|Publication number||US2751229 A|
|Publication date||Jun 19, 1956|
|Filing date||Nov 16, 1953|
|Priority date||Nov 16, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2751229 A, US 2751229A, US-A-2751229, US2751229 A, US2751229A|
|Inventors||Schultz Arthur B|
|Original Assignee||Schultz Arthur B|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (26), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 19, 1956 A. B. SCHULTZ RELEASABLE GRIPPER FOR HOLDING AN ARTICLE SUSPENDED Filed NOV. 16, 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. ARTHUR B. SCHULTZ A T TORNE Y June 19, 1956 B. SCHULTZ RELEASABLE GRIPPEJR FOR HOLDING AN ARTICLE SUSPENDED Filed Nov. 16, 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN VEN TOR. ARTHUR B. SCHULTZ BY zfl /dd/m AT TORNE Y June 19, 1956 A. B. SCHULTZ 2,751,229
RELEASABLE GRIPPER FOR HOLDING AN ARTICLE SUSPENDED Filed Nov. 16, 1955 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 I 1 l l 40 II 5 59 55 I 5 12 56 10 t} I; 57 59 4 I I I 57 I 5 F157 I I FIEEI fiwafiam AT TORNE Y RELEASABLE GRIPPER FOR HOLDING AN ARTICLE SUSPENDED Arthur B. Schultz, Western Springs, 111., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the United States Atomic Energy Commission Application November 16, 1953, Serial No. 392,531
2 Claims. (Cl. 279-75) This invention relates to a releasable holding device and more specifically to a device of this type which is also capable of supporting the article held.
If an article is held in a holding device that releases the article by relative movement of one part of the holding device with respect to another, it may be important to prevent such relative movement when the device holds the object suspended in order that the article may not drop and thus do damage to itself or other articles.
An object of the present invention is to prevent release of a holding device when it is holding an article suspended. According to the invention, the relation of the device to the article in its suspended condition is such as to prevent release from the holding device.
Other objects will become apparent from the detailed description that follows and from the attached drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view of an embodiment of the holding device of the present invention and of an articl suspended from the holding device;
Fig. 2. is a similar view showing the article in a selfsupporting position in the holding device;
. Fig. 3 is a similar view showing the article removed from the holding device;
Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view taken on line 44 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is an elevational view of the holding device and the article held and includes a portion of the holding device remote from the article;
Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of Fig. 5; and
Fig. 7 is a vertical sectional view similar to Fig. 6 but showing only a portion of what is shown in Fig. 6 and that portion in a ditferent position.
The holding device of Figs. 1-3 is designated by the reference character 10 and comprises a hollow inner member 11, an outer member 12 in the form of a sleeve, a plunger 12a, and a plurality of elements 13 in the form of balls. As indicated in Fig. 4, the balls 13 are five in number and are positioned in openings 14 which are formed in the inner member 11 with about equal angular spacings between one another. The openings decrease in diameter from outside to inside of the member 11 and are smaller than the balls toward the inside of the member 11 so that the balls may protrude interiorly of the member 11 to the extent shown in Fig. 1.
The hollow inner member 11 has a large bore 15 and a small bore 16 formed as an extension thereof and terminating in a closed end. The member-11 has a long reduced rod-like extension 17 which begins near the closed end of the small bore 16. The plunger 12a has a sliding fit in the small bore 16 and is provided with an enlarged head 18 which has a sliding fit in the large bore 15. A coil spring 19, whichsnrrounds the plunger 12a in the larger bore 15 and acts against the shoulder of the inner member 11 forming the juncture between the large and small bores 15 and 16 and against the head on the plunger 12a, urges the plunger downwardly as viewed in Fig. 1
with respect to the inner member 11. Such movement in this direction of the plunger 12a is limited to theposition of Fig. 3 by means of a longitudinal through slot 20 formed in the plunger 12a and a pin 21 extending through the slot 20 and attached to the inner member 11. The ends of the pin 21 extend outwardly of the inner member 11 and into opposed longitudinal slots 22 formed in the outer member 12. Movement of the outer member 12 in the direction that is upward as viewed in Fig. 3 is limited by engagement of the ends of the pin 21 with the slots 22 at one end, as viewed in Fig. 3.
The outer member 12 has a small bore 23 slidingly receiving the rod extension 17 on the inner member 11, a bore 24 of intermediate size slidingly receiving the inner member 11, and a large bore 25 slidingly receiving an enlarged portion 26 of the inner member. The outer member 12 also has an internal groove 27 which is formed in the intermediate bore 24 adjacent the large bore 25 and into which the balls 13 protrude in the position of Fig. 1.
The holding device 10 is adapted to grasp an article such as a rod 28, for example, for lifting it out of a confined space in which it may be located or for lowering it into the space. It is contemplated that between times of lifting and lowering the device 10 may be released from the rod. The rod 28 has at one end a reduced neck 29, a head 30 which is larger in diameter than the neck, and an intermediate shoulder 31 which is located between the head 30 and the neck 29 and is respectively smaller and larger in diameter than the head and the neck. In the position of Fig. 1 the intermediate shoulder 31 engages the elements 13 so as to cause them to protrude exterio'rly from the inner member 11 into the groove 27 in the member 12, and rod head 30, which is conical, is received in a conical recess 31a in the plunger 12a.
It is contemplated that in the position of Fig. 1 the rod 28 will be suspended in the holding device 10, that is, without being supported from the lower end of the rod. Engagement of the rod head 30 with the balls 13 prevents movement of the rod 28 in one direction with respect to the holding device 10, and the plunger 12a and the spring 19 resist movement of the rod 28 in the opposite direction. As long as the rod 28 remains suspended from the device 10, the rod shoulder 31 stays opposite the balls 13, which remain forced to protrude into the groove 27. By remaining protruding externally into the groove, the balls 13 continue to be forced to protrude internally so as to prevent the rod shoulder 31 from moving downwardly past the balls 13 and the rod 28 from getting out of the holding device 10.
When the rod 28 is to be released from the holding device 10, it is necessary that the elements 13 moveoutwardly sufliciently for the rod head 30 to clear the elements 13. The elements 13 can move outwardly sufiiciently only if the large bore 25 of the outer member 12 is brought opposite the elements 13. This requires temporarily moving the elements 13 inwardly out of the groove 27 in the outer member 12. Such inward movement can take place only if the rod 28 is moved with respect to the inner member 11 as far as the position of Fig. 2 in which the reduced neck 29 of the rod 28 is brought opposite the elements 13. This can happen only if the rod 28 is supported from below independently of the holding device 10. It cannot happen when the rod is suspended in the holding device.
After the rod 28 is brought to the position of Fig. 2,
force is applied to the outer member 12 to shift it with' respect to the inner member 11 to the position of Fig. 3 where the ends of the slots 22 in the outer member 12 engage the ends of the pin 21 attached to the inner mem ber 11. Continued application of force to the outer member 12 causes the outer member andthe. inner member to move conjointly with respect to the rod 28 to the position of Fig. 3 in which the rod is out of the holding device. This being so, the plunger 12a moves to its position of Fig. 3 in which the plunger head 18 is opposite the elements 13, forcing them to protrude externally of the inner member 11 so far that when the outer member 12 is allowed to move with respect to the inner member 11 so as to bring the shoulder 32, formed by the junctures between the bores 24 and 25 in the outer member 12 back to the elements 13, the elements 13 will engage the shoulder 32. When the rod 28 is out of the holding device 10, the plunger head 18 will be directly opposite the elements 13 as shown in Fig. 3, because the spring 19 urges the plunger head as far as this position and engagement of the pin 21 with one end of the slot 21) in the plunger prevents the plunger head from moving beyond this position.
When the rod 28 is to be reattached to the holding device 10, the device and the rod are brought together at least as far as the position of Fig. 2, in which the rod has moved the plunger head 18 away from the elements 13 and the rod neck 29 is brought opposite the elements 13. Now the shoulder 32 on the outer member 12 forces the elements 13 inwardly against the rod neck 29 and the outer member moves to the position of Fig. 1 in which the groove 27 is opposite the elements 13. This position is determined by engagement of the end of the outer member 12 with an outwardly extending flange 33 formed on the end of the inner member 11. Now force is applied to the inner member 11 to bring the inner member to the position of Fig. 1 with respect to the rod 28 in which position the rod shoulder 31 is brought opposite the elements 13. The shoulder 31 makes the elements 13 protrude into the groove 27, and the outer member cannot move with respect to the inner member. The rod 28 is again locked in the holding device 10, as it was at the start of the description of the operation, and the holding device may lift the rod without the possibility that the rod may be accidentally released from the holding device and dropped.
Release of the rod from the holding device is accomplished by movement of the outer member 12 with respect to the inner member 11 from the position of Fig. l to that of Fig. 3, but such movement is impossible as long as the rod is suspended in the holding device, because the rod shoulder 31 stays opposite the elements 13 so as to keep them in the groove 27.
The holding device is also provided with mean; for positively preventing relative shifting of the inner and outer members 11 and 12, which means is independent of suspension of the rod in the holding device. As seen in Figs. 5, 6, and 7, a portion of the rod extension 17 of the inner member 11 which happens to be considerably removed from the hollow portion thereof in which the rod 28 fits, is provided with a transverse opening 34, in which are mounted a headed member 35, a coil spring 36 surrounding the stern of the headed member 35, and a latch 37 having a hollow end receiving the spring 36. The head of the latch is wider in one transverse dimension than in the other, as is to be observed from a comparison of Figs. 6 and 7. The latch head is seen as relatively narrow in Fig. 6 and as relatively wide in Fig. 7, the latch being rotated through about 90 degrees from the position of Fig. 6 to that of Fig. 7. The latch head has a slot 38 which is adapted to receive the end of a suitable tool such as a screw driver which is employed to rotate the latch between the two positions and to force it completely into the aperture 34 as shown in Fig. 7. The latch 37 is held in the depressed position of Fig. 7 by means of two opposed inwardly directed flanges 39 formed on the rod extension 17 at one end of the aperture 34. The spacing between the flanges 39 is less than. the larger transverse dimension of the latch head and at least as large as the smaller transverse dimension thereof. Thus when the latch 37 is to be shifted from the protruding position of Fig. 6 to the depressed position of Fig. 7, the latch is first depressed against the spring 36 by the tool applied to the slot 33 and then rotated through about degrees by the tool. When the latch 37 is to protrude again, it is rotated through about 90 degrees, and the spring 36 pushes the latch head out. When the latch 37 is depressed as in Fig. 7, it does not interfere with relative longitudinal movement between the inner and outer member 11 and 12. The outer member 12 is provided with two openings 40 and 41 spaced lengthwise thereof. When the latch head protrudes into the opening 40, the inner and outer members 11 and 12 are locked in the position of Fig. 1. When the latch head protrudes into the opening 41, the members are locked in the position of Fig. 3.
The intension is to limit the invention only within the scope of the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
l. In combination, an article having at one end a head, a reduced neck, and a shoulder lying between the head and the neck and being larger in diameter than the neck, and smaller in diameter than the head, and a holding device comprising a hollow inner member receiving the said one end of the article, a hollow outer open end member receiving the said inner member and having internal shoulders formed by concentric bored portions progressing from the said open end of a relatively larger diameter, a relatively smaller diameter and an intermediate diameter, and holding elements mounted in the inner member and being of a size large enough to protrude internally against the shoulder on the article and simultaneously externally into the portion of intermediate diameter bore in the outer member, and small enough to be contained within the outermost portion of the inner member when protruding internally against the narrow neck on the article.
2. In combination, an article having at one end a head, a reduced neck, and a shoulder lying between the head and the neck and being larger in diameter than the neck, and smaller in diameter than the head, and a holding device comprising a hollow inner member receiving the said one end of the article, a hollow outer open end member receiving the said inner member and having internal shoulders formed by concentric bored portions progressing from the said open end of a relatively larger diameter, a relatively smaller diameter and an intermediate diameter, and holding elements mounted in the inner member and being of a size large enough to protrude internally against the shoulder on the article and simultaneously externally into the portion of intermediate diameter bore in the outer member, and small enough to be contained within the outermost portion of the inner member when protruding internally against the narrow neck on the article, and a plunger mounted in the inner member and spring urged against the said one end of the article so as to be enabled to move along the inner membet to a position adjacent the holding elements when the article is removed from the holding device for restraining the holding elements from protruding internally of the inner member and thus causing them to protrude externally of the inner member into the said large diameter bore portion of the outer member whereupon the holding elements may engage the shoulder formed by the juncture of the said larger diameter and smaller diameter bores and restrain movement of the inner member with respect to the outer member.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS l,054,l26 Lindberg Feb. 25, 1913 1,119,276 Gritfith et a1. Dec. 1, 1914 FOREIGN PATENTS 224,260 Switzerland Feb. 1, 1943 825,329 Germany Dec. 17, 1951
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|U.S. Classification||279/75, 279/30, 279/76, 279/22, 976/DIG.254, 279/82, 376/233|
|International Classification||B23B31/107, B23B31/10, G21C19/02, G21C19/115|
|Cooperative Classification||G21C19/115, B23B31/1071|
|European Classification||B23B31/107B, G21C19/115|