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Publication numberUS2742626 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 17, 1956
Filing dateOct 30, 1952
Priority dateOct 30, 1952
Publication numberUS 2742626 A, US 2742626A, US-A-2742626, US2742626 A, US2742626A
InventorsDay Chauncey Castle, John J Collins
Original AssigneeDay Chauncey Castle, John J Collins
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Multiple electrical connector with tapered pin contacts
US 2742626 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 17, 1956 J. J. COLLINS ETAL 2,742,626

MULTIPLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH TAPERED PIN CONTACTS Filed Oct. 30. 1952 7 1 P Z LO INVENTORS (fa/m .f C 0 Z 201 s C/mmcqy Cad/e Pay ATTORNEYS pins.

United States atent O MULTIPLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH. TAPERED PIN CONTACTS I John J. Collins, Trumbull, Conn and Chauncey Castle Day, Longmeadow, Mass.

Application October 30, 1952, Serial No. 317,738

5 Claims. (Cl. 339-176) pins have been forced by a press into holes in the terminal block and fixed therein by forced fit. The terminal blocks have then beensecured together and the contact portions of the terminals forced into engagement with .one another.

When it was proposed to separate the terminals it was necessary to pry the blocks apart which, in many cases, resulted in damaging the terminal pins. In some instances the terminal pins comprise spring pressed contact portions carried within sleeves which were forced into holes in theblocks and while this made separation of the blocks easier, the terminals were more costly and required a press to install them. Furthermore, it was particularly difiicult without special tools to removethe terminal pins from the terminal block without permanently damaging the terminal.

The present invention overcomes these difficulties by providing a connector construction which is easy to manufacture and assemble and in which the contacts on the opposed terminal blocks can be readily separated, removed and replaced if necessary all without the need of special tools.

In carrying out the present invention, the terminal blocks of insulated material are provided with aligned bores in which terminal pins are slidably mounted. They are readily insertable into the bores and are yieldably urged into an engaging position by means located in the bores. The terminal pins are maintained in the terminal blocks by means of a removable closure.

A feature of the invention resides in the simplicity of the construction and assembly of the device wherein the terminals which may be simple screw machine parts may When the terminal blocks are clamped together to f rm a detachable connector, the. cooperating terminal pins engage one another and the yielding means permits proper contactbe'tween the terminal pins without undue force being applied thereto as might damage the terminal At the same time the yielding means will be compressed and, apply a determined pressure to maintain the contacts in good electrical engagement.

When it is desired to separate the terminal blocks the clamping means is released and the pins are readily sepa-rated without damage to the contacting surfaces.

If it is desired to make a different contact arrangenerin, thebores in the terminalbloclts. H

In the'preferred form of the invention, the contacting 2 portions of the terminal pins are formed as male and female contacts embodying a tapered socket and a tapered point which, when the blocks are brought together, insure proper contact engagement in the terminals.

Other features and advantages will be apparent from the specification and claims when considered in connection with the drawings in which:

Figure 1 shows an assembled view partially in section, of the connector.

Fig. 2 shows a view of the connector, partially in section, with the terminal blocks separated.

Fig. 3 shows an end view of the connector.

As shown in the drawing the electrical connector of the ice present invention comprises opposed similar blocks 10 of invention they are shown as being disposed in two parallel rows as is clear from Fig. 3. In each of the bores there is slidably mounted an elongate terminal pin 13.

In the preferred form of the invention, the terminal pins are formed as a unitary structure of a diameter to slide in the restricted bore 11a and having a contacting portion 13a at their inner ends, a conductor connecting nl'eans 13b at the outer end and a'projection 13c inter- .mediate the ends of the pin adapted to engage the stop shoulder 12 and limit the inward movement of the terminal pins in an engaging position as shown in Pig. 2 wherein the contacting portion of at least one of the pins projects beyond the inner face of the block.

While the projection 13c may be a pin'or the like extension, in the illustrated form of the invention, it is formed by a collar whose outer surface 14 engages the Wall of the enlarged portion of the bore to provide a radially outwardly disposed bearing for the terminal pin.

Each terminal pin is normally urged to the engaging position as shown in Fig. 2 by a yielding means. In the illustrated form of the invention, this comprises a spring 15 insertable in the enlarged bores from outer end of the bore and surrounding the terminal pin with the inner end of the spring engaging the collar. The bores are then provided with a closure member which engages the outer end of the spring and retains the terminal pin in the bore. While the closure member may be formed as individual closures for each bore, in the present illustrated form of the invention it comprises a closure plate 16 having apertures therein in alignment with the bores for'slidably receiving the projecting end of the terminal pin. The closure plate is releasably secured to the block by screws 17.

The cooperating contact portions 13a at the inner ends of the terminal pins may be made in anydesired form. In the present preferred form of the invention, these contact portions are shown to be male and female members, the female member being comprised in a conical socket 18 and the male member'comprising a tapered point 19 which when brought together insures accurate alignment of the terminal pins and good contact between the engaging surfaces.

After the required conductors 20 have'been secured'to the terminal pins the two contact blocks are brought together in opposed face to face relation to bring the contacting portions into engagement to connect a plurality of circuits as shown inFig. 1. While the blocks may be brought together and secured or clamped by any suitable means, in the illustrated form of the invention the clamping means comprises bolts 21 passing through apertures 22, 23 in the'two terminal blocks and closure plates. As

the bolts are drawn up the springs will yield and prevent jamming of the contacts while still maintaining them pressed together with sufficient pressure to provide good electrical contact between them.

When it is desired to break the circuit connection it is merely necessary to release the bolts and separate the blocks. Since a forced fit of the contact engaging surfaces the contacts has not occurred, they are readily separated without any damage to the contacting surfaces.

From the foregoing it will be apparent that connector of the present invention can be easily and cheaply manufactured since the terminal blocks and closure members are identical and can be formed by the same molds or fixtures and the terminal pins are a unitary structure which can be readily produced in quantity on a screw machine and require no subsequent assembly operations.

Further the present invention produces a connector in which the elements thereof can be readily and easily assembled without the use of any presses or special tools by merely inserting the terminal pins into the bores through the outer ends thereof, placing the spring in position and securing the closure member in place by means of the locking screws. Should it be desired to replace a terminal pin or to rearrange the pins to produce a predetermined pattern, this can be accomplished by removing the closure member and withdrawing and replacing the terminal pins as desired, all without any damage to the terminal pins.

The connection or disconnection of a plurality of circuits by the present invention is easily and quickly accomplished since the terminal blocks, after the terminal pins have been assembled therein and connected to the conductors of said circuits, are placed in face to face relation with the contacting portions of the terminals in engagement. The bolts are then tightened clamping the blocks together. The springs will yield during the clamping operation to prevent forcing together of the terminal pins which might result in damage to the terminal pins while at the same time urging them together to provide good electrical engagement. Should it be desired to break the connection it is merely necessary to release the bolts and separate the blocks since the terminal pins will freely separate because of any lock force fit between them thus eliminating any danger of damage to the terminal pins incident to prying the blocks apart as was heretofore required.

Since the blocks can be readily assembled and released without substantial force being employed, the terminal blocks can be made of any desired shape and size as may be required.

The above advantages of the present invention are particularly important in aircraft and the like installations because of the versitility, simplicity and reliability of operation of the connector, all without necessity of special tools.

We claim:

1. An electrical connector comprising a pair of facing terminal blocks of insulating material each having a plurality of aligned terminal pin receiving bores therein,

each of said bores being restricted adjacent the inner ends thereof to provide stop shoulders; pairs of terminal pins having male and female contact portions slidably mounted in aligned bores with at least one terminal projecting from the inner end of the bore, said terminal pins having collars thereon disposed in the enlarged bore and engaging the shoulders to limit the inward movement of the terminal pins; spring means surrounding each terminal pin and located in the enlarged bore with one end engaging the collar to urge the terminal pin into engaging position; closure plateslying wholly beyond the back of the blocks and having apertures therein in alignment with the restricted bores in the blocks to slidably support the outer end of the terminal, said closure plate being detachably connected to the back of each block and closing the enlarged bore and engaging the other end of the spring means; means on the outer end of the terminals for securing a conductor thereto; and means securing the terminal blocks together in face to face relation with the terminal pins engaging one another, said spring means yielding to insure engagement of the contact portions and compressing and pressing the contact portions into good electrical contact.

2. An electrical connector comprising a pair of facing terminal blocks of insulating material each having a plurality of aligned terminal pin receiving bores therein, each of said bores being restricted adjacent the inner ends thereof to provide stop shoulders; pairs of terminal pins readily insertable into the outer end of the aligned bores with the terminal pins slidably engaging the walls of the restricted bore and the end of at least one terminal pin projecting from the inner end of the bore and said ends having cooperating conical socket and tapered end contacting portions, said terminal pins having radially projecting collars thereon disposed in the enlarged bore and slidably engaging the walls of the enlarged bore, said collars also engaging the shoulders to limit the inward movement of the terminal pins; spring means disposed in the enlarged bore with one end engaging the collar to urge the terminal pins into engaging position; readily releasable closure means for the outer end of the enlarged bore overlying the rear of the block and having terminal pin receiving apertures therein in alignment with the restricted bores, said closure means slidably supporting the projecting outer end of the terminal pin; means for connecting a conductor to the projecting outer end of the terminal pin; and means securing the terminal blocks together in face to face relation with the terminals engaging one another, said spring means compressing and pressing the surfaces of the tapered end and conical socket into good electrical contact.

3. An electrical connector comprising a pair of facing terminal blocks of insulating material, each having a plurality of aligned terminal pin receiving bores therein; cooperating terminal pins slidably mounted in said aligned bores with at least one terminal projecting from the inner end of the bore, the inner ends of said aligned terminal pins having cooperating tapered points and conical point receiving sockets; yieldable means located in the bore urging the inner ends of terminal pins into engaging position; closure means overlying the outer ends of the bores and located wholly beyond the ends of said bores, said closure means having apertures slidably receiving the projecting outer ends of the terminal pins, said outer ends of the terminal pins having means to connect a conductor thereto; and means securing the terminal blocks together in face to face relation with the tapered points and conical sockets of the aligned terminal pins engaging one another, said yieldable means yielding to insure engagement of the terminal pins and pressing the terminal pins into good electrical contact.

4. An electrical connector comprising a pair of facing terminal blocks of insulating material, each having a plurality of aligned terminal pin receiving bores therein; cooperating terminal pins slidably mounted in said aligned bores with at least one terminal projecting from the inner end of the bore, said aligned terminal pins having contacts comprising cooperating tapered points and conical point receiving sockets at the inner end thereof; yieldable means located in the bore urging said inner ends of terminal pins into engaging position; and means securing the terminal blocks together in face to face relation with the tapered points and conical sockets of the aligned terminal pins engaging one another, said yieldable means yielding to insure engagement of the terminal pins and pressing the terminal pins into good electrical contact.

5. An electrical connector comprising a pair of facing terminal blocks of insulating material, each having a plurality of aligned terminal pin receiving bores therein; cooperating terminal pins mounted in said aligned bores 5 with at least one terminal projecting from the inner end of the bore, the inner ends of said aligned terminal pins having cooperating tapered points and conical point receiving sockets; closure means overlying the outer ends of the bores and located wholly beyond the ends of said bores, said closure means having apertures receiving the projecting outer ends of the terminal pins, said outer ends of the terminal pins having means to connect a conductor thereto; means securing the terminal blocks together in face to face relation with the tapered points and conical sockets of the aligned terminal pins engaging one another;

and yieldable means urging the inner ends of the terminal pins into engaging position, said yieldable means yielding References Cited in lhe'file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,214,183 Kratz Jan. 30, 1917 1,300,789 Tomlinson Apr. .15, 1919 1,394,057 Woernley Oct. 18, 1921 1,482,833 Averill Feb. 4, 1924 1,686,534 Rosenzweig Oct. 9, 19 28 1,687,074 Wickert Oct. 9, 1928 2,210,418 Larson Aug. 6, 1940 2,369,860 Schroeder Feb. 20, 1945

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3054078 *Oct 8, 1959Sep 11, 1962Burndy CorpIntermediate panel connector
US3069652 *Mar 23, 1959Dec 18, 1962Burndy CorpElectrical connector for printed circuit boards
US3097033 *Feb 9, 1959Jul 9, 1963Microdot IncUniversal electric connector
US3274534 *Dec 2, 1963Sep 20, 1966Gen Dynamics CorpElectrical connector
US3346775 *Jun 14, 1966Oct 10, 1967Interlego AgComponents for making structures comprising electrical circuits
US3363220 *Jan 12, 1966Jan 9, 1968Litton Systems IncElectrical connector
US3378810 *May 13, 1966Apr 16, 1968Amphenol CorpSelf-cleaning electrical connector
US3380012 *Mar 3, 1966Apr 23, 1968Hughes Aircraft CoButt type electrical contact
US3414658 *Nov 23, 1966Dec 3, 1968Varian AssociatesHigh vacuum furnace having improved support structures for the door and heating elements
US4403822 *Jul 29, 1980Sep 13, 1983Marconi Instruments LimitedElectrical probe apparatus
US4508405 *Apr 29, 1982Apr 2, 1985Augat Inc.Electronic socket having spring probe contacts
US4531799 *Mar 9, 1984Jul 30, 1985Raytheon CompanyElectrical connector
US4632485 *Jun 6, 1985Dec 30, 1986Brown Kenneth CElectrical circuit testing apparatus
US4957208 *May 24, 1989Sep 18, 1990American Standard Inc.Multiple contact electrical connector portion for an automatic railway coupler
US6059595 *Jun 20, 1995May 9, 2000Compagnie DeutschElectrical connector with sliding contacts
US7717726 *Oct 15, 2007May 18, 2010Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Self-aligning electrical contact and related methods
US8029323 *Oct 4, 2011Hamilton Sundstrand CorporationHigh power electrical interface connection
US20090124105 *Oct 15, 2007May 14, 2009Honda Motor Company, Ltd.Self-Aligning Electrical Contact And Related Methods
US20110053435 *Nov 5, 2010Mar 3, 2011Wavering Jeffrey THigh power electrical interface connection
WO1995035587A1 *Jun 20, 1995Dec 28, 1995Anthena S.A.Sliding contact electrical connector
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/363
International ClassificationH01R13/22, H01R13/24
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/2421
European ClassificationH01R13/24A3