Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2756740 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 31, 1956
Filing dateApr 30, 1954
Priority dateApr 30, 1954
Publication numberUS 2756740 A, US 2756740A, US-A-2756740, US2756740 A, US2756740A
InventorsDeane William V
Original AssigneeDeane William V
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drinking device for hospital patients
US 2756740 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 31, 1956 w. v. DEANE DRINKING DEVICE FOR HOSPITAL PATIENTS Filed April 30, 1954 INVENTOR. HM Y. DEHNE W/LL/ United States Patent ice DRINKING DEVICE FOR HOSPITAL PATIENTS William V. Deane, Los Angeles, Calif.

Application April 30, 1954, Serial No. 426,894

'3 Claims. (Cl. 128-1) This invention relates to a drinkingdevice for hospital patients.

It is an object of my invention to provide a drinking evice which is capable of being used by a hospital patient or other bedridden person with a minimum amount of expended energy in order to obtain a drink of water or other beneficial fluid without the assistance of a nurse or attendant.

It is particularly an object of my invention to free the nurses and hospital attendants, or those attending the sick in the home, from the necessity of having to assist .the patient each time that water is desired. This consumes a large amount of time and is of considerable expense to the hospital and an annoyance to the nurses and attendants, whose time and attention are distracted from other and more important duties.

At the present time, a conventional drinking glass is often used, with or Without a glass tube, or some other type of liquid container is used which must be held by the patient or by the nurse if the patient is unable to do so. It is an object of my invention to provide a device in which the liquid is not held by either the nurse or the patient, but is made available adjacent the bedside of the patient in a container especially designed and constructed for the purpose.

With my invention, the only thing which is held by the patient is a simple and light valve, having a mouthpiece which the patient places in his mouth. An easily operated finger-tip valve permits liquid to flow into the mouth or cuts it oil, as desired. Even the weakest patient can operate my device with a minimum of effort.

It is a related object of my invention to provide improved means of storing the liquids which are supplied to the patient and particularly such means which may be used in cooperation with facilities of the type which are customarily available in the hospital.

It is a further object of my invention to provide such a device in which all parts which are held or operated by the patient are light in weight and simple to use, requiring a minimum amount of effort on the part of the patient.

My invention also comprises such other objects, advantages and capabilities as will later more fully appear and which are inherently possessed by my invention.

While I have shown in the accompanying drawings a preferred embodiment of my invention, it should be understood that the same is susceptible of modification and change without departing from the spirit of my invention.

Referring to the drawings, Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my device in use, with some of the internal construction shown in dotted lines. The size of the valve assembly is enlarged for purposes of illustration;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of the valve assembly of my device in use, being irregular to extend through one of the passages;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of the stopper 2,756,740 Patented July 31, 1956 Fig. 4 is a sectional view of my valve assembly, taken on line 4--4 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view of my valve assembly, taken on line 55 of Fig. 2.

A preferred embodiment which has been selected to illustrate my invention comprises a liquid supply bottle 10, which is preferably a vacuum bottle which is insulated in such a manner as to maintain the temperature of any liquid which is placed therein. The bottom of bottle 10 is provided with a circular flange 11. Positioned adjacent flange l1 and extending circumferentially around bottle 10 is a metal band 12. Pivotally attached to band 12 is a semi-circular wire bail 13 having a centrally disposed notch 14.

Bail 13 is adapted to extend upwardly from the bottom of bottle 10 when the bottle is inverted. Notch 14 is adapted to be attached to a hook, nail or other fastening device on a wall or elsewhere. It may be noted in this connection that every hospital is provided with facilities for holding bottles in an inverted position for parenteral injections and my invention is adapted tobe used in connection with such previously existing facilities whenever desired.

Bottle 10 is provided with a vacuum jacket which maintains the hot or cold temperature of the liquid which it contains. Mounted in the top of bottle 10 is a resilient stopper 15 having a pair of openings. Mounted in one of the openings is an air inlet tube 16, which extends from stopper 15 to substantially the bottom of bottle 10. Mounted in the other opening is the end of a liquid flow tube 17, which conveys liquid out of bottle 10.

Liquid flow tube 17 is of indeterminate length and is connected at its opposite end by screw threading or other suitable means to a valve assembly 18. Valve assembly 18 comprises a substantially cylindrical housing 19 having a hollow projection 20 to which the end of liquid flow tube 17 is attached.

Extending from the opposite side of housing 19 is an elongated flattened mouthpiece21, having a pair of passages-leading from the inside of housing 19 to an open end which is adapted to be placed in the mouth of the patient and held between the lips.

Movably mounted within housing 19 is a plunger 22, which is provided with top and bottom collars 23 and 24 respectively and a central narrow portion 25 extending therebetween. Mounted within the bottom of housing 19 is a coil spring 26, which exerts upward pressure against the bottom of collar 24. Plunger 22 is provided with an upwardly extending neck 27, on the top of which a head 28 is mounted by means of a screw 29, which extends through head 28 and through a cutaway portion adjacent the top of neck 27. A cap 30 is attached to the top of housing 19 and is provided with a centrally disposed opening through which neck 27 extends.

When my device is not in use, coil spring 26 exerts upward pressure on plunger 22 by bearing against the bottom of collar 24 thereof. This force holds collar 24 in alignment with projection 20 and mouthpiece 21 to block off their passages so that no liquid can flow through valve assembly 18.

In use, bottle 10 may be filled with hot or cold water, soup, juice, or any other suitable liquid of whatever temperature may be desired and then suspended in an inverted position adjacent the bedside of the patient. The complete device is assembled as illustrated, with the valve I assembly placed adjacent the head of the patient and 28 is sufiicient to counteract the force of coil spring 26 and move plunger 22 downwardly within housing 19. Collar 24 moves downwardly, bringing narrow portion 25 .in .line with projection 20 and mouthpiece 21.

The liquid is then free to be drawn by suction from the mouth of the .patient and by the force of gravity from bottle '10 through liquid flow tube 17, through projection 2.0 and into the interior of housing 19. The liquid there fiows around narrow portion 25 of plunger 22 and .out through the passages of mouthpiece 21 into the mouth of the patient. Air to replace the liquid which is taken from bottle enters through air inlet tube 16.

When .the patient has received a sufiicient amount of liquid, he need .only release head 28, allowing coil spring 26 to exert upward force on collar 24, moving collar 24 upwardly .to block projection 20 and mouthpiece 21. The top of collar 23 bears against the inside of cap 30 to limit the upward movement of plunger 22.

My device may be constructed of any suitable materials which are preferably light in weight, such as plastic, and may easily .be sterilized.

When a patient is lying on his back, the throat passages are somewhat restricted and a substantial flow of water cannot be swallowed. With my device, the mouthpiece 21 is provided with a pair of small passages 31 and 32 which limit and restrict the flow of water to the mouth of the .patient.

In order to prevent leakage from occurring around the sides .of plunger 22, I may provide recesses therein, in which are mounted resilient O-rings, which act as moving seals. One such O-ring may be provided on each side of the openings in housing 19. I may also provide a construction in which the liquid inlet and outlet are not aligned, but are otfset from each other. In such case, an additional O-ring may be required, to be positioned between .the inlet and outlet when plunger 22 is in closed position.

I claim:

1. A drinking device for hospital patients comprising a container adapted to hold a substantial quantity of liquid and adapted to be positioned adjacent the bed of the patient, a liquid outlet tube connected at one end to said container, an air inlet tube connected to said container and adapted to supply air to replace liquid withdrawn through 'said liquid outlet tube, a valve assembly connected to the opposite end of said tube, said valve assembly having a mouthpiece adapted to be inserted into the mouth of the patient and valve operating means manually operable by the patient to permit liquid to flow from said container through said liquid outlet tube, through said valve assembly and mouthpiece into the mouth of the patient, said device being operable by the patient without assistance and without any change of position, said valve'operatin-g means comprising a plunger vertically movable within said valve assembly, means for biasing said plunger to prevent the flow of liquid through .said valve assembly, said plunger adapted to be moved to counteract said biasing and permit the flow of liquid past said plunger from said outlet tube to said mouthpiece.

2. The subject matter of claim 1, said plunger having a collar adjacent the bottom thereof and a narrow portion disposed above said collar, said means for biasing said collar comprising a coil spring disposed within said valve assembly beneath said plunger, said spring exerting upward pressure against the bottom of said collar to hold said collar in position between said outlet tube and said mouthpiece, said plunger adapted to be depressed against the pressure of said spring to move said narrow portion into position between said outlet tube and said mouthpiece to permit liquid to be drawn around said narrow portion and into said mouthpiece.

3. The subject matter of claim 1, said container comprising a vacuum bottle adapted to maintain substantially constant the temperature of liquids therein and means for maintaining said container in inverted position, said liquid outlet tube being connected to the top of said container.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 138,417 Lockwood Apr. 29, 1873 1,077,490 Quigley Nov. 4, 1913 1,112,168 Stilling Sept. 29, 1914 1,694,233 Robinson Dec. 4, 1928 2,700,384 Ivory Jan. 25, 1955 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,140 Great Britain 1865

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US138417 *Apr 29, 1873 Improvement in fountain-syringes
US1077490 *Dec 16, 1912Nov 4, 1913Daniel T QuigleyRectum-bottle.
US1112168 *Aug 1, 1913Sep 29, 1914Louis J StillingSurgical irrigating apparatus.
US1694233 *May 13, 1927Dec 4, 1928William Robinson JohnSyringe
US2700384 *Feb 1, 1952Jan 25, 1955Ivory Harry STreatment chamber apparatus
GB186501140A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2936757 *Apr 19, 1957May 17, 1960Herbert D TraceSurgical drainage apparatus
US2969064 *Mar 26, 1957Jan 24, 1961Baxter Laboratories IncDrinking tube device
US3971404 *Jun 17, 1974Jul 27, 1976Graco Inc.Hydraulic runaway control valve
US4230086 *Jan 10, 1979Oct 28, 1980Lovret John EFuel drip priming system for cold internal combustion engines
US4607755 *Nov 15, 1984Aug 26, 1986Andreozzi William FChildren's drinking vessel
US4687466 *Dec 5, 1985Aug 18, 1987Isg AgBreastfeeding assistance device
US4759527 *Jan 20, 1987Jul 26, 1988I-Flow CorporationInfusion pump valve
US5057077 *Jun 28, 1989Oct 15, 1991National Research Development CorporationFeeding apparatus
US5147333 *May 13, 1991Sep 15, 1992Burron Medical Inc.Needleless injection port with automatic backcheck valve
US5279549 *Oct 13, 1992Jan 18, 1994Sherwood Medical CompanyClosed ventilation and suction catheter system
US5474193 *Feb 28, 1995Dec 12, 1995Medela, Inc.Breastfeeding assistance device
US5484405 *Jul 12, 1994Jan 16, 1996Edstrom, Sr.; William E.Drinking device for handicapped persons
US5662268 *Jun 15, 1995Sep 2, 1997Kathy MurrayTherapeutic drinking straw machine
US5826758 *May 9, 1997Oct 27, 1998Unifiller Systems Inc.Bakery mix flow control nozzle
US5918782 *Oct 14, 1997Jul 6, 1999Hayes Products, LlcPump assembly with sprayer
US6039302 *Sep 13, 1999Mar 21, 2000Nypro Inc.Swabbable luer-activated valve
US6050444 *Jul 22, 1998Apr 18, 2000Sugg; James WesleyConsumable beverage dispenser with one-way valve
US6062419 *Dec 11, 1998May 16, 2000Swedish Gifts, Inc.Spill-protecting drinking vessel top
US6245048May 14, 1998Jun 12, 2001Icu Medical, Inc.Medical valve with positive flow characteristics
US6253936Jan 6, 2000Jul 3, 2001Carl Cheung Tung KongDrink dispenser for collapsible liquid containers, and related method
US6257429Feb 29, 2000Jul 10, 2001Carl Cheung Tung KongDrink dispenser for collapsible liquid containers
US6296154May 30, 2000Oct 2, 2001Hayes Products, LlcPump assembly with one piece piston
US6360922Apr 27, 2000Mar 26, 2002Hayes Products, LlcPump assembly with pressure release capability
US6390815Mar 30, 2000May 21, 2002Gary J. PondMultiple solution dental irrigator
US6419485Dec 21, 1999Jul 16, 2002Gary J. PondMultiple solution dental irrigator
US6428520Oct 4, 1999Aug 6, 2002Icu Medical, Inc.Positive-flow valve
US6464498Mar 27, 2001Oct 15, 2002Gary J. PondIrrigation and aspiration handpiece
US6467657Sep 5, 2001Oct 22, 2002Donald J. ShanklinPump assembly with one piece piston
US6755391Oct 22, 2001Jun 29, 2004Nypro Inc.Anti-drawback medical valve
US6772920Oct 21, 2002Aug 10, 2004Hayes Products, Llc.Pump assembly with one piece piston
US6869426Nov 7, 2002Mar 22, 2005Nypro Inc.Anti-drawback medical valve
US6883778Jan 6, 2000Apr 26, 2005Nypro Inc.Apparatus for reducing fluid drawback through a medical valve
US6932795Jun 5, 2002Aug 23, 2005Icu Medical, Inc.Positive flow valve
US7014169May 13, 2004Mar 21, 2006Nypro Inc.Anti-drawback medical valve
US7100890Mar 16, 2001Sep 5, 2006Nypro Inc.Swabbable luer-activated valve
US7198178Mar 1, 2004Apr 3, 2007Shanklin Donald JPump assembly with piston
US7207968 *Oct 7, 2002Apr 24, 2007Harcinske John CDrinking dispenser for bedridden patients
US7219811Aug 20, 2003May 22, 2007Carl Cheung Tung KongBaby feeding bottle with draw tube
US7285107 *Sep 26, 2003Oct 23, 2007Alcon, Inc.Vitreoretinal instrument
US7357792Oct 16, 2003Apr 15, 2008Nypro Inc.Positive push medical valve with internal seal
US7396348Aug 20, 2002Jul 8, 2008Nypro Inc.Medical valve with expandable member
US7497849May 2, 2006Mar 3, 2009Icu Medical, Inc.High flow rate needleless medical connector
US7628774Dec 8, 2009Icu Medical, Inc.Needleless Medical Connector
US7753892Feb 15, 2005Jul 13, 2010Nypro Inc.Anti-drawback medical valve
US7763199Jul 27, 2010Icu Medical, Inc.Method of making a seal having slit formed therein
US7789864Nov 3, 2003Sep 7, 2010Nypro Inc.Luer-activated valve
US7824393May 3, 2006Nov 2, 2010Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connector having high flow rate characteristics
US7837658May 16, 2006Nov 23, 2010Nypro Inc.Anti-drawback medical valve
US7887519Jan 10, 2006Feb 15, 2011Nypro Inc.Valve with internal lifter
US7914502Jul 21, 2004Mar 29, 2011Nypro Inc.Anti-drawback medical valve
US8105314Oct 25, 2007Jan 31, 2012Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connector
US8157764 *Jun 15, 2010Apr 17, 2012MakInnovations, LLCPatient hydration system
US8221391Jul 27, 2010Jul 17, 2012Icu Medical, Inc.Needleless medical connector
US8398607Jan 30, 2012Mar 19, 2013Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connector
US8444628May 21, 2013Icu Medical, Inc.Needleless medical connector
US8454579Mar 23, 2010Jun 4, 2013Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connector with automatic valves and volume regulator
US8506293Dec 28, 2005Aug 13, 2013Gary J. PondUltrasonic endodontic dental irrigator
US8568371Jun 21, 2010Oct 29, 2013Np Medical Inc.Medical valve with improved back-pressure sealing
US8628515Mar 11, 2013Jan 14, 2014Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connector
US8758306May 12, 2011Jun 24, 2014Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connectors and methods of use
US8790296 *Apr 16, 2012Jul 29, 2014MakInnovations, LLCPatient hydration system
US8851324 *May 1, 2013Oct 7, 2014Sean Patrick O'SullivanDrinking cup with a straw connected to the bottom of the cup
US8870850May 20, 2013Oct 28, 2014Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connector
US8876784Nov 22, 2010Nov 4, 2014Np Medical Inc.Anti-drawback medical valve
US9138572Jun 24, 2010Sep 22, 2015Np Medical Inc.Medical valve with fluid volume alteration
US9186494May 2, 2014Nov 17, 2015Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connector
US9192753Jun 19, 2014Nov 24, 2015Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connectors and methods of use
US20010049508 *Jun 12, 2001Dec 6, 2001Fangrow Thomas F.Medical valve with positive flow characteristics
US20020115961 *Apr 10, 2002Aug 22, 2002Writt Michael E.Hydration system for the disabled
US20020147431 *Jun 5, 2002Oct 10, 2002Lopez George A.Positive flow valve
US20030050610 *Aug 20, 2002Mar 13, 2003Newton Brian L.Medical valve with expandable member
US20030093061 *Nov 7, 2002May 15, 2003Ganem Charles F.Anti-drawback medical valve
US20040133171 *Oct 16, 2003Jul 8, 2004Newton Brian L.Positive push medical valve with internal seal
US20040206924 *May 13, 2004Oct 21, 2004Newton Brian L.Anti-drawback medical valve
US20050023305 *Mar 1, 2004Feb 3, 2005Shanklin Donald J.Pump assembly with one piece piston
US20050027262 *Jul 30, 2004Feb 3, 2005Appling William M.Endovascular tumescent infusion apparatus and method
US20050038397 *Jul 21, 2004Feb 17, 2005Newton Brian L.Anti-drawback medical valve
US20050040128 *Aug 20, 2003Feb 24, 2005Kong Carl Cheung TungBaby feeding bottle with draw tube
US20050222541 *Mar 21, 2005Oct 6, 2005Lopez George APositive flow valve
US20060161115 *Nov 4, 2005Jul 20, 2006Fangrow Thomas FSoft-grip medical connector
US20060186128 *Feb 18, 2005Aug 24, 2006Jeffery SummersBeverage dispenser
US20060200088 *May 3, 2006Sep 7, 2006Lopez George APositive flow valve
US20060200089 *May 3, 2006Sep 7, 2006Lopez George APositive flow valve
US20060211998 *May 3, 2006Sep 21, 2006Fangrow Thomas FSoft-grip medical connector
US20060211999 *May 3, 2006Sep 21, 2006Fangrow Thomas FSoft-grip medical connector
US20060212002 *May 2, 2006Sep 21, 2006Fangrow Thomas F JrMedical valve with positive flow characteristics
US20060212003 *May 2, 2006Sep 21, 2006Fangrow Thomas F JrMedical valve with positive flow characteristics
US20060264841 *Jan 10, 2006Nov 23, 2006Cote Andrew L SrValve with internal lifter
US20060293629 *May 16, 2006Dec 28, 2006Cote Andrew L SrAnti-drawback medical valve
US20070148615 *Dec 28, 2005Jun 28, 2007Pond Gary JUltrasonic endodontic dental irrigator
US20090326512 *Dec 31, 2009Appling William MEndovascular tumescent infusion apparatus and method
US20100004629 *Jan 7, 2010Drip Drop Solutions, Inc.Apparatus and methods to implement a versatile liquid storage and delivery mechanism
US20100279250 *Nov 4, 2010Inter-Med, Inc.Programmable dental device
US20100318024 *Dec 16, 2010Candice Ann MakowskiPatient hydration system
US20120199595 *Aug 9, 2012Candice Ann MakowskiPatient Hydration System
US20120318201 *Jun 14, 2011Dec 20, 2012Pet Peeve Solutions LlcFluid Delivery System for a Pet
US20130240545 *May 1, 2013Sep 19, 2013Sean Patrick O'SullivanDrinking cup with a straw connected to the bottom of the cup
US20130299019 *Jul 19, 2013Nov 14, 2013Michael CaluoriSelf-cleaning Suction Device
USD644731Oct 8, 2010Sep 6, 2011Icu Medical, Inc.Medical connector
U.S. Classification604/77, 604/257, 220/705, D24/117, 220/715, 251/321, 414/9, 604/173, 604/249
International ClassificationA61J15/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61J15/00
European ClassificationA61J15/00