US 2746204 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 22, 1956 J. C. KARPF TOY SPECTACLES Filed Dec. 18, 1953 ATTORNEY United States Patent TOY SPECTACLES Jerome C. Kai-pf, Forest Hilis, N. Y.
Application December 18, 1953, Serial No. 399,009
1 Claim. (Cl. 46-1) My, invention relates to toy spectacles or eyeglasess, the object being to provide movable parts such as colored discs representing the iris or pupils of the eyes and which W111 give various amusing and comical effects upon movements of the head of the wearer.
Another object of the invention is to provide play spectacles or the like with eyepieces of a character enabling the wearer to see through the eyepieces at objects beyond, while the observers in front are unable to see through the eyepieces in the opposite direction and are therefore prevented from seeing the natural eyes of the wearer.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, my invention consists in the novel features hereinafter described and claimed and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is a front view of spectacles embodying my invention.
Fig. 2 is a cross section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 2a is an enlarged cross section of a portion of the back wall of an eyepiece.
Fig. 2b is a similar cross section of a movable disc.
Fig. 3 is a front view of another form of the invention.
Fig. 4 is a cross section on the line 44 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a vertical section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 illustrates the spectacles in use.
Fig. 7 is a rear view of a modified eyepiece.
The spectacles may be constructed as shown in Fig. 1 wherein a frame 10 of suitable material is provided with openings 11 for holding the eyepieces 12. Each eyepiece may comprise a cupped element 13 of transparent sheet material pressed to shape and adapted to fit into the opening 11 of the frame 10. A flange 14 is generally provided and cemented into a recess 15 in the frame. A similar cupped element 16 of transparent material having a slightly smaller diameter is reverse fitted and cemented into the element 13, thereby forming a closed pocket 17 having a front wall 18 and a back wall 19. These walls are spaced apart sufficiently to allow freedom for the movements of a small disc 20 representing the iris or pupil of the eye. The frame is adapted to be worn in the usual way and for this purpose may be provided with bows 21 which are hinged at 22 to the extensions 23.
The back wall 19 is covered preferably on its outer surface with a thin coating of metallic paint which transmits sufficient light for the wearer to see through the wall and distinguish objects in front of him, while the reflecting effect of the metallized surface reflects light rays back toward the observer and prevents him from seeing the natural eyes of the one who is wearing the glasses.
The coating on the wall 19 is indicated at 24 and may 2,746,204 Patented May 22, 1956 comprise aluminum, silver or bronze paint, or any other substance possessing the desired characteristics.
The discs 20 are surfaced with a suitable color such as blue or red as indicated at 26 in Fig. 2b and may be backed by a metallic paint 27, both of which are sufliciently thin to be seen through by the wearer. This gives bright contrast against the background and adds to the animated effect produced by the moving discs. By moving his head in various ways the wearermay produce many odd and laughable effects while his own eyes are hidden from view. An example of this is shown in Fig. 6.
In another embodiment of the device a frame 30 is formed in one piece with the bulged out front walls 31 and the strengthening or decorative ribs 32. The back wall 33 is cut to shape from transparent sheet plastic and has margins 34 bent over rearwardly extending edges 35 of the front walls 31 as seen in Fig. 5. The back wall thus provided is coated on its surface 36 with a reflecting paint such as silver or bronze 37 which may be seen through as in the first example. Discs 38 are pocketed in the space 40 between the front and back walls and are colored at 41 preferably as described in connection with Fig. 2b, although the metallic coating may be dispensed with in the discs and only color used to obtain contrast. Bows 42 may be pivoted to the ends of the frame 30 as shown at 43.
The invention is not confined to the details described and is capable of many modifications. For instance the colors may be applied to the eyepieces in other ways or directly in the transparent material itself. The examples shown in the drawings are adapted for manufacture from suitable plastics and are given for purposes of illustration. In both cases the back Walls of the eyepieces have thinly mirrored surfaces provided by the coatings through which the wearer can see and which completely shield his eyes from view. In the modification shown in Fig. 7 the curved margins 45 of the bulged front wall 46 are provided with tabs 47 which are bent over the edges of a preformed piece of mirrored plastic 48 constituting the back wall of the eyepiece. The two walls 46 and 48 form a pocket for the freely movable disc 49.
Toy spectacles comprising a frame, a pair of eyepieces mounted in the frame, each of said eyepieces having a back wall which is completely covered by a light reflecting medium having the ability to hide the wearers natural eyes from view while permitting the wearer to see through said back wall to observe objects beyond, each of said eyepieces also having a front transparent wall which is spaced from said back wall, and a relatively small flat light Weight disc representing the pupil of an eye enclosed in the space between the walls of each eyepiece, said disc contrasting with the back wall, the two discs giving the appearance of lively moving eyes when the wearer shakes his head to impart motions to the discs, said discs being freely movable in all directions between the walls of the eyepieces.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,340,875 Bugbee May 25, 1920 1,515,701 Reeve Nov. 18, 1924 1,526,211 Hirschman Feb. 10, 1925 2,202,896 Buchner June 4, 1940