US 274497 A
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JUDSON. BOX EASTBNER.
No. 274,497. Patented Mar. 27,1883.
. in view my invention consists in certain deresents a perspective view of my improved fastener.
' State of Missouri, have invented certain new catch E, adapted to engage a slotted strike- UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE.
WILLIAM B. JUDSON, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 274,497, dated March 27,1883. Application filed October 1], 1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM B. J UDsON, of Kansas City, in the county of J ack'son and and useful Improvements in Boxes, Crates, and Fasteners Therefor; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it per talus to make and use the same. i
My invention relates to an improvement in boxes and crates and fasteners therefor, the object of the same being to provide a device of this character which will combine simplicity and economy in construction with durability and efliciencyiu use; and with these ends tails in construction and combination of parts, as will be more fully explained, and pointed out in the claim.
In the accompanying drawings, Figurel rep crate and fastener. Fig. 2 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view through the crate and fasteners, and Fig. 3 is a detached view of the A represents the rectangularcrate, provided at opposite ends with the cleats B. These cleats B are secured to the outside of the crate, and are situated slightly: below the upper sur face of the box in such a position as to exactlyresister with the end cleats, O, of the box-' lid D. These end cleats, C, also rest on the outside of the box, and each is provided about midway its length with the spring-actuated plate, F, on the cleats B and hold the lid D down in locked position. Each catch E is provided with a hooked lower end and a rounded or dished upper end, against which latter the finger is pressed to disengage the catch from the strike-plate, and are pivoted between the upright arms a of the plate b, the said-plate and arms being formed integral. The front portion of the plate I), between the arms a, is slotted or cut away, as shown at 0., so as to al: low the catch Etc rest between the two arms flush with the outer surfaces thereof. The rear face of the dished upper end of the catch E is provided with a log, (1, against which one end of the spiral spring-G bears, while the opposite end of the said spring bears against the cleat I O, which is socketed for its reception.
but sufficient space is left behind the catches.
to enable the disked ends thereof to be pressed inward, so as to disengage the catches from thestrike-plates F. The strike-plates F are secured to the lower cleats, B, and each is provided on its outer face, about midway its length, with an open slot or recess at f, through which its respective catch passes to engage its plate. These slotted portions also enable the catches E to rest flush with the outer surfaces of the cleats when the lid is in a locked position. The peculiar formation of the plates 1) and the manner of securing the catches E thereto hold the said catches in nearly a perpendicular position, and it is only necessary to place the lid. in position and press downward thereon to secure it to the crate. When the lid is placed on the crate or box and secured thereto by the fasteners a solid andfirm connection between the parts is effected, and as the fastening devices rest flush with the outer surfaces of the cleats all danger of accidental displacement or unfastening of the lid by pressure of other crates against the catches is obviated.
When it is desired to remove the crate-lid it is simply necessary to press the dished ends of thecatches inward, which releases the lower hooked ends thereof from the strike-plate and allows the lid to be removed.
My improvement is simple in construction, is of few parts, is simple and durable in use, and can be manufactured at a small initial cost.
It is evident that slight changes in the construct-ion of the several parts might be resorted to without departing from the spirit of my invention, and hence I would have it understood thatI do not limit myself to the exact construction shown and described, but consider myself at liberty to make such changes and alterations as come within the spirit and scope of my invention.
Having fully described my invention, what In testimony whereof I have signed this I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters specification in the presence of two subscribing Patent, iswitnesses.
The combination, With the cleats B and G, 5 having open slots and recesses formed therein, WILLIAM B. J UDSON as described, and the strike-plate F, arranged in the box-cleat, of the spring -catch E, ar- Witnesses: ranged to engage said strike-plate, and shaped T. B. J EWELL,
to close the outer opening of the slots 01' re- RIGHD. H. MANNING. 7 1o cesses, essentially as set forth.