|Publication number||US2754974 A|
|Publication date||Jul 17, 1956|
|Filing date||Nov 21, 1952|
|Priority date||Nov 21, 1952|
|Publication number||US 2754974 A, US 2754974A, US-A-2754974, US2754974 A, US2754974A|
|Inventors||Larson Charles O|
|Original Assignee||Larson Charles O|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (58), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 17, 1956 c. o. LARSON HOME, YARD OR GARDEN TOOL RACK Filed Nov. 21, 1952 IN V EN TOR. @07 2; fill 47 .5%
United States Patent HOME, YARD, R GARDEN TOOL RACK Charles 0. Larson, Sterling, Iii.
Application November 21, 1952, Serial No. 321,855
3 Elaims. (Cl. 211-87) The present invention relates to an improved tool holder or rack and more particularly to the type of tool holder having a plurality of supporting hooks removably and slidably mounted on a channel or rail member so that the hooks can be adjusted to accommodate various sizes and numbers of tools.
An object of the present invention is to provide a novel tool holder of the above general type wherein the channel member is provided with flanges adapted to retain the bases of hook members freely and adjustably disposed therein, which flanges are notched and which bases are shaped so that they may be removed from the channel by way of the notches, then turned to orient the hooks in different positions and then again inserted within the channel.
Another object of this invention is to provide a tool holder of the above described type having a novel arrangement and formation of the hook members whereby tools of various sizes and shapes may be placed on and removed from certain hooks of the holder without interfering with other hooks or other articles suspended on the holder.
Another object of this invention is to provide a novel channel or rail member for a tool holder of the above described type which channel member may be secured to a wall or other supporting surface by passing screws through apertures in a web portion of the channel member and which web portion is formed so that the bases of the hooks may slide freely past the heads of the screws.
Still another object of this invention is to provide hook members with novel bases which may be easily clipped over the flanges of a channel or rail member to securely retain the hooks thereon while at the same time providing a snug fit to provide a relatively rigid supporting hook.
Other objects and advantages will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings wherein:
Fig. l is a perspective View showing a tool holder which embodies the features of this invention;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary cross section taken along line 22 in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a broken front elevational view showing a pair of the novel channel members disposed in end to end relationship with the notches formed substantially half in each of the members;
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view illustrating the method of inserting the bases of the hooks within the channel member;
Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing another novel feature of this invention; and
Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 6-6 in Fig. 5.
Referring more specifically to the drawings wherein like parts are designated by the samenumerals throughout the various figures, a tool holder 10 embodying certain features of this invention is shown in Fig. l. The holder 10 includes an elongated channel member or rail 12 preferably formed from sheet metal. As shown in Fig.
2, the channel member has a central fiat web portion 14 which is bent outwardly to form a first set of flanges as at 16 and 18. The portions or flanges 16 and 18 of the web merge with portions 20 and 22 which latter web portions or second set of flanges are disposed substantially parallel to the central web 14. Curved flanges 24 and 26 extend outwardly from the flat portions 20 and 22 respectively. The flanges 24 and 26 are curved so that they terminate in hook portions 28 and 30 which extend inwardly toward each other. These hook portions along with the flat portions 20 and 22 provide guideways for receiving and retaining the bases of hook members as hereinbelow described.
The channel member 12 is secured to a wall 32 or other supporting surface by means of screws 34 inserted through apertures 35 in the web 14 and screwed into the wall. It should be noted that because of the particular cross sectional configuration of the channel member 12, the web 14 is offset from the hook base receiving guideways so that the heads of the screws 34 will not interfere with the hook members as they slide along the guideways during assembly or disassembly of the holder.
The tool holder is provided with a plurality of hook or article supporting members 36, 38, 40, 42, 44 and 46. Each of these article supporting members is provided with a base member 48. As shown in Fig. 1, the base members 48 are triangular in shape and formed with rounded corners 49. Preferably the bases are equilateral triangles so that they may be turned to any position and placed within the channel or rail member 12 as more fully hereinafter described.
Referring specifically to Fig. 2, the manner of connecting the hook 40 to the base 48 is illustrated. Since all of the hooks are connected in the same manner, only the hook or article supporting member 40 need be described in detail. The sheet material base 48 is provided with an outwardly deformed portion 59 having a central aperture 52. By this formation of the base a countersunk conical seat 54 is provided in the inner surface of the base. The inner end of the hook 48 is inserted through the aperture 52 and then upset to provide an enlarged conical head 56 which fits within the seat. 54. Preferably a collar 58 has been previously formed on the shank of the hook either by extruding the shank of the hook or by welding a separate piece thereto. The collar 58 is located so that the base 48 will be held securely between the head 56 and the collar 58 to prevent the hook from turning relative to the base.
It should be noted that the hook is secured to the base at a point offset from the center thereof so that the positions of the various books relative to each other may be varied merely by removing the hooks from the channel member and then reassembling them after rotating them degrees. By this structure it is seen that the triangular bases will cause the hooks to be positioned in diiferent horizontal planes. The preferred arrangement is illustrated in Fig. 1, wherein the bases 48 have been positioned so that the hooks 40 and 42 are positioned in a horizontal plane above the plane of the books 36, 38, 44 and 46. This arrangement enables a tool having a wide head, such as a sponge mop 60 to be suspended between the higher hooks without interfering with the lower books or the articles suspended therefrom.
It should further be noted that the conical head 56 of the hooks are substantially flush with the inner surface of the bases 48. This structure enables the hooks to be moved along the guideways of the channel member without interfering with the securing screws 34.
The books terminate at their outer free ends in upturned portions 62, 64, 66, 68, 70 and 72 respectively for preventing articles from accidentally sliding off of the hooks. The upturned portions 62 and 64 of the advertical planes.
jacent hooks 36 and 38 are further bent so that they diverge with respect to each other. Various tools having eye screws 74 secured to their handles 76 may be suspended from the hooks 36 and 38 by passing the eye screws 74 over the free upturned ends of the hooks. Various sizes and shapes of tools may be suspended in this manner and because of the diverging relationship of the end portions 62 and 64 the tools may be placed on or removed from one of the hooks with a minimum of interference with a tool suspended from the other hook. Preferably the upturned portions 70 and 72 of the adiacent hooks 44 and 46 are also arranged so that they diverge from one another.
As shown in Fig. 1 the hooks 40 and 42 are preferably constructed with longer shanks than the remaining books. The upturned portions 66 and 68 of the hooks 40 and 42 are illustrated as being disposed in parallel Because of their longer lengths, one or more tools having relatively broad heads such as the sponge mop 60, may be suspended between the hooks 40 and 42. Furthermore, other tools having supporting eye screws similar to the screws 74 may be suspended on the hooks 40 and 42 with a minimum of interference with tools or articles suspended from the other hooks. If desired, the upturned portions 66 and 68 may be arranged in diverging relationship in a manner similar to that of the upturned portion of the shorter hooks.
In Fig. 4 the manner of assembling the hooks with the channel member is shown. One edge of the base 48 is first inserted within the guideway formed by the flange 24 and then the hook is pivoted downwardly so that the lower corner of the triangular base 48 passes through a notch 78 cut out of the flange 26. As shown best in Fig. 1 the notch 78 is formed so that it is only slightly larger than the corner of the triangular base 48 and has a width less than the length of a side of the base. After the base is fully assembled within the channel member the hook is moved along the guideways to the desired position. A second notch 80 is provided in the upper flange 24 of the channel member so that the triangular bases may be assembled within the channel member when the bases are oriented as are the bases of hooks 36 and 38 shown in Fig. 1. Since the corners of the bases are each diametrically opposite a mid portion of an opposite edge of the bases and since the notches have a width less than the length of said edges, the hooks cannot be removed until the corner of their bases become aligned with a notch.
In order to prevent the hooks from sliding out of the ends of the channel member a pair of lugs 82 and 84 are provided. These lugs may be formed integral with the channel member and they extend outwardly a distance sufficient to engage the bases 48 of the hooks.
It should be clear that the channel member may be constructed of various lengths and that varying numbers of hooks may be used. When it is desired to use a relatively large number of hooks and a long channel member, it has been found convenient to construct the channel member in two or more sections. This structure is illustrated in Fig. 3 where two channel members or rails 86 and 88 are disposed in end to end abutting relationship. These channel members have a cross sectional shape which is substantially identical to that of the channel member 12 described above as indicated by the identical reference numerals. The channel members 86 and 88 are provided with notches 90 and 92 which are shaped similar to and are for the same purposes as the notches 78 and 80 described above. However, it should be noted that substantially half of each of the notches 90 and 92 is formed in the flanges 24 and 26 of the channel 86 and half in the flanges 24 and 26 of the channel 88. Thus when the channel members are assembled as shown in Fig. 3 the full notches are provided. This structure has the advantage over forming the complete notches in the 4 I mid portion of the channel member, as shown in Fig. 1. in that it is easier and less expensive to cut away an end portion of the flanges 24 and 26 than a mid portion thereof. Furthermore, when a pair of channel member: as shown in Fig. 3 are used together only one pair of notches is required rather than two pairs as would be the case if two channel members having notches formed in the manner illustrated in Fig. 1 were to be used.
In Figs. 5 and 6 there is shown a tool holder 94 which embodies another form of this invention. The holder 94 comprises a channel member 96 which is constructed with a cross sectional shape substantially identical to the channel member 12 as indicated by the identical reference numerals applied to like parts. However, the notches 78 and may be omitted from the channel member 94.
The tool holder 94 includes a hook or article supporting member having a shank 98 attached to a base 100. The base 100 is preferably formed from a flat piece of resilient sheet material, such as metal which has its upper edge bent to provide a curved flange 102 adapted loosely to fit over and slide along the outer surface of the flange 24 of the channel member 94. The opposite or lower edge of the base 100 is also provided with a curved flange 104. As is shown best in Fig. 6, the curved flange 102 extends around the flange 24 until its terminal edge 106 is disposed along the flat portion 20 of the channel member. This structure effectively prevents the base 100 from being pulled off the channel member under the load of a tool or other article suspended from the shank 98. The curved flange 104 is slightly shorter than the flange 102 so that the terminal edge 108 of the flange 104 is slightly spaced from the flat portion 22 of the channel member. Thus it is seen that with the base in the assembled position shown in Fig. 6, the curved flange 104 only partially surrounds the flange 26. This enables the flange 104 of the resilient base to be snapped over the flange 26 of the channel member. Since a load placed on the shank 98 forces the lower portion of the base 100 against the channel member, the flange 104 need not have as great a holding power as the upper flange 102. However, it is desirable that the lower flange 104 should have sufficient holding power to secure the base against accidental removal from the channel member.
In making the base 100, it has been found generally necessary to form each of the curved flanges 102 and 104 with a slightly greater radius than the radii of the curved portion of the flanges 24 and 26. It is therefore necessary to space the flanges 102 and 104 farther apart than the flanges 24 and 26 in order that the terminal edge 108 may be positioned as described above. As clearly shown in Fig. 6 this structure results in the inner surfaces of the mid-portion of the flanges 104 being spaced apart a greater distance than the outer surfaces of the curved mid portions of the flanges 24 and 26 so that there would normally be considerable play or looseness between the base 100 and the channel member. However, in accordance with a feature of this invention this normal looseness is eliminated by providing the flange 104 with an inwardly extending protuberance or bead 110 which extends into engagement with the flange 26 of the channel member. Preferably, the bead 110 is located so that it engages the opposite side of the curved portion of the flange 26 from the side engaged by the terminal edge portion 108 in order to securely hold the channel member therebetween. The head 110 may be provided by deforming the material of the flange 104, as shown, or by building up the bead as by welding or in any other suitable manner.
The shank 98 may either be straight, as shown, or it may have its outer end turned up in a manner similar to the shanks of the hook members shown in Fig. l. The shank 98 is assembled with the base 100 by inserting it through an aperture 112 in the base. The aperture 112 is rectangular or of some other non-circular shape and the shank 98 is provided adjacent its inner end with an enlarged portion 114 of rectangular cross section, which portion is adapted to fit snugly within the aperture so that the shank cannot turn relative to the base. Preferably the rectangular portion 114 is of substantially the same dimensions as the aperture so that it may be force fitted within the aperture to provide a rigid connection.
The inner end of the shank terminates in an enlarged head 116 which prevents the shank from being pulled out of the aperture. It should be noted that the offset bottom web portion 14 of the channel member provides clearance between the head 116 of the shank 98 and the head of the fastening screw 34 so that the hook member may be moved along the channel to any desired position.
While the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described herein, it is obvious that many changes may be made in the structural details of the improved tool or article holder without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
1. An article holding device comprising a rail including an elongated substantially flat web portion, a plurality of apertures formed in said web portion and adapted to receive therethrough means to fasten said web portion to a support surface, the longitudinally extending edges of said web portion being substantially parallel, a first longitudinally extending flange formed on each edge of said web portion and extending at an angle therewith, the outer edge of each of said flanges having formed thereon a pair of spaced apart retaining flanges, a base member slidably disposed within said retaining flanges, said rail having a length sufl'icient to receive a plurality of said base members, said base member being shaped substantially as an equilateral triangle and having three edges and three corners joining said edges, the distance between each of said corners and the mid portion of the opposite side of said base member being greater than the distance between the free edges of said retaining flanges, a shank member mounted on said base member and extending outwardly therefrom, and a hook portion formed on the end of said shank member, the outermost of each of said retaining flanges having a notch therein through which one of said corners may pass for mounting said base member within said retaining flanges whereby said base member may be mounted in various positions upon said rail with said hook portion oriented in diiferent positions.
2. An article holding device as set forth in claim 1, wherein stop means is provided adjacent each end of said rail to retain said base member on said rail.
3. An article holding device as set forth in claim 1, wherein each notch is positioned intermediate the ends of the rail and has a width less than the length of each edge so that only a corner of the base member may pass therethrough.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,717,156 Johansson June 11, 1929 1,786,038 Swanson Dec. 23, 1930 1,807,356 Vance May 26, 1931 1,844,096 Levene Feb. 9, 1932 2,141,968 Banker Dec. 27, 1938 2,480,260 Pittinger Aug. 30, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS 10,524 Great Britain May 8, 1903
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1717156 *||Jul 23, 1928||Jun 11, 1929||Carl Johansson Victor||Supporting device|
|US1786038 *||Oct 7, 1927||Dec 23, 1930||A J Nystrom & Co||Apparatus for map display|
|US1807356 *||Sep 14, 1928||May 26, 1931||Lyon Metal Products Inc||Checkhook|
|US1844096 *||Mar 29, 1929||Feb 9, 1932||Levene Albert H||Hanger and supporter|
|US2141968 *||Jul 27, 1937||Dec 27, 1938||Banker Carl W||Window fixture|
|US2480260 *||Apr 3, 1946||Aug 30, 1949||Alphonse H Bittinger||Curtain rod bracket|
|GB190310524A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3138261 *||Oct 14, 1963||Jun 23, 1964||Witteborg William N||Display rack|
|US3245547 *||Jun 8, 1964||Apr 12, 1966||Tip Top Brush Co Inc||Display hanger for packaged merchandise|
|US3279620 *||Feb 15, 1965||Oct 18, 1966||Denver Wood Products Co||Display rack|
|US3286662 *||Nov 19, 1964||Nov 22, 1966||Connery William R||Strip support assemblies|
|US3405809 *||Sep 2, 1966||Oct 15, 1968||Peter M. Schatz||Adjustable clamp rack|
|US3724792 *||Aug 10, 1970||Apr 3, 1973||Thalenfeld D||Apertured panel hook and method for manufacture|
|US3756637 *||Dec 3, 1971||Sep 4, 1973||Volt Quebec Lab||Snap track|
|US3976201 *||Mar 12, 1975||Aug 24, 1976||Pacific Electricord Company||Supporting and displaying apparatus for merchandise items|
|US4094415 *||Dec 3, 1974||Jun 13, 1978||Chas. O. Larson Co.||Display rack device|
|US4155458 *||Feb 2, 1978||May 22, 1979||Moline Brian F||Large tool security storage system|
|US4688683 *||Sep 10, 1986||Aug 25, 1987||The Stanley Works||Adjustable merchandise display hook assembly for apertured panelboard|
|US4927020 *||Mar 13, 1989||May 22, 1990||Frank Randy||Holder for socket wrench heads|
|US5020759 *||Jun 21, 1990||Jun 4, 1991||Weber Earl P||Holder for extension cords or the like|
|US5110080 *||Feb 10, 1989||May 5, 1992||Sparring Elfa Aktiebolag||Holding strip for suspension bars|
|US5167377 *||Jul 22, 1991||Dec 1, 1992||Chalmers Antigone K||Animal waste bag dispenser|
|US5687856 *||Mar 26, 1996||Nov 18, 1997||Kendrena; Ken||Tool and implement hanging system|
|US5740927 *||Jan 9, 1997||Apr 21, 1998||Zag Ltd.||Tool rack|
|US5887731 *||Jul 10, 1997||Mar 30, 1999||Trion Industries, Inc.||All-plastic merchandise display hook with label holder|
|US5944203 *||May 1, 1998||Aug 31, 1999||American Greetings Corporation||Slatwall merchandise display system with dual through P-shaped channels|
|US6149115 *||Dec 29, 1998||Nov 21, 2000||At&T Corp.||Mounting apparatus for components and assemblies|
|US6464119 *||Apr 9, 2001||Oct 15, 2002||O'connell, Sr. Raymond||Wheelchair mount for spare tires|
|US6561474 *||Jun 18, 1999||May 13, 2003||Visplay International Ag||Display device for presentation of goods|
|US6626402 *||May 9, 2002||Sep 30, 2003||Kaminstein Imports, Inc.||Cleaning tool holder|
|US6820853 *||Mar 26, 2003||Nov 23, 2004||Dubarry Suzanne||Adjustable wall display|
|US6969036 *||Sep 12, 2001||Nov 29, 2005||Elfa International Ab||Mounting bracket for wire shelf system|
|US7182304 *||Oct 18, 2004||Feb 27, 2007||Adams Mfg. Corp.||Mantel hook|
|US7861871 *||Mar 26, 2009||Jan 4, 2011||Jui-Chien Kao||Hand tool rack|
|US7882965 *||Dec 1, 2009||Feb 8, 2011||Jui-Chien Kao||Hand tool holder|
|US7950534 *||May 31, 2011||Jui-Chien Kao||Hand tool rack|
|US7954651 *||Jun 7, 2011||Jui-Chien Kao||Tool rack|
|US7954652 *||Jun 7, 2011||Jui-Chien Kao||Tool rack|
|US8302786 *||Dec 20, 2010||Nov 6, 2012||Jui-Chien Kao||Tool hanger assembly|
|US9144306||Nov 21, 2013||Sep 29, 2015||Jui-Chien Kao||Tool hanger|
|US20040035996 *||Sep 12, 2001||Feb 26, 2004||Reine Magnusson||Mounting bracket for wire shelf system|
|US20050082454 *||Oct 18, 2004||Apr 21, 2005||Adams William E.||Mantel hook|
|US20050172824 *||Feb 10, 2004||Aug 11, 2005||Estep Darrell R.||Holder for mixer attachment|
|US20060169858 *||Feb 3, 2005||Aug 3, 2006||Bob Barker Company, Inc.||Resilient safety support device|
|US20090038765 *||Jul 25, 2008||Feb 12, 2009||Kenneth Hall||Interchangeable two-part curtain hook|
|US20090184070 *||Mar 26, 2009||Jul 23, 2009||Jui-Chien Kao||Hand Tool Rack|
|US20100051769 *||Mar 4, 2010||Robert Tyson||Pegboard attachment adapter|
|US20100084530 *||Apr 8, 2010||Yung-Tsai Lai||Modular hook strip|
|US20100206825 *||Aug 19, 2010||Johnston Michael R||Merchandise display hook including universal adapter for mounting to vertical support|
|US20100300996 *||Dec 2, 2010||Jui-Chien Kao||Hand tool rack|
|US20110049069 *||Sep 1, 2009||Mar 3, 2011||Jui-Chien Kao||Tool rack|
|US20110056897 *||Sep 9, 2009||Mar 10, 2011||Jui-Chien Kao||Tool rack|
|US20120152871 *||Dec 20, 2010||Jun 21, 2012||Jui-Chien Kao||Tool hanger assembly|
|US20120248051 *||Jun 13, 2012||Oct 4, 2012||Jui-Chien Kao||Tool hanger|
|US20130105653 *||May 2, 2013||Robert Borys||Device for Hanging and Storing Articles|
|US20160089773 *||Sep 28, 2014||Mar 31, 2016||Chia-Szu Lin||Tool box with a positioning device|
|DE3511635A1 *||Mar 29, 1985||Oct 9, 1986||Ho Me Ind||Holding strip|
|DE3601230A1 *||Jan 17, 1986||Aug 13, 1987||Metabowerke Kg||Box-like container consisting of a receiving part and a lid|
|DE4447208A1 *||Dec 30, 1994||Jul 4, 1996||Alfer Aluminium Gmbh||Floor carrier system with wall mounted holding rail|
|DE4447208C2 *||Dec 30, 1994||Jul 16, 1998||Alfer Aluminium Gmbh||Hakenträgersystem|
|DE102005034040B4 *||Jul 21, 2005||Nov 28, 2013||Jui-Chien Kao||Aufhänge-Auslagegestell|
|DE102005034054B4 *||Jul 21, 2005||Jan 29, 2015||Jui-Chien Kao||Aufhängegestell für Handwerkzeuge|
|DE102010047909B4 *||Oct 11, 2010||Dec 17, 2015||Jui-Chien Kao||Halter für manuelle Werkzeuge|
|DE102010060570B4 *||Nov 15, 2010||Jun 23, 2016||Jui-Chien Kao||Werkzeugaufhängeanordnung|
|EP0212996A2 *||Jun 19, 1986||Mar 4, 1987||Cre Rossi||Set of elements for the arrangement of exhibition halls, shops and other venues|
|U.S. Classification||211/70.6, 108/152, D07/641, 248/222.51, 248/222.12|
|International Classification||B25H3/00, A47L13/512, B25H3/04, A47L13/10|
|Cooperative Classification||B25H3/04, A47L13/512|
|European Classification||A47L13/512, B25H3/04|