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Publication numberUS2752997 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 3, 1956
Filing dateAug 20, 1953
Priority dateAug 20, 1953
Publication numberUS 2752997 A, US 2752997A, US-A-2752997, US2752997 A, US2752997A
InventorsJohn G Soave
Original AssigneeWaldes Kohinoor Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Slide fastener manufacture
US 2752997 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

4 Sheets-Sheet l J. G. SOAVE SLIDE FASTENER MANUFACTURE July 3, 1956 Filed Aug. 20, 1953 INVENTOR ATTORNEY BY U SLIDE FASTENER MANUFACTURE Filed Aug. 20, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR JUHM ATTORNEY July 3, 1956 J. G. SOAVE SLIDE FASTENER MANUFACTURE 4 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Aug. 20, 1953 INVENTOR AORNEY July 3, 11956 J. G. SOAVE 2,752,99

SLIDE FASTENER MANUFACTURE Filed Aug. 20, 1953 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 IN VENTOR JOHN G; SOAVEI ATTORNEY finite suns FASTENER MANUFACTURE John G. Suave, Long Island City, N. Y., assignor to Waldes Kohinoor, Ind, Long Island City, N. it'., a corporation of New York Application August 20, 1953, Serial No. 375,437

Claims. (Cl. 16415) This invention relates to improvements in slide fastener manufacture, and more particularly to an improved method of and a machine for producing in quantity measured lengths of slide fastener chain from a so-called continuous tener, from a continuous fastener chain supplied in rollform on a reel or drum, the term continuous fastener chain (or continuous chain) signifying a long length of two inter-connected stringers i. e. fastener tapes carrying uniformly spaced interlocking fastener elements along their adjacent beaded edges for the entire length of said tapes. From such a continuous chain, measured lengths of fastener chain conforming to the length of the article being produced are either sewn to the article prior to severance from the continuous chain and are thereupon severed therefrom; or individual measured lengths of fastener chain are severed from the continuous chain and thereupon sewn to the article or are stored for future use.

The aforesaid method of forming individual or single fastener chains from a continuous chain is open to the objection that the individual fastener chains so produced have fastener elements attached thereto throughout their full length and hence are devoid of an element-free extension at one or both ends of the chain. On the other hand, such an element free extension or extensions is desirable for the purpose of applying the fastener end stop or end stops, or in sewing the end or ends of the,

fastener chain into the folds of an article, such as the Waist band of a pair of trousers.

Stated broadly, an object of the present invention is,

the provision of an improved method of and a machine for the high speed production of measured lengths of fastener chain having an element free extension at one end thereof from a continuous fastener chain.

Another object of the invention is to greatly simplify and effectively mechanize the procedure for producing measured lengths of fastener chain having an element free extension at one end thereof from a continuous chain.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a method of and a machine for the mass production of fastener chains having an element freeextension at one end thereof from a continuous chain, according to the various lengths required for the article to which the fastener chain is to be attached.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a machine for the quantity production of fastener chains having an element free extension at one end thereof, characterized by means for pulling off or drawing from a reel or drum mounting a roll of continuous fastener chain a succession of measured lengths of said chain correspond ing to the desired length of fastener chain, operating in conjunction with means for removing a number of fastener States l atent Fatented July elements from a short-length portion of each measured length of the continuous chain which ultimately is to provide the element free extension of the fastener chain, and with means for cutting off the successive lengths of fastener chain and their element-free extension from the continuous chain.

A further object of the invention is the provision of a machine characterized as in the foregoing which is further so constructed and arranged that the operation of the pull-oif means, the element removing means and the fastener chain cut-off means is so timed that the pulloff means operates when the element removing means and the cut-off means are at rest, and the element removing means and the cutoff means operate in. synchronism when the pull-01f means is at rest.

Another object of the invention is a machine characterized as in the foregoing, and which incorporates a special cyclically-operable variable feed means for drawing ofl? a pro-determined length of chain from the roll of continuous chain per each cycle of its operation and for presenting a succession of such lengths to the cut-oflf means in proper relation thereto as insures that the chain is severed between the endmost element-free portion of the chain and the next following fastener-chain length thereof.

Yet a further object of the invention is the provision of a machine for producing measured lengths of fastener chain having an element free extension at one end thereof from a continuous chain, which incorporates element removing and cut-off stations which are spaced a fixed distance apart, and means for feeding successive lengths of continuous chain through said stations at a rate such that a line of cut is always produced between the endinost element-free extension portion with which each measured length of fastener chain is provided and the next following length of unsevered fastener chain.

. A still further object of the invention is a machine of the character last specified which is so constructed and arranged as to sever variable lengths of fastener chain from a continuous chain, which lengths may be greater or less than the spacing between the element-removing the cut-off stations. i

Yet another object of the invention is the provision of a machine for producing measured lengths of a fastener chain having an element free extension at one end thereof, and which lengthsmay be greater or less than the spacing between the element-removing and cut-off means, characterized by means functioning to maintain the length of fastener chain between such means under proper ten- Yet another object of the invention is the provision of a machine as aforesaid which incorporates a variable feed driving means including an adjustable stroke rack, the stroke of which determines thenlength of chain fed to the cut-off means in the interval between two consecutive operations thereof.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a machine for producing measured lengths of fastener chain having an element free extension at one end thereof i method and machine according to the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings illustrating a preferred machine for carrying out said method, in which Fig. 1 is a plan view of a length of continuous chain supplied from a roll thereof mounted on a reel or drum, the view further containing indication of the operations performed on said chain in producing measured lengths of fastener chain each having an element free extension at one end thereof in accordance with the present invention;'

Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a machine according to the invention for producing such a fastener chain;

Fig. 3 is a plan view of Fig. 2, with the element removing and cut-off punches and upper chain-feed rollers omitted;

Fig. 4 is a partial side elevation of the element-removing punch, as same is viewed from the right in Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is a part-sectional end elevation of the machine illustrated in Fig. 2 as viewed from the right end thereof; and

Fig. 6 is a somewhat diagrammatic front elevation of the special variable-feed driving means of the invention.

Referring to the drawings wherein like reference characters and numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views, reference character C (Fig. l) designates a iength of continuous fastener chain supplied from a roll thereof mounted as on a drum or spool, reference character FC designates a measured length of chain prior to severance thereof from the chain proper along cutting line x, and PC designates a fastener chain severed from the chain proper along the cutting line x. The continuous fastener chain C comprises a pair of tapes 10 and 11 carrying along their adjacent beaded edges rows of oppositely disposed fastener elements 12, 13 which are interconnected as shown, the tape edge-beads being indicated at 14, 15. Said fastener elements in theso-called continuous chain are uniformly spaced throughout the entire length thereof. Hence, in producing a fastener chain PC of pre-determined length and having an element free extension a at one end thereof, it is necessary not only to sever the predetermined length of chain PC from the continuous chain C along a cutting line x spaced a distance corresponding to said length from the free end x of the chain as formed by a preceding cut-01f operation, but also to remove the elements along the short-length portion a of the chain tapes which ultimately provides the element-free extension a of the severed length of fastener chain FC. As will be explained in the following, the present invention provides a method and machine for the high speed production of such a fastener chain of pre-determined length and having an element-free extension a at one end thereof.

Referring to Fig. 2, a machine according to the invention illustratively comprises a base in the form of a table 16 supported on legs 17, the table supporting a frame 18 which mounts an element removing punch generally designated 19, a cut-off punch generally designated 20, and variable-feed driving means generally designated 21 which includes sets of feed rollers 22-27, of which the lower rollers 23, and 27 are driven as will be explained later. It will be seen that roller sets 22, 23 and 24, 25 are disposed in the space between said punches 19, 20 and that the third roller set 26, 27 is disposed to the side of the punch 20 remote from punch 19.

The feed rollers 22--27 together function to draw off the continuous chain C from a drum 28 supported from the machine base generally as indicated, the chain feeding through a fixed eye or loop 29 and thereupon through a guide sleeve or tube 30 to the element removing punch 19. As best seen in Fig. 4, said punch includes an anvil 31 fixed in a standard 32 supported on the table 16. The anvil is provided on its upper face with a recess 33 for accommodating the interconnected fastener elements 12 and 13 of'the chain moving over said face, and to accommodate the inside tape 10 of the chain, the standard 32 is provided with a clearance 34. The element-removing punch proper is indicated at 35 and operates in a suitable bore provided in the standard 32. Reciprocating movement is imparted to the punch element 35 by means of an eccentric 36 carried at the forward end of a cross shaft 36a driven by a worm gear 37. The cutting edge 35a of the punch 35 is disposed lengthwise of the continuous chain C feeding thereunder, and has length corresponding to the distance a (Fig. l) which is equivalent to a length portion of the chain tapes carrying approximately six or eight fastener elements 12, 13. Thus, on each stroke of the punch, it removes the fastener elements of the continuous chain for a length thereof corresponding to that of the element free extension 0 of the fastener chain PC as severed from the continuous chain.

Since it is not possible for the punch 35 to completely cut through the attaching ends of the fastener elements, as such would impair the tape beads 14, 15 thereof, the punch is of width as only to cut through the coupling head ends of the elements, which upon severance drop through a slot 38 provided in the standard 32 to a collector receptacle 39 removably affixed to the under surface of the machine table 16. Any remnants of the fastener elements adhering to the tape beads are carried along with the chain and are subsequently removed as will be later explained.

As best seen in Fig, 5, the cut-off punch proper 40 of the cut-off punch generally designated 20 preferably takes the form of a blade whose cutting edge 46a is arranged transversely of the chain, so as to cut through the entire width thereof. Reciprocating motion is imparted to the cut-off punch 40 by means of an eccentric 41 carried at the forward end of a cross shaft 41a driven by a Worm gear 42.

The aforesaid worm gears 37 and 42 are driven by a main drive shaft 43 powered as by a constant speed electric motor 44 through pulleys 45, 46, belt 47, and worms 48, 49 mounted on said drive shaft which mesh with the worm gears 37, 42 respectively. Thus rotation of the main drive shaft results in the eccentrics 36 and 41 imparting reciprocating motion to the element-removing and cut-off punches 35, 40 respectively. It is to be understood v that said eccentrics 36, 41 are set so that the punches 35,

40 partake of their downward strokes at the same time, and hence the element-removing and chain cut-off means operate in synchronisrn with one another.

According to the invention, the chain C is drawn from its reel or drum 28 with an intermittent or step-by-step motion by means now to be described. Referring to Figs. 3 and 6, the aforesaid worm gear 42, which is of course driven continuously, may be formed with a rearwardly extending disc or plate 50, although said disc may be separately formed and keyed to the cross shaft 41a which mounts said worm gear 42. The disc 50 functions as a carrier for a crank arm 52 which rotates therewith. The crank arm is provided with a diametral slide-way 53 in which is slideably arranged a slide block 54 carrying a crank pin 55. The effective length of the crank arm 52 and hence the turning radius of the crank pin 5'5 is adjustable through the provision of an adjusting screw 56 accommodated in the slideway 53 and having a threaded connection with the slide block 54. The operating or head end 57 of said screw is squared or otherwise formed to receive aturning tool, and hence, by turning the adjusting screw 56, the crank pin 55 may be moved closer to or further away from the axis on which the carrier disc 50 rotates.

Pivotally connected to the crank pin 55 is a rack 58 whose free end meshes with a gear 60 carried by a cross shaft 61. A guide bracket 62 journaled on the shaft 61 embraces the rack 58 and serves to hold same in tangency and hence in meshing engagement with gear 60 in all angular positions of the rack. From the above it will be obvious that by varying the radial position of crank pin 55, the stroke of the rack 58 and hence the amount of rotation imparted thereby to the gear 60 may be correspondingly varied.

The aforesaid cross shaft 61 is journaled in the frame 18 as are the cross shafts 64,65, 66 on which the lower chain-feed rollers 23, 25 and..27 are respect vely mounted.

AfilXfiCl to said shafts are the driving gears 67, 63, 69 which respectively drive said rollers. Of said gears, gears 67 and 68 which drive the rollers 23, 25 are directly driven by a gear 71 fast on the shaft 61 which is driven by the rack 58 via gear 60 as aforesaid. The gear 69 is driven from the gear 68 by an intermediate idler gear 72. The aforesaid upper chain-feed rollers 22, 24 and 26 are friction driven, being spring-urged downwardly so as to bear with substantial pressure against the intermediate chain tapes, by spring means not shown. Thus, the upper rollers 22, 24- and 26 serve as hold-down rollers for the chain moving between the roller sets.

Reverting to the rack-driven gear 60, such as drivingly connected to the shaft 61 carrying same by means of a one-way clutch generally designated 74 which functions to hold gear 60 and hence shaft 61 stationary while rack 53 makes its rearward stroke. Accordingly the gear train 7i, 6'7, 63, 72 and 69 and hence the roller feed rollers 23, 25 and 27 are at a standstill during the interval of the rack 58 partaking of its return or rearward stroke. By design, punches 19 and 29 partake of their downward or working stroke during the interval that the feed rollers 23, 25 and 27 are at rest, as aforesaid.

For proper functioning of a machine as aforesaid, it is necessary that chain C be held in tension throughout its travel from drum 23 until it is free of the last roller set 26, 27. Normal tension on the chain is provided by the loop or eye 29 adjacent the drum through which the chain feeds, in conjunction with the last roller set 26, 27, of which the lower roller 27 is driven at a slightly faster rate than the preceding lower rollers 23, 25 as by forming gear 69 which drives said roller 27 to a slightly smaller diameter than the other gears of the train, so that its peripheral speed is somewhat greater. Accordingly, the last roller set 26, 27 in conjunction with the eye 29 maintains the length of chain C intermediate drum 28 and the last roller set under normal tension.

While such normal tensioning means suffices in the case of the measured length of fastener chain being produced corresponding to the distance between the elementrernoving punch 19 and the cut-elf punch 20, or being of a length that is exactly divisible into said distance, a different condition exists when the measured length bears a different relation to said distance. In explanation, if the distance between the aforesaid punches 19 and 29 is 9 inches, and fastener chain lengths of 9 inches or 4 /2 inches or 3 inches are to be produced, the aforesaid normal tensioning means sufiices. How ever, if a 15 inch length of fastener chain is desired, still assuming the distance between the element-removing and the cut-off punches to be 9 inches, additional means must be provided to take up the six inches of slack which would otherwise be formed in the length of chain traveling between punches 19 and 2E and to maintain same under tension. Similarly, if lengths of fastener chains less than the 9 inch distance between punches and not ex actly divisible into 9 are desired, such requires that the length of chain extending between punches 19 and 29 be in excess of said distance by the difierence between a multiple of the desired length which is next higher than said distance and said distance itself. Such excess, in the case of a 6 inch length of fastener chain, is 3 inches, which is the difference between 12 inches (the multiple of 6 next higher than 9) and the 9 inch distance between punches. To take up such excess (slack), additional tensioning means must also be provided.

Such additional tensioning means preferably takes the form of an adjustable position tension roll 75 mounted for vertical movement along a trackway 76 provided by a pair of horizontally spaced upright rails 77, 77a. As seen in Fig. 2, the trackway 76 is disposed between the first and second feed roller sets 22, 23 and 24, 25. Obviously on the vertical position of the roll 75 along the trackway 76 depends the length of the loop formed in the chain portion extending between said first and second sets of feed rollers, and consequently the total length of the chain extending between the element removing and cut-off punches 19 and 20 respectively. By adjusting the roller 75 along the trackway 76, the aforesaid total length of the chain can be made to correspond to a desired length of fastener chain greater than the distance between the punches 19 and 20 or to a multiple of the desired length which is next higher than the distance between said punches.

To provide for the removal of any remnants of the fastener elements holding to the tape beads 14, 15 following action of the element-removing punch 19, an enclosure aid is arranged in the space between said punch and the first set of feed rollers 22, 23, through which the chain leaving the punch 19 travels. Air nozzles 81, 82 mounted in said enclosure direct a blast of air against the upper and under surfaces of the chain with sufiicient force as to remove the remnants of the elements which also drop to the aforesaid receptacle 39. Brushes or similar means may be substituted for the air nozzles 81, 82 as described above.

The practice of the present invention is as follows:

First, the position of the crank pin 55 is adjusted along the slide-way 5?; so that a desired length of continuous chain will be drawn from drum 28 consequent to the rack 53 partaking of its Working stroke. If we assume that a standard 9 inch length of fastener chain is to be produced, the setting of the crank pin 55 is such as to draw off 9 inches of chain from the drum 28, and such 9 inch length is fed between the element removing punch 19 and the cut off punch 20 per each complete cycle of operation of the machine. in such case, tension roller 75 may be moved to an inactive position above the path of the chain moving between the roller sets 22, 23 and 24, 25, the normal tension applied by the final set of feed rolls 26, 27 sufficing. However, if a greater length of fastener chain is desired, crank pin 55 is moved outwardly along the slideway 54 an amount such that each throw of the rack 58 will draw on the greater length of fastener chain from the drum 28. To take care of the slack that would otherwise result in the length of chain extending between punches 19 and 20, and to assure proper tension being applied to the chain feeding between said punches, the roller 75 is lowered to a position such that it takes up the excess (difference) between the greater length and the distance between punches. On the other hand, if a length of fastener chain less than the standard or 9 inch length is desired, the crank pin is moved up the slideway 53 an i amount such that the throw of rack 58 draws the shorter between the multiple of the desired fastener-chain length next above the standard length minus said standard length. For example, assuming a 6 inch length of fastener chain is desired, the multiple of 6 inches next above 9 inches is 12 inches, and hence a 3 inch loop must be provided in the length of chain between the punches 19 and 20. Such is simply achieved by adjusting the position of roller so that it provides the requisite length of loop and at the same time maintains the chain between punches under tension.

From the above, it will be appreciated that the length of fastener chain severed from the continuous chain upon each operation of the cutting punch 20 not only exactly equals the amount of chain drawn from the drum 28, but also that the line of cut or severance made by the cutting punch is always between the end-most elementfree extension portion of the most advanced fastenerchain length and the next following length, the latter following from the fact that the fastener elements are removed from the chain for a short length portion thereof which is spaced from the free end of the chain a distance which is a multiple (multiples 1, 2, 3, etc.) of the measured length desired. Accordingly, the invention insures travel of the chain along its path of movement towards the cutting punch in the proper amount and at the proper rate as to produce slide fastener chains of desired length and characterized by an element-free extension at an end thereof at an exceedingly rapid rate.

As many changes could be made in the above described method and constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that the description thereof and the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

1. A machine for producing measured lengths of slide fastener chain having an element-free extension at one end thereof from a roll of continuous fastener chain comprising, in combination, punch means for removing the fastener elements from a short-length portion of the chain, chain-cutting means spaced a fixed distance from said element-removing means for cutting-off lengths of the chain,'

means for operating said element-removing means and said cutting means in synchronism and at regularly spaced intervals, intermittently operable means for drawing chain from the roll in measured lengths equaling the desired length of fastener chain being produced and which may be equal to, greater than or less than said fixed distance and for feeding said lengths in forward direction only and with a step-by-step motion along a path traversing both said element-removing means, adjustable means disposed intermediate said element-removing means and said chaincutting means for taking up any desired fixed amount of slack in the chain extending between said means occurring when certain measured lengths of chain drawn from the roll have lengths different than the fixed distance between said means, and said chain cutting means, and means for effecting actuation of said operating means during the intervals that the chain drawing and feeding means is at rest.

2. A machine as set forth in claim 1, together with means for applying a normal tension to said chain moving along said path.

3. A machine for producing measured lengths of slide fastener chain having an element-free extension at one end thereof from a roll of continuous fastener chain comprising, in combination, means for drawing off measured lengths of chain from said roll and advancing same intermittently along a generally straight-line path, means along said path for removing the fastener elements from a shortlength portion of said chain, cutting means disposed a fixed distance farther along said path, which distance may be equal to, greater or less than the desired measured length of fastener chain, for cutting from the free end portion of the chain presented to it lengths of chain corresponding exactly to the measured lengths drawn from said roll by said first means, means for operating said 8 element-removing means and said chain-cutting means in sychronism and in the intervals during which the chain is at rest, means for varying the measured lengths of continuous chain drawn from the roll in accordance with the length of fastener chain desired, and normally inactive adjustable means operative when rendered active to take up any desired fixed amount of slack in the length of chain extending between said element-removing means and said chain-cutting means occurring when certain lengths of fastener chain different from said fixed distance are drawn from said roll.

4. A machine as set forth in claim 3 wherein said slack take-up means includes means for forming a loop in said chain between said element-removing means and said chain-cutting means of length insuring substantially uniform tension on said chain and feeding of a length of chain to the cutting means which corresponds to the desired length of fastener chain.

5. A machine for producing measured lengths of slide fastener chain having an element-free extension at one end thereof from a roll of continuous fastener chain comprising, in combination, punch means for removing the fastener elements from a short-length portion of the chain, chain-cutting means spaced a fixed distance from said element-removing means for cutting off lengths of the chain, means for operating said element-removing means and said cutting means in synchronism and at regularly spaced intervals, intermittently operable means for drawing chain from the roll in measured lengths equaling the desired length of fastener chain being produced and which may be equal to, greater than, or less than said fixed distance, and for feeding said lengths in forward direction only and with a step-by-step motion along a path traversing both said clement-removing means and said chain-cutting means, said chain drawing and feeding means including a manually settable variable feed-driving means, means for maintaining a normal tension on the chain when the setting of the feed-driving means is such as to feed a length of chain which equals the fixed distance between said element-removing means and said chain-cutting means, or is a multiple of said distance or vice versa, and adjustable means for forming a desired fixed size of loop in said length and for maintaining tension thereon when the setting of the feed-driving means is such as to feed other lengths of chain, said adjustable means being operative to form said loop in the portion of chain extending between said punch means and said chain-cutting means,

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 817,795 McKee Apr. 17, 1906 1,858,403 Littell May 17, 1932 1,870,197 Sibley Aug. 2, 1932 2,045,046 Mudd June 23, 1936 2,302,910 Johannesmeyer Nov. 24, 1942 2,602,665 Fulk July 8, 1952 2,612,949 McDaniel Oct. 7, 1952 2,636,423 Cunningham Apr. 28, 1953

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2838112 *Dec 20, 1954Jun 10, 1958Waldes Kohinoor IncPunch means useful in slide fastener manufacture
US3010351 *Dec 6, 1957Nov 28, 1961Scovill Manufacturing CoScoop removal and dispensing machine
US3063323 *Sep 26, 1956Nov 13, 1962Jet Ind CorpApparatus for producing separate slide fasteners from continuous fastener chain
US3190161 *Jul 5, 1961Jun 22, 1965Talon IncMachine for cutting slide fastener chain
US3244045 *May 23, 1963Apr 5, 1966Halm Instrument CoEnvelope making means
US4206669 *Nov 15, 1978Jun 10, 1980Scovill Manufacturing CompanyApparatus for gapping zipper chain
US4366736 *Jun 4, 1980Jan 4, 1983Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Apparatus for finishing slide fastener stringers
US5636432 *Nov 10, 1994Jun 10, 1997General Electric CompanyTandem press system for manufacture of stator and rotor cores
US5915750 *Feb 19, 1997Jun 29, 1999General Electric CompanyMethod of manufacturing stator and rotor cores
EP0021286A1 *Jun 13, 1980Jan 7, 1981Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Apparatus for finishing slide fastener stringers
Classifications
U.S. Classification83/245, 226/113, 83/255, 83/618, 83/921, 83/436.5, 83/256
International ClassificationA44B19/58
Cooperative ClassificationY10S83/921, A44B19/58
European ClassificationA44B19/58