US 273756 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
HAMMOGK 0R BBD.
No. 273,756. Patented Mar. 13,1883.
[ag: 3.' F@ 6. 3g fr "e ff e d a] z f w nw Y N. PETERS4 P1 mouumgnphm. wzsnmglnn, D. c.
' UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICEo CHARLES MOORE, OF LOWELL, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR ONE-HALF 'IO GEORGE M. ELLIOTT, OF SAME PLACE.
HAMMOCK OR BED.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 273,756, dated March 13, 1883.
Application filed December 1, 1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES MOORE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Lowell, in the county ofMiddleseX and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hammocks and Hammock-Chairs, of which the following is a specitication.
My invention relates to means of suspend- 1o ing such hammocks and chairs, of making the same interconvertible, and of providing the same with head-rests and foot-rests.
In the accompanyingdrawings, Figure] represents my device in the form of a suspended chair provided with afootrest and head-rest; Fig. 2, the same in the form of a hammock, these iigures being perspective views. Fig. 3 is a plan of the hooked wires used to form the head-rest. Fig. 4 is an oblique view of some 2o slats and the cord which assists in drawing the hammock into the form ot' a chair, to show how the cord is attached to said slats. Figs. 5 and 6 are plans of' foot-rests. Fig. 7 is a vertical longitudinal section of the stretcher when two are used. Fig. 8 is avertical crosssection ,of the foot-rest and a portion of the slats through the holes in said foot-rest and slats, to show how the foot-rest is attached to the hammock or chair.
The slats g are or may be connected to each other by cords M M' N N', which cross each other between the slats and in holes formed in the slats, as shown in Letters Patent granted by the United States, No. 254,677, dated May 7, 1882; orsaid slats may he otherwise ilexibly connected to form the back and seat of a chair or the bottom of'a hammock. The ends M' N' are connected to a round, I', and then to a ring or grommet, L'. The other ends of the cords are similarly connected to the round I and ring L. Cords K K', passed through the rings L L' and secured above them,support the hammock or chair. The cords K may be secured to hooks or rings in the ceiling of a room or in any usual way.
In order that the hammock or chair may be swiveled around into any position, I attach the cords K K to the ends C C' ofa stout horizontal bar, A, which is supported by a hook, B', the shank B of which turns loosely in said bar A,a.nd is preventcdfrom beingdrawn through the bar by thel washer and nut o at the lower end of'said shank. To prevent too greatstrain on the middle of the bar A, I pass the shank B of said hook down through an elastic strip, U, so that the washer ois pressed up against said strip. The strip U is provided on top with blocks T T' at each end,which blocks are rounded out on the top to tit the bar A. 'Ihe hook B' may be attached directly to a hook, 6o F, or to a ring secured to the ceiling ofa room or other overhead support; but I prefer to interpose a spiral spring, E, between the hooks B' and F, said spring being attached to both of said hooks to give elasticity vertically to the hammock or chair.
NVhen the device above described is used as a chair cords o n are attached to the round I, near its ends, and to the hammock-bottom at about the points where the knees of a person 7o sitting` or reclining in the chair would naturally come, and other cords, o' n', are attached in the same way to said round I and to said bottom at a point just above the hips of the occupant ot the chair, all ot' said cords o n o 75 n' being attached to the slatsjust as the cord c (described below) is attached, and being of such a length as to draw the connected slats into about the form such that it will accommodate itself to a person sit-ting or reclining 8o thereon.
When it is desired to turn the chair into a hammock the cords o n o' n' are unhitched from the slats and allowed to hang from the round I, (or they may also be detached from the round,) and the lower end of the chair is raised by drawing on the cord P, attached to the end slat and slat next to the lower end ofthe chair, and passing over a catch-pulley,
p, secured to said round I, or by winding the 9o cords M N around said round I, or by sliding said slats along on said cords M M' N N' toward the foot ofthe chair. The stretcher J is now placed between the rounds I I' and keeps them apart and brings the hammock-bottom into the shape shown in Fig. 2. The stretcher J is permanently secured to the round I' at one end of the stretcher, and at the other end is removably attached to the round I, bc-
ing provided at each end with hollowed haltroo round cross-heads, which rest against said rounds and keep the hammock -bottom stretched out. When the stretcher is not in use one end may rest upon and project beyond the round`I. It' desired, the stretcher may be made in two pieces, J' J', (shown by dotted lines in Figs. l and 2,) the inner ends of each ot' said pieces being lashed to the bar A.
The head-rest is made by wires w w, hooked at each end, one hook,'x, of each being caught onto the cords M M N N' in the intervals between the same slats and the other hook, x',ot` each wire being caught onto the same cords between two other slats, the interval between the first space and the second space being greater than the length ot' said hooks or wires w w', so that the cords are slackened between the ends of said hooks and the slats between the ends ot' said hooks form a hollow, within which the head may rest or in which a pillow may be placed. In such case the pillow may rest between the hooks or be held between the hooks and the slats.
The foot-rest forvthe chair may be simply a broader slat attached to the cords as the other slats are attached, (see Fig. 1;) but a better form ot' foot-rest is shown in Figs. 2, 5, 6, and 8, in which the lower corners dot' the foot-rest H are cut away, and the lower edge of the rest is placed between two slats and held at right angles to said slats by a doubled cord, c, which passes through the holes a b, Fig. 5, the otherend of'said doubled cord passing between the slats within the side ropes, M N, and then around the end of a slat. (See Figs. 4 and 8.)
' The foot-rest shown in Fig. 6 may he applied by passing a doubled cord from the front side 2. The combination of thel hammock-chair, the bar A, the hook B', swiveled to said bar, and the hook F, as and for the purpose Specified.
3. The combination of the hammock-chair, the bar A, the hook B', swiveled to said bar,
the hook F, and the spring E, interposed between and connecting each of said hooks to the other, as and for the purpose specified.
4.- The combination of the har A, the slat U, provided with blocks T T', the hook B', and Washer and nut fv, and the hammock, as and for the purpose specified.
5. The combination, with a hammock provided with rounds I I', and means of suspend-Y N', of the double hooks w w', or hooked rods adapted to engage with said cords between said slats, as and for the purpose specified.
8. The combination, with a hammock-chair .havin g slats g, connected by cords M M' N N',
ot' a foot-rest consistingof a plate, H, having its lower edge adapted to rest upon and between said cords and between two slats, and means ot' securing said plate at an angle to the adjacent slats, as and for the purpose specitied. Y 9. The combination of the iexible hammock having the round I and the cords o n, connecting said round and the bottom otl said hammock, as and for the purpose specified.
10. The combination of the hammock-chair having the roundI and the slats g, iiexibly connected together, and the cords o it o' n',`con necting said round and two of said slats, 4as and for the purpose specified.
CHARLES MOORE. Witnesses:
ALBERT M. MOORE, GEORGE M. ELLIOTT.