Instrument for treating the vagina and uterus
US 275405 A
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C. o. PARKER. l INSTRUMENT-FOR'TREATING THE VAGINA AND UTERUS. No. 275,405
.loilas Patented Apr n4 PETERS, PnomLimogrzpher. wnhingnm D. C.
- UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
u CHRISTOPHER C. PARKER, OF FARLINGTQN, KANSAS.
INSTRUMENT FOR TREATING THE VAGINAv ANDUTE-RUS.
SPECIFICATIONforming part of Letters Patent No. 275,405, dated April 10,1883.
Application led May 4, 1882; (Model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHRISTOPHER C. PAR- KER, of Farlington, in the county of Crawford and State of Kansas, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Syringes, of
1 which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of the same.
, My improved syringe is constructed with the following` parts: An outery and inner tube (or a rod in place of the latter) telescoped together, so as to slip upon each other, the outer tube having a head to which a number of ngers are hinged. The lingers consist ot' two parallel bars, the inner bars passing vfreely through holes in a disk-formed collar at the end of theinner tube. The movement o'f the bars in the collar serves to move their free ends inward and outward. The inner tube carries a removable spray nozzle or nipple having at the end a cup suited 'to receive the mouth of' the uterus. From the cup lto the head ot' the outer tube is stretched a rubber veil that envelops the fingers. A piston works within the inner tube to cause any liquid contained in the tube to be ejected from/the same through the spray-holes.
My invention consists lin the device hereinafter describedv and claimed. v In thev drawings, Figure lis a side view of the metallic parts of the instrument, the rubber veil or envelope being shown in section.
' tube, to which the fingers are'hinged; 'and Fig.
7 is a section of the same at 7 7, Fig. 6. Fig. Sis a transverse section at 8 8, Fig. 2. Fig. 9 is a side view of a modified form of finger. Fig. 10 is a transverse section at 10 10, Fig. 9.
A is theA outerA tube, having aoollar orknob, B, by which it is held and moved.
C is a circular head or collar attached to the tube A at the opposite end to the knob B. 4The head C has a cup, c, whose top or margin is turned; inward in a iiange, c', having radi@ rallyelongated sockets c2, receiving the lower ends of theouter bars or fenders, e, of the iingers E. The sockets c2 are so formed as to allow the bars c free endwise and oscillatory c movement as the fingers are moved inward and outward, while at the same time holding said ends snugly in position. A
Within the cup c is another cup, c3,set upon the projecting end (or nipple) a of the tube A.
y The nipple or end a has radial sockets a to receive the hooked ends e2 of the inner ngerbars, c. These hooked ends tit freely but snugly in the sockets a', thus forming the proper articulation of the fingers, the bearings cc2 serving to brace the hinge. The outer sides of the hooks e2 bear against the cup c3, which thus serves to hold the hooks in the sockets. The two parallel bars e e ot the nger are in one piece, as shown. The linger E is curved at the free end. The inner tube, D, works endwise in the outer tube, A. It has at oneend a disk-formed head, d, with radiallyelongated orifices d', through which'the inner bars, c', of the ngers pass. These bars are inclined, as shown, so that as the diskd moves toward the head C the fingers are pushed outward, and vice versa. The bore of the tubeD extends through the disk or head d, and is screw-threadedV to receive the screw-threaded end of the nozzle or jet-pipe' F. The upper end of the nozzle has a sprayplate, f, through which medicinal or cleansing liquids may be ejected from the tube D and drawn back into the tube, if desired. G is a cup, fast or removable, attached to the end of the nozzle to receive the mouth of the uterus. `Ihis cup has a bead, g, at its rim. The bead extends inward to hold the mouth of the uterus out of contact with the inside of the cup, and thus allow the ejected liquid or spray to reach all parts of the mouth. Y Y H is a-piston working in the tube D, acting by pressure to' eject liquid through the sprayplate f, and acting by suction, when drawn backward, to draw the liquid contents of the cup into the tube D.
h is the piston-rod, extending through a cap or knob, D', that screws onto the end of the tube D.
hr is a screw-knob by which the piston is worked.
I is a pin fast in the inner tube, D, working in a longitudinal slot, a3, in the outer tube.
The slot has a number of ratchet formed notches, a4,upon one side,into any one ot which the pin I may be placed to prevent the disk d moving outward from the head C.
It will be observed that any pressure upon the outside of the ngers will, owing to the inclination of the bars e', tend to carry the disk (Z a greater distance from the head C. Consequently there will never be a tendency,
ro when in use, to cause the disk d and head C r 5 that acts also as a guide.
zod U in their relative position by turning it so as to bear hard against the inner tube, D.
K is a veil or envelope consisting of a tubu lar piece of rubber that may have a bulbous form, and whose ends are secured respectively to the cup G and to the head G, said cup and head being made with circumferential grooves to receive the edges of the veil. The object of the veil or envelope is to protect that part through which the instrument is passed from 3o coming in contact with the body of the instrument.
When the instrument is used as a speculum the veil is detached and the nozzle F is generally removed. In this case the partD may be made in form of a solid rod instead of tubular.
The various uses and manner of using the instrument will be apparent to medical practitioners.
By loosening the screws by which the head C is attached to the tube A and unscrewiug 4o the knobs or caps D h the instrumentcan be taken to pieces.
In Figs. 9 and 10 a modilied form of finger is shown, the outer bar or fender, e, carrying a concavo-convex shield.
It will be seen by examination of Fig. 3 that when the n gers are fully distended their ends are somewhat in advance of the rim of the cup G, forming a basin having the said cup at its center, so that as the advanced part of the iingers and veil occupy the cul de sac the mouth of the uterus is brought into the cup. In this form of the instrument the folds of the vagina are opened and secretions readily removed.
Iclaim as my invention- 1. The combination of tube A, the rod D, having perforated disk at top and Working in tube A, and the fingers E, hinged to the top ofthe tube A, and having their inner arms Working through the perforated disk, as set forth.
2. The combination of head C, having parts a and e', provided with sockets a and c2, and the ngers E, constructed substantially as set forth.
3. The combination of the two tubes A and D with fingers hinged to a head or cap on tube A and passing through a head or cap upon the tube D, and thejetnozzle F, with spray-plate fand cup G, and the piston H, Workingin the tube D.
4. The tubes A and D, piston H, nozzle F, cup G, lingers E, and veil K, all combined to operate substantially as set forth.
CHRISTOPHER C. PARKER.
Witnesses SAML. KNIGHT, GEO. H. KNIGHT.