|Publication number||US2741038 A|
|Publication date||Apr 10, 1956|
|Filing date||Jul 23, 1952|
|Priority date||Jul 23, 1952|
|Publication number||US 2741038 A, US 2741038A, US-A-2741038, US2741038 A, US2741038A|
|Original Assignee||Per Eliassen|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (24), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 10, 1956 P. ELIASSEN AIR CONDITIONED FOOTWEAR Filed July 25, 1952 INVENTOR. PER [Z MJsE/v BY, p?
ATTORNEY United States Patent 2,741,038 AIR CONDITIONED FOOTWEAR Per Eliassen, New York, N. Y.
Application July 23, 1952, Serial No. 309,451
1 Claim. (Cl. 36-3) The present invention relates to boots and shoes of a type wherein a special form of ventilation is provided for the interior of the footwear involved, and particularly to what I choose to term air conditioned footwear.
The main object of my invention is to provide a boot or the like with a special hollow or channel construction for ventilating the foot from the outside without exposing the foot to the atmosphere or to drafts and annoying direct contact with strong movements of the air about the footwear.
Another object is to provide such a boot or footwear with a partially hollow sole and air passages communicating therewith from the outside in controlled manner.
An ancillary object is to have the shank of the boot provided with a descending air passage communicating with an air chamber at the heel of the footwear and the air chamber also communicating with an air passage beneath the sole.
It is, of course, an object of the invention to provide boots or footwear of the character indicated that is effective to ventilate the feet in safe manner, and yet be simple and durable in construction, as well as reasonable in cost in order to encourage wide distribution on the market, both on economical and health grounds.
A practical object is likewise to provide such footwear that may include the features and advantages of the invention without imparting any peculiar appearance or additional weight to the footwear thus equipped.
Other objects and advantages will appear in greater detail as the specification proceeds.
In order to facilitate ready comprehension of this invention for a proper appreciation of the salient features thereof, the invention is illustrated on the accompanying drawing forming part hereof, and in which: 7
Figure l is avertical section of a boot or like footwear made according to my invention and embodying the same in a practical form;
Figure 2 is a rear elevation of the same boot or footwear as seen from the right in Figure 1; and
Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of the same boot or footwear as seen from below in Figure 1.
In these views, the same numerals indicate the same or like parts.
In footwear, it is a well known difiiculty to find that perspiration of the feet gives rise to a group of annoyances and troubles of more or less serious nature, because conventional boots and shoes are virtually air tight, so that the feet become moist and soggy and all too soon rather odoriferous. It is also true that the feet in such condi tion are rather sensitive and various kinds of rashes may appear, not to mention that it is difficult in such conditions to be fastidious as is desired in all polite society.
Upon considering this problem, it has occurred to me that footwear should be ventilated in a special manner so that the excess moisture of the feet will be carried off and the feet kept reasonably dry and well aired without actual exposure to drafts or cold. As a result, I have succeeded in producing a special type of footwear along the lines already mentioned, as will now be described in detail in the following.
Hence, in the practice of my invention, and referring also again to the drawing, a boot or like footwear generally indicated at 4 includes a sole 5 and heel 6, the upper 7 and top 8, made of rubber, flexible plastic or leather. Down along the rear of top 8 is provided a descending air passage 9 communicating at the upper end with the atmosphere through a special perforate button or gland 10 secured in place to form the inlet port for ventilating air for the boot. At the bottom, this passage 9 communicates with a hollow pod, lung or reservoir 11 of rubber or the like. At the junction of the narrow passage 9 with the resilient reservoir 11 is located a one way vaive 12 preventing return of air from this reservoir to passage 9 but allowing free flow of air down passage 9 to the reservoir at all times.
From the lung or reservoir 11 there extends a second passage 13 forwardly beneath the foot in the sole 5 with another valve 14 located intermediateiy for closing this passage when the weight of the foot is placed on the sole upon lifting of the heel. At the forward end, this sole passage 13 opens in an air inlet port 15 through which air from passage 13 enters the interior 16 of the boot.
The arrangement is such that when the boot is in actual use, the foot in bearing down on the lung or reservoir 11 compresses the air therein that has arrived from passage 9 thru port 10 and drives the air forward through pas sage 13 and into boot chamber 16 through inlet port 15. As the foot bears down on the intermediate portion of the sole 5, valve 14 is closed and prevents air from passing rearwardly through this passage into the reservoir. As the heel of the foot is lifted, pressure on the reservoir or lung 11 is relieved and it tends to spring up into its full dimensions, drawing in air through passage 9 by way of inlet port it and past one way valve 12. As the foot is again lowered upon the heel 6, pressure on the reservoir again closes valve 12 and forces air forward through passage 13 and into the boot interior 16 through front vent 1S, and so on.
From the foregoing, it is evident that a continuous one way movement or breathing of air is maintained by walking in the boot or footwear above described, so that the foot is continuously ventilated and kept dry and fresh. I he footwear may naturally be of any size or style and have very high or medium tops, and the boots or the like thus constructed may be made of various materials suitable for the purpose.
Manifestly, variations may be resorted to, and parts and features may be modified or used without others within the scope of the appended claim.
Having now fully described my invention, I claim:
An air conditioned boot or the like, including a sole and heel with an upper extending upwards therefrom, the heel portion having a compressible reservoir, the upper having a built-in passage extending upwards from the rear portion of the reservoir with which it connects to a point upon the rear of said upper below the top of the latter at which point it opens to the exterior, and the sole having a single passage extending forward from the reservoir with which it connects at the rear end of said passage and this passage opening upwards into the boot through the sole at the forwar'dend ofsaid passage in the toe portionofrsaidsole, saidipassage being directand unbroken from the reservoir to the point at which it opens into the toe portion, and an integral portion of said sole depending into an intermediate portion of said passage in effective position to close the passage when the foot is brought down on the sole, there being a valve at the rear of the reservoir at the junction thereof with the upwardly extending passage.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Falkner Apr. 29, Locke Dec. 29, Marabini May 8, Williams Feb. 28, Gantt May 18, Dunker May 15, Oltrogge July 17,
FOREIGN PATENTS Sweden Apr. 13,
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|US426495 *||Aug 28, 1889||Apr 29, 1890||Ventilated shoe|
|US466061 *||May 6, 1891||Dec 29, 1891||Ventilated shoe|
|US1225455 *||Jun 23, 1916||May 8, 1917||Raffaele Marabini||Pneumatic shoe.|
|US1660698 *||Oct 27, 1926||Feb 28, 1928||Sr Ormsby P Williams||Ventilating foot covering|
|US2441879 *||Nov 13, 1945||May 18, 1948||Gantt Richard R||Ventilated shoe|
|US2552711 *||Sep 22, 1949||May 15, 1951||Dunker Martha||Sole to permit circulation of air in rubber footwear|
|US2560591 *||Jul 11, 1949||Jul 17, 1951||Oltrogge Bernard W||Foot ventilating shoe|
|SE89045A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2981010 *||May 13, 1960||Apr 25, 1961||Helmer Aaskov||Air-filled sandals|
|US3128566 *||Mar 14, 1961||Apr 14, 1964||Burlison Garry L||Ventilated boot|
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|US4993173 *||Aug 29, 1989||Feb 19, 1991||Gardiner James T||Shoe sole structure|
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|US5138775 *||Oct 28, 1991||Aug 18, 1992||Chu Hui Cheng||Ventilated shoes|
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|US5813140 *||Jun 30, 1997||Sep 29, 1998||Obeid; Abdelhakim R.||Ventilated shoe|
|US6044577 *||Sep 28, 1998||Apr 4, 2000||Breeze Technology||Self-ventilating footwear|
|US6079123 *||Sep 28, 1998||Jun 27, 2000||Breeze Technology||Self-ventilating insert for footwear|
|US6370799 *||Aug 4, 2000||Apr 16, 2002||Reed E. Thatcher||Ventilated footwear assembly|
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|US20050005473 *||Jul 7, 2003||Jan 13, 2005||Oh Phillip J.||Self-cushion airflow shoes|
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|US20140173837 *||Sep 30, 2013||Jun 26, 2014||Neville Ka Shek Lee||Method of producing sole for bending-actuated aerated footwear|
|US20140223772 *||Feb 12, 2014||Aug 14, 2014||Reebok International Limited||Shoe Having An Inflatable Bladder|
|USD485426||Oct 23, 2002||Jan 20, 2004||Opal Limited||Insole|
|EP0319968A2 *||Dec 7, 1988||Jun 14, 1989||Chikong Chu||Unidirectional air flow ventilating shoe and insole|
|EP0319968A3 *||Dec 7, 1988||Mar 7, 1990||Chikong Chu||Unidirectional air flow ventilating shoe and insole|
|EP0714611A1||Nov 30, 1995||Jun 5, 1996||S.A.R.L. Technisynthese||Ventilating device for shoes and method for making the same|
|WO1986002240A1 *||Oct 18, 1985||Apr 24, 1986||Kenneth Caldwell||Improvements in or relating to pumps|
|International Classification||A43B7/06, A43B7/00|