US 274486 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. W. GRISWOLD.
BALE TIE. v
Patented Ma ri27,1-883.
ITW' e 7560?:
' U ITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN WOOL GRISWOLD, OF TROY, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of: Letters Patent No. 274,486, dated March 27, 1883.
Application filed December 11, 1882. (No model.)
My invention relates to the ties that are used to secure the wire which binds and holdsbales and packages of hay and other material, and to the manner in which such ties are formed.
My invention consists, as will hereinafter be more fully described, in the construction,- l'rom a single piece of wire, of a central attaching-loop, with two reversing oppositely-bent books that are longitudinally parallel, the shanks of which books, at their backs, being in continuity bent to form the central loop, and the latter adapted to receive a loop on the end of the bale-wire, and the two oppositely and outwardly bent hooks adapted to enter flatwise an ofi'set-loop on the other end or the'balewire, and which offset-loop, when drawn down into both hooks will interlock with the shanks ot' the books, as well as their bends, and thus divide up the tension strain,
on the parts to prevent the straightening out of the tie. 1
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, there are shown.
three figures illustrating inyiuvention, and in all of which the same designation of parts by letter-reference is used.
Figure 1 shows the tie as disconnected, and also the looped ends of the balewire as formed to be connected by the tie. Fig. 2 shows the tie as connected with the ends of the halewire. Fig. 3 shows a side view of the connected tie and looped bale-wire ends, illustrating the ott'set-bend formed in the end of the bale-wire which engages with the hooks.
The tie and the parts of which it is formed are designated by letter=reference and their function explained as follows:
The letter T indicates the tie-link, which is formed with the attaching eye or loop I and the oppositelyturned hooks H and H the latter and the eye or loop I being formed in the same plane and from the same piece of w re. I
The letter L designates a loop formed on the end of the balewire and within the eye or 7 loop I, or adapted to be sprnn g into the same between theshanks of the two books. Theletter L3 designates an ofi'set-loop formed on the other end of the bale-wire, the offset being indicated at s, and which loop is constructed so as to admit of its being passed loopwise over the two hooks H and H and drawn down to interlock with them, as shown at Figs. 2 and 3, the loop L being in engaging interlocking contact with the shanks S S of the hooks, and also with the bends of the hooks, as indicated at I) 1). Thus secured, the tension strain upon the tie is divided up and distributed along the contact made between the surfaces of the offset-loop. and the shanks and bends of the books, by which the tendency of the latter to straighten out under tension is averted.
' In the manufacture of the tie-links, wire of proper thickness and strength, preferably of a larger diameter than the encircling bale? wire, is divided into proper lengths, and shaped so as to form the eye and the oppositely-turned hooks by suitable machinery; and by this nietliodol manufacturing the-counecting-links I am enabled to make them of the same material as the body of the bale-wire and at a small cost. The connecting-link thus formed and applied to one endof the balewire allows the other end of the bale-wire to he quickly and readily applied, owing to the swivel motion derived from the eye-connection.
I am well aware that a tie has been made from one piece of wire, with a central eye or loop and two coincidently-bent books; but in a tie thus constructed the strain upon the books, that tends to straighten them out, is exerted by a direct action oil-the bends of the hooks alone, while in my device, by the interlocking grasp of the two oppositely'bent books with the oii'set-loop, the bends of the hooks sustain but a part of the tension, the latter being divided up with the shanks of the hooks and the bends, and thus a greater capacity to resist this straightening-out tendency is produced by the differing construction of my device when compared with the other.
Having thus described my inventioinwhatl claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, 1s---- 7 The bal'e-tie-connection link T, made from a an offset-loop on the opposite end of the balesingle piece of wire, and. constructed with the Wire, as herein shown and described. attaching eyelet or 100 I adapted to receive a loop on the end of th beile-wiremnd formed WOOL GRISWOLD' 5 with the two oppositely-curved hooks H and Witnesses:
H formed in the same plane as the eyelet or CHARLES S. BRINTNALL,
loop I, and the said hooks adapted to' receive J USTINKELLOGG.