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Publication numberUS2744647 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 8, 1956
Filing dateAug 14, 1951
Priority dateAug 14, 1951
Publication numberUS 2744647 A, US 2744647A, US-A-2744647, US2744647 A, US2744647A
InventorsPellett Fred G, Wheaton Jack M
Original AssigneeOwens Illinois Glass Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Closures
US 2744647 A
Images(2)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 8, 1956 J, M. WHEATON ET AL 2,744,647

CLOSURES Filed Aug. 14, 195] 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 rww fma.

JMWHEAToM 1". G.PELL ETI' May 8, 1956 J, WHEATON ET AL 2,744,647

CLOSURES Filed Aug. 14, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Z] Wu MM MM. WHEATON 1765.171 LEZ'Z' United States Patent CLOSURES Jack M. Wheaton and Fred G. Pellett, Toledo, Ohio, assiguors to Owens-Illinois Glass Company, a corporation of Ohio Application August 14, 1951, Serial No. 241,738

4 Claims. (Cl. 215-43) This invention relates to the sealing of containers and particularly to the construction of closures therefor of the type which are commonly called double-shell closures.

Closures of this type generally comprise an inner metal shell having threads formed thereon, enclosed by an outer metal shell formed with threads on the inner surface thereof. A gasket is used to provide an adequate seal.

It is an object of this invention to provide a closure of the double-shell type wherein a satisfactory air, gas and liquid tight seal is obtained without the use of a gasket.

It is a further object of this invention to provide such a closure wherein the inner shell comprises a nonmetallic material and wherein an effective seal is obtained by placing the inner shell material which overlies the sealing surface of the container under tension.

Other objects of the invention will appear hereinafter.

Referring to the accompanying drawings:

Fig. l is a fragmentary part sectional elevational view of a container and the closure which comprises the invention in sealing position on the neck of the container;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the closure;

Fig. 3 is a part sectional plan view of the same;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary part sectional elevational view of a container and a modified form of the closure in sealing position on the neck of the container;

Fig. 5 is a sectional elevational view of the modified form of the closure shown in Fig. 4; and

Fig. 6 is a plan view of the same.

As shown in Fig. 1, the closure 10 is applied to a container 11. The container comprises a neck 12, formed with an annular head or transfer ring 13 and screw threads 14. The neck is also formed with sealing surface 15.

The closure 10 comprises an outer metal shell 16 and an inner shell or insert 17. The insert 17 is made of a material which is impervious to the action of mold or bacteria and imparts no characteristic odor or taste to products with which it may come in contact. In addition, the material is of the type which is relatively rigid when formed in thick sections and is relatively flexible and resilient when formed in thin sections. We have found that polyethylene is a particularly effective material from which the insert 17 may be formed. Other plastic materials such as vinyl resins having th desired properties, may also be used.

The metal shell 16 includes a flat horizontal panel 18 and a depending marginal skirt 19 normal to panel 18. A lip or locking rim 20 extends inwardly and upwardly from the lower edge of the depending marginal skirt 19.

As shown in Fig. 2, the insert 17 comprises a flat horizontal top portion 21 having an annular depressed portion 22 formed on the top thereof, in position to overlie the sealing surface of the container when the closure is applied to the container. A marginal skirt 23 depends from the flat top portion 21 and is provided with threads 2,744,647 Patented May 8, 1956 24 formed on the interior surface thereof. As further shown in Fig. 2, the thickness of the insert 17 is such that the insert is relatively hard and rigid throughout, except at the relatively thin portions, such as the annular depressed portion 22, where the material is relatively flexible and resilient.

The height of the insert 17 is such that the insert is firmly held within the outer shell 16 and thereby prevented from moving axially. The diameter of the insert is substantially equal to the inner diameter of the metal shell so that the insert is prevented from moving radially by the metal shell.

By this construction, an annular space 25 is provided between the metal shell and the insert directly overlying the sealing surface 15 of the container. When the closure is applied to the neck of a container and screwed into sealing position, the annular depressed portion 22 is flexed upwardly into the space 25. By this action the annular portion 22 of the insert, is placed under tension. An air, gas and liquid tight seal is thereby obtained which is much more efiective than would be possible by compressing the same material against the sealing surface. No gasket or liner is needed.

Similar results may be obtained by providing an annular raised portion in the surface of the outer shell rather than an annular depressed portion in the top of the insert. For example, as shown in Figs. 4- and 5, the metal shell is formed with an annular raised portion 26. The skirt 19 and lip 20 of the outer shell remain the same. The insert is formed with a flat horizontal portion 27 which is thinner than the portion 21 in the other form of the invention, the skirt 23 and threads 24 of the insert remaining the same.

In this form of the invention, when the closure is applied to the neck of a container, the flat portion of the insert overlying the sealing surface is flexed upwardly into the space formed by the annular raised portion 26 of the outer shell.

In making the closure, the outer shell 16 and the insert 17 are formed separately and the insert is pushed upwardly into the shell in order to assemble the closure. To facilitate passage of the insert past the lip of the outer shell, the upper portion of the skirt adjacent to the flat portion may be beveled as shown inFigs. 2 and 5.

We have found that the seal obtained by placing the portion of the insert overlying the sealing surface under tension is much more reliable and efltective than if the same portion were compressed against the sealing surface.

Modifications may be resorted to within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

We claim:

1. The combination comprising a closure and a container formed with a neck and an annular sealing surface, said closure comprising a shell formed of rigid material and an insert formed of a material which is flexible and resilient when formed in thin sections, said shell comprising a flat top portion and a depending marginal skirt, said insert comprising a complementary fiat top portion and a depending marginal skirt whereby the insert is securely held within said shell, means formed on the interior surface of the skirt of said insert for removably securing the closure to the neck of the container, said insert being formed with an annular depressed portion on the top surface thereof overlying the sealing surface of the container and thereby providing an annular space between the top of the metal shell and the top of the insert, said annular depressed portion being in the form of a web substantially thinner than the adjoining top portion, the web being of greater Width than the underlying sealing surface and of substantially 3 uniform thickness throughout its width and being flexed upwardly into said space when the closure is secured to the neck of the container, the said shell forming a means to oppose downward movement of the skirt of the insert as a whole relative the top portion when the closure is moved down on the container neck to sealing position.

2. The combination comprising a closure and a container with a neck and an annular sealing surface formed thereon, said closure comprising a shell having a flat top portion and a depending marginal skirt and an insert having a complementary fiat top portion and a depending marginal skirt whereby the said insert is securely held within said shell, said insert having threads formed on the inner surface of the marginal skirt thereof, said insert being formed with an annular depressed portion on the top portion thereof overlying the sealing surface of the container and thereby providing an annular space between the under surface of the top portion of the shell and the upper surface of the top portion of the insert, said annular depressed portion of the insert being in the form of a web substantially thinner than the adjoining top portion, the web being of greater width than the underlying sealing surface and of substantially uniform thickness throughout its width and being flexed upwardly into the annular space when the closure is screwed into sealing position on the neck of the container, the said shell forming a means to oppose downward movement of the skirt of the insert as a whole relative the top portion when the closure is moved down on the container neck to sealing position.

3. A closure comprising a shell formed of rigid material and an insert formed of a material which is flexible and resilient when formed in thin sections, said shell comprising a fiat top portion and a depending marginal skirt, said insert comprising a complementary flat top and a depending marginal skirt whereby the insert is securely held within said shell, means formed on the interior surface of said insert for removably securing the closure to the neck of a container, said insert being formed with an annular depressed portion on the top surface thereof in such a position as to overlie the sealing surface of a container to which the closure may be attached, said depressed portion being in the form of a web substantially thinner than the top portion, the web being of greater width than the underlying sealing surface and of substantially uniform thickness throughout its width thereby providing an annular space between the top of the metal shell and the top of the insert into which the annular depressed portion may be flexed, the said shell forming a means to oppose downward movement of the skirt of the insert as a whole relative the top portion when the closure is moved down on the container neck to scaling position.

4. A closure comprising a shell having a fiat top portion and a depending marginal skirt and an insert having a complementary fiat top portion and a depending marginal skirt whereby the said insert is securely held within said shell, said insert having threads formed on the inner surface of the marginal skirt thereof, said insert being formed with an annular depressed portion in the top portion thereof in such a position as to overlie the sealing surface of the container to which the closure may be attached, said depressed portion being in the form of a web substantially thinner than the top portion, the web being of greater width than the underlying sealing surface and of substantially uniform thickness throughout its width thereby providing an annular space between the under surface of the top portion of the shell and the upper surface of the top portion of the insert into which the annular depressed portion may be flexed, the said shell forming a means to oppose downward movement of the skirt of the insert as a whole relative the top portion when the closure is moved down on the container neck to sealing position.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 55,438 Fox June 5, 1866 1,882,995 Scofield Oct. 18, 1932 1,898,342 Cuthbert Feb. 21, 1933 2,005,933 Carter June 25, 1933 2,138,376 Griswold Nov. 29, 1938 2,181,799 Carvalho Nov. 28, 1939 2,262,021 Lockwood Nov. 11, 1941 2,398,553 Nyden Apr. 16, 1946 2,447,581 Keith Aug. 24, 1948 2,582,489 Kruger Jan. 15, 1952 2,586,775 Benner Feb. 26, 1952 2,617,553 Lay Nov. 11, 1952 FOREIGN PATENTS 509,876 Great Britain July 25, 1939 729,823 Germany Dec. 23, 1942 901,128 France Oct. 30, 1944

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US55438 *Jun 5, 1866 Improved bottle-stopper
US1882995 *Feb 12, 1930Oct 18, 1932Anchor Cap & Closure CorpClosure cap
US1898342 *Jul 22, 1929Feb 21, 1933W A Sheaffer Pen CoContainer
US2005933 *Jul 19, 1934Jun 25, 1935Yardley & Company LtdContainer for toilet and the like preparations
US2138376 *Sep 2, 1937Nov 29, 1938Owens Illinois Pacific Coast CClosure
US2181799 *Apr 24, 1937Nov 28, 1939Owens Illinois Glass CoReceptacle closure
US2262021 *Apr 27, 1938Nov 11, 1941Armstrong Cork CoClosure
US2398553 *May 9, 1942Apr 16, 1946F N Burt Company IncClosure
US2447581 *Jul 28, 1944Aug 24, 1948Barnett CoventSealing cap for vacuum bottles and the like
US2582489 *May 9, 1949Jan 15, 1952Krueger Rudolph EPressure sealing bottle cap
US2586775 *Jun 10, 1947Feb 26, 1952Armstrong Cork CoPlastic container closure
US2617553 *Sep 1, 1948Nov 11, 1952A H Wirz IncScrew threaded elastic closure cap
DE729823C *Jul 29, 1938Dec 23, 1942Pavillons Sa DesSchraubkapselverschluss
FR901128A * Title not available
GB509876A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2850194 *Nov 21, 1956Sep 2, 1958Williams Harold WScrew cap
US4093096 *May 19, 1977Jun 6, 1978Societe Anonyme Dite: Arts Et Techniques NouvellesRemovable stopper for a screw-neck bottle
US5255805 *Sep 27, 1989Oct 26, 1993Alcoa Deutschland GmbhScrew cap
US6416547Sep 20, 2000Jul 9, 2002Edwards Lifesciences CorporationHeart valve carrier and rinse cage
US7124905 *Jan 3, 2001Oct 24, 2006Pechiney Emballage AlimentaireClosure cap for a standard glass ring
EP1201553A2 *Oct 15, 2001May 2, 2002Metal Closures LimitedSealing metal cap with plastic insert
WO1994020237A1 *Feb 21, 1994Sep 15, 1994Malcolm Alan CoxClosure with plastics insert
WO1999006294A1 *Jul 21, 1998Feb 11, 1999Innocos GmbhClosure device with an overcap
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/334, 215/341
International ClassificationB65D41/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D41/0492
European ClassificationB65D41/04G