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Publication numberUS2740075 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 27, 1956
Filing dateJun 16, 1954
Publication numberUS 2740075 A, US 2740075A, US-A-2740075, US2740075 A, US2740075A
InventorsLeslie J. Locketf
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metal rectifier assemblies
US 2740075 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Man-ch 27, 1956 A. H. B. WALKER ETAL 2,740,075

METAL RECTIFIER ASSEMBLIES Filed June 16, 1954 3 Sheets-Sheet l March Z7, 1956 A. H. B. WALKER ET A1. 2,740,075

METAL RECTIFIER ASSEMBLIES Filed June 16, 1954 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 G3 @D @@GDQ@ CQC 77 F/s. 4. .wf [7e 8 \8 25 4 Y@ &8 /9 F/e. 5a. Flaa.

y MBQMM March 27, 1956 Filed June 16, 1954 A. H. B. WALKER ET A1. 2,740,075

METAL RECHNER ASSEMBLIES 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 5f QMRQW /4/77 @APA/5V 2,74tl,075 METAL RECTIFIER ASSEMBLIES Alec H. B. Walker and Leslie Il. Lockett, Kings Cross, London, England, assignors to Westinghouse Brake & Signal Company Limited, London, England Application June 16, 1954, Serial No. 437,130 Claims priority, application Great Britain Enne 3?, 3 Claims. (Cl. 337-234) This invention relates to metal rectifier assemblies of the kind in which stacks of rectifier elements are housed in holes formed in a block of insulating material, the whole being provided with a metal casing and the arrange ment being such that the stacks are in good thermal con tact with the metal casing, through which the heat generated during the operation of the rectiier assembly may be dissipated` It is to be understood that the term goed thermal contact as used herein implies good heat transferable relationship and is not limited to actual metal to metal contact.

It is an object of the invention to provide a rectifier assembly of the above kind in which the majority of the component parts are of standard designs regardless of the desired internal circuit connections required in the complete assembly, thereby simplifying the actual process of assembly and keeping down the cost of the tools required to produce those parts.

According to the invention, a metal rectifier assembly ot' the kind described comprises a metal casing having a base and a closure plate; a block of insulating material in said casing and having extending therethrough a first series of parallel rows of equally spaced holes and a second series of rows of equally spaced holes parallel therewith, the holes being symmetrically arranged with the rows of the second series interposed between the rows of said first series and between the rows of said 'first series and the edges of said block; a stack or rectitier elements in each of the holes of said first series; springs holding at least one end of each of said stacks in good thermal contact with said casing; connecting links making electrical Contact between pairs of adjacent stacks and having symmetrically disposed projections engaging with holes of said second series for correctly positioning said connecting links; a first thin sheet of insulating material between said block and the base of said casing and a second thin sheet of insulating material between said block and said closure plate, said sheets electrically insulating said connecting links and said stacks from said casing; and connector tags making electrical contact with selected ones of said stacks and projecting out of said casing and insulated therefrom and each having at least one projection engaging with holes of said second series; the assembly being such that the closure of the casing compresses said springs, thereby providing good electrical contact between said stacks, said connector links and said connector tags and good thermal contact between said stacks and said spring and said casing.

The invention is illustrated by way of example in the drawings accompanying the specification of which:

VFigure l is a plan view of an eight stack rectifier assembly embodying the invention, part of the closure plate being shown broken away to disclose certain of the component parts;

Figure 2 is an inverse plan view of the assembly of Figure l part of the base of the casing being shown broken away to disclose other component parts;

Figure 3 is a cross section of the assembly taken along the section line l-l in Figure l;

Figure 4 is a plan view of the body in which the stacks are housed;

Figure 5a and 5b show details of one formof connector link;

ZtlYS Fai-rented Mar. .27, i956 Figures 6a and 6b show details of one form of a connector tag;

Figures 7a and 7b show details of one form of spring;

Figure 8 is a plan view of the body of one form of tour stack assembly; and

Figure -9 is a plan view of the four stack assembly, part o? the closure plate being shown broken away to disclose the arrangement of one of the springs.

Referring to the drawings, a block 6 of insulating material is contained in a metal casing composed or" a base l having up-turned sides 2, and a closure plate 5, the whole forming a box-like structure and the closure memoer being secured in position by the turning over of projecting ears 13 formed in the upturned sides 2 at each end of the casing.

The block o is a rectangular block composed of any suitable insulating material such as, for example, that sold under the registered trademark Perspex and has extending therethrough a first series of holes and a second series of holes of smaller diameter than those of the first series.

ln the eight stack rectitier assembly shown in Figures 1 to 4 inclusive, the holes of the first series are arranged in two parallel rows, the first row comprising four equally spaced holes 17a-17d, the second row comprising four similarly spaced holes l'7e-li'h symmetrically disposed in respect to the holes of the first row, the two rows being spaced lapart by a distance equal to that between the ladjacent holes in each row.

The holes of the second series are, on the other hand, arranged in three parallel rows each of five equally spaced and symmetrically placed holes '7 with the spacing between the rows equal to that between the adjacent holes in each row and equal to that between the two rows of the first series, tl e arrangement being such that the centre row of holes 'i' is interposed between the two rows of the first series, and two outer rows of holes 'i lie between the rows of the first series and the edges of the block 6.

AStacks of rectiiier elements iSa-lSh for instance of the well known copper oxide or selenium type are housed in the holes 17a-i711 with the upper surfaces of the stacks in contact with metallic bearing plates 16a-16h respectively. interconnections between the lower surface of each of the adjacent stacks 15a and 15b, 15e and 15d, lSf an lg are provided by three connecting links 19 of suitably thin electrically conducting material, each link comprising two enlarged parts il@ against which the lower surfaces of the adjacent stacks abut when the assembly is completed, and two small lips t5 which extend upwardly into two of the holes '7 in the centre and outer rows of the second series respectively to maintain the connecting link in position against lateral movement.

Means for connecting the lower surfaces of the stacks 15a, 15e, Se, lf and 15h to an external circuit are provided by ve connector tags 20 of suitably thin electrically conducting material, each tag comprising a single enlarged part 23 against which the lower surface of the stack or one of the enlarged parts 18 of a connecting link abuts when the assembly is completed, and a small lip 8 and a projecting member 4 which are arranged to t into two of the holes 7 in the centre and outer rows ot the second series respectively, the projecting members 4 being arranged to extend upwardly through the holes '7 of the outer row in which they fit and though co-incident holes i4 formed in the closure plate 5 of sutlicient diameter to prevent electrical contact therebetween when the assembly is completed.V

To prevent unwarranted electrical connections between either the connecting links l@ of connector tags 20 and the base 1 of the casing, a sheet 22 of insulating `material is interposed therebetween ,of .length and width corresponding to the internal dimensions of the casing,

andere the thicknesses of the sheet and the material of which it is composed being such as to allowvthe eicient conduction therethrough to the casing of heat developed by the elements under working conditions.

Four springs 1li are provided both to ensure a good Contact pressure between the elements in the stacks and between the lower surfaces of the stacks, and the associated connecting links i@ and/or connector tags 2li, and also to interconnect electrically the upper surfaces of the pairs of stacks lila-15h, 15b--15g, iSd-idf, 15d-5e. The springs itl each comprise a single arcuate leaf the two ends l2 oi which are arranged to act on the bearing plates i6 of a pair of stacks, and two downwardly projecting lips il which are arranged to fit into adjacent holes 7 of the centre row of the second series in order to maintain the spring in position against lateral movement, the lengths of the downwardly extending lips 11 of each spring being such as not to make contact with the upwardly extending lips S of the connecting links, or connector tags which occupy the same hole 7. Furthermore the distance apart of the two lips 11 of each spring 10 is such as to tit in the holes 7 of the centre row of the second series without making Contact with the lips 11 of the adjacent springs lll which occupy the same holes 7.

The centre of each spring is arranged to act against the closure plate 5 when this plate is secured in position yby the projecting ears 13, and to prevent unwanted electrical connections between the springs l0 and the closure plate whenthe latter is so secured, a sheet 24 of insulating material having dimensions similar to those of the sheet 22 is interposed therebetween, the sheet 24 having holes formed therein corresponding in position to the holes 14 in the closure plate in order to receive the projecting members 4.

In the four stack rectiiier assembly shown in Figure 9 the body 6, Figure 8, is similar to half that of the eight stack rectifier assembly shown in Figure 4, the first series of holes comprising only a single row or" four equally spaced holes 17-17l, and the second series comprising two parallel rows each of five equally spaced and symmetrically disposed holes 7 between those of the first series and the opposite edges of the block, the spacing between the rows beina equal to the distance between the adjacent first series.

Stacks of rectifier elements lich-lil are housed in the holes 17i-17l respectively the lower surfaces of the stacks 151, 15k and 151 are each in contact with a connector tag 29, the lower surfaces of the stacks j and 15k are connected together by a connecting link i9, and the upper surfaces of the stacks 15: and 15j and 15k and ESI are connected together by means of a pair of springs 10 respectively.

No details as to the sense of the rectifier elements in the stacks have been given since it is evident that numerous modifications may be made to the arrangements above described by way of example in order to meet particular requirements of the assembly or conditions of operations; for instance due to the symmetry oi' the holes in the block it is evident that in the eight stack rectier assembly the springs l@ can be arranged to interconnect the upper surfaces of adjacent stacks in the same row as shown in Figure 9 or the connecting links 19 can be arranged to interconnect the lower surfaces of each pair of stacks in adjacent rows.

Furthermore additional connector tags 2t) may be used where required and any of the holes '7 not in use may form a bore through which a bolt may be passed for the purpose of mounting the assembly on a chassis or frame, the only modification to the assembly in the first case being the cutting of additional cio-incident holes in the closure plate 5' and the sheet 245, and in the second case the cutting of additional co-incident holes in the closure plate S, the sheet 2d, the sheet 22 and the base 1 of the casing.

lt is also evident that although the holes 17a-17h and 17z`17l of the iirst series in the block 6 are shown in Figures 4 and 8 respectively to be circular, these holes may equally well be shaped otherwise to accommodate correspondingly shaped rectifier elements.

Having thus described our invention what we claim l. A metal rectifier assembly of the kind described, comprising a metal casing having a base and a closure plate; a block of insulating material in said casing and having extending therethrough a first series of parallel rows of equally spaced holes and a second series of rows of equally spaced holes parallel therewith, the holes being symmetrically arranged with the rows of the second series interposed between the rows of said first series and between the rows of said first series and the edges of said block; a `stack of rectifier elements in each of the holes of said first series; springs. holding at least one end of each of said stacks in good thermal contact with said casing; said springs functioning as connecting links making electrical contact between pairs of adjacent stacks and having symmetrically disposed projections engaging with holes of said second series for correctly positioning said connecting links; a first thin sheet of insulating material between said block and the base of said casing and a second thin sheet of insulating material between said block and said closure plate, said sheets electrically insulating said connecting links and said stacks from said casing; and connector tags making electrical contact with selected ones of said stacks and projecting out of said casing and insulated therefrom and each having at least one projection engaging with holes of said second series; the assembly being such that the closure of the casing compresses said springs, thereby providing good electrical contact between said stacks, said connector links and said connector tags and good thermal contact between said stacks and said springs and said casing.

2. A metal rectier assembly as claimed in claim l, in which the assembly is mounted on a support by means of a bolt or bolts passing through one or more holes of said second series.

3. A metal rectifier assembly of the kind described, comprising a metal casing having a base and a closure plate; a block of insulating material in said casing, said block having extending through it a first and a second series of holes, the holes of said first series being arranged in a row, the holes of said second series being arranged in two rows which are parallel to and arranged one on each side of said first series, the spacing of the holes in each row being the same and the holes in one `row being equally spaced from the nearest hole in an adjacent row; a stack of rectifier elements in each of the holes of said first series; springs holding at least one end of each of said stacks in good thermal Contact with said casing; said springs functioning as connecting links making electrical contact between pairs of adjacent stacks and having symmetrically disposed projections engaging with holes of said second series for correctly positioning said connecting links; a first thin sheet of insulating material between said block and the base of said casing and a second thin sheet of insulating material between said block and said closure plate, said sheets electrically insulating said connecting links and said stacks from said casing; and connector tags making electrical Contact with selected ones of said stacks and projecting out of said casing and insulated therefrom and each having at least one projection engaging with holes of said second series; the assembly being such that the closure of the casing compresses said springs, thereby providing good electrical contact between said stacks, said connector links and said connector tags and good thermal contact between said stacks and said springs and said casing.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2810872 *Oct 2, 1956Oct 22, 1957Schauer Mfg CorpMetallic rectifier mounting structure
US2872664 *Mar 1, 1955Feb 3, 1959Northrop Minot OtisInformation handling
US2887628 *Jun 12, 1956May 19, 1959Gen ElectricSemiconductor device construction
US2989669 *Jan 27, 1959Jun 20, 1961Jay W LathropMiniature hermetically sealed semiconductor construction
US3181043 *Feb 25, 1960Apr 27, 1965Sylvania Electric ProdShock resistant semiconductor device
US3200310 *Sep 22, 1959Aug 10, 1965Carman Lab IncGlass encapsulated semiconductor device
US3333163 *Feb 15, 1965Jul 25, 1967Int Rectifier CorpRectifier assembly with interconnecting bus-bar supports
US6007348 *Jun 15, 1998Dec 28, 1999Advanced Intercommunications CorporationSolder ball terminal
US6325280Dec 28, 1999Dec 4, 2001Advanced Interconnections CorporationSolder ball terminal
US7476110Jan 29, 2007Jan 13, 2009Fci Americas Technology, Inc.High density connector and method of manufacture
US7960828 *Oct 6, 2008Jun 14, 2011Panasonic CorporationCarrier frame for electronic components and production method for electronic components
US8167630Sep 27, 2010May 1, 2012Fci Americas Technology LlcHigh density connector and method of manufacture
DE2728313A1 *Jun 23, 1977Jan 4, 1979Siemens AgHalbleiterbauelement
Classifications
U.S. Classification257/42, 257/726, 257/658, 257/43
Cooperative ClassificationH01L21/108