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Publication numberUS2739561 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 27, 1956
Filing dateOct 8, 1951
Priority dateOct 8, 1951
Publication numberUS 2739561 A, US 2739561A, US-A-2739561, US2739561 A, US2739561A
InventorsKiekhaefer Elmer C
Original AssigneeKiekhaefer Elmer C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Outboard motor unit with inclined steering axis
US 2739561 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 27, 1956 E, c, KIEKHAEFER 2,739,561

OUTBOARD MOTOR UNIT WITH INCLINED STEERING AXIS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 8, 1951 m w W Mm Z r w March 27,1956 c. KIEKHAEFER OUTBOARD MOTOR UNIT WITH INCLINED STEERING AXIS 2 SheetsSheet 2 Filed Oct. 8, 1951 OUTBOARD MOTOR UNIT WITH INCLINED STEERING AXIS Elmer C. Kiekhaefer, Cedarburg, Wis.

Application October 8, 1951, Serial No. 250,261

7 Claims. (Cl. 115-18) This invention relates to outboard motor units for boats and particularly to steering of the boats by turning the motor units.

The invention provides improved motor operation wherein the propeller thrust which is directed forwardly in normal operation is directed angularly downwardly to a degree varying with turning of the motor unit in steering the boat to the right or left.

An object of the invention is to enhance the personal safety of the occupants of the boat and particularly to prevent swamping of the boat on turns and in reverse by a lifting of the stern of the boat efiected by the motor in operation.

A more particular object is to direct the propeller angularly downwardly to a varying degree corresponding with the degree of turning movement of the motor unit to effect a corresponding degree of lifting of the stern of the boat in relation to the forward thrust of the propeller.

These and other objects and advantages will be more fully set forth in the following description of a preferred embodiment of the invention as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the stern of a boat and States Patent Q the motor unit as attached thereto and driving the same 1 Fig. 4 is a longitudinal vertical cross-section through the bracket of the motor unit by which the latter is removably secured to the transom of the boat as shown in Figs. 1 through 3; and

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal vertical cross-section of underwater gear'case of the motor unit.

The outboard motor unit shown in the drawings includes the cowl 1 which substantially encloses the engine 2 of the motor at the upper end of the unit. The housing 3 supporting engine 2 extends downwardly thereof and rigidly connects the engine 1 and the lower gear case 4 disposed under water. The propeller 5 is mounted on the shaft 6 supported by the gear case 4 and is driven by engine 1 and normally disposed underwater to propel the boat 7 forwardly and effect the steering of the boat as will be described.

The drive shaft 8 extending downwardly within housing 3 is connected at the upper end to the lower end 9 of the engine crankshaft. The lower portion of shaft 8 is journally supported by the bearings 10 in gear case 4. The bearings 11 in gear case 4 support shaft 6 normally horizontally to carry the propeller for operation in the water. The driven gear 12 is mounted on shaft 6 to mesh with the drive gear 13 which latter is fixed on the lower end of shaft 8.

The motor support bracket 14 includes the clamp the screws 15 by which the bracket is secured to the transom 16 of boat 7, and the swivel bracket member 17 which is pivotally assembled on the transverse horizontal pin 18 of bracket 14. In operation, the-motor unit is supported by member 17 with the propeller 5 disposed under water rearwardly of the boat, and is adapted to be tilted on the axis of pin 18 to allow the propeller to be lifted to pass over submerged objects or to be withdrawn from the water.

The tilt lock latch 19 is carried by member 17 and includes the transverse pin 20 which is selectivelydisposed in any of the series of recesses 21 formed in bracket 14. The forward face of each recess 21 is formed to secure the motor against tilting in a direction which would lower the propeller and the opposite faces are pitched or inclined to lift pin 20 out of the recesses upon tilting of the motor in the opposite direction. The handle 22 secured to latch 19 provides for the adjustment of pin 20 in the selected recess and provides for therelative adjustment of the motor unit end bracket 14 to accommodate various boats having transoms of different rake or angularity.

The directional control'of the boat, in each case, is effected by turning the motor unit on a substantially vertical axis to change the direction of propeller thrust. In the motor unitshown, housing 3iincludes the cylindrical portion 23 which is journally mounted in the upper and lower bearings 24 and 25 carried by the sleeve of member 17. Bearings 24 and 25 include the rubber portions 26 which provide for the cushioned support of the motor unit. Steering of the boat is effected by manipulating the tiller handle 27 which turns the motor unit on the near-vertical axis of bearings 24 and 25 to direct the propeller thrust to the right or left.

According to the invention the axis of bearings 24 and 25 is inclined'forwardly, or more specifically the axis lies in a vertical longitudinal plane respecting the boat and forms above a horizontal plane an acute angle therewith forwardly of the axis. In the motor unit shown, the axis of bearings 24 and 25 is inclined forwardly about 12 and defines an angle with the horizontal of about 78. The drive shaft 8 is similarly inclined and extends within housing 3 on the axis of bearings 24 and 25 and the steering axis of the motor unit. Within the scope of the presently claimed invention the motor unit may be supported for steering movement on an inclined axis which is forwardly of the drive shaft and housing which latter may extend generally vertically or be otherwise inclined.

The angularity of the axis provides for tilting of the v propeller downwardly as the motor unit is turned to the right or left as shown in Fig. 2. The degree to which the propeller is directed downwardly varies (not directly) with the degree of turning movement of the motor unit. In steering the boat, the propeller accordingly tends to lift the rear of the boat whenever a turning of the boat is effected and helps to prevent, particularly on sharp turns, upsetting or swamping of the boat.

The invention provides a factor of safety in making turns at high speeds while providing a horizontal thrust and maximum propeller efficiency in the forward direction. The plate-28 secured to gear case 4 is disposed normally horizontally above the propeller and operates to prevent cavitation and to assure the full efiiciency of the propeller particularly as when operating near the surface of the water In steering the boat by turning the motor unit, plate 28 is adjusted to correspond with the times the water pushed back by the transom tends to pass over the transom and'into the boat. The maximum angularity downwardly of propeller provided by the invention is reached when the propeller is in the full reverse position referred to and provides at such times maximum protection against swamping of the boat.

When in the reverse position, the latch 19 is engaged within the slot 29 of housing 3 which latter secures latch 19 and pin 20 in the selected recesses 21 of bracket 14 to prevent raising of the propeller while operating in reverse.

Various embodiments of the invention may be em ployed within the scope of the following claims:

I claim:

1. In a dirigible outboard motor unit including a propeller disposed underwater to direct the thrust of the propeller normally horizontally and to drive the boat forwardly, a bracket adapted to be removably secured to the transom of a boat and including a pivotal connection supporting said motor unit for pivotal movement on a steering axis whereby the propeller can be adjusted for the directional control of the boat, said axis approximately intersecting the axis of said propeller and defining forwardly therewith an acute angle whereby the thrust of said propeller is directed angularly downwardly to lift the stern of the boat simultaneously with the directional control of the boatin either direction.

2. In a dirigible outboard motor unit including a propeller disposed underwater to direct the thrust of the propeller normallyfhorizontally and to drive the boat forwardly, an anti-cavitation plate rigidly fixed to said unit immediately above said propeller, and a bracket adapted to be removably secured to the transom of a boat and including a pivotal connection supporting said motor unit for pivotal movement on a steering axis whereby the propeller can be adjusted for the directional control of the boat, said axis approximately intersecting the axis of said propeller and defining forwardly therewith an acute angle whereby said anti-cavitation plate and the thrust of said propeller are directed angularly downwardly to lift the stern of the boat simultaneously with the directional control of the boat in either direction.

3. In a dirigible outboard motor unit including a propeller and a shaft supporting said propeller underwater; said shaft and propeller being disposed to direct the thrust of the propeller normally horizontally and to drive the boat forwardly, a bracket adapted to be removably secured to the transom of a'boat and including a pivotal connection supporting said motor unit for pivotal movement on a steering axis whereby the propeller can be reversed to drive the boat rearwardly, said axis approximately intersecting that of said propeller shaft and defining forwardly therewith an acute angle whereby the thrust of said propeller is directed angularly downwardly to lift the stern of the boat simultaneously with the reverse propulsion of the boat to avoid swells passing over the transom into the boat.

4. In a dirigible outboard motor unit including a propeller disposed underwater to direct the thrust of the propeller normally horizontally and to drive the boat forwardly, an anti-cavitation plate rigidly fixed to said unit immediately above said propeller, a clamp bracket adapted to be removably secured to the transom of a boat, a swivel bracket including :a pivotal connection supporting said motor unit for. pivotal movement on a steering axis whereby the propeller can be adjusted for the directional control and reverse propulsion of the boat, said axis approximately intersecting the axis of said propeller and defining forwardly therewith an acute angle whereby said anti-cavitation plate and the thrust or said propeller are directed angularly downwardly to lift the stern of the boat simultaneously with the directional control of the boat in either direction, said swivel bracket being supported by said clamp bracket for tilting of the motor unit to allow the propeller to be raised for passing over submerged obstructions, and interlock means connecting said brackets to prevent tilting of the motor unit when in the position effecting the re verse propulsion of the boat.

5. in an outboard motor unit comprising an engine, a propeller and a shaft for supporting said propeller underwater, a drive shaft and gear means connecting said engine and said propeller shaft to drive the propeller, said shaft and propeller being disposed to direct the thrust of the propeller normally horizontally and to drive the boat forwardly, and a housing for said drive :shaft supporting said engine and said propeller shaft; a bracket adapted to be removably secured to the transom of a boat and including a pivotal connection supporting said motor unit for pivotal movement on a steering axis approximately intersecting that of said propeller shaft anddefining forwardly therewith an acute angle whereby the thrust of said propeller is directed downwardly to lift the stern of the boat simultaneously with steering movement efiecting the directional control of the boat in other than the forward direction.

6. In an outboard motor unit comprising an engine, a propeller and a shaft supporting said propeller under water, a drive shaft and gear means connecting said engine and said propeller shaft to drive the propeller, said shaft and propeller being disposed to direct the thrust of the I angle whereby said anti-cavitation plate and the thrust of said propeller are directed angularly downwardly with a corresponding steering movement elfecting the directional control of the boat to liftthe sternof the boat in other than the forward direction.

7. 'In an outboard motor, the combination with a bracket support having a swivel bearing with its axis forwardly inclined from the vertical, of a propulsion unit rotatably'mounted on the swivel bearing and freely rotatable through at least of movement between forward propulsion and reverse propulsion positions and comprising in substantially rigid connection a power head, a strut and a gear casing, the power head including an engine having aldrive shaft extension through said strut and the gear casing being provided with a propeller shaft and propeller, the drive shaft and propeller shaft having meshed gears in'said casing and being at an obtuse angle to each other such that the rotation of said unit on said bearing to a position for reverse propulsion will move the propeller shaft about said inclined axis to direct down- I wardly a substantial component of its thrust.

References Cited in the file of this patent

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1467641 *Jan 27, 1922Sep 11, 1923Johnson Bros Engineering CorpOutboard motor for small craft
US1693590 *Mar 17, 1926Dec 4, 1928 Boat-propelling- mechanism
US2096457 *Feb 12, 1934Oct 19, 1937Outboard Motors CorpOutboard motor
GB505852A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3799102 *Sep 28, 1972Mar 26, 1974Wolverine PentronixBoat propulsion system
US4355986 *Jun 16, 1980Oct 26, 1982Outboard Marine CorporationOutboard motor with elevated horizontal pivot axis
US4529387 *Sep 12, 1983Jul 16, 1985Ab Volvo PentaPropeller drive unit for boats
US7662005 *Jul 16, 2007Feb 16, 2010Brian ProvostOutboard motor with reverse shift
US7871302Mar 23, 2009Jan 18, 2011Brian ProvostOutboard motor with reverse shift
Classifications
U.S. Classification440/55, 440/66
International ClassificationB63H20/12, B63H20/10, B63H20/00
Cooperative ClassificationB63H20/10, B63H20/12
European ClassificationB63H20/12, B63H20/10