US 274009 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. L. MARANVILLE. Y
ATTAGHMENTv POR OVENS of GOOKINGSTOVES.
No. 274,009. aented lVIa1:.13,1883.
N. PETERS PhnlvLilhugmpher, wnshingtun. D, C.
t L UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EGBERT L. MARANVILLE, OF BUTLAND, VERMONT, ASSIGNOR` OF ONE-HALF TO MARCUS D. NICHOLSON, OF SAME PLACE.
' ATTACHMENT FoRovENs o|=rcook:Nels-reves.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 274,009, dated March 13, 1883.
Application filed January 4, 18H3. (No model.)
To all whom fitmay concern:
Beit known that I, EGBERT L. MARANVILLE, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Rutland, in the county of Rutland and State `of Vermont, have invented T certain new and useful Improvements in Attachments for Ovens of Cooking-Stoves; and I do hereby declareV the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to that class of oven attachments known as .turn tables,77 and which form revolving horizontal platforms within the ovens for supporting the articles to be baked and for shifting the same to and from dierent localities in the ovensas desired, in order that they may be properly baked or be brought into convenient position for inspection, basting, or removal.
The object of my invention is to `provide a turn-table which maybe readily applied to and removed from the oven of any stove or cook- K ing-range of ordinary construction without alteration, which may readily be turned through a whole or any part of a revolution about its center without requiring the hand to be extended into the oven,from whiclLl-ight and loose articles will not be cast or shaken by the movement of the table, and which will be light, cheap, and durable in construction and not liable to get-ont of repair.`
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a perspective View of an oven turn-table constructed according to my invention. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a view of the track and anti-friction balls, and Fig. 4 is a sectional view. y '4 TheletterA indicates the circular revolving platform or turn-table proper, which supports the articlesto be baked. It may be made of sheet or cast iron, woven wire, or any other suitable material, and is preferably made with its edge,to facilitate its being turned from any position by an attendant or cook at the door of the oven without requiring the hand to be inserted in the oven to reach a handle or knob. The platform A is pivoted at its center by 5 5 means of a bolt, b, to two cross-bars, B B, of a l platform at their point of intersection, said bars being formed with a slight upward projection, c, at this'point, to form a bearing for the platform. The cross-bars B B extend radially and 6o support near their end an annular track, D,- having in its upper surface a groove to receive a series of balls, E, which are in contact with and form an anti-friction bearing for the margin of the platform A, in which an annular 6 plain portion, as shown at A', should be left to slide smoothly upon said balls. At the ends of the bars B which project beyond the track D are attached wires f f f f, which may be passed through the oven doors and rear and 7o front walls, and fastened in any convenient manner, for the purpose of holding the cross base-bars in proper position or they may simply bearagainst the sides of the oven, as shown.
Upon the top of the platform A is arranged 7 5 a removable and replaceable flange or guardrim, G, which is held i-n place by pins g,- or it may be provided at its lower edge with pins or studs,to enter suitable holes formed to receive them in the platform. The purpose of this 8o guard-rim is to prevent loose and light articles and such as are liable to roll from being cast off` or shaken from the platform while it is in motion. In using my improved oven turn -table the 8 5 cross base-bars B are to be set upon the bottom plate of the oven, and the wires ffff resting against the sides of the san1e,as before explained. When an `oven door is opened a portion of the periphery of the platform pro- 9o T vided with the notches or catches is presented directlyin front of the cook, who can by this means readily shift the plat-forni to bring any gliding motion, and are a much cheaper and more reliable anti-friction expedient than the pivoted wheels heretofore used to` support roo oven turn-tables. These balls may be made of cast-iron or any other suitable refractory material, a sufficient number being used to insure a. level support of the platform.
What I claim is- 1. The combination, with the turn-table, of the removable and replaceable guard-rim, substantially as described.
2. In combination with the cross basebars B, supporting thetrack D, the Wiresf, attached to said bars, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. In an oven turn-table, the combination of ffl