US 274930 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
i (Nq Model.) i `3 sheets-sheet 2.
` I. P. PRINK. VREELEGELOR. lPOR CHANDBLIERS, am. No. 274,930. Patented Ap1f.3,1883.
(No Model.) 3 sheetssheen 3.
\ RBFLEGTOR P0R`GHANDBLIEBS,&0. v l) Na. 274,930. v Patented Ap r.s,188s.
M@ mPEm/fa UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ISAAC P. FRINK, OF NEW YORK, N'. Y.
REF'LECTOR FOR CHANDELlERS,`&C.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 274,930, dated .April 3, 1883.
v Application led November 29, 1882. (No model.)
To all 'whom it may concern Be it known that I, IsAAo P. FRINK, a resident ot' New York, in the county and State of' New York, have `invented a new and useful Improvement in Chandeliers and Retie-eters,
ot' which the following is a specification. i `My invention relates to an improvement in chandeliers and reflectors, wherein in the i manufacture ot' single or double reflectors I combine a variety ot' elements not before used together for improving the illuminating action and et'ect ot' the reflectors. I also have iin-v provements in the construction of retlectortrames; and my invention consist-s in the devices substantially as hereinafter set forth.
Figure l is a side elevation, partly in secl one another.
In my construction of double reflectors I placein the outer reiiector or frame, A, panels B, of translucent glass, or other semi-transparent material, colored or white, any shade or color that will reflect a part of the light inward and downward, and allow part of it to pass through the paneland give a measure of light-a quiet subdued light-out into the room above the reflector. These translucent panels will ordinarily be used in this outer 4retlector'in a skeleton frame; butthey may be usedin a solid frame Ain combination with an inner reflector, and thesetranslucent panels may be corrugated and used in solid. or skeleton 'frames with or without combination with an inner reflector. The'panels'may be put in with alternate shades, or with white and colored panels; and the colored panels maybe made from colored glass, or white glass dashed ou one side, or with two panels of different colors, one lying on the other, as at Q Q, Fig. 12, according to the best effect to be produced; and these may be used without an inner reflector. In some cases I will use, in `combination with an interior reflector, a plain opal panel, without other colors. In combination with this exterior reflector I have an inner cone or reflector, C, carrying panels D., of any suitable material, to reiiect the light outward; or they may be translucent, and in a frame allowing part ofthe rays to pass through them; and these panels, in a solid frame of an interior cone, may also be made in variety, as that they may be metallic reilectors, or silvered glass, plain `or corrugated, or alternately plain or corrugated; or the retiecting-surfaees may be colored, or a colored panel be used in al-` ternation with a plain or silvered one, according as they will be found to produce the best eftect in combination with the exterior reiector. They may also, in this connection, be translucent. Thesereflectors may alsobe made in a single piece, molded or blown into therequired t'orm, and be used with a solid back, as shown in Fig. 12, or be translucent and put in a skeletonframe, to allow part 0f therays to pass through.
It is evident that when the inner and outer reflecting-parts are constructed with angles, as shown in the drawings, panels are formed, which are either of plates detachable from those adjacent, or, as when the interior reflector is molded or blown in one piece, are integral with said adjacent panels.
It is evident that the metal backing or cone C, Fig. 12, may itself constitute the reflectingsurface, when, by reason of extreme heat or other causes, the panels D are undesirable and are dispensed with.
The exterior reflector, A, has at the upper edge, on the inside, a series of lips, E, of sheet metal, bent over inward, to engage the top of the panels. At the lower edge ofv the frame is a ledge, F, on which the panel will rest, and, extending below this ledge, is a section, S, of the same, bent up inward, leaving a space behind it to receive the edge of the plate G, which "is held in vplace by the screws H or other suitable device; and this plate extends across the inside of the lower end of the panel and holds it in place. This greatly facilitates the putting in and taking out of panels'in ease of need. I have also, at the junction of the sides ofthe panels, an inside removable rib, I,
made n shape transversely, (see Figs. 10 and 11,) and having the ends, respectively, fitted to catch under thelips E and be coveredlby the ends of the plates Gr; and when this plateis IOC removed the rib and the panel are readily taken out. rJhe exterior reiiector may be nlished at base with a band, K, or, as seen at the right-hand end of Fig. 7, with a corona, L, and either be worked out in anydesirable pattern.
The frames may be in any desired shape, square, rectangular, polygonal, pyramidal, or conical, oracombination of any of these shapes.
l. In a double reflector, the frame A, flaring away from the center at its base and carrying translucent or semi-transparent panels B, in combination with an interior reiiector, C, substantially as and t'or the purpose specified.
' 2. In a double reflector, the frame A, fla-ring away from the center at its base and carrying translucent panels of plain opal, or White glass panels, in combination with an interior reector, C, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The combination of an exterior reflector Haring away from the center at its base and having panels ot' white or colored glass or other translucent material, an'd an interior metallic reflector, or reflector having therein panels of metal-plated; glass,'substantially as and for the purposes herein set forth.
4. The combination of an exterior reflector, substantially as above described, and the interior reiiector, having translucent panels,. substantially as set forth.
5. The combination of the exterior reliector, substantially as above described, and an inner reector molded or blown in one piece, substantially as specified.
6. A reiiector havin gxa frame carrying translucent, or semi-transparent panels corrugated, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
7. A reflector daring away from the center at its base, having translucent panels of two or more colors, said colors either shown in the same panel or in panels lying side by side or one upon the other, substantially as set forth.
8. A' retiector having translucent panels of which a part are corrugated and a part plain surface, substantially as named.
9. A reiiector having panels of which a part are corrugated and a part plain surface, substantially as specified.
10. An interior reflector having panels of which a part are corrugated and a 'part plain surface, in combination with an exterior reflector, substantially asset forth.
11. In a retlectorfralne, the lips E, ledges F, and section S,in combination with the plates Gr, substantially as specified.
12.r The ribs i, in vcombination with the lips E and plates G, substantially as set forth.
13. The exterior skeleton reflector-frame A, carrying translucent panels and provided at its base with a corona, L, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
ISAAC P. FRINK.
R. STEAD'MAN, HORACE HARRIS.