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Publication numberUS274275 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 20, 1883
Filing dateOct 16, 1882
Publication numberUS 274275 A, US 274275A, US-A-274275, US274275 A, US274275A
InventorsJesse M. Clock
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 274275 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(Na Model.)



Patented Mar. 20

N PETERS Phcle-L'dhngmphar. Walhinghm. a. Q




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 274,275, dated March 20, 1883.

Application filed October 16, 188:2.

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, J. M. CLOGK, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Refrigerators, which improvement is fully set forth in the annexed specification, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 shows a view of my improvement in elevation. Fig. 2 shows a sectional view of the same. Fig. 3 is a vertical section of the food-receptacle. Fig. 4 is a horizontal section on a plane passing through at line a: m of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a top or plan view of the device, the cover being removed.

Similar letters indicate corresponding parts.

This invention relates to certain improvements in that class of refrigerators which I have described in an application for a patent for refrigerators previously filed by me in the United States Patent ()liice, and in which application the features of the invention therein set forth consist in a refrigerator with an ice or cooling chamber embedded in the earth below cellar-floors or similar situations, with an inclosed shaft or casing rising therefrom to a convenient height, pref-- erably to the floor above, provided with suitable doors for access, and with amovable food receptacle arranged to move up and down in the same, whereby the receptacle might be raised to aconvenient height for the reception or removal of provisions, and then lowered into the ice or cooling chamber below; and my present invention consists preferably in an improved mode of and apparatus for raisin g and lowering the food-receptacle from and into the ice or cooling chamber and through the casing or shaft specified in my said previous application for patent.

By the use of my improved apparatus and mechanism specified herein a much simpler and more durable construction of my refrigerator as a whole is attained.

The refrigerating portion of my improved refrigerator consists of a cylinder, (1, the lower part formed preferably of concrete and embedded in the cellar floor or other suitable situation. The upper part of cylinder (1 is larger in inside diameter than the lower partand forms the sides of the cool-air chamber directly over the ice, from which rises the shaft (N0 model.)

9 in line with the cylinders d and 6, through which shaft or casing g is raised or lowered the food-receptacle C.

To the top of the casing g is attached a closet, f. 'The closetf is provided with a door, f, and the casing or shaft 9 with a suitable door, g. The ice-chamber (Z is provided with a pipe, cl, for carrying off the waste water from the melting ice.

Secured at the top of the closet f is the hanger A, into which is fitted the slide-rod B, the top of which slide-rod is secured to the hanger A, and which extends downward and has its lower end secured to the disk 12, of metal or other suitable material, to which dish I) is 4 secured a lid or cover, which is preferably made by securing four wed ge-shaped pieces of metal to cross-bars 1), running from the disk b, the whole forming a lid or cover the sides of which rest on the ledge e. The lids or covers D thus close the ice-box and. form a rest for the food-receptacle (J, which may be provided with shelves for the reception of food, liquids, and any article it is desirable to place thereon. This receptacle 0, when lowered into position in the cooling-chamber or casing, rests on the circular ledge h. The said receptacle is hung on the tapering hollow shaft F, of wood or metal, made in two sections so as to form a single swivel-joint near its upper end. This shaft F surrounds a portion of the slide'rod B, and is provided with a solid collar, E, which is preferably secured to receptacle 0 by means of bolts 6, which pass through the collar E and receptacle 0, and are secured to brackets 9, attached to the shaft F. By this means the receptacle 0 can be rotated completely around the slide-rod B, and any portion of the same brought into position to be conveniently lowered or unloaded at the doorf of the closetf.

The hanger A has attached to it two pulleys, G G, over which a cord or chain, 0, passes, one end of which is preferably secured to the upper section of the hollow shaft F, and the other end of which is secured to the hollow weight K, which slides upon the slide-rod N, which is secured at its upper end to the hanger A and has its lower end secured by any suitable means. The slide-rod N is preferably outside the casing g and may be inclosed in the hollow tube at, though, if desired, the slide-rod N may be placed inside the casing g.

I 5 the pulleys G and G, with the weight K, can

thus be conveniently lowered into position in the cooling-chamber and raised so as to be load ed or unloaded through the door f of closet j, while the shaft F, on which said food-recep- 1o tacle is hung, allows of said food-receptacle being rotated all the way around the shaft F, for convenience in loading and unloading. This apparatus for raising and lowering the food-receptacle, in connection with the shaft,

x5 is thus simpler and more direct in action than the arrangement shown in my previous application for patent.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent,

The combination of the casing d, having a .central drainage-orifice, d, the closet f, and

the hanger A, carrying pulleys G G, over which passes cord or chain 0, one end of said chain attached to the hollow weight K, the op- 25 posite end to food-receptacle O, and guide-rod B, secured at one end to the center of hanger A, the opposite end secured to the center of disk I), with the food-receptacle 0, formed as described and adapted to move vertically and 0 revolve horizontally on guide-rod B, substantiallyas shownand specified. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 6th day of October, 1882.


In presence of- 4 CHARLES G. Con, R. WLM. BASKEROK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5124969 *Apr 10, 1990Jun 23, 1992Eastman Kodak CompanyHousing means for an automated data library
Cooperative ClassificationF25D25/00