US 2741872 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 17, 1956 J. A. SIGG 2,741,872
MULTIPLE ACTION TOY GUN Filed Sept. 4, 1953 IN VEN TOR.
BY 91W (2. 8.4
MULTIPLE ACTION TOY GUN Joseph A. Sigg, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Application September 4, 1953, Serial No. 378,540
3 Claims. (Cl. 46-175) This invention relates to new and useful improvements in toy guns and it is among the objects thereof to provide a toy gun commonly referred to as a space gun in which the ray ejector barrel is subject to rapid oscillatory movement in the gun stock by means of a cam actuated retractor mechanism.
It is a further object of the inventionto provide a toy gun with an actuator mechanism employing resilient means for effectin g oscillatory movement of the ray barrel complemented by sound and which is resiliently mounted in the stock of the gun to assume a forward position from which it is displaced by a cam actuated retractor mechanism.
These and other objects of the invention will become more apparent from a consideration of the accompanying drawing constituting a part hereof in which like reference characters designate like parts and in which Figure 1 is a side elevational view of the gun stock or frame with the cover removed;
Figure 2 is a side elevational view of a ray gun with a ray ejector barrel, a barrel actuator, and a retractor mechanism assembled therein; and
Figure 3 is a side elevational view of the space gun with a portion of the grip cut away showing one position of the retractor mechanism in relation to the barrel actuator.
With reference to the several figures of the drawing, the numeral 1 designates the stock having a pistol grip 2 cut away at 3 for engagement by the fingers. The stock 1 is provided with a recess 4 for receiving the ray ejector barrel 5, a portion of which extends into the recess 6 of the stock. A rib 7 extend longitudinally of the stock which together with the rib 8 forms a recess 9 for receiving a barrel actuator 10 having an extension 11 for receiving a coil spring 12 that rests against a shoulder 13 of the stock and against a shoulder 14 of the member 10 to bias the latter in a forward direction to abut against a shoulder 15 of the gun stock. A coil spring 16 is disposed between an offset portion 17 of the barrel and an offset portion 18 of the actuator 10 whereby the barrel 5 is normally biased against a shoulder 19 of the actuator. By this construction the barrel 5 is biased by the spring 12 of the actuator 1b in a forward direction and by the spring 15 in a rearward direction. Spring 12, being more powerful, dominates the position of the barrel which is consequently normally in a forward direction with the projection 18 abutting the shoulder 15. As shown in Figure l, the rib 7 is depressed at 20 and the depressed portion of the rib is provided with grooves 21 to form teeth 22. As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the actuator 10 is provided with teeth 23 on a web portion that fits into the depressed portion of the rib 7, the teeth 23 of the actuator being of saw tooth shape and the teeth 22 of the rib 7 being of pyramid shape.
A retractor consisting of a trigger member 24 fits into the recessed portion 25 of the stock and is provided with a pilot element 26 that acts as a guide when the retractor is moved from left to right and returned. The retractor 2,741,872 Patented Apt-.17, 1956 is recessed at 27 to provide clearance for a pawl 28 that is mounted on the retractor at 29 in a manner to allow movement of the pawl on the curved surface 30 of the retractor when it is depressed by the teeth 22 as will be hereinafter explained. A coil spring 31 abuts the retractor on the rear end of the pawl 28 and abuts against the shoulder 32 of the stock to normally bias the retractor to the forward position as shown in Figure 2.
The operation of the above described gun mechanism is briefly as follows. With the retractor in its released position, as shown in Figure 2, the pawl 28 rests in the grooves 21 of the stock and the actuator 10 is in its forward position, as is also the ray barrel 5. By effecting a trigger action on the retractor 24, the retractor actuator and ray barrel will simultaneously be displaced in a right hand direction, as viewed from the bottom of the drawing, while compressing coil springs 12 and 31. Such rearward movement of the retractor will cause the pawl 28 to follow the inclined face of the teeth 22, which may be termed a cam face, until it reaches the peak of the tooth 22 as shown in Figure 3, at which time it will also have cleared the straight face of the saw tooth 23 of the actuator 10 which is thereby released, which causes the actuator 10 to move forward or to the left, as viewed from the bottom of the drawing, a distance corresponding to the pitch or spacing of the teeth 23 and the ray barrel 5 will be thrust forward by action of the coil spring 12 against the tension of the coil spring 16 which will effect a rebound of the ray barrel to cause it to oscillate by continuing the retraction of the element. 24. The same movement of the actuator and ray barrel will be effected until the pawl has slipped beyond the last tooth of the actuator in which position the trigger element 24 has been displaced in the handle portion of the stock. There being three teeth 23 in the actuator 10, there will be three oscillations of the ray barrel 5 which gives the effect of a continuous oscillatory movement of the barrel during the retraction stroke of the retractor 24. The barrel 5 is subjected to an oscillatory movement and actuator 10 is released each time pawl 28 rides up a cam 22 and disengages a tooth 23 of the actuator. By means of the spring mount, the moving parts impact the shoulders of the stock and the shoulders of the actuator and barrel in a manner to produce a staccato sound of some degree to give a realistic shooting effect.
With reference to Figures 2 and 3, it will. be evident that when the gun is in the normal position of Figure 2 with the pawl 28 in groove 21, a single retractor stroke of the trigger element 24 will cause the pawl to ride over the two teeth 22 of the stock and the three teeth 23 of the actuator, the first release of the actuator as eifected by the cam face of the teeth 22 being illustrated in Figure 3. It will be noted that the saw shaped teeth of the actuator are of substantially the same depth as the peaks 22 of the cam element so that as the pawl passes over the tooth 22 of the cam member it will release the tooth 23 of the actuator. Because of the retraction movement of the actuator, spring 12 will have become loaded so that when the tooth 23 is released by the pawl finger, the actuator will be shot forward with a snap that is imparted to the ray barrel 5 by impact of the projection 19 against projection 17. Coil spring 16 will become momentarily compressed and will return the ray barrel 5 to its normal position.
It is evident from the foregoing description of this invention that toy guns made in accordance therewith pro vide a unique and desirable action and sound to the great enjoyment of the youngsters using them.
Although one embodiment of the invention has been herein illustrated and described, it will be evident to those skilled in the art that various modifications may be made in the details of construction without departing from the principles herein set forth.
1. In a toy gun, a stock having a slideway,'a barrel mounted in said slide having :1 depending shoulder portion, an actuator disposed beneath said barrel having an upstanding shoulder portion for abutting the depending shoulder of the barrel and having a depending shoulder portion, a spring disposed between and engaging the shoulder portions of said barrel and actuator and said actuator having a second spring normally biasing the same in a forward direction, a retractor mechanism beneath said actuator normally biased by a spring in a forward direction and having a finger for engaging the depending shoulder portion of the actuator whereby upon movement of the retraction mechanism the spring finger will engage the actuator to retract the same, and earn means on the stock for displacing the retractor mechanism finger to release the actuator.
2. In a toy gun, a stock having a plurality of parallel slideways for a barrel actuator and a retractor mechanism, respectively, said slideways having shoulder portions constituting abutments for said actuator and retractor mechanism, a spring disposed between and engaging said barrel and actuator to constitute the barrel a floating member, a second spring biasing the actuator to a forward position against one of said slideway abutments,
and a retractor mechanism for said actuator, said stock having a serrated cam face and said actuator having teeth of substantially the depth of the serrations of said cam face, a finger having an offset portion extending into and abutting the face of, the serrated stock portion, and a spring normally biasing said finger against the serrated face and into engagement with a tooth of the actuator, said spring also functioning to hold the retractor mechanism in a forward position whereby upon movement of the retractor mechansm in a rearward position the spring biased finger will ride over the serrated face of the stock and successively engage and release the teeth of the actuator mechanism.
3. A toy gun as set forth in claim 1 in which the retractor mechanism has a depending trigger portion of a length to constitute a guide when the retractor mecl1- anisrn is actuated and said trigger having a pilot element disposed in an opening of the stock to further guide the same.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,182,530 Doane May 9, 1916 1,259,463 DeFir Mar. 12, 1918 FOREIGN PATENTS 285,217 Germany June 24, 1915