tension rods constituted by these rods and tubes is readily adjustable by manipulation of the nuts 44.

Having thus described my invention what I claim as novel and wish to secure by Letters Patent is as follows:

A cervical appliance comprising a chin cup, an occipital part and anterior and posterior sections, all of light transmitting thermoplastic material, presenting a front sheet to their respective parts and including a backing pad, said pads having free edge portions protruding beyond the edges of the thermoplastic sheets, separate adjustable straps for connection between said chin cup and the occipital part on each side of a patients neck, means detachably connecting said straps with said chin cup and occipital part, separate adjustable shoulder and underarm straps for connection with said anterior and posterior parts, means detachably connecting said straps with said anterior and posterior parts, tension rods connected between the chin cup and the anterior section and between the occipital part and the posterior section, and means securing said rods upon the thermoplastic material of said parts, said tension rods including means for adjusting the effective length of the rods.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Ward Nov. 26, 1940 OTHER REFERENCES

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2223276 *Dec 17, 1937Nov 26, 1940Thomas C WardCervical splint
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2807260 *Jan 26, 1956Sep 24, 1957Orthopedic Equipment CoCervical brace
US2820455 *Dec 28, 1953Jan 21, 1958Newton J HallNeck brace
US2904040 *Aug 11, 1958Sep 15, 1959Randall H HaleCervical brace
US3055358 *Aug 5, 1959Sep 25, 1962Palma Leon J DiCervical collar
US3177869 *Nov 3, 1961Apr 13, 1965William L BartelsCervical neck brace
US3968994 *Oct 24, 1972Jul 13, 1976Chika John JAuxilliary body restraining device
US4539979 *Apr 27, 1983Sep 10, 1985Bremer Orthopedics, Inc.Temporary cervical traction maintenance
US4648390 *May 17, 1985Mar 10, 1987Friddle Frank ELow profile neck ring orthosis
US4793334 *Aug 14, 1987Dec 27, 1988Mcguinness Charles GCervical brace
US5195947 *Oct 15, 1991Mar 23, 1993Bode Gerd BCalibrated cervical traction device
US5205813 *Sep 3, 1991Apr 27, 1993Schmidt Shawn MCephalic and cervical support appliance
US5409450 *Sep 16, 1993Apr 25, 1995Donelson; RonaldCervical brace
US5520619 *Feb 22, 1994May 28, 1996Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US5588957 *Aug 15, 1995Dec 31, 1996Ambu International A/SCervical collar
US5728054 *May 24, 1996Mar 17, 1998Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US5797863 *Nov 29, 1996Aug 25, 1998Ambu International A/SCollapsible cervical collar
US5993403 *Mar 13, 1998Nov 30, 1999Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US6036664 *Jun 7, 1995Mar 14, 2000Ambu International A/SAutomatic adjustable cervical collar
US6090058 *Dec 30, 1997Jul 18, 2000Laerdal Medical CorporationMultiple-size cervical collar
US6245033Nov 29, 1999Jun 12, 2001Ambu International A/SAdjustable cervical collar
US6726643Mar 13, 2000Apr 27, 2004Ambu International A/SAutomatic adjustable cervical collar
US8303527Jan 13, 2008Nov 6, 2012Exos CorporationOrthopedic system for immobilizing and supporting body parts
US8905958Feb 6, 2008Dec 9, 2014Dynotrax, LlcTraction apparatus and methods
US8951217Aug 24, 2011Feb 10, 2015Exos LlcComposite material for custom fitted products
US9295748Mar 15, 2013Mar 29, 2016Exos LlcFoam core sandwich splint
US9408738Mar 15, 2013Aug 9, 2016Exos LlcOrthopedic brace for animals
US9561128Oct 26, 2012Feb 7, 2017Exos LlcOrthopedic system for immobilizing and supporting body parts
US9655761Nov 12, 2012May 23, 2017Djo, LlcOrthopedic back brace
US9757265Feb 9, 2015Sep 12, 2017Djo, LlcComposite material for custom fitted products
US20080319362 *Jan 13, 2008Dec 25, 2008Mark JosephOrthopedic System for Immobilizing and Supporting Body Parts
US20090198163 *Feb 6, 2008Aug 6, 2009Andrew SenyeiTraction apparatus and methods
US20110184325 *Jan 23, 2011Jul 28, 2011Kamran BehzadianOrthopedic apparatuses for mobilizing, stretching and protecting the spinal column
USD663850Aug 18, 2010Jul 17, 2012Exos CorporationLong thumb spica brace
USD663851Aug 18, 2010Jul 17, 2012Exos CorporationShort thumb spica brace
USD665088Aug 18, 2010Aug 7, 2012Exos CorporationWrist brace
USD666302Dec 8, 2011Aug 28, 2012Exos CorporationCervical collar
USRE36745 *Jan 13, 1999Jun 20, 2000Ambu Inc.Extrication cervical collar with adjustable supports
WO1994024966A1 *Apr 26, 1993Nov 10, 1994Schmidt Shawn MCephalic and cervical support appliance
U.S. Classification602/17, 128/DIG.230
International ClassificationA61F5/055
Cooperative ClassificationA61F5/055, Y10S128/23
European ClassificationA61F5/055