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Publication numberUS2741843 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 17, 1956
Filing dateNov 1, 1952
Priority dateNov 1, 1952
Publication numberUS 2741843 A, US 2741843A, US-A-2741843, US2741843 A, US2741843A
InventorsLouis Lorenzo, Sejman Edmund L
Original AssigneeAcme Shear Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pivot connection for the blades of scissors or shears
US 2741843 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 17, 1956 E. SEJMAN ET AL 2,741,843

PIVOT CONNECTION FOR THE BLADES OF SCISSORS OR SHEARS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed NOV. 1, 1952 INVENTORS. EDMUND L. SELIMAN AND L E H.115 LURENZEI fZ ZM'I' I I L AT TURNEY April 17, 1956 L. SEJMAN ET AL PIVOT CONNECTION FOR THE BLADES OF SCISSORS OR SHEARS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Nov. 1, 1952 IN VEN TORS. EDMUND L. .SE LIMAN AND ATTORNEY LEIULS LDRENZE] United States Patent PIVOT CONNECTION FOR THE BLADES 0F SCISSGRS 0R SHEARS Edmund L. Sejman, Devon, and Louis Lorenzo, Bridgeport, Comm, assignors to The Acme Shear Company, Bridgeport, Couu., a corporation of Connecticut Application November 1, 1952, Serial No. 318,259

' 4 Claims. 01. 30-266) The present invention relates to a pivot connection for the blades of scissors or shears, and has for an object to provide a pivot connection by means of which the tension of the blades, with respect to each other, may be readily adjusted as desired, and following such adjustment, the repeated pivotal movement of the blades will not change the adjustment.

A further object is to provide such pivotal connection in which the adjustment may be made by the simple operation of turning a nut part relatively to an externally threaded pivot part, such operation being conveniently carried out by the user of the scissors with the use of a coin, such as a dime, for engaging a slot in the nut part and imparting turning adjustment movement thereto.

A further object is to provide a pivot connection employing relatively simple and inexpensive parts, and which may be assembled without substantial alteration in the normal structure of the scissors or shear blades.

With the above and other objects in view, embodiments of the invention are shown in the accompanying drawings, and these embodiments will be hereinafter more fully described with reference thereto, and the invention will be finally pointed out in the claims.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a side View of a pair of shears embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is an edge view thereof;

Fig. 3 is a perspective view, on an enlarged scale, showing the several parts of the pivot connection in separated relation.

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view, on a further eularged scale, taken along the line 44 of Fig. l

Fig. 5 is a side elevation of a modified form of shears, namely, pinking shears, embodying a modified form of the inveniton;

Fig. 6 is an edge view thereof;

Fig. 7 is a perspective view, on an enlarged scale, of the parts of the pivot connection as employed in the modified form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6, shown in separated relation; and

Fig. 8 is a transverse sectional view, on a further enlarged scale, taken along the line 8-8 of Fig. 5.

Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several figures of the drawings.

Referring to the drawings, and more particularly to Figs. 14 thereof, the shears illustrated therein comprise a thumb blade member 10 and a finger blade member 11, these being of substantially conventional form having thumb and finger engaging loops at one end of the respective blade portions. The finger blade 11 is provided with a cylindrical hole 12, and the thumb blade 10 is provided with a cylindrical hole 13 and a countersunk recess 14 of circular form.

A pivot element 15 comprises a head 16, a knurled portion 17 adjacent the head, a smooth cylindrical shank portion 18, and an externally threaded end portion 19, the latter having a diametrically disposed slot 20. This pivot element is fixed to the blade 11 by driving it into the 2,741,843 Patented Apr. 17, 1956 hole 12 with a press fit, obtained by means of the knurled portion 17, which tends during the driving operation to cut into the metal of the blade and thereby firmly fix the pivot element against turning. The shank portion 18 of the pivot element engages the hole 13 of the blade 10 with a relatively loose fit so as to permit of the normal tilting movement of one blade relatively to the other as the ing surface upon which the blade may pivot.

cutting edges of the blades slide over each other as the blades are opened and closed.

Within the countersunk recess 14 there is engaged a spider washer 21 having a diametrically disposed bar 22 across its pivot element receiving opening 23, the opening being of such diameter as to be engaged by the threaded portion 19 with the bar 22 disposed in the slot 20 of the pivot element, so that the spider washer is locked by the pivot element against relative turning. The fixing of the pivot element to the blade 11 thus fixes the spider Washer against relative turning with respect to the blade 11.

The spider washer seats in the base of the countersurdt recess 14 and a nut 24 is screwed upon the threaded end 19 of the pivot element and bears upon the upper side of the spider washer, tightening down of the nut thus increasing the tension in the blades and loosening of the nut decreas ing the tension. A slot 25 is provided in the upper end of the nut and has a concave bottom surface for convenient engagement by the edge of a coin for the purpose of adjusting the nut.

Pivotal movement of the blade 10 about the shank of the pivot element will not tend to turn the nut 24 as the spider washer is fixed against rotation with respect to the pivot element, and thereby provides a fixed thrust bear- As the blade is normally under tension, it exerts axial pressure upon the spider washer and the nut, and thus produces frictional resistance between the threads of the nut and the pivot element against turning. In the cutting of thick and thinmaterials, it is desirable to change the blade tension, and this can be quickly and easily accomplished simply by engaging a coin in the slot of the nut and turning it in the desired direction to increase or decrease the blade tension.

In Figs. 5-8 there is illustrated a modified form of the invention, which is shown as emboded in pinking shears wherein the blades are constrained against relative tilting movement at the pivot, but have a slight relative movement axially of the pivot during the cutting action. The pinking shears comprise a thumb blade member 27 and a finger blade member 28, these being of substantially conventional form having thumb and finger engaging loops at one end cf the respective blade portions, and the blades having interengaging pinking teeth 29 and 30.

Upon the opposed inner sides of the blades there are respectively provided circular bearing bosses 31 and 32, the blade 27 being provided with a cylindrical hole 33 having its axis centrally of and normal to the flat bearing surface of the boss 31 and opening at its outer end into a countersunk circular recess 34. Similarly, the blade 28 is provided with a cylindrical hole 35 coaxial with and of corresponding diameter to the hole 33 and opening at its outer end into a countersunk recess 36 of hexagonal form, which is adapted to non-rotatively receive the hexagonal head of the pivot element, as will presently more fully appear.

A circular wear washer 37, having a circular hole 38 substantially corresponding in diameter to the holes 33 and 35, is interposed between the bearing bosses 31 and 32, and a tubular cylindrical bearing bushing 3? is engaged in the holes 33 and 35 and through the hole 33 of the washer, the fit of this bearing bushing being such as to allow relative turning movement of the blades thereon while constraining the blades against any substantial tilting action.

.A pivot element .392: .comprises .a hexagonal .head 40, and a cylindrical shank portion 41 having an externally threaded end portion 42, the latter having a diametrically disposed'slot 43. This: pivot element has'its shank engaged through the bearing bushing 39 with its hexagonal head 4% seated inthe recess 36,:the hexagonal form of the recess holding the pivot element against irelative turning movement .Withrespect to :the blade 28.

Within the countersunk recess 34 there 'is engaged a spider washer 44 having a diametrically disposed bar 45 disposed in the slot 43 of the pivot element, so that the spider washer is locked by the pivot element against relative turning. As the pivot element is held aga'instturning .with respect to the blade 28 throughthe engagement of the hexagonal head in the hexagonal recess 3'6, the spider washer is thus fixed against relative turning with respect to the blade 23. The spider washer seats in the base of the countersunk recess 34 anda nut 46 is screwed upon the threaded end 42 of the pivotelement and bears upon the upper side of a cupped spring washer 47 interposed between the nut and the spider washer 44, so that the spring washer is tensioned and thus tension is set up between the blade members, tightening down of the nut increasing the tension in the blades and loosening of the nut decreasing the tension. A slot 43 is provided in the upper end of the nut and has a concave bottom surface for engagement by the edge of a coin for the purpose of adjusting the nut.

As in the first embodiment, pivotal movement of the blade 27 about the bearing bushing 39 will-not'tend to turn the nut 46 or the spring washer 47, as the spider washer 44 is fixed against rotation with respect to the pivot element which, in turn, is fixed against rotation with respect to the blade member 28.

l have illustrated and described preferred and satisfactory embodiments of the invention, but it will be understood that changes may be made therein within the spirit and scope thereof, as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A pivot connection for the blades of scissors or shears, comprising first and second blade members, each having a hole therethrough in coaxial relation one to the other, a pivot element disposed in said coaxial holes, means fixing said pivot element against relative turning with respect to said first blade member, said second blade memher being free to turn about said pivot element and said pivot element having an external thread and being disposed partially within said hole of said second blade member and projecting outwardly therefrom, said pivot element having a diametrically disposed longitudinally extending slot, a

spider washer having a hole loosely engaged about the external thread of said pivot element for free .axial movement thereon and a bar extending diametrically across said hole and engaged in said slot to' fix said spider washer against relative turning movement with respect to said pivot element, and a nut engaged upon said pivot element at the outer side of said spider washer, the inner side of said washer being in bearing relation with said second blade member.

2. A pivot connection for the blades of scissors or shears, comprising first and second blade members, each having a hole therethrough in coaxial relation one to the other, a pivot element disposed in said coaxial holes having a knurled portion fixedly engaged in said hole of said first blade member, said second blade member being free to turn about said pivot element and said pivot element having an external thread and being disposed partially within said hole of said second blade member and projecting outwardly therefrom, said pivot element having a diametrically .disposed longitudinally extending slot, a spider washer having a hole loosely engaged about the external thread of said pivot element for free axial movement thereon and a bar extending diametrically across said hole and engaged in said slot to fix said spider washer against relative turning movement with respect to said pivot element, and a nut engaged upon the pivotelement at the outer side of said spider washer, the inner side of said washer being in bearingrelation with said second blade member.

3. A pivot connection for the blades of scissors or shears, comprising first and second blade members, each having a hole therethrough in coaxial relation one to the other, a cylindrical tubular bearing bushing engaged in said coaxial holes, apivot element disposed in said bushing, means fixing said pivot element against relative turning with respect to said first blade member, said second blade member being free to turn about said pivot element and said pivot element having an-externa'l thread and being disposed partially within said hole of said second blade member and projecting outwardly therefrom, said pivot element having a diametrically disposed longitudinally extending slot, a spider Washerhaving a hole loosely engaged about the external thread of said pivot element for free axial movement thereon and a bar extending diametrically across said hole and engaged in said slot to fix said spider washer against relative turning movement with respect to said "pivot element, and a hut engaged upon the pivot element at the outer side of said spider washer, the inner side of said Washer being in bearing relation with said second blade member.

4. A pivot connection for the blades of scissors or shears, comprising first and second blade members, each having a hole therethrough in coaxial relation one to the other, a cylindrical tubular bearing bushing engaged in said coaxial holes, a bearing washer surrounding said bushing and disposed between said blade members, a pivot element disposed in said bushing, means fixing said pivot element against relative turning with respect to said first blade member, said second blade member'being free to turn about said pivot element and said pivot element having an external thread and being disposed partially within said hole of said second blade member and projecting outwardly therefrom, said pivot element having a diametrically disposed longitudinally extending slot, a spider washer having a hole loosely engaged about the external thread of said pivot element for free axial movement thereon and a bar extending diametrically across said hole and engaged in said slot to fix said spider washer against relative turning movement with respect to said pivot element, and a nut engaged upon the pivot element at the outer side of said spider washer, the inner side of said washer being in bearing relation with said second blade member.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 462,752 Weber Nov. 10, 1891 642,029 Wilkinson Jan. .23, 1900 725,718 Johns et a1. Apr. 21, 1903 780,526 Reitz Ian. 24, 1905 1,091,177 Winberg Mar. 24, 1914 1,778,346 Zeidler Oct. 14, 1930 2,270,010 Rankin Jan. 13, 1942 2,284,664 Kissling June 2, 1942 2,511,187 Weidauer June 13, 1950 2,582,184 Wheeler Ian. 8, -2

Patent Citations
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US780526 *Mar 31, 1904Jan 24, 1905George Ambrose ReitzScissors.
US1091177 *Feb 28, 1913Mar 24, 1914F B BrownNut-lock.
US1778346 *Sep 23, 1925Oct 14, 1930Hurlburt Res CorpScissors
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US2511187 *Oct 16, 1946Jun 13, 1950Philbeck CorpShears
US2582184 *Nov 4, 1948Jan 8, 1952Acme Shear CompanyPinking shears
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2856687 *Oct 11, 1956Oct 21, 1958J A Henckles Zwillingswerk AgScissors
US2942341 *Jan 9, 1959Jun 28, 1960Beckham Randolph HarryHand shears, scissors and like tools
US2997063 *May 6, 1957Aug 22, 1961Anderson Brass CoValve
US3187430 *Jan 29, 1963Jun 8, 1965Wallace Edward MShears
US3735763 *Mar 25, 1970May 29, 1973Amp IncHemostat
US4628602 *Feb 6, 1985Dec 16, 1986Belzer-Dowidat Gmbh Werkzeug-UnionPliers
US4702713 *Apr 23, 1985Oct 27, 1987Lee Bruce RElectric trolling motor foot control mount
US5220856 *May 7, 1991Jun 22, 1993Snap-On Tools CorporationPivotal hand tool and pivot joint therefor
US5236272 *May 31, 1991Aug 17, 1993Eastman Kodak CompanyMounting apparatus for rotatable optical disk
US6131291 *Sep 4, 1998Oct 17, 2000Cooper Industries, Inc.Adjustable, quick disconnect pivot fastener
US7967602 *Oct 7, 2008Jun 28, 2011John Theodore LindquistPliers for forming orthodontic wires
US8393084 *Jan 28, 2008Mar 12, 2013Bellota Herramientas, S.A.Adjustment device for manual cutting tools
US20100107422 *Jan 28, 2008May 6, 2010Azpeitia Urrestarazu Jose MariaAdjustment device for manual cutting tools
EP0529566A2 *Aug 24, 1992Mar 3, 1993WOLF-Geräte GmbH Vertriebsgesellschaft KGGarden shears
WO2008073072A2 *Dec 7, 2006Jun 19, 2008Internat Consulting AssociatesBall bearing tension system for a shear
WO2011059627A2 *Oct 14, 2010May 19, 2011Alstom Technology LtdPivot pin for furnace side removal
Classifications
U.S. Classification30/266, 411/368, 411/531, 411/259
International ClassificationB26B13/00, B26B13/28
Cooperative ClassificationB26B13/28
European ClassificationB26B13/28