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Publication numberUS2737037 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 6, 1956
Filing dateMar 3, 1954
Priority dateJul 17, 1953
Also published asDE944277C
Publication numberUS 2737037 A, US 2737037A, US-A-2737037, US2737037 A, US2737037A
InventorsJacques Zellweger Conrad Jean
Original AssigneeNationale Sa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pyrophoric gas lighters
US 2737037 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 6, .1956 c. J. J. zELLwr-:GER

PYRoPHoRIc GAS LIGHTERS Filed March 3, 1954 lnwwm a Idir/f1 I 7J l.

INVENTOR CONRADv JEAN JACQUES ZELLWEGEQ ATTORNEY United States Patent O PYROPHORIC GAS LIGHTERS Conrad .lean Jacques Zellweger, Geneva, Switzerland, as-

signor to La Nationale S. A., Geneva, Switzerland, a Swiss company Application March 3, 1954, Serial No. 413,874

Claims priority, application Switzerland July 17, 1953 8 Claims. (Cl. 67-87) Hitherto two solutions have been suggested for the supply of gas for the flame of a pyrophoric gas lighter. The first has consisted in filling the reservoir of the lighter with an absorbent material, such as cotton, which absorbs the fuel in liquid form and restores it to the gaseous form. lt suffices to interpose, between the reservoir and the burner, a calibrated passage of variable cross-sectional area to allow of adjusting the delivery of gas, the said delivery varying in proportion to the internal pressure of the lighter, that is to say in proportion to the temperature.

The other method consisted in filling the reservoir with fuel in the form of liquid, supplying the liquid fuel to a more or less compressed small absorbent mass, such as cotton, asbestos, and so forth. The gasification of the liquid fuel then takes place either in the porous mass, or at its immediate surface. The adjustment of the delivery of gas may be effected by more or less compressing the porous material.

The various solutions `which llave been suggested hitherto for obtaining this variable compression, have the disadvantage of not allowing of a uniform compression of the porous material. Thus if the compression of a porous material such a-s cotton is effected by means of a screw in a cylindrical tube, the lateral friction of the porous mass against the walls of the tube, prevents it from being compressed in a uniform manner. The side against which the pressure is applied is compressed more, whilst the opposite portion, which lbears against the bottom of the tube is compressed only very slightly.

However, during the passage of the gas or during shocks resulting from the use of the lighter, the variation of compression of the porous material tends to be equaliscd in the interior of the mass and thus the permeability of the porous mass to the gas changes, as also the size of the flame of the lighter.

The present invention has for its object to remedy the above mentioned disadvantages. 1t has for its subject a pyrophoric gas lighter of the type in which the fuel reaches the burner by passing through a porous material, a tightening device being provided for more or less compressing the porous material for the purpose of adjusting the delivery of fuel. rThe lighter according to the invention is characterised in that the said porous material is located in a guide tube and against a resilient support capable of yielding resiliently under the action of a tightening force transmitted to the porous material in such ya manner as to obtain a sliding of the porous material in the guide tube at each adjustment determining an equalisation yof the tensions in the said porous material.

Two forms of construction of a lighter according to the invention are shown diagrammatically and `by way of example in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. l is a view in partial section of the first form of construction.

Fig. 2 is a section on the line ll-ll of Fig. l.

Fig. 3 is a. partial ysection of la second form of construc- 70 tion.

ICC

As shown in the drawing the lighter comprises a reservoir 1 forming the body of the lighter, closed by an upper plate 2. The latter is pierced by a screwed bore 3 of which the outer end is enlarged at 4. lnto said bore 3 is screwed a tubular part 5 having a shoulder 6 adapted to abut with the bottom 7 of the enlarged part 4 of the bore 3, with the interposition of a uidtight washer 8.

The outer portion of the tubular part 5 has an internally screwed recess 9 in which is secured a part 10 itself forming a tubular part.

The burner 11 has a conical part 12 which bears against a conical seat 13 provided in said part 10. The inner end of the tubular part 5 has a screw thread 14 into which is screwed a part 15 bored axially and in which is capable of sliding a tube 16 for the supply of fuel to the burner.

The porous material 17, through which the fuel passes, is located in a tube 18 of resilient material, for example artificial rubber. The tube 18 is located in the tubular part 5 which forms a guide tube for the porous material. A thrust washer 19 is secured to the tube 16 and is capable of sliding with this in the tubular part 5. Said washer 19 bears against one of the ends of a coiled spring Ztl, located around the tube 16, and of which the other end rests against the part 15. As shown in Fig. l, the upper end of the tube 16 serves to guide the lower part of the resilient tube 1S. The upper part of this is fitted around a tubular extension 21 of a part 22 which is bored axially by a passage 23. Said part 22, provided with a portion 24 of larger diameter, is capable of sliding axially in a portion of the tubular part 5 having a medium bore between that in which is located the resilient tube 18 and that in which the part 1@ is secured.

The part 22 is adapted to be pushed against the tube 15 and the porous material 17 Iby the part 1i) through the medium of a fiuidtight lining 25.

On the other hand, the burner 11 is held against the conical seat 13 by a coiled spring 26 bearing at one end 'against the part 22, through the medium of the iluidtight lining 25, and at the other end, against the lower end of the tube forming the burner 11. It is to be observed that this. lower end of the burner carries a plug 27 of resilient material adapted to close the passage 23 when closing the lighter by axial movement toward the bottom of the burner 11. To allow of setting the part 10 in rotation, a washer 2S is fitted around the part lil and has an opening 29 of which the shape corresponds with the crosssection of the part 10 and is provided, on one of its sides, with a iiat 36, said washer is clamped at its periphery in a crownpiece 31, capable of turning freely on the upper enlarged end of the tubular part 5.

For effecting the adjustment of the llame of the lighter, that is to say for adjusting the delivery of fuel reaching the burner, through the passage 16 containing a wick 32, by passing into the porous material 17, it suices to rotate the crownpiece 31. In fact, when this is turned in such a manner as to cause a downward screwing of the part 1li, the latter, by bearing against the part 22, also moves this downwardly whilst compressing the resilient tube 1S to a predetermined extent. Under the action of this compression, the tube 18 slides axially in the interior of its guide tube whilst moving, against the action of the spring 2t), the washer 19 and the tube 16. The tube 18 is thus in a more compressed state than it was previously between the part 22 and the washer 19. As a result its inner wall swells and compresses the porous material 17.

By reason of the sliding of the tube 18 of resilient material in its guide tube 5 during each adjusting movement of the burner, said tube 18 does not stick to the interior of its guide tube and thus tensions, which are set up, on the one hand, in the material constituting the tube 18, and, on the other hand, in the porous material 17 itself, are distributed in a uniform manner over the entire Patented Mar. 6, 1956 lengthof the tube 18 and .throughout Vthe entire mass `of porous material 17.

The adjustment is thus stable and the flame does not change in size once the adjustment has been completed.

The -second form of construction of lighter shown in Fig. 2 is similar to the first and only differs therefrom by the fact that the porous material 17 of this second lighter is lodged directly in the guide tube 5, without the interposition of a tube 18 of resilient material. For this reason the part 22 is not provided with the extension 21 and bears directly against the porous material 17. The latter bears at its lower end against the washer 19, secured to the tube 16 and which can move axially in the guide tube against the action of the spring 20. In this latter form of construction, the tension of the spring 20 may also be adjusted by screwing the part more or less into the lower end of the guide tube 5.

'The whole of the adjusting device located above the part 22 is identical with the corresponding part of the lighter shown in Fig. l.

The operation of this second form of construction is therefore similar to the first, that is to say that by setting the Ycrownpiece 31 in rotation in the direction of screwing the part 10 downwards, an axial downward movement of the part 22 is produced, thus effecting a sliding of the whole of the porous mass 17, as also of the washer 19 and the tube 16, in the guide tube 5 against the action of the spring 20. As a result there is a more forcible cornpression of the porous mass 17, producing a reduction of the passage of gas therethrough, therefore also at the outlet of the burner.

This second form of construction has the same advantages as the first, that is to say, by reason of the sliding of the whole of the porous mass 17 in its guide tube 5 during operation of regulating the burner, the tensions arising in said porous mass 17 tend to be equalised already during the adjusting operation, so that the flame of the burner remains stable once the adjustment has been completed.

It is to be observed that, as the guide tube 5 is screwed into the upper part of the reservoir, the mounting and removal of the burner can be effected easily and rapidly so that the tension of the spring 20 may be selected and adjusted at a different value, even after complete assembly of the lighter, simply by unscrewing the tubular part 5 which carries the whole of the adjusting device of the burner.

Both in the rst and in the second form of construction, the wick 32 may be formed either of cotton or by means of fibres of artificial material, such as the material known as nylon.

The porous material 17 may be formed by asbestos or even by cotton or nylon.

It is to be observed that particularly interesting results may be obtained, especially in the first form of construction, by using a wick of nylon for forming the wick 32 and the porous material 17, said wick of nylon extending into the interior of the part 22 for facilitating the evaporation of liquefied gas.

VVI claim:

1 A pyrophoric gas lighter, comprising a burner to which gas is supplied through a porous material, a tube housing said porous material, and means for uniformly compressing said material longitudinally throughout its cross-sectional area to a uniform density to regulate the flow of gas to the` burner, said means including a manually controlled slidable part located medially in the tube and having a bore establishing communication between the tn be and the burner and providing at its inner end a'wall with which o-ne end of said porous material is engaged, an adjustable abutment at the inner end of the tube, a washer slidable .in the tube for engaging the other end of Sad material, and a spring confined between said abutment and the washer to continuously maintain a compressive effect o n the body `of the `porous material throughout its crosssectiona1 area.

.2. A pyrophoric lightenaccording toclairn V,1, wherein, the adjustable abutment at the inner end of the guide tube is provided with a bore and afuel supply tube is slidable in the bore, said fuel supply tube carrying said washer.

3. A pyrophoric gas lighter including a burner which receives fuel passed through a .porous material, a device for more or less compressing said porous material for the purpose of adjusting the delivery of fuel to said burner, said device including, a guide tube, a washer slidable in said tube for engaging said porous material, an adjustable spring having one end thereof acting on said washer, the other end thereof bearing against a part screwed into the guide tube in such a manner as to allow, after assembly of the lighter, adjustment of the tension of said spring independently of external adjustment by said device to produce a sliding movement of the porous material and of the washer in said guide tube at each adjustment of the spring which causes an equalization of the tensions in said porous material.

4. A pyrophoric gas lighter including a burner for receiving fuel which has passed through porous material, a tightening device for more or less compressing said porous material for the purpose of adjusting the delivery of fuel to the burner, a guide tube, a resilient support slidable in the guide tube, a-tube of resilient material within said guide tube and containing said porous material, said tightening device acting on said porous material through the medium of said resilient tube, the end of said resilient tube resting against said resilient support to obtain simultaneous sliding of said resilient tube and said porous material in said guide tube on each adjustment thereby determining an equalization of the tensions in said resilient tube and in the porous material.

5. A pyrophoric gas lighter including a burner which receives fuel which has passed through a porous material contained in a tube of resilient material, a tightening device being provided to act on said porous material through the medium of said resilient tube for more or less compressing said porous material for the purpose of adjusting the delivery of fuel, said resilient tube being located in a guide tube, the end of said resilient tube resting against a washer capable of sliding in the guide tube a spring under the action of a tightening force transmitting to the resilient tube and to the porous material so as to produce simultaneous sliding of said resilient tube and said porous material in said guide tube on each adjustment thereby determining an equalization of the tensions in the said resilient tube and in the porous material.

6. A lighter according to claim 5, wherein said last mentioned spring has one end acting on said washer, the other end of said spring bearing against a part screwed into the guide tube in such a manner as to permit of adjusting the tension of said spring independently of external adjustment by the tightening device after assembly of the lighter.

7. A pyrophoric gas lighter including a burner which receives fuel which has passed through a porous material, a tightening device being provided for more or less compressing said porous material for the purpose of adjusting the delivery of fuel, said porous material being located in a guide tube and against a washer capable of sliding in the guide tube a spring transmitting through the washer a tightening force to the porous material so as to produce a sliding movement of the porous material and of the washer in said guide tube at each adjustment which determines an equalisation of the `tensions in said porous material, said spring having one end thereof acting on said washer, the other end of said spring bearing against a part screwed into the guide tube in such a manner as to allow, after assembly of the lighter, adjustment of the tension of said spring independently of external adjustment by said tightening device, the guide tube being screwed into the body ofthe lighter with the interposition of a lluidtight lining in such a manner as to permit of rapid assembly and dismantling of the lighter for obtaining access to the internal device for adjusting the tension of the spring.

8. A pyrophoric gas lighter including a burner which receives fuel which has passed through a porous material contained in a tube of resilient material, a tightening device being provided to act on said porous material through the medium of said resilient tube for more or less compressing said porous material for the purpose of adjusting the delivery of fuel, said resilient tube being located in a guide tube, the end of said resilient tube resting against a washer capable of sliding in the guide tube against the action of a spring under the action of a tightening force transmitted to the resilient tube and to the porous material so as to produce simultaneous sliding of said resilient tube and said porous material in said guide tube on each adjustment thereby determining an equalisation of the tensions in the said resilient tube and in the porous material, said last mentioned spring having one end acting on said washer, the other end of said spring bearing against a part screwed into the guide tube in such a manner as to permit of adjusting the tension of said spring independently of external adjustment by the tightening device after assembly of the lighter, the guide tube being screwed into the body of the lighter with the interposition of a uidtight lining so as to permit of rapid assembly and dismantling of the burner, so as to give access to the internal device for adjusting the tension 10 of the spring.

References Cited in the ile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,608,081 Morgan et al Aug. 26, 1952 15 2,620,643 Nissen Dec. 9, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 157,429 Austria Nov. 25, 1939 1,058,248 France Nov. 4, 1953

Patent Citations
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US2608081 *Aug 29, 1950Aug 26, 1952Butalite CorpLighter mechanism
US2620643 *Dec 30, 1949Dec 9, 1952Ronson Art Metal Work IncGas lighter
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2895318 *Jan 22, 1957Jul 21, 1959Nationale SaLighters comprising a device for adjusting the delivery of fuel feeding the flame
US3014357 *Jun 24, 1959Dec 26, 1961Nationale SaBurners for liquefied gas lighters
US3048991 *Sep 29, 1960Aug 14, 1962Taisho IketaniMechanism for control of flow rate of gaseous fuel in gas-fueled cigarette lighter
US3050973 *Jan 21, 1958Aug 28, 1962Ronson CorpBurner valves for compressed gaseous fuels
US3140593 *Sep 21, 1962Jul 14, 1964Wieden & Co G M B H FaGas fueled lighter
US3141317 *Aug 24, 1962Jul 21, 1964Borneo Sumatra Trading CompanyCigarette lighter fuel control mechanism
US3144758 *Jul 13, 1962Aug 18, 1964Taisho IketaniBurner devices for liquefied gas lighters
US3184931 *Jun 18, 1963May 25, 1965Zenzaburo YoshinoGas lighter and method of carburetion of liquefied fuel
US3206949 *Jun 11, 1963Sep 21, 1965Samao S AValve for lighters
US3213649 *Feb 4, 1964Oct 26, 1965Mansei Kogyo KkCombustion valve assembly for gas lighter
US3218831 *Apr 18, 1962Nov 23, 1965Newman Stanley HBurner jet and valve for cigarette lighter of the gas type
US3222894 *Jul 23, 1962Dec 14, 1965Waltham Watch CoLighter
US3229486 *Jun 3, 1964Jan 18, 1966Hans-Hubert QuandtReducing and closing valve for pyrophoric liquid gas lighters
US3254511 *Jul 29, 1964Jun 7, 1966Kreisler Mfg Corp JacquesRegulatable lighter valve
US3280598 *Jul 16, 1964Oct 25, 1966Sune Grop OlofCigarette lighters
US3286491 *Apr 27, 1964Nov 22, 1966Ronson CorpFuel metering device
US3382028 *Mar 14, 1966May 7, 1968Yoshinaga Prince Kabushiki KaiGas lighter
US3663152 *Oct 22, 1969May 16, 1972Zenza Bronica Kogyo KkAutomatic flame adjusting means in a lighter
US3859037 *Feb 26, 1973Jan 7, 1975Braun AgLighter
US3908965 *Jul 2, 1973Sep 30, 1975Wacker Werke KgCompressed air operable inner vibrator for compacting concrete and the like
US4101262 *Jun 4, 1976Jul 18, 1978Societe Anonyme Dite: Etablissements Genoud & CiePressure regulator for gas lighter
US4378783 *Jul 29, 1980Apr 5, 1983Johnson Matthey Inc.Hot spot butane heater
US4484888 *Sep 29, 1982Nov 27, 1984S. T. DupontAdjustable expander-evaporator and variable maximum flow limiter for a liquified gas lighter
US5215458 *Sep 25, 1991Jun 1, 1993Bic CorporationChild-resistant lighter with spring-biased, rotatable safety release
US5456598 *Jul 1, 1991Oct 10, 1995Bic CorporationSelectively actuatable lighter
US5584682 *Feb 27, 1995Dec 17, 1996Bic CorporationSelectively actuatable lighter with anti-defeat latch
US5636979 *May 22, 1995Jun 10, 1997Bic CorporationFlame producing lighter
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/3, 431/344
International ClassificationD07B5/02, F23Q2/173, F23Q2/00, D07B5/00, F23Q2/52
Cooperative ClassificationF23Q2/52, F23Q2/173, D07B5/02
European ClassificationD07B5/02, F23Q2/52, F23Q2/173