|Publication number||US2742024 A|
|Publication date||Apr 17, 1956|
|Filing date||Apr 21, 1954|
|Priority date||Apr 21, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2742024 A, US 2742024A, US-A-2742024, US2742024 A, US2742024A|
|Inventors||Oberdier John Avery|
|Original Assignee||Oberdier John Avery|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Referenced by (4), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 17, 1956 J. A. oBERDlER STEAM GENERATOR 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed April 21, 1954 l O Il Mm, ATTORNEYSI Mmm. f 940..
, mm, ,ww SE I lll ...FUHLH v April 17, 1956 J. A. oBERDlER 2,742,024
STEAM GENERATOR i Filed April 21, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR,
lll/111111111 ATTORNEYS United States Patent STEAM GENERATOR John Avery Oberdier, Galion, Ollio Application April 21, 1954, Serial No. 424,673
1 Claim. (Cl. 122-366) This invention relates to means for supplying steam to the intake manifold of internal combustion engines.
One important object of the invention is to provide a novel means for so supplying steam to the intake manfold of an internal combustion engine that the mixture of the steam and the combustible material passing through the manifold will produce higher power than the simple combustion of the combustible material.
A second important object of the invention is to provide a device of this character whereby the utilization of gasoline or other combustible material may be decreased for the same development of power in the engine and thereby high economy may be eifected.
A third important object of the invention is to provide a novel device of the kind whereby the operator of the engine may be enabled to control the supply of steam to the intake manifold.
A fourth important object of the invention is to provide a device of this kind whereby the operator may be enabled to ascertain by observation the proper tlow and pressure of condensed steam going to the intake manifold.
A fth important object of the invention is to provide novel means for the generation of steam, which means will receive the heat necessary for such a generation from the engine block of an internal combustion engine, the heat being provided in the head of the block at the time of combustion of the charge above the piston.
A sixth important object of the invention is to provide a novel steam generator for this purpose wherein the generator will act as a ash boiler.
A seventh important object of the invention is to provide a novel generator of this type wherein the delivery of liquid to the steam generating surface of the device will be effected through capillary attraction.
With the above and other objects in view, the invention consists in generalr of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully de scribed, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and particularly claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, like characters of reference indicate like parts, and:
Fig. 1 is a View showing in general diagram and elevation the use of this invention in connection with an automobile block, its intake manifold and head and also showing the relation of the invention to the dash of an automobile.
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view taken parallel to Fig. 1, through the axis of the heat generator shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
As here shown the general construction of the front end of an automobile including the hood and dash 11 is illustrated in Fig. 1. Also there is shown in this figure a portion of the engine block 12 of an internal combustion engine, which block 12 is provided with a head 13.
Furthermore the intake manifold 14 is shown in its relation to the block.
In connection with the parts just described, there is illustrated a steam generator 1S, which is adapted to be secured on top of the head 13 by means of clamps 16, or other suitable means. The steam from this generator is led through a pipe 17 by means of a union 18 to a valve 19, to which it is connected by a union 20 at one side. This valve 19 is provided with a control handle 21 to open and close the vvalve as may be desired by the operator. The lower end of this valve has fitted therein a glass sight gage 22, which is supported by the dash by means shown at 23. Also there is connected to the valve a pressure gage 24 of ordinary construction. From the supporting means 23 there extends through a union 25 a steam pipe 26, which is adapted to be connected to the intake manifold 14, through a union 27.
The steam generator or ash boiler itself consists of a cylindrical jacket 28 having suitable heat insulating means, as asbestos 29 on its exterior. This jacket 28 has a bottom 30 which, when the device is in use, rests on top of the engine head 13. On top of the jacket 28 is a jacket head 31 secured to the jacket as indicated at 32.
This jacket head has a centrally disposed tapered outlet device 33 affording means for connecting the pipe 17.
Within the jacket there is illustrated a water receptacle having a cylindrical side wall 34 spaced concentrically within jacket 28 and at its bottom this receptacle is provided with a bottom 35', which rests on the central portion of the bottom 30. The upper end of the receptacle 34 is open and is spaced below the jacket head 31. Extending over the upper edge of the receptacle 34 are a series of circumferentially spaced tubes 35 containing suitable woven material 36. These tubes are of inverted U-shape and the woven material 36 on the inner side of the receptacle projects well down toward the bottom while the woven material on the outer side is spaced from the bottom 30. `The material used is of high capillary activity so that water 37 contained in the water receptacle will be drawn up, pass over the upper edge of the receptacle and dropped on to the base 30 in the space between the water receptacle and the jacket. It will be noted that this space is highly heated by the heat from the engine head.
In order to supply water to the water receptacle from time to time there is provided a supply tube 38, which extends through the head 31 and has at its upwardly projecting end a control valve 39 above which is a lling funnel 40. Connected to the head is a safety valve 41, the setting of which may be obtained by a device such as is shown at 42.
In the operation of the device, water held in the water receptacle will pass upwardly and over the upper edge of the receptacle, drop on the hot bottom 30 and there iiash into steam which will rise and follow the direction of the arrows shown to the valve 19 and from there through the pipe 26 to the intake manifold. Obviously, by adjusting the valve 19 to obtain desired pressure as indicated by the gage 24 and by adjusting the safety valve 41 an accurate control may be had of the amount and pressure of steam passing to the intake manifold.
What is claimed, is:
In a steam generator for supplying steam to an internal combustion engine, the combination of a cylindrical jacket, a top on said jacket, said top provided with an outlet for steam, a concentric cylindrical water receptacle within said jacket and spaced at its sides from the inner face of said jacket, a plurality of inverted U-shaped tubes resting on the top edge of said water receptacle, each of said tubes having woven material depending from each of its ends, the woven material between the jacket Patented Apr. 17, 1956y and water receptacley being shorter than the Woven material Within said Water receptacle, and means for supplying water to said water receptacle.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 34,392 Chamberland Feb. 11, 1862 769,856 Curtis Sept. 13, 1904 1,282,136 Steienson Oct. 22, 1918 1,374,519 Olson Apr. 12, 1921 1,603,984' Rose et al. Oct. 19, 1926 4 Abel July 17, 1928 Schwertner Oct. 2, 1928 Funalman Dec. 16, 1930 Surface Sept. 8, 1931 Seeley June 13, 1939 Crowell Oct. 21, 1939 Nolan June 11, 1940 Miller June 10, 1941 Chadwick Feb. 25, 1947 Hall Aug. 5, 1952
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|US3008297 *||Nov 28, 1958||Nov 14, 1961||Plimpton Jr Francis T P||Power generating systems|
|US4064842 *||Dec 10, 1976||Dec 27, 1977||Sherrill John F||Injector for introducing a liquid into the cylinders of an internal combustion engine|
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|US7219628||Nov 17, 2004||May 22, 2007||Texaco Inc.||Vaporizer and methods relating to same|
|U.S. Classification||122/366, 137/264, 123/25.00R, 137/152|
|Cooperative Classification||Y02T10/121, F02M25/022|