|Publication number||US2737193 A|
|Publication date||Mar 6, 1956|
|Filing date||Aug 13, 1952|
|Priority date||Aug 13, 1952|
|Publication number||US 2737193 A, US 2737193A, US-A-2737193, US2737193 A, US2737193A|
|Inventors||Halbert H Boyd|
|Original Assignee||Halbert H Boyd|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (5), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
i Mach 6, 1956 H, H, BOYD 2,737,193
yBED CANOPY Filed Aug. 15, 1952 Y IlllllllIl/lllllllllllllllllIlIlIlIlllllIlIll/IIL rf ATURN United States Patent BED CANOPY Halbert H. Boyd, Kansas City, Mo.
Application August 13, 1952, Serial No. 304,063
1 Claim. (Cl. 13S- 5.1)
This invention relates to protective structure for use in the prevention of illness due to exposure to air drafts and downwardly prevailing air currents in the bedroom, and particularly those which normally strike the head of a bed occupant during sleep.
lt is the most important object of the present invention to provide protective structure for obviating illnesses taking the form of a bed canopy that includes a substantially U-shaped shield of suitable material capable of deilecting the aforementioned drafts and currents and thereby sheltering the head of the bed occupant therefrom.
Another important object hereof is to provide a bed canopy that includes a U-shaped shield which may be flexible, together with a novel frame for receiving and supporting the bight of the shield, which frame is easily and quickly mounted upon the bed for support solely by interleaving parts of the frame between the springs and mattress.
Other objects of this invention include the way in which a plurality of laterally extending arms are provided on the frame for receiving the shield; the manner of forming the arms arcuately so that the air currents and drafts are properly deflected upwardly and outwardly away from the head of the bed occupant; the manner of providing fingers and hooks on the arms to hold the flexible shield in place; and many other more minor objects including important details of construction, all of which will be made clear or become apparent as the following specifcation progresses, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, wherein:
Figure l is a perspective view of a bed canopy made according to my present invention, illustrating the same upon a bed, also shown fragmentarily in phantom.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary, cross-sectional view through the bed and the canopy; and
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary, perspective view of one of the arms of the frame.
According to my present invention therefore, as will hereinafter be made clear, there is provided protective structure that is quickly and easily mounted upon the bed to obviate illnesses by sheltering the head of the bed occupant from exposure to such drafts and air currents.
The bed canopy hereof includes a frame, broadly designated by the numeral 10, and a U-shaped shield 12 supported by the frame 10. Frame is made up of a plurality of U-shaped members 14, there being three of such members 14 shown in the drawing. Each member 14 may well be made from suitable lightweight, tubular stock and includes a substantially horizontal leg 16 that is interposed between mattress 18 and springs 2G of bed 22. Each member 14 is also provided with a vertical bight portion 24 that projects upwardly along one end of the mattress 18 in front of head 26 of bed 22. Finally, each member 14 is provided with a laterally projecting arm 2S that overlies pillows 30 on the mattress 18 adjacent head 26.
The three U-shaped frame members 14 may be suitably interconnected for. purposes oflrigidity 'by two pairs of cross braces 32' and 34, as well as by` a horizontal rod 36 at the point of merger between legs 16 and their corresponding vertical bights'24. Each' arm 28 'extends downwardly as the free end thereof is approached and is longitudinally arched downwardly as is clear in the drawing.
An up-turned finger 38 is formed on the lowermost end of each arm 28 respectively and an upwardly extending hook 40 is formed adjacent the uppermost end of each arm 28 respectively.
The shield 12 may be made from any suitable material capable of deflecting dfafts and downwardly prevailing air currents and is preferably flexible. Many types of fabrics, plastics and the like are impermeable to the passage of such drafts and air currents, and bight 42 of shield 12 extends across the arms 28 for support thereby. Legs 44 and 46 of the shield 12 depend from the outermost arms 28 in overlapping relationship to the mattress 18 and springs 20 as shown in Fig. 1. The lowermost fingers 38 of arms 28, as well as the hooks 40 that pierce the shield 12, hold the latter in the position illustrated by Figs. 1 and 2. It is noted that the head of an occupant of bed 22 on one of the pillows 30 is completely protected from downwardly prevailing drafts and air currents which strike the upper face of bight 42 and are deflected upwardly and outwardly in the manner shown by arrows 48 in Fig. 2 of the drawing. The depending legs 44 and 46 alongside the pillows 38, also serve to further protect the bed occupant from exposure due to drafts in the bedroom.
lt is seen that the entire canopy is quickly and easily mounted on the bed 22 and removed therefrom since there is no rigid connection and the frame 10 is entirely supported by the positioning of legs 16 thereof between mattress 18 and springs 22.
It is understood that bed canopies are not of themselves novel since many types of bed attachments have heretofore been proposed for supporting mosquito nets, decorative panels, draperies and the like. The present invention, on the other hand, contemplates utility in protection by the positive deflection of air currents away from the head through proper positioning of the component parts thereof and selection of proper materials to meet a problem resulting from air ilow not previously recognized.
Accordingly, while many details of construction may be varied, it is desired to be limited only by the spirit of the invention as defined by the scope of the appended claim.
Having thus described the invention what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
Protective structure in the nature of a shelter for deflecting downwardly prevailing air currents away from the head of a bed occupant, said structure comprising a frame including a plurality of interconnected, spaced, substantially U-shaped members each'having a normally horizontal leg adapted for positioning between the springs and mattress of a bed, a normally vertical bight in close proximal relationship with the headboard of the bed when the frame is mounted thereon, and an arm projecting laterally outwardly from the bight above said leg; and an elongated, rectangular, flexible shield of material impermeable to the passage of air therethrough, said arms each having hooks thereon at the innermost end thereof and engageable with the shield along one longitudinal edge thereof for holding the shield on the arms, said shield extending downwardly at each end thereof in overlapping relationship to the mattress, said arms being inclined downwardly from the bights of the frame and longitudinally arched for holding the length of the shield mames 3 resting thereon transversely concave, each arm being pro- 828,164 vided with an upstanding finger at the outermost end 861,034 thereof for retaining the opposite longitudinal edge of 975,745 the shield. 1,546,020 Y '5 1,909,467
References Cited in the le of this patent 2,210,342
UNITED STATES PATENTS 665,126 Palmer Ian. 1, 1901 4 Williams Aug. 7, 1906 Kelly July 23, 1907 Bower Nov. 15, 1910 Nesbitt July 14, 1925 Hrose et al. May 16, 1933 Sater Aug. 6, 1940
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US665126 *||Oct 24, 1899||Jan 1, 1901||Isaac E Palmer||Bedstead cannopy-frame.|
|US828164 *||May 25, 1905||Aug 7, 1906||Victor Mfg Company||Attachment for beds.|
|US861034 *||Apr 7, 1905||Jul 23, 1907||Mary Ellen Kelly||Frame for mosquito-netting.|
|US975745 *||Jul 1, 1910||Nov 15, 1910||Robert A Bower||Head-envelop.|
|US1546020 *||Apr 25, 1924||Jul 14, 1925||Lillian C Nesbitt||Insect screen for beds|
|US1909467 *||Apr 18, 1932||May 16, 1933||Takazumi Hirose||Screen|
|US2210342 *||Nov 12, 1938||Aug 6, 1940||Sater Maurice J||Tent structure|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4232692 *||Dec 22, 1978||Nov 11, 1980||Atkins Philip A||Canopy frame|
|US4489451 *||Sep 23, 1982||Dec 25, 1984||Morrell Neely||Sheet tent|
|US4862534 *||Aug 5, 1987||Sep 5, 1989||Gomez Marcial Antonio||Insect netting for a crib or the like|
|US20150026892 *||Jul 28, 2013||Jan 29, 2015||Dante DeFranco, JR.||Humidity and Allergy Control Device|
|DE2832332A1 *||Jul 22, 1978||Feb 7, 1980||Heinz Hoelter||Hospital bed with frame ducts - has frame, mattress and blanket connected by hose to exhauster and has filter to remove odours|
|U.S. Classification||135/90, 5/DIG.100|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S5/01, A47C29/003|