|Publication number||US2743834 A|
|Publication date||May 1, 1956|
|Filing date||Mar 7, 1952|
|Publication number||US 2743834 A, US 2743834A, US-A-2743834, US2743834 A, US2743834A|
|Inventors||H. W. Williams|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (8), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 1, 1956 H. w. WILLIAMS STOPPER Filed March 7, 1952 Hm W a Ihwentor fi/wazp M MAM/VS Gttorneg United States Patent.
' 2,743,834 Patented' May 1., 1956 STOPPER Harold w. Williams, Pawling, N. Y. Application March 7, 1952, Serial No. 275,267
4 Claims. C 215-47 The invention herein disclosed relates to a stopper that is especially suitable for a vial. More particularly, the invention relates to a molded, hollow, thermo-plastic stopper that includes a plug or skirt portion that isopen at the end thereof and that has a tapering end section.
Hollow stoppers of the kind mentioned while useful for many containers are especially suitable for vials as the open, hollow plug permits the vial to be completely filled. Heretofore, and prior to the invention herein disclosed, such stoppers have been made with a tapering end section for starting the plug into the end of the vial. However, in all such prior stoppers, the wall thickness of the skirt is diminished in accordance with the taper. And, as the wall of the skirt is comparatively thin, the taper results in a knife edge at the end of the plug, which edge is fragile and readily frayed or split.
The primary object of the invention herein disclosed is to provide a stopper of the kind mentioned in which the plug portion, including the tapered end section is of substantially uniform thickness throughout.
The foregoing object and certain other objects and advantages that will hereinafter appear are realized in the particular embodiment of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawing and described in detail below, from which description a clear understanding of the invention may be had.
The drawing includes:
Fig. 1 which is a bottom plan of a stopper embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 which is a side elevation of the same; and
Fig. 3 which is a sectional elevation taken on the line 3-'3 of Fig. 1 and showing the stopper in connection with a vial.
While the stopper shown in the drawings is especially suitable for a vial, the features of the construction thereof are equally adaptable to other containers. In general, the stopper illustrated is molded from a thermo-plastic material that is pliable and resilient at ordinary temperatures, and includes an end portion 1 and a hollow, open-ended, cylindrical plug or skirt portion 2. The end portion 1 includes an end wall 3 and a circumambient section 4 of materially greater thickness than the thickness of the end wall 3 and wall of the plug portion 2. This section 4 has a thickness suflicient to provide adequate stiffness or rigidity for handling the stopper during insertion and removal of the plug portion in a container, such for example, as the vial 5.
A depending flange 6, having a frusto-conical edge 7, extends axially from the section 4. Vials of a given size have a certain wall thickness, and the flange 6 is spaced from the plug portion 2 a distance approximately equal to, preferably slightly less than, the thickness of the vial with which the plug is used to provide a space 8 in which the edge and a slight portion of the vial is received, the flange 6 engaging the outer surface of the vial. When the stopper is inserted in a vial, the frusto-conical edge 7 of the flange 6 engages fl'le edge of the vial and leads it into the space. 8 as the flange 6 expands. The flange thus resiliently engagesthe outer surface of the vial and makes a fluid tight seal therewith. I
The plug .or skirt portion is hollow and open at the free end. The wall thickness thereof is substantially uniform throughout. This portion includes a cylindrical section 9 and a tapering end section 10, tapering inwardly towards .the axis of the plug. Theend section 10 is internally as smooth surface with a saponaceous-like quality. When compressed, either by surface indentations or as a unit, it tends to return to its original shape. Thus, it is ideally suited for a stopper as it engages the wall of a container in fluid-tight contact, and compensates for any irregularities in the surface of the container.
In molding a hollow article, a core is used which must be withdrawn from the molded article. For a stopper such as that shown, the core must be withdrawn through the tapered section 10 0f the plug portion. To provide a tapered section of the same wall thickness as the cylindrical section, the section must have, as in the stopper shown and described, an internal as well as an external taper. Thus, the cylindrical part of the core must be of greater diameter than the taper and withdrawn through.
the tapered section. In the construction shown, the tapered section is molded with the slots 11. These slots permit the expansion of the tapered section so that the core is readily withdrawn.
In addition, the slots 11 permit the contraction of the tapered section so that the end of the plug is more readily started in the end of the vial. Since the tapered section does not cooperate in effecting a seal with the neck of the bottle, this being the function of the cylindrical section, the efliciency of the stopper is not impaired by the slots 11.
From the foregoing description of the embodiment of the invention disclosed in the drawing and the method of constructing the same, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that by this invention there is provided a stopper having a hollow, open-end, plug portion with a cylindrical section and a tapering end section of substantially the same wall thickness as the cylindrical section, thereby avoiding a knife edge at the end of the plug; a stopper that effectively engages the edge of a vial both internally and externally; and a method for forming astopper in which the end section of the plug portion has an internal and external taper.
It will be obvious that various changes may be made by those skilled in the art in the details of the bottle stopper illustrated in the drawing and specifically described above, and in the steps of the method comprehended within the invention, within the principle and scope of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.
1. A stopper of the kind described consisting of a single, molded piece of a thermo-plastic material that is pliable at ordinary temperatures, which stopper includes an end portion having an end wall, and a hollow plug portion for insertion in a container, the plug portion having a cylindrical section and a tapering end section and the tapering end section having a substantially uniform wall thickness of substantially the same thickness as the wall of the cylindrical section.
2. A stopper of the kind described consisting of a single,
molded piece of thermo-plastic material that is pliable at ordinary temperatures, which stopper includes an end portion having an end wall, and a plug portion for insertion in a container having a cylindrical section of substantially wall thickness and a tapering end section of substantially uniform wall thickness substantially equal to the wall'tliickness of the cylindrical section, the tapering end sectionqhaving a slot therethrough extending from the tree edge thereof to the juncture of the tapering section with the cylindrical section.
3. A stopper of the kind described consisting of a single,
,molded piece of a thermo-plastic material that is pliable atordinary temperatures, which stopper includes an end portion having an end wall and an overhanging section witha depending flange for engaging the edge of a container, and a plug portion for insertion in the container having a cylindrical section of substantially uniform wall and a tapering end section of substantially uniform wall thickness substantially equal to the wall thickness of the cylindrical portion.
" 4. A stopper of-the kind described consisting of a single, molded piece of a thermo-plastic material that is pliable It ordinary temperatures, which stopper includes an end portion having an end wall and an overhanging section References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 678,203 Searles et a1. July 9, 1901 1,753,631 Walters Apr. 8, 1930 2,038,858 Sacks Apr. 28, 1936 2,526,225 Gronemeyer et a1. Oct. 17, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS 539,891 Great Britain Sept. 26, 1941 278,533 Switzerland Oct. 31, 1951
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US678203 *||Mar 23, 1901||Jul 9, 1901||Daniel J Minton||Bottle.|
|US1753631 *||Jul 14, 1927||Apr 8, 1930||United Carr Fastener Corp||Closure element|
|US2038858 *||Sep 25, 1933||Apr 28, 1936||Gen Health Corp||Stopper|
|US2526225 *||Mar 4, 1948||Oct 17, 1950||Erich Gronemeyer||Container closure|
|CH278533A *||Title not available|
|GB539891A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2886203 *||Aug 1, 1956||May 12, 1959||Braun Goll Company||Plastic stopper and shield for a tap rod fitting for a barrel|
|US3363799 *||Jun 7, 1965||Jan 16, 1968||Plasta Plug Inc||Closure means for drain tile and the like|
|US4960219 *||Sep 8, 1989||Oct 2, 1990||Abbott Laboratories||Snap cap|
|US7220127 *||Jan 22, 2004||May 22, 2007||Medtronic, Inc.||Heart model|
|US8920892 *||Mar 24, 2009||Dec 30, 2014||Pactiv LLC||Container having a rolled rim, and method of making the same|
|US20050130107 *||Jan 22, 2004||Jun 16, 2005||Ellingson Elizabeth A.||Heart model|
|DE1145300B *||Mar 8, 1957||Mar 14, 1963||Ver Aluminiumfabriken Ristau||Verpackung fuer Pharmazeutika, insbesondere fuer Tabletten|
|WO2012052701A1 *||Sep 26, 2011||Apr 26, 2012||Greenwood, Matthew, David||Closure having a drip minimising lid|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D39/0023, B65D2539/005|