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Publication numberUS2757385 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 7, 1956
Filing dateJul 12, 1954
Priority dateJul 12, 1954
Publication numberUS 2757385 A, US 2757385A, US-A-2757385, US2757385 A, US2757385A
InventorsWhittick William W
Original AssigneeWhittick William W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shower receptor
US 2757385 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

SHOWER RECEPTOR William W. Whittick, Glendale, Calif. Application July 12, 1954, Serial No. 442,467

11 Claims. c1. 4-446) .The invention relates to building materials and has particular reference to a water-tight structure at the bottom of the shower stall for receiving the water falling from the shower head.

Conventional building practice calls for the construction of shower stalls in such fashion that the walls of the shower stall are substantially waterproof and are joined at the bottom to some type of water-receiving receptacle,

frequently termed a receptor, the receptor being a waterdampness which might infiltrate the receptor is not con ducted to the building structure.

Some attempts have been made to simplify receptor construction in that sheet metal pans have been provided. Some of these pans have been constructed of relatively high-priced rust-proof metals such as stainless steel. Regardless of the type of metal, however, the forming of the metal into 'a pan-like receptacle requires several relatively expensive operations. Even so, metal pans do not permit as many forming operations as may be desirable in order to have edge portions of the pans so constructed that they can be readily installed in the conventional roughing in structure and there made a water-tight portion of the building structure at the edge.

It is therefore among the objects of the invention. to provide a new and improved shower receptor inexpensively constructed and so formed that for installation in a shower stall the usual waterproofing of the rough-in structure can be dispensed with.

Another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved low cost shower receptor for shower stalls which makes use of material in the nature of fibreglass reinforced plastic which permits so forming the edges of the receptor that they can be easily and eifectively joined to the plaster and tile finish of the interior of the stall, thereby assuring a lasting water-resistant joint.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved shower stall construction which includes a Water-tight receptacle for the bottom, an appropriate base layer to provide a proper interior surface, and a finish surface in the nature of tile or dry wall, the base layer and finish surface being keyed to the outer margin of the receptor in vsuch fashion that a substantially waterresistant structure is assured. 1

Still further among the objects of the invention is to provide a new and improved shower receptor of lightweight inexpensive construction which at the same time is strong and durable without employment of metal and further constructed in such fashion that it can be installed ice in conventional roughing-in and serve when installed as a guide to the proper application of interior surfacing of the shower wall.

Also'included among the objects of the invention is to provide a new and improved shower receptor of completely formed fibreglass reinforced plastic material, the periphery of which is given a special configuration about all sides except the threshold side whereby a plaster layer may be rested on the top of the receptor edges and there trued with respect to its surface by making use of the receptor as a guide.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various parts of the device whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter set forth, pointed out in the appended claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

In the drawings: v

Figure 1 is a plan view of a receptor with portions of the shower structure shown in phantom lines.

Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on the line 22 of Figure 1 of the receptor installed in the roughing-in of the building.

Figure 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of one type of finish for thewallof the stall, namely, featuring a dry wall finish.

Figure 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of another type of finish for a shower stall wall showing the application of tiling. v

In the embodiment selected to illustrate the invention there "is shown a receptor indicated generally by the reference character 10. The receptor is made essentially of fibreglass reinforced plastic material, preferably a thermosetting plastic, wherein central portions 11 may be of greaterthickness than outer portions 12. The molding of fibreglass reinforced plastic is readily permissive of varying the thickness ofsections where a greater thickness is commensurate with greater rigidity and is also permissive of giving to the article thus constructed such configurations at the edges as may be wrought by molding steps in contrast to drawing steps which are the usual steps informing articles of such nature from sheet metal.

The receptor forms a Waterproof dish-like central recess 13 sloping centrally inwardly toward a drain 14. As shownfin' the selected embodiment the receptor has a rectangular form and is provided with a wall 15 at the perimeter of the rectangular member. The wall 15 is uniform in height and. configuration about three sides and on a fourth side for a short distance each side of a threshold 16. The short portions of Wall on the threshold side are indicated by the reference characters 17 and 18.

At the bottom the receptor has formed therein a series of raised segmental portions 19, 20, 21, etc., so arranged that passages 22 therebetween provide for free drainage of water toward the drain 14.

The wall 15 has a rounded corner 23 and extends substantially vertically upwardly. Extending outwardly from the center may be provided a series of triangular flanges 24 so positioned that they are adapted to support parts of the receptor on a sub-floor 25. A flange 24 shown in cross-section in Figure 2 may extend around the perimeter.

At the upper edge the wall has an outwardly turned portion 26' forming the innermost element of a compound curve. Indentingthe top side'of the outwardly turned portion 26 is a recess 27. The recess is continuous about all three sides where the wall 15 extends to its full height together with the short portions 17 and 18. It will be noted that on the inside portion of the recess the top edge 28 is lower than a top edge 29 on the outside. The relative dilfer'ence in height, however, of the inside and outside of the recess is not critical.

Extending beyond the top edge at the outside of the recess is an inwardly sloping fiat area 30 which terminates at its outside edge in a rounded corner 31 joining the fiat area to a'flan'ge'32.

As clearly shown in Figure '2, "the threshold 1'6 'slopes inwardly from an outer edge 33. It should further be noted that the threshold is lower at its highest point than the top edge of the flange 32. Certain building codes require this difference in elevation to be of the category of one inch. At each end of the threshold 16 -is a fiat area 34 at the outermost edge of which is a short vertically extending flange 35. This flange joins the previously identified flange 32. Flanges 44 extending from end 'to end beneath the threshold 16 may be provided upon which the threshold can rest.

When the receptor is installed within and forming part of a shower stall, a frame is built upon the subfloor 25. This frame may comprise 2 x 4s 36 laid long side down upon the floor and may have a piece of sheathing 37 attached to the 2X4 around three sides of the stall. On the fourth side, which will be occupied by the threshold, two 2x4s 38 are laid one on top of the other. The receptor may be set so that the under side of the inwardly sloping flat area 30 rests upon "the top edge of the sheathing 37. The threshold will at the same time rest upon the topmost 2 x 4.

It will be noted further that studs 39 extend upwardly from the 2x4s 36 to frame the Walls of the shower stall.

Some suitable plaster base 40 may be applied to the inside faces of the studs 39, such plaster base being any one of a number of conventional plaster bases. 'Over this a layer of plaster 41 is applied. At this juncture it should be noted that the plaster 41 has substantially a thickness equal to the breadth of the inwardly sloping flat area 30 and terminates at the outside edge of the recess 27. At this point it should be noted that when the inside face of the plaster 41 is trowelled, the recess can be used as a guide for the trowelling.

After the plaster 41 has been applied, if a dry wall structure is to be employed, the surface plaster is given a coating of adhesive material 42 for the purpose of fastening thereto dry tile surfacing 43. Again the recess 27 plays an important part in that it is adapted to receive the lowermost edge of the dry tile facing, thereby locking the facing in place.

On those installations where separate tiles are to be employed, tiles 45 may be set against the plaster 41 by a suitable tile cement 46. Again the recess 27 provides for the reception of tile cement in a locked condition so that the lowermost row of tile is securely cemented in a water-resistant fashion with the bottom of the tile resting upon the top edge 28 of the inner wall of the recess 27. There is avoided therefore by this construction of the receptor formation of the usual wedge of tile cement large at one end and facing inwardly which, when standard practice is employed, is prone to fall out of place.

The inside edge of the threshold may be finished if desired by application of a sheet metal strip 47 having an upper end 48 hooked around the edge of the threshold and extending over the edges of the threshold 2x4s 38. A facing 49 of plaster may be employed to finish off beneath the threshold. A threshold strip of this description is useful in adjusting the efiective breadth of the threshold, in or out, depending upon where the 2x 4s 38 happen to be located.

There has accordingly been shown and described herein a shower stall structure and particularly a receptor or pan for the bottom of the shower stall which, by being fabricated of fibreglass reinforced plastic material, is one capable of being made very light in weight and also one of such design that being installed in conventional roughing-in structure adds considerably to the ease of application of the remaining portion of the shower stall and A in particular the application of plaster and some form of tiling for surfacing the interior of the shower stall.

While I have herein shown and described my invention in what I have conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that departures may be made therefrom within the scope of my invention, which is not to be limited to the details disclosed herein but is to be accorded the full scope of the claims so as to embrace any and all equivalent devices.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A receptor for shower stalls comprising a closed pan of molded sheet material of generally uniform thickness having a bottom, vertical integral walls on all sides joining the bottom, said walls on three sides of the bottom having at the top edge a compoundly curved section comprising a downwardly extending recess adapted to form a plaster guide, an inwardly sloping fiat area adjacent the outer edge and an upturned outermost flange adapted to contain plaster on said flat area, one of said sides including an inwardly sloping substantially flat threshold section between portions of said compoundly curved section adjacent the corners, said threshold section being located below the top of said flanges.

2. A receptor for shower stalls comprising a closed pan of molded fibre reinforced plastic material having a ridged bottom sloping centrally toward a central drain, vertical integral walls on all sides having rounded junctions with the bottom, said walls on three sides of the bottom having at the top edge a compoundly curved section comprising a downwardly extending continuous recess having an inner edge lower than an outer edge adapted to form a guide for a layer of base material, an inwardly sloping flat area adjacent the outer edge and an upturned outermost flange adapted to contain said base material on said fiat area, and a fourth side including an inwardly sloping substantially flat threshold section located between portions of said compoundly curved section adjacent the corners, said threshold section being located below the bottom of the recesses and the top of said flanges and having flanges at the ends of said threshold section joining respective fia'nges at the adjacent walls.

3. A shower stall construction comprising conventional rough-in structure including a sub-floor, a substantially rectangular base frame for the walls of the stall, said frame having a receptor support at the inside, a receptor comprising a closed pan of molded material having a bottom and vertical integral walls on all sides of the bottom, said walls on three sides having at the top edge a compoundly curved section comprising a downwardly extending continuous recess, an inwardly sloping flat area adjacent the outer edge and an upturned outermost flange, a fourth side having a centrally located inwardly sloping threshold with an upturned flange at the ends and having portions of said compoundly curved section between ends of the threshold and the adjacent corners, a plaster layer resting on said flat area against the flange and flush with the outer wall of said recess and covering the walls of the stall above the flat area, and a surfacing material on said plaster layer.

4. A shower stall construction comprising conventional rough-in structure including a sub-floor, a substantially rectangular wood base frame 'for' the walls of the stall, said frame having a receptor support at the inside, a receptor comprising a closed pan of molded Fibreglas reinforced plastic material having a ridged bottom sloping centrally toward a central drain, vertical integral walls on all sides having rounded junctions with the bottom and supporting means on the outside of the bottom adjacent the walls, said walls on three sides having at the top edge a compoundly curved section" comprising a downwardly extending continuous recess having an inner edge lower than an outer edge, an inwardly sloping flat area adjacent the outer edge and an upturned outermost flange, a fourth side having a centrally located inwardly sloping threshold with an upturned flange at the ends and having portions of said compoundly curved section between ends of the threshold and the adjacent corners, a layer of base material resting on said flat area' against the inside of said flange and flush with the outer Wall of said recess and covering the walls of the stall above the flat area, and a dry wall surfacing material having lower edges thereof locked in said recesses and cemented to said plaster layer.

5. A shower stall construction comprising conventional rough-in structure including a sub-floor, a substantially rectangular wood frame for the walls of the stall, said frame having a receptor support at the inside, a receptor comprising a closed pan of molded Fibreglas reinforced plastic material having a ridged bottom sloping centrally toward a central drain, vertical integral walls on all sides having rounded junctions with the bottom and supporting means on the outside of the bottom adjacent the walls, said walls on three sides having at the top edge a compoundly curved section comprising a downwardly extending continuous recess having an inner edge lower than an outer edge, an inwardly sloping flat area adjacent the outer edge and an upturned outermost flange, a fourth side having a centrally located inwardly sloping threshold with an upturned flange at the ends and having portions of said compoundly curved section between ends of the threshold and the adjacent corners, a layer of base material resting on said flat area against the inside said flange and flush with the outer wall of said recess and covering the walls of the stall above the flat area, and a tile surfacing comprising separate tiles with lowermost tiles supported on said inner edge of the recess and tile cement between said tiles and the plaster layer and locked in said recess.

6. A receptor for shower stalls comprising a closed pan of hard surfaced molded sheet material of generally uniform thickness, vertical integral walls on all sides joining the bottom, a plurality of said walls having a compoundly curved section comprising an upturned outermost plaster containing flange, a flat plaster supporting area at the base of the flange extending inwardly, a generally vertical face extending downwardly from the inner edge of said plaster supporting area and an inwardly extending shelf between said face and the respective vertical integral wall.

7. A receptor for shower stalls comprising a closed pan of hard surfaced molded sheet material of generally uniform thickness, vertical integral walls on all sides joining the bottom, a plurality of said walls having a compoundly curved section comprising an upturned outermost plaster containing flange, a flat plaster supporting area at the base of the flange extending inwardly, a generally vertical face extending downwardly from the inner edge of said plaster supporting area and an inwardly extending shelf between said face and the respective vertical integral wall, a bottom for said pan having a drain aperture therein and said bottom having all portions thereof sloping downwardly to the drain.

8. A receptor for shower stalls comprising a closed pan of molded sheet plastic material having a bottom sloping centrally toward a drain, vertical integnal walls on all sides having rounded junctions with the bottom, said walls on three sides of the bottom having at the top edge a compoundly curved section comprising a downwardly extending continuous recess having an inner edge lower than an outer edge adapted to form a guide for a layer of base material, an inwardly sloping flat area adjacent the outer edge and an upturned outermost flange adapted to contain said base material on said flat area, a fourth side including a threshold section located between portions of said compoundly curved section adjacent the corners, said threshold section being located below the upper edge of said outermost flange and having flanges at the ends of said threshold section joining respective flanges at the adjacent walls.

9. A shower stall construction comprising conventional rough-in structure including a sub-floor, a wood base frame for the walls of the stall, said frame having a receptor support at the inside, a receptor comprising a closed pan of molded sheet plastic material having a bottom sloping toward a drain, vertical integral walls on all sides having rounded junctions with the bottom and supporting means on the outside of the bottom adjacent the walls, said Walls on three sides having at the top edge a compoundly curved section comprising a continuous recess having an inner edge lower than an outer edge, an inwardly sloping flat area adjacent the outer edge and an upturned outermost flange, a fourth side having a threshold with an upturned flange at the ends and having portions of said compoundly curved section between ends of the threshold and the adjacent corners, a layer of base material resting on said flat area :against the inside of said flange and flush with the outer wall of said recess and covering the walls of the stall above the flat area, and a Wall surfacing material having lower edges thereof at said recesses and secured to said plaster layer.

10. In combination with a bath receptacle a Wall structure for the edge of the receptacle adapted to contain a plaster wall face structure comprising a single member of molded sheet plastic material of substantially uniform thickness, said member comprising a generally vertical section, a rounded upwardly and outwardly sloping shelf at the top of said section, a generally vertical face at the outer edge of said shelf adapted to receive a wall surfacing material, and a generally outwardly and upwardly extending flange at the outer edge of the shelf adapted to receive a plaster base.

11. In combination with a bath receptacle a Wall structure for the edge of the receptacle adapted to contain a plaster wall face structure comprising a single member of molded sheet plastic material of substantially uniform thickness, said member comprising a generally vertical section, a bottom having a rounded junction with the vertical section, a rounded outwardly extending shelf at the top of the vertical section adapted to support a wall surfacing material and a generally upwardly extending material confining flange at the outer edge of said shelf, said bottom comprising a pattern of configurations having portions thereof extending downwardly toward a supporting surface for supporting engagement therewith, said pattern of configurations being simultaneously positioned to form drain passages, and a drain communicating with said passages.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,684,503 Nilson Sept. 18, 1928 2,389,724 Falco Nov. 27, 1945 2,484,240 Northland Oct. 11, 1949 2,697,231 Strand Dec. 21, 1954

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1684503 *Nov 4, 1926Sep 18, 1928Nilson Gustaf AlbinShower receptor
US2389724 *Dec 27, 1943Nov 27, 1945Dextone CompanyShower stall
US2484240 *Oct 7, 1944Oct 11, 1949Morthland Glenn AShower pan construction
US2697231 *Jun 25, 1953Dec 21, 1954Strand Carl ALightweight bathtub construction
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2993212 *Nov 4, 1959Jul 25, 1961Ruhm Alfred SPrefabricated shower stall construction
US3060453 *Dec 18, 1959Oct 30, 1962Dewey Swan GeorgeStall enclosure
US3096526 *Dec 11, 1961Jul 9, 1963William J RuanoShower stall, bath tub accessory
US3111685 *Apr 10, 1962Nov 26, 1963Longo Athos VBathtub
US3139627 *Aug 8, 1962Jul 7, 1964Rubber And Plastics Compound CLiner for a shower stall
US3363267 *Oct 23, 1964Jan 16, 1968American Standard IncShower receptor
US3462771 *Nov 3, 1966Aug 26, 1969Moretti GiuseppeShower bath system applicable both in bathrooms and outdoors,with basin provided with seats for protective,rigid and watertight walls
US3744065 *Jun 1, 1971Jul 10, 1973Yavitch MFitting for preformed shower pans
US3942199 *Sep 10, 1973Mar 9, 1976Paul KollsmanSlip resistant surfaces for bathing fixtures, such as bathtubs and shower receptors
US3999224 *Dec 8, 1975Dec 28, 1976Paul KollsmanSharp-edged surface contours for rendering water bearing surfaces wet-slip resistant
US4142337 *May 31, 1977Mar 6, 1979Holcomb Ben WHydrotherapy spa and method of fabricating same
US4198715 *Oct 30, 1978Apr 22, 1980Novi Plastics CompanyShower cabinet and base
US4551870 *Jan 18, 1985Nov 12, 1985Presti Jr Francis AShower stall threshold
US4557004 *Jun 28, 1984Dec 10, 1985Piana Angelo JWaterproof shower module with tile-ready inner surfaces
US5022430 *Jan 9, 1990Jun 11, 1991Degooyer Lonnie CDrainage disk for protecting weep channels of masonry floor drain construction
US5092002 *Jun 21, 1990Mar 3, 1992Powers Norman CMethod and apparatus for forming a shower base
US5243716 *Jul 17, 1991Sep 14, 1993Herman Miller, Inc.Barrier-free drainage apparatus
US5371980 *Feb 24, 1993Dec 13, 1994Dix; Steven J.Ceramic floor tile
US5913777 *May 12, 1997Jun 22, 1999Tile Redi, Ltd.Pre-fabricated shower module and method of shower construction
US6006375 *Oct 10, 1997Dec 28, 1999Cfm, Inc.Removable threshold
US6643863Oct 30, 2002Nov 11, 2003Lloyd GerberPrefabricated shower pan with integrally molded curb reinforcements
US6735793Mar 14, 2002May 18, 2004Edward T. PetersonWater containment block
US7490371Aug 3, 2004Feb 17, 2009Lasco Bathware, Inc.Shower receptor
US8112831May 11, 2009Feb 14, 2012Cook Joseph RMethods of manufacturing and installation of prefabricated shower benches and associated shower benches
US8141182Mar 17, 2007Mar 27, 2012Cook Joseph RMethod of manufacturing and installation of prefabricated shower bench and associated shower bench
US8141183Mar 17, 2007Mar 27, 2012Cook Joseph RMethod for manufacturing a prefabricated modular shower curb and associated modular shower curb
US8181286Mar 17, 2007May 22, 2012Cook Joseph RDrain wall for a prefabricated shower module
US8181287 *Sep 20, 2005May 22, 2012Dlp LimitedShower tray
US8201287 *Apr 23, 2010Jun 19, 2012Bill OettingMoisture barrier
US8209795Mar 17, 2007Jul 3, 2012Cook Joseph RPrefabricated shower pan having varying sidewall heights and method of attaching a modular curb
US8307582Feb 17, 2010Nov 13, 2012Tile Redi, LlcShower enclosure design and assembly methods using prefabricated shower benches
US8375480Mar 17, 2007Feb 19, 2013Tile Redi, LlcMethod for manufacturing a prefabricated shower module
US8561224Feb 17, 2010Oct 22, 2013Joseph B. CookHandicapped accessible shower enclosure with ramp and/or floor pan
US20110258954 *Apr 23, 2010Oct 27, 2011Bill OettingMoisture barrier
US20120037552 *Aug 6, 2008Feb 16, 2012Per PerssonDrain
Classifications
U.S. Classification4/613, 52/264
International ClassificationA47K3/28, A47K3/40
Cooperative ClassificationA47K3/40, A47K3/281, A47K3/405
European ClassificationA47K3/40B, A47K3/28B, A47K3/40