|Publication number||US2738916 A|
|Publication date||Mar 20, 1956|
|Filing date||Aug 17, 1953|
|Priority date||Aug 17, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2738916 A, US 2738916A, US-A-2738916, US2738916 A, US2738916A|
|Inventors||Peters Thomas B R|
|Original Assignee||Peters Thomas B R|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (9), Referenced by (21), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 20, 1956 T. B. R. PETERS 23382916 CLOSURES AND SEALS FOR CARTONS Filed Aug. 17, 195s In HU I New m IN VEN TOR.
BQWMW United States Patent() CLosUREs AND SEALS FOR CARToNs Thomas B. R. Peters, Boulder, Colo. Application August 17, 195s, serial m1374351 s claims. (ci. 229-7) This invention relates to improvements in closures and seals for cartons and has reference in greater particular to seals that can be readily opened and which can also be used for resealing the carton.
Today there are a large number of articles that are dispensed in sealed packages some of which are made from paper and others from metal or plastic.
The articles most frequently dispensed in paper cartons are sugar, rice, breakfast cereals, soap powder, corn meal, salt, etc. All of the materials mentioned are dry when sold and are iiowable to the extent thatv they can be dispensed through a pour hole.
It is quite common to provide paper cartons with por tions of the top and/or sides with areas, bounded vby weakened tear or score lines, that can be broken away by the lingers or by the help of a knife, a fork or a spoon. Other cartons merely contain direction for cutting or tearing the material where a pour opening is desired.
The openings formed by tearing the material are ragged and gives the opened carton an appearance unpleasant to look at but serves the purpose of dispensing the material. After such pour openings are formed they cannot be resealed and the contents, unless removed at once, are open to contamination by dust and insects and if the contents are deliqueseent they will absorb moisture from the air which is harmful to some such products.
It is the principal object of this invention to produce a seal that can be readily opened and as readily resealed.
Another object is to provide a seal that can be applied by the box making machine at the time the box is made thereby adding very little to the cost of the carton. The above and other objects that may become apparent as the description proceeds are attained by means of a construetion and an arrangement of parts that will now be de scribed in detail for which purpose reference will be had to the accompanying drawings in which the invention has been illustrated and in which:
Figure l is a partial perspective view showing the top portion of a carton provided with the seal that forms the subject of this invention the seal being shown in open position;
Figure 2 is a view similar to that shown in Figure l and shows the seal in closed position;
Figure 3 is a section taken on line 3-3, Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a section like that shown in Figure 3 and shows the parts to an enlarged scale;
Figure 5 is a view similar to that shown in Figure 2, with the top closure tab of the carton in sealed relation to the carton and shows by broken lines the seal in open position;
Figure 6 is a section showing the seal provided with a pouring spout and Figure 7 shows the manner in which the seals are prepared for application to the carton by the box forming machine.
Referring now to the drawing, reference numeral 10 designates a paper carton, usually of oblong rectangular cross section, and 11 the inner closure tabs of the top to rice which the outer closure tab 13 is attached by glue of the usual kind employed in box making. The closure tabs 11 are provided with a pour hole 12 and the two parts 11 are adhesively attached to the top closure tab 13 as in the usual carton construction.
The present invention relates to the seal and closure positioned between tabs 11 and 13 and will now be described.
The sealing device consists of a fabric tape 14 that has its under surface gummed, the fabric being exposed on the other or upper side.V v
Such fabric tapes, gummed on' one side, are usually marketed under the name bookbinders tape. The fabric tape is provided with a perforation that is the same size and shape as opening 12. Openings 12 and 15 have been shown as rectangular but may be round or any other shape. Attached to the fabric side of tape 14 is a sealing tape 16 which has its under surface covered with a nondrying adhesive 17. (Such tape is usually sold under the name of masking tape.) Tape 16 has one end attached to the fabric side of tape 14 by staples 18 which prevent its removal. A sheet of paper, plastic or metal foil 19 of substantially the same size and shape as openings 12 and 15 isattached to the under side of tape 16 in a position to cover opening 15 and may be individual pieces or formed in long strips as indicated in Figure 7, whichever is found to be the most desirable. When tape 16 is pressed down onto the fabric surface of tape it will adhere thereto forming an air tight seal entirely around hole 15 and paper 19. If parts 19 are so made that they form a long strip as shown in Figure 7 the part 20 will not form a seal with the upper surface of tape 14. Where dry food products are packaged in this way a hermetic seal is not an essential. After tape .16 has been pressed .down into the positionshown inv Figures 2, 3 and 4 `the 'top closure tab 13 is pressed down onto end tabs 11 and tape 16. Since the under side of tab 13 is covered with a moist glue before it is pressed down it will form a protective cover over the seal and the carton top. In the drawing the thickness of the parts has been exaggerated so as to facilitate the drawing. Tapes 14 and 16 are quite thin, however. That part of tab 13 directly over the seal is perforated or scored along lines 21 and therefore when tape 16 is grasped by its doubled end 22 and pulled upwardly, as in Figure 5, cover tab 13 will tear along score lines 21 and will remain attached to the upper surface of tape 16. After the desired quantity of material has been dispersed the seal is returned from the dotted line position shown in Figure 5 to the full line position.
At this point the importance of the fabric tape willbe explained. lf tape 16 were attached directly to the upper surface of tabs 11 it would, when pressed down upon them, adhere and form a good seal about opening 12. Such a construction is shown in applicants copending application Serial Number 362,635 which was iiled on June 18, 1953, now abandoned.
The paper employed in food package cartons is a poor grade of soft cardboard and is easily torn. It was found that when the seal was broken in a construction in which the tacky non-drying adhesive of tape 16 was in firm engagement with the outer surface of carton tabs 11, the adhesive would tear loose and carry with it a considerable amount of paper liber and this made it impossible to effectively reseal the package after the seal had once been broken. To remedy this diiiculty the expedient of first adhesively attaching a piece of gummed fabric tape to the box top; providing the tape with a hole that reg-` isters with the pour hole in the box top and then attaching the sealing tape 16 to the gummed tape, as shown in the drawing, was tried. It was found that the adhesive on tape 16 would break away from the fabric tape clean and thatl the opening could therefore be resealed a large number of times.
If tape 16 was closed with the adhesive exposed in opening V12 some of the c onterit's of the box would adhere to'the t'apew'hi`ch` is objectionable' andthat' portion ofthe adhesive' 17 directly over the pour hole was therefore covered with apiece of paper 19`.
A seal made in the rri'ahnr described forms an air tight sealthat can be easil') opened and Awhich can be returned to sealing positionv andaga'iii seal the opening. By scoring that portion of tab I3 directly above the seal the box, when resealed, will have a neat appearance.
Figure 7 `shows how the seals can be made in the form of a'log strip which is adaptedfo be`app1ied'to theV carton by a suitable attachment that meistens the gr'nrned surface, cuts the strip aloii'g lines 4c and positions it on tabs 11.
In Figure 6 a modification has been shown in which the non-adhesive part 19 has been replaced by a metal spout like shown in the copending application above identified.
Applicant calls particular attention to Figure 5 which shows a slightly modified form in which the sealing tape 16 is gluedV to the under surface of closure tab 13 and may in addition be attached thereto by staples 18 as shown although that is not essential. That portion of tab 13, between the serve lines 21, designated by Y, when raised to the dotted line position shown carries with it the sealing tape 16 and serves as a seal and resealing means. Tab 13 does not have to be torn off as suggested with the construction shown in Figures l and" 2.
Cartons provided with the seal and closure above described can be readily resealed and will exclude dust and ants or other insects; they will not spill the contents if upset and can be carried and handled with no danger of spilling the contents.
What I claim as new is:
1. A closure and seal for cartons containing a dry owable product and provided with a pour hole, said seal comprising a piece of perforated fabric tape of greater length and widththan the pour hole,` having one surface gummed for effecting an attachment to the outer surface of carton in position to register the perforation therein with the pour hole, an elongated tape of greater width than the perforation in the fabric tape, having one end attached to the latter on one side of the perforation, said tape having a length sufcent to extend across and bcyond said perforation so as to encompass said perforation, the surface of said last named tape facingA the fabric tape having a coating of pressure sensitive adhesive which when pressed against the fabric tape forms a sealed zone surrounding the pour hole on all sides.
2. A closure and seal for cartons in accordance with claim l in which that portion of the adhesive covered surface of the second mentioned tape which is directly over the pour hole and the fabric tape perforations, is provided with a covering presenting a non-adhesive surface to the interior of the bag.
3. A resealable carton in accordance with claim 2 in which the said second mentioned tape extends beyond the lower edge of the fabric tape and terminates in a reversely bent portion bringing the adhesive surfaces together, thereby presenting a non-adhesive surface to the carton.
References Cited in. the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,800,143 Hughes Apr. 7, 1931 2,338,041 King Dec. 28, 1943 2,340,651 Denison Feb. 1, 1944 2,381,605 Leander Aug, 7, 1945 2,393,758 Downing Ian. 29, 1946 2,400,406 Godoy May 14, 1946 2,572,641 Manley Oct. 23, 1951 2,581,237 Casier Jan. l', 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 565,842 Great Britain Nov. 30, 1944
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|U.S. Classification||229/125.5, 229/123.3, 229/125.9, 428/137|