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Publication numberUS2751693 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 26, 1956
Filing dateJan 25, 1955
Priority dateJan 25, 1955
Publication numberUS 2751693 A, US 2751693A, US-A-2751693, US2751693 A, US2751693A
InventorsBaker Delia V
Original AssigneeBaker Delia V
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toe spacing sandal
US 2751693 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 26, 1956 D. v. B AKER 2,751,693

TOE SPACING SANDAL Filed Jan. 25, 1955 1 N VEN TOR Del z'a V. Baker United States Patent r TOE SPACING SANDAL Delia V. Baker, Tucson, Ariz.

Application January 25, 1955, Serial No. 483,921

1 Claim. (Cl. 368.5)

The present invention relates to a sandal for separating the toes of a human foot for purposes such as the application of nail polish, medication and chiropodist treatment.

A number of devices have been developed for the purpose of separating the toes in order to permit medication or application and drying of nail polish without smearing. Such prior art devices are generally uncomfortable to the wearer, not universally adaptable to all toe spacings, and are generally unsatisfactory for household wear. Furthermore, the few which are reasonably satisfactory in these respects have a relatively short useful life because of their mode and material of construction.

Accordingly an object of the present invention is to provide an improved toe separating device in the form of a sandal which overcomes the disadvantages of the prior art devices in that it is comfortable to wear, it is universally adaptable to all toe spacings and it is suitable for household use.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a sandal of the aforesaid type which because of its mode and material of construction has a reasonably long useful life.

These and other objects of the present invention will become more apparent from the following description, taken with the accompanying drawing wherein:

Figure l is a perspective view showing the toe spacing sandal of the present invention;

Figure 2. illustrates details of the construction of the toe straps; and

Figure 3 is a cross sectional view of an individual toe separator.

In its broader aspects the sandal of the present invention includes a sole 12 having a plurality of toe straps 14 attached to the sole near the toe 16 with adjacent toe straps spaced apart approximately the width of the toe and positioned to enter the spaces 18 between the toes 20 of the wearer, a toe separator 22 slidably mounted on each of the toe straps and means 24 for tensioning each of the toe straps in a direction towards the rear of the foot 26 of the wearer.

The sole 12 of the preferred embodiment of the present invention is made up of three members including an insole 28 of a soft attractive cotton fabric such as turkish toweling, an outsole 30 which may be of any suitable material, and a slip sole or center sole 32 which is stiff enough to add strength to the sole and yet sufficiently flexible to afford comfort to the wearer. For example the slip sole 32 may be made from a thin fibrous material. A binding 34 is folded around the outer edge of slip sole 32 and extends inwardly from the outer edge thereof a sufficient distance to allow the three sole members and binding 34 to be securely bound together by stitching around the edge of the sole.

Toe straps 14 attached to the sole near the toe end 16 :are spaced apart approximately the width of a toe and positioned to enter the spaces 18 between the toes of the wearer. For the purpose of comfort and adaptability to 2,751,693 Patented June 26, 1956 the many different toe spacings and sizes, these toe straps should be of small cross-sectional diameter. As shown in the drawings, the toe straps are made up of a single length of binding material of double thickness. In this form, each toe strap constitutes a loop 36 and thereby provides fastening means on the free end of the toe strap for tensioning the same. It is an essential part of the present invention that these toe straps be tensioned in a direction toward the rear of the foot 26 of the wearer. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the looping arrangement just described affords a convenient means for the application of tension to the toe straps.

A toe separator 22 is slidably mounted on each individual toe strap 14 for the purpose of providing proper separation of the toes of the wearer. For proper separation of the toes, it is necessary that the cross-sectional area of the toe separators be relatively large in comparison to the cross-sectional area of the toe strap. Furthermore it is desirable that the material of construction of the toe separator be yieldable enough to permit deformation of the separator by the pressure exerted by the sides of the toes on either side thereof, the bulk of the material of construction of the separator and its compressibility determines the degree of separation of the toes. As shown in Figure 3, a preferred form of toe separator 22 comprises a cylinder of double thickness of a material such as turkish toweling.

A heel-encompassing member 38 is fastened to the other end of the sole in the preferred embodiment of the present invention. Means 24 fastens the sandal on the foot of the wearer. As shown, this means comprises a tie strap of double thickness binding material fastened to the forward ends 42 of the heel encompassing member 38 in a position so as to permit the free ends thereof to bridge the instep of the wearer. This arrangement provides a convenient means for tensioning the toe strap in a direction toward the rear of the foot 26 of the wearer. This is accomplished by insertion of fastening means 24 through the loops 36 of the toe straps 14 and tensioning the fastening means across the instep. By virtue of the looping arrangement, the toe straps adjust themselves by lateral movement to accommodate the natural curvature across the instep.

The sandal of the present invention may be easily applied to the foot to maintain the toes in a properly separated condition while affording comfort to the wearer and neatness of appearance. In order to separate the toes, the slidably mounted toe separators 22 are slid toward the free ends of the toe straps 14 in a position such that the straps may be inserted between the toes without contacting the toes with the toe separators. After this has been done, each individual toe separator 22 is slid consecutively downwardly along the length of its associated toe strap 14 and into the space 18 between adjacent toes created by manual separation of the toes. After the toe separators have been properly positioned between the toes, fastening means 24 is then strung between the loops 36 of the toe straps 14 and tied so as to tension the toe straps in a direction toward the rear of the foot of the wearer.

One of the advantages of being able to separate the toes consecutively as described above and in the sequence desired, lies in the fact that it provides for easier application of medication between the toes as well as reapplication of medication without complete removal of the sandal from the foot of the wearer. Furthermore, the slidable arrangement of each toe separator permits proper adjustment of the separator between the toes and thereby renders the sandal more universally adaptable to all toe spacings. In addition, the fact that the toe straps adjust themselves to accommodate the curvature across the instep of an individual wearer also contributes to the adaptability of the sandal to various sizes and shapes of feet. Another important feature of the slidably mounted toe separator is the fact that it is removable from the sandal and separably washable or replaceable, if necessary.

The foregoing description of the present invention is for the purpose of illustration and is not limiting to the scope thereof which is set forth in the claim.

I claim:

A sandal comprising a sole, a plurality of toe straps,

the toe straps being longitudinally arranged with respect to the sole and attached to the sole near the toe end thereof with the attachment points of adjacent toe straps spaced apart approximately the width of a toe and positioned to enter the spaces between the toes of the wearer, an elongated toe separator slidably mounted on each of said toe straps, each t'oe separator being of a sufiiciently large cross-section in a plane normal to the length of the toe strap to fill a relatively large portion of the spacing between adjacent toe straps and being deformable by pressure exerted by the toes of the wearer, a heel engaging member fastened to the end of the sole remote from the toe end, strap means including tensioning means therefor transversely arranged with respect to the sole and associated with the heel engaging member, the transversely arranged strap means beingso arranged as to engage the foot of the wearer when in use and to releasably fasten the sandal on the foot of the wearer, each of the toe straps having means toward the rearward end thereof connecting the same to said transversely arranged strap means, said tensioning means acting to tension said transversely arranged strap means across the front of the foot thereby tensioning each of the longitudinally arranged toe straps in a direction toward the rear of the foot of the wearer.

References Cited in. the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,090,731 Lindberg Mar. 17, 1914 1,888,862 Mathews Nov. 22, 1932 2,506,308 Maynier May 2, 1950 2,531,851 Kiwad Nov. 28, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS 11,387 Great Britain Aug. 6, 1915 1,028,429 France Feb. 25, 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1090731 *Oct 21, 1913Mar 17, 1914Mads LindbergSandal.
US1888862 *Aug 20, 1929Nov 22, 1932Dun Deer Sandals IncShoe
US2506308 *Jul 31, 1947May 2, 1950Maynier StellaToe separating device
US2531851 *Oct 26, 1949Nov 28, 1950Isadore KiwadToe protector
FR1028429A * Title not available
GB191511387A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2808662 *Mar 8, 1955Oct 8, 1957Webb Helen EToe spacing scuffs or sandals
US3062206 *May 18, 1959Nov 6, 1962Cyrus SchwartzToe spreader
US3865122 *Jan 24, 1974Feb 11, 1975Dabbs Everett EFoot drying apparatus
US4644669 *Oct 23, 1985Feb 24, 1987Margaret GrecoToeless slipper
US5076263 *Sep 22, 1989Dec 31, 1991Hiroyuki FunatogawaToe stretcher
US5623734 *Mar 21, 1995Apr 29, 1997Pugliatti; Annette M.Pedicure sock
US5802737 *Mar 12, 1997Sep 8, 1998Beppu; ShinichiThong type sandal
US5870837 *Aug 8, 1997Feb 16, 1999Poulos; Jon D.Combination pedicure sandal
US5906007 *Jul 10, 1998May 25, 1999Roberts; Liana CallasArticle of footwear for use in relation to a pedicure
US5946823 *Feb 1, 1999Sep 7, 1999Yates; Angel E.Pedicure sandal system
US6151801 *Aug 12, 1999Nov 28, 2000Frederiksen; Ben G.Sandal
US6298580Feb 29, 2000Oct 9, 2001Sally TadayonPedicure sandals
US7134225 *Sep 28, 2004Nov 14, 2006Lucy AshtonPedicure shoe
US7296367Apr 14, 2005Nov 20, 2007Tres Chicas LlcPedicure boot
US7421807Feb 28, 2006Sep 9, 2008Eidnoc Enterprises, L.L.C.Footwear for use during or after a pedicure and method of using same
US7802381Sep 28, 2010Eidnoc Enterprises, L.L.C.Footwear for use during and after a pedicure and method of using same
US7882714Feb 8, 2011Liana RobertsMethod of manufacturing an article of footwear
US7980005 *Jul 19, 2011Young Joyce CToe jammers
US8002675Oct 31, 2007Aug 23, 2011Fenf, LlcFoot-therapy and toe-aligning device
US8832971Apr 3, 2011Sep 16, 2014Chele Suzanne HeidTherapeutic footwear
US8932186Aug 2, 2011Jan 13, 2015Fenf, LlcFoot-therapy and toe-aligning device
US9138616Mar 14, 2013Sep 22, 2015Fenf, LlcFoot-therapy and toe-aligning device
US9173449Sep 15, 2014Nov 3, 2015Chele Suzanne HeidTherapeutic footwear
US9387359Sep 18, 2015Jul 12, 2016Fenf, LlcFoot-therapy and toe-aligning device
US20040055179 *Sep 19, 2002Mar 25, 2004Chin-Lien WangMultifunctional slipper
US20060064902 *Sep 28, 2004Mar 30, 2006Lucy AshtonPedicure shoe
US20060230637 *Apr 14, 2005Oct 19, 2006Kipnes Deanna HPedicure boot
US20070027011 *Sep 28, 2006Feb 1, 2007Frederic FerriToe stretcher
US20070068045 *Feb 28, 2006Mar 29, 2007Condie Melissa CFootwear for use during or after a pedicure and method of using same
US20070130802 *Sep 21, 2006Jun 14, 2007Eidnoc Enterprises, L.L.C.Footwear for use during and after a pedicure and method of using same
US20080113854 *Oct 31, 2007May 15, 2008Frederic FerriFoot-therapy and toe-aligning device
US20090113759 *Nov 5, 2007May 7, 2009Chele Suzanne HeidTherapeutic footwear
US20100263237 *Apr 15, 2010Oct 21, 2010Elizabeth CuellarToe nail polish guard
US20110179674 *Jul 28, 2011Chele Suzanne HeidTherapeutic footwear
US20120152267 *Jun 21, 2012Youn Jung ChangPedicure Slipper with Toe Separator and Method
US20130333243 *Apr 25, 2013Dec 19, 2013Wellrox, LLCSandal with toe separators
US20140317965 *Apr 25, 2014Oct 30, 2014Alexander OrcuttToe tethers for use with sandals and sandals with integrated toe tethers
US20140325874 *May 6, 2014Nov 6, 2014Yolanda Irizar BermudezToe Buddies Sandal Toe Guard
USD612946Mar 30, 2010FennF, LLCFoot-therapy and toe-aligning device
USD720463Apr 27, 2011Dec 30, 2014Fenf, LlcHand therapy and aligning device
USD734938Apr 25, 2014Jul 28, 2015Toesox, Inc.Sock
USD751805Mar 31, 2014Mar 22, 2016Thirty Three Threads, Inc.Sock
USD752851Apr 23, 2014Apr 5, 2016Thirty Three Threads, Inc.Sock
USD752852Jun 25, 2015Apr 5, 2016Thirty Three Threads, Inc.Sock
DE3530511A1 *Aug 27, 1985Mar 12, 1987Wrona HelmutPedicure sandal
EP2840920A4 *Apr 26, 2013Apr 27, 2016Stuart Alan KalinskySandal with toe separators
WO2013163501A1 *Apr 26, 2013Oct 31, 2013Kalinsky Stuart AlanSandal with toe separators
Classifications
U.S. Classification36/94, 36/11.5, 132/73
International ClassificationA43B7/26, A43B7/14
Cooperative ClassificationA43B7/26
European ClassificationA43B7/26