US 273707 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. N. BRAY.
No. 273,707. Patented Mar. 13,1883.
Inventor: w/ m/ W y Attorney.
Wztnesses fllNrrEn STATES PATENT twice.
MELLEN N. BRAY, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 273,707, dated March 13, 1883. Application filed January 8, 1883. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, MELLEN N. BRAY, of Boston, in the county of Sufl'olk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Lacing-Hooks, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification.
My invention relates to a new and improved form of lacing-hook for use on boots, shoes, and other articles, and has for its object the production of a neat and serviceable book which will be of such a form as to prevent any portion of the dress or clothing of the wearer from catching thereon or becoming entangled thereby, as will be further described.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved lacing-hook. Fig. 2 is a front; elevation. Fig. 3 is a vertical section. Fig. 4 is a horizontal section on line LU a; on Fig. 1, looking toward the shank. Figs. 5 and 6 are respectively a plan and edge view of the blank from which the hook is to be formed. Figs. 7 and 8 are respectively a plan and elevation of the partially-formed hook. Fig. 9 is an elevation of a modified form of book. Fig. 10 is a vertical section of the same; and Fig. 11 is a horizontal section on line 3 g on Fig. 10,1ooking toward the shank.
This lacing hook is designed to be made from sheet metal, and is provided with a tubular shank, a, for securing it to the leather or other material, made open at both ends in the form of an eyelet, and provided with the flange b, adapted to rest upon one side of the material when the shank a is clinched upon the opposite side thereof. From one side of the flange b extends the neck 0, projecting upward and carrying the head or disk (1 directly over the flange b and substantiallycentral with the axis of the shank a. From the edge of the disk d opposite the neck 0 projects downward the short neck 0, provided at its lower end with two points,ff, which project in opposite directions therefrom, as shown.
This lacing-hook should be fastened upon the material with the neck 6 toward the slit or openingin the boot, shoe, or other article, and the lacing-cord should be passed into the opening of the hook between the pointsffand the flange b, and then upward to a position beneath the disk d and drawing around the inner side of the neck 6, as shown by dotted lines at g in Figs. 3 and 4, the pointsffserving to prevent the lacing-cord g from slipping out of place. The edges of the neck 0 are bent outward, thus making it. convex upon its inner and concave upon its outer side, as shown in Fig. 4, and preventing said edges from coming in contact with the lacing-cord to injure or wear the same. The disk d is made concavoconvex, with its convex side uppermost, and is thereby strengthened and made to impart a. neater appearance to the hook. The neckc may be strengthened or stiffened by bending its edges outward, thus making it concave upon its outer and convex upon its inner side, as shown in Fig. 4; or the curve maybe reversed and have its convex side outward or said neck may be formed with one or more longitudinal corrugations therein, as may he desired.
This lacing-hook is designed to be made from sheet metal of even thickness by first cutting therefrom, by the aid of suitable dies, a blank, A, of the form shown in Figs. 5 and 6, then subjecting said blank to the action of punching and swaging dies to form the tubular shank a and impart to the disk d the desired curve, when the blank will present the form shown in Figs. 7 and 8, and then bending the hook portion to the proper shape to form the finished lacing-hook, as shown in Figs. 1 to 4.
In Figs. 9, 10, and 11 is shown a modified form of hook, which is ofa similar form to that previously described, except that the pointsf are bent inward toward the neck 0, whereby they may more effectually support the lacingcord 9 shown in dotted lines in Figs. 9 and ll and prevent it from slipping out of place. This book is designed to be made from sheet metal in precisely the same way as previously described, and the lacing-cord applied thereto in the same manner as before mentioned.
This form of lacing-hook has the advantage ofpreventing any portion of the dress or clothing from becoming entangled by the hook, inasmuch as the opening of said hook, or the space between the pointsff and the flange b, is protected by the lacing-cord g, which passes above and in close proximity to the same, as
I have described in another application of even date herewith.
By making these lacing-hooks of sheet metal 2. A lacing-hook composed of the tubularv shank a, provided with the flange b, and the outer button or head, cl, directly over the shank a; and connected to the flange b atone side, and provided at its opposite side with the downwardly-mojecting neck 6, terminating in the projecting points f f, substantially as described.
3. The blank A, shaped substantially as shown and described, from which to form a lacing-hook, as herein set forth.
4. In a lacing-hook made from sheet metal, the combination of a flange to rest upon the surface of the material to which it-is' to be secured, a hook bent upward from one edge of said flange, over said flange, downward toward the opposite edge of said flange, and inward between said flange and the upper'portion of said hook, and provided with a neck to receive the lacing-cord above said inwardlybent portion, and means of securing said flange to the material, substantially as described. y
- In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, on this 4th day of January, A. D. 18815.
MELLEN N. BRAY.
Witnessesz- E. A. HEMMENWAY, W. H. CHAPMAN.