Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2744287 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 8, 1956
Filing dateSep 24, 1952
Priority dateSep 24, 1952
Publication numberUS 2744287 A, US 2744287A, US-A-2744287, US2744287 A, US2744287A
InventorsClarence M Parshall, Geyer Paul
Original AssigneeUs Rubber Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mill
US 2744287 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 1956 c. M. PARSHALL ET AL 2,744,287

MILL

2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 24, 1952 Q s \N y 19756 c. M, PARSHALL 'ETAL 2'744'287 I MILL I v Filed Sept. 24, 1952 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS CZAfiE/VCE M PA/PJWAAA aw/z 6675/? ATTORNEY United States Patent 6 MILL Clarence M. Parshall and Paul Geyer, Detroit, Mich., as-

signors to United States Rubber Company, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey Application September 24, 1952, Serial No. 311,243

8 Claims. (CI. 18-12) This invention relates to mills for mixing and working rubber-like compounds, and more particularly the invention relates to improvements in screw or worm type mills.

Conventional mills of this type heretofore used included a rotor and a tube or barrel in which the rotor was adapted to be rotated. The rotor was in the form of a continuous worm or screw which when rotated served to force the stock through the barrel. The stock was carried in the grooves formed between the threads of the screw or worm and the stock was mixed and worked by the intensive shearing action developed in the clearance between the barrel and the crest of the threads. A disadvantage of conventional mills of this type was that center portions of the stock carried in the grooves beween the threads were often never subjected to the shearing action with the result that lumps of unmixed, unworked stock would work their way through the mill.

It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a screw or worm type mill which will subject all the stock to the shearing action between the rotating rotor and the stationary barrel and thereby eliminate the possibility of unmixed, unworked lumps working their way through the mill.

Another object is to provide a mill which will mix and work all portions of the stock uniformly so that all portions of the stock will be mixed and worked substan tially the same amount.

Another object of the invention is to provide a screw or worm type mill having grooves in the bore of the barrel through which the stock is discharged so that the stock may be cut into pellets as it is discharged through the grooves by rotating knives secured to the end of the rotor.

To accomplish the above objects, both the rotor and the barrel of the mill of the present invention are provided with grooves in which the stock may be carried. The grooves are so proportioned and related that all the stock in its passage through the mill must pass from the grooves in the rotor to the grooves in the barrel or vice versa. By this construction it is insured that all the stock will pass through the shear plane developed between the rotor and the barrel and be thoroughly mixed and worked thereby.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be come apparent from the following description when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 is a sectional elevational view of a single ended, single barrel mill embodying the present invention;

Fig; 2 is an end view of the discharged end of the mill of Fig. 1;

Fi 3 is a plan view with parts broken away to show interior details of a double ended, double barrel mill embodying the present invention; and

Fig. 4 is an end view of the mill of Fig. 3.

Referring to the drawings and in particular to Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawing, there is shown one embodiment of the invention. This embodiment includes a barrel it) having a bore 11 extending therethrough. A rotor 12 is rotatably mounted in the bore 11. The rotor 12 is adapted to be rotated by means of a motor 13 which is coupled by means of reduction gears 14 and 15 to an extension 12a of the rotor 12 which extends through an opening 16 in the end of the barrel.

The barrel '10 is provided with an opening 17 in the top thereof remote from the discharge end 18 of the barrel 1! through which stock to be mixed may be introduced into the mill. A funnel shaped hopper 19 surrounds the opening 17 to facilitate introduction of the stock.

The rotor 12 is provided with helical threads 20. Stock introduced through the opening 17 occupies grooves 21 formed between the threads 20 and rotation of the rotor 12 in the direction of the arrow in Fig. 2 forces the stock towards the discharge end 18 of the barrel 10. Mixing and working of the rubber is accomplished by the intensive shearing action developed in the clearance between the crest of the threads 20 and the surface of the bore 11 as the stock is moved towards the discharge end 18 by rotation of the rotor 12. This area of shear may be defined as a cylindrical shear plane which contains the line A-A of Fig. 1. It can be seen that if the threads 20 are of constant depth throughout the length of the rotor 12 that only surface portions of the stock carried in the grooves 21 between the threads are subjected to the intensive shearing action with the result that center portions of the stock may work their way through the mill without being mixed or worked. This is eliminated in the present invention by decreasing the depth of the threads 20 to substantially zero depth at some point along the length of the rotor 12 and by providing helical threads 22 of increasing depth in the bore 11 along a co-extensive portion. By this construction, all the stock in passing through the mill is transferred from the grooves 21 between the threads 20 in the rotor 12 to grooves 23 formed between the threads 22 in the bore 11 so that all the stock must pass through the shear plane and be thoroughly mixed and worked thereby.

In Fig. l, the threads 20 are gradually decreased in depth to substantially zero depth through the distance B. Corresponding helical threads 22 in the bore 11 gradually increase in depth from a zero depth over the same distance B. it can be seen, therefore, that all the stock in its passage through the distance B must pass from the grooves 21 between the threads 2%) to the grooves 23 formed between the threads 22 in the wall of the bore 11 and in so doing must pass through the shear plane identified by the line A-A.

In the apparatus of Fig. .1, the stock is passed through the shear plane three times before it is discharged, once through distance B as above described; once through distance C in which the threads 22 of the bore 11 gradually decrease to zero depth and the threads 20 of the rotor 1.1 increase in depth and once through the distance D in which the threads 20 gradually decrease to zero depth and threads 22 gradually increase in depth. It can be seen, therefore, that though neither grooves 21 nor 23 alone form a continuous passage through the mill that together they do form a continuous passage which intersects the shear plane A-A so that all the stock must pass through the shear plane.

It is to be understood that variations can be made in this arrangement. For example, the threads 20 of the rotor 12 could be continued full depth throughdistances B and C and the threads 22 in this distance eliminated with the result that the stock will pass through the shear plane only once in the distance D and be extruded through the ends of the grooves 21 which are open at the discharge end of the barrel as shown in Fig. 2. On the other hand, the threads 20 of the rotor 12 could be continued fiull depth through the distance D and the threads 22 in this distance eliminated in which case the stock would 3 pass through the shear plane twice, once in the distance B and once in the distance C and then be extruded out the end of the rotor.

The provision of the decrease in depth of the threads of the rotor and the provision of threads 22 of gradually increasing depth in the bore 11 at the discharge end of the, mill as in the distance D of Fig. 1 provides an additional advantage. The open ends of the grooves 23 between the threads 22 in the bore 11 provide stationary orifices at the discharge end of the mill, as best shown in Fig. 2, through which the stock is extruded. By securing knives such as shown at 24 and 25 to the end of the rotor 12, the stock extruded from the open ends of the grooves 23 may be cut into pellets as the rotor 12 is rotated. Cutting the stock into small pellets facilitates handling of the mixedstock.

While. the invention has been above described as incorporated in a single barrel, single ended mill, it is to be understood that the invention can be incorporated in double ended, single barrel mills; single ended, double barrel mills; or double ended, double barrel mills.

Figs. 3 and 4 show the invention incorporated in a double ended, double barrel mill. As the name implies, this mill has two barrels 26 and 27, providing two parallel bores 28 and 29. Two helically threaded rotors 30 and 31 are mounted for rotation in bores 28 and 29, respectively, and are supported for rotation in bearings 32 and 33 secured to but spaced from the ends of the barrels. Spacing of the bearings 32 and 33 from the ends of the barrels 26 and 27 allows stock to be discharged from both ends of each barrel. The rotors 30 and 31 are adapted to be rotated in opposite directions as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 4 by a motor 34 which is coupled to one end of rotor 30 through reduction gears 35 and 36. Rotor 31 is driven in the opposite direction from rotor 30 by means of meshing gears 37 and 38 secured to rotors 30 and 31 respectively.

Rotor 30 is provided with two sets of helical threads 39 and 40 which initiate at the mid-point of the rotor and wind in opposite directions toward each end of the rotor 30. Each set of these helical threads function in the same manner and are of the same form as threads 20 of the mill of Fig. l. Rotor 31 is provided with similar helical threads 41 and 42 of opposite hands. Threads 39, 40, 41 and 42 serve, when the rotors 30 and 31 are rotated in the direction of the arrows of Fig. 4, to force stock introduced at the mid-point of the rotors toward each end of each of the barrels 26 and 27.

The bore 28 of barrel 26 is provided with two sets of helical threads 43 and 44, each set of which function in the same manner and are of the same form as the threads 22 of the mill of Fig. 1. The bore 29 of the barrel 27 is provided with similar sets of helical threads 45 and 46 of opposite hand from the threads 43 and 44.

The barrels 26 and 27 are provided with a common opening 47 midway between the ends thereof through which stock may be, introduced into the mill. A funnel shaped hopper 48 surrounds the opening 47 to facilitate the introduction of the stock. Knives 49, 50, 51 and 52, similar to the knives 24 and 25 of the single end mill of Fig. 1, may be secured to each end of the rotors 30 and 31 as shown in Fig. 4 to cut the discharged stock into pellets. It can be seen that each half of each rotor and the corresponding half of each barrel of the mill of Fig. 3 functions in the same manner as the mill of Fig. l to thoroughly mix and work the stock.

The advantages of this double ended, double barrel mill of Fig. 3 over the single ended, single barrel mill of Fig. l are increased capacity, balanced thrust on the rotors and easier introduction of the stock into the mill. This last mentioned advantage is due to the fact that the counter-rotating rotors tend to pull the stock into the mill more readily than a single rotating rotor.

From the above description it can be seen that there is provided an improved mill of screw or worm type which will thoroughly mix and work all the stock and will prevent unmixed, unworked lumps of stock from passing through the mill. All the stock goes through the same degree of working and mixing so that the stock when discharged from the mill has been uniformly mixed and worked.

It is to be understood that the above description and accompanying drawings are for the purpose of illustration and not by way of limitation andchanges and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

l. A mill comprising, a rotor member, a stationary barrel member providing a bore in which the rotor memher is adapted to be rotated, means for rotating said rotor member, longitudinally extending helical grooves in one of said members, longitudinally extending grooves in said other member, the grooves in one member decreasing to substantially zero depth at at least one point along its length, the grooves in the other member decreasing to substantially zero depth at at least one point along its length spaced longitudinally from said one point on said one member, said grooves in said rotor member and the grooves in the bore of said barrel member communicating with each other so as to form a continuous passage through the mill through which stock may pass whereby all the stock will pass through the shear plane developed in the clearance between the stationary barrel and the rotating rotor.

2. A mill comprising, a rotor, a stationary barrel providing a bore in which the rotor is adapted to be rotated, means for rotating said rotor, longitudinally extending helical grooves in said rotor, longitudinally extending grooves in the bore of said barrel, the helical grooves in said rotor decreasing to substantially zero depth at at least one point along its length, the grooves in said bore decreasing to substantially zero depth at at least one point along its length spaced from said one point on said rotor, said grooves being co-extensive at least between said one point on said rotor and said one point in said bore of said barrel whereby the grooves together form a continuous passage through the mill through which the stock may pass whereby all the stock must pass through the shear plane developed between the rotating rotor and the stationary barrel.

3. A mill comprising, a rotatable rotor, a barrel surrounding said rotor, means for rotating said rotor, an opening in said barrel spaced from one end thereof for receiving stock, helical grooves in said rotor, helical grooves in the interior surface of said barrel, said grooves in said rotor decreasing to substantially zero depth at at least one point along its length, said helical grooves in said barrel decreasing to substantially zero depth at at least one point along its length spaced longitudinally from said one point on said rotor, said grooves being co-extensive at least between said one point on said rotor and said one point in said barrel whereby the grooves together form a continuous passage through the mill through which the stock may pass whereby all the stock must pass through the shear plane developed between the stationary barrel and the rotating rotor.

4. A mill comprising, a helically threaded rotor, a stationary barrel having a helically threaded bore in which the rotor is adapted to be rotated, the helical threads of said rotor decreasing to substantially zero depth at at least one point along its length, the helical threads of said bore decreasing to substantially zero depth at at least one point along its length longitudinally spaced from said one point on said rotor, said threads being co-extensive at least between said one point on said rotor and said one point in said barrel so that the grooves between said threads on said rotor and in said barrel together form a continuous passage through. the mill for the stock and whereby all the stock will pass through the shear plane, developed between the stationary barrel and the rotating rotor.

5. A mill comprising, a helically threaded rotatable rotor, a stationary barrel providing a bore in which the rotor is adapted to be rotated, means for rotating said rotor, an opening in said barrel spaced from one end thereof for receiving stock, the helical threads of said rotor decreasing to substantially zero depth adjacent said one end of said barrel, grooves in said bore of said barrel extending from said one end of the barrel inwardly a substantial distance past the point of substantial zero depth of said threads whereby stock received through said opening in said barrel will be carried in the grooves formed between the threads of the rotor and be forced into the grooves in the barrel and out the open end thereof and means carried by the end of said rotor for cutting said stock into pellets as it is forced out the open ends of said grooves in said bore of said barrel.

6. A mill comprising, a rotatable rotor, a barrel providing a bore in which the rotor is adapted to be rotated, means for rotating said rotor, an opening in said barrel spaced from one end thereof for receiving stock, helical threads on said rotor and in said bore, said threads on said rotor and in said bore being non-continuous throughout the distance between said opening and said one end of the barrel, portions of said threads on said rotor and in said bore being co-extensive so that the threads on said rotor and in said bore together form a continuous passage for the stock from said opening to said end of the barrel whereby all the stock in passing through the mill is subjected to the shearing action developed between the rotating rotor and the stationary barrel. 7

7. A mill comprising, a helically threaded rotatable rotor, a stationary barrel providing a bore in which the rotor is adapted to be rotated, means for rotating said rotor, an opening in said barrel spaced from one end thereof for receiving stock, the helical threads of said rotor decreasing to substantially zero depth adjacent said one end of said barrel, helical grooves in said bore of said barrel extending from said one end of the barrel inwardly a substantial distance past the point of substantial zero depth of said threads whereby stock received through said opening in said barrel will be carried in the helical grooves formed between the threads of the rotor and be forced into the helical grooves in the bore of the barrel and out the end thereof and means carried by the end of said rotor for cutting said stock into pellets as it is forced out the ends of said helical grooves in said bore of said barrel. 7

8. A mill comprising, a rotor, a stationary barrel providing a bore in which the rotor is adapted to be rotated, means for rotating said rotor, longitudinally extending helical grooves in said rotor, said grooves being non-continuous throughout the length of the rotor, grooves in the bore of said barrel extending between and overlapping said non-continuous sections of said grooves in said rotor so that said grooves in said bore and in said rotor together form a continuouspassage through the mill for the stock whereby all the stockin passing through the mill is subjected to the shearing action developed between the rotating rotor and the stationary barrel.

References Cited in the file 'of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,141,898 Merritt June 1, 1915 1,156,096 Price Oct. 12, 1915 2,200,997 Royle May 14, 1940 2,524,999 Schulerud Oct. 10, 1950 2,535,865 Poncelet Dec. 26, 1950 2,543,307 Swallow et a1 Feb. 27, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 21,652 Denmark Sept. 15, 1915 1,003,469 France Mar. 18, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1141898 *Oct 16, 1909Jun 1, 1915Beech Nut Packing CoGrinding-mill.
US1156096 *Mar 26, 1913Oct 12, 1915Rubber Regenerating CoApparatus for treating plastic material.
US2200997 *Jan 29, 1937May 14, 1940Vernon E RoyleExtruding machine
US2524999 *Jan 13, 1947Oct 10, 1950Colgate Palmolive Peet CoSoap treating apparatus
US2535865 *Dec 30, 1947Dec 26, 1950Geoffroy Charles Gustave KleinExtrusion press
US2543307 *Aug 6, 1948Feb 27, 1951Union Carbide & Carbon CorpPlastic milling apparatus
DK21652A * Title not available
FR1003469A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2829399 *Feb 4, 1954Apr 8, 1958Du PontExtrusion apparatus
US2910726 *Aug 20, 1957Nov 3, 1959Us Rubber CoPelletizing apparatus
US2989778 *Feb 11, 1955Jun 27, 1961Frenkel Ag C DMeans for making strengthened pipe from drawable material
US3102694 *May 29, 1961Sep 3, 1963Frenkel Ag C DApparatus for mixing and crushing
US3102716 *May 29, 1961Sep 3, 1963Frenkel Ag C DApparatus for mixing
US3102717 *Nov 13, 1957Sep 3, 1963Frenkel Ag C DEnforced order mixing apparatus
US3159873 *Jun 18, 1962Dec 8, 1964Monsanto CoContinuous annealer
US3164375 *May 29, 1961Jan 5, 1965Frenkel Ag C DApparatus for intensive mixing
US3195178 *Aug 1, 1961Jul 20, 1965Thomson Houston Comp FrancaiseApparatus for the treatment of plastic materials
US3221999 *Dec 11, 1962Dec 7, 1965Cumpston Jr Edward HMaterial refining machine
US3305893 *Jul 9, 1964Feb 28, 1967James F MachenExtruder
US3427003 *Jun 21, 1967Feb 11, 1969Bayer AgApparatus for mixing and homogenizing viscous liquids
US3449793 *Apr 21, 1967Jun 17, 1969Intern Rubber Ind IncMachine for working rubber and like plastics
US3685804 *Oct 26, 1970Aug 22, 1972Sterling Extruder CorpMixing apparatus and method
US3784065 *Jul 12, 1971Jan 8, 1974Patfoort GInjection
US4079463 *Feb 28, 1977Mar 14, 1978Hercules IncorporatedHigh output extruder screw
US4117073 *Oct 14, 1975Sep 26, 1978Heinrich KochProcess for the production of preplasticized materials
US4136969 *Jul 7, 1977Jan 30, 1979Frenkel C-D AktiengesellschaftMixing apparatus
US4184772 *Jul 11, 1977Jan 22, 1980Frenkel C-D AktiengesellschaftMixing apparatus
US4462691 *Jan 13, 1983Jul 31, 1984Uniroyal, Inc.Mixer/extruder having selectively variable shearing action therein
US4491417 *Apr 29, 1983Jan 1, 1985Usm CorporationDevolatilizing mixing extruder
US4779989 *Dec 1, 1986Oct 25, 1988Barr Robert ATransfer mixer assembly for use with an extruder screw of a polymer extruder or the like
US4944597 *May 4, 1989Jul 31, 1990Paul GeyerExtrusion apparatus
US4997137 *Jun 30, 1989Mar 5, 1991Peggy Elizabeth TolonenApparatus for grinding materials
US5115988 *Mar 4, 1991May 26, 1992Peggy E. TolonenMethod for grinding materials
US5304051 *Jun 24, 1991Apr 19, 1994Frenkel C-D AktiengesellschaftPlasticising unit for a screw injection moulding machine having improved volume adjustment means
US5304054 *Oct 27, 1992Apr 19, 1994Frenkel C-D AktiengesellschaftPlasticizing sections of cold feed rubber extruders
US5304055 *Nov 27, 1991Apr 19, 1994Nabisco, Inc.Apparatus and methods for the production of three-dimensional food products
US5332314 *Jul 6, 1992Jul 26, 1994Paul GeyerExtrusion apparatus with a backfeed extruder for mixing and extruding of thermo-plastic and thermo-setting materials
US5348388 *Sep 15, 1992Sep 20, 1994Paul GeyerExtrusion apparatus for mixing and extruding thermo-plastic materials
US5435714 *Nov 19, 1993Jul 25, 1995Nabisco, Inc.Apparatus for the production of three-dimensional food products
US5641227 *Apr 27, 1995Jun 24, 1997Geyer; PaulExtrusion and refining apparatus and method
US5855929 *Feb 8, 1996Jan 5, 1999Geyer; PaulShredding straining apparatus
US6103290 *Jul 1, 1997Aug 15, 2000Wenger Manufacturing, Inc.Mixing protein, starch, other nutrients, passing into inlet of elongated extruder having barrel with extrusion die and internal axially rotatable flighted screw assembly, rotating assembly to yield cooked edible extrudate
US7766264 *Oct 19, 2006Aug 3, 2010Weiler And Company, Inc.Variable profile flutes for a grinding head of a grinding machine
US7857500Feb 18, 2005Dec 28, 2010Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcApparatus for vacuum-less meat processing
US7871655Feb 18, 2005Jan 18, 2011Kraft Foods Global Brands Llcmixing under high shear force to combine constituents into mixture having stable protein matrix; high speed, eliminates need for curing
US7883735Aug 6, 2007Feb 8, 2011Kellogg CompanyApparatus and method for curled extrudate
US8187651Nov 24, 2008May 29, 2012Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcMethod and apparatus for continuous processing of whole muscle meat products
US8308342Nov 24, 2008Nov 13, 2012Kraft Foods Global Brands LlcProcessing elements for mixing meat products
US8403554 *Nov 14, 2007Mar 26, 2013Kobe Steel, Ltd.Screw for extruder, bearing segment used in the same and twin screw extruder provided with screw for extruder
US8641263Nov 24, 2008Feb 4, 2014Kraft Foods Group Brands LlcMethod and apparatus for continuous processing of whole muscle meat products
US20120113743 *Feb 3, 2010May 10, 2012Christopher John BrownMixing apparatus of the cddm- and/or ctm-type, and its use
EP0116773A1 *Dec 20, 1983Aug 29, 1984The Uniroyal Goodrich Tire CompanyControlled shear cold-feed mixer/extruder
EP2189063A1 *Nov 12, 2009May 26, 2010Kraft Foods Global Brands LLCMethod and apparatus for continuous processing of whole muscle meat products
WO1984004274A1 *Apr 16, 1984Nov 8, 1984Usm CorpDevolatilizing mixing extruder
WO2010146323A1 *Jun 18, 2010Dec 23, 2010Roland HytterhaegenGrinder for granulating packaging such as expanded polystyrene packaging
Classifications
U.S. Classification425/208, 425/313, 241/158, 366/300, 366/323
International ClassificationB29B7/42, B29B7/48, B29C47/38
Cooperative ClassificationB29B7/486, B29C47/38, B29B7/425, B29C47/6043, B29C47/666
European ClassificationB29C47/60M, B29C47/38, B29C47/66G2, B29B7/48G, B29B7/42G