US 2757676 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 7, 1956 Filed March 16, 1953 INVENTOR. 60/7 8 Ham/#0 2,757,676 HAIR CURLING ASSEMBLY Carl R. Hamilton, Kansas City, Mo. Application March 16, 1953, Serial No. 342,474
1 Claim. (Cl. 132--42) Thisinvention has to do with improvements in equipment for use by cosmetologists and particularly hairdressers, the primary object being to .provide a curling assembly that includes a novel curler characterized by the fact thatit is provided with an element which is not only highly absorbent, but completely soft and pliable for many advantageous purposes when used as herein intended.
Those experienced in this field are well aware of the fact that two of the most harassing problems with which they are confronted, consist of breakage of hair and injury to the customer because of the chemical solutions that must be used in hairdressing operations. Hair breakage results primarily because of tight winding or curling of the hair upon conventional hair curlers. Injury in the form of burning of the head and neck of the customer, as well as the hands of the cosmetologist comes about by virtue of the nature of the chemicals themselves and has heretofore been unavoidable through use of the equipment and systems presently employed.
It is the most important object of this invention therefore, to provide a hair curler that includes an elongated element thereon around which the hair is wound and which is extremely pliable or yieldable, to the end that it is virtually impossible for an operator to wind the curl so tightly as to cause hair breakage.
A further object hereof is to provide a hair curler of the aforementioned character and provided with the hairreceiving element of resilient properties which is also highly absorptive so that through use of additional equipment forming a part of the hair curling assembly, the saturation of the head of the customer and the exposing of the hands of the operator to the chemicals can be fully avoided.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a hair curling assembly that includes novel means of applying the hair curling solutions to the curls after the same have been formed so as to virtually eliminate danger of injury, and taking the form of a container for receiving excess fluid, together with a syringe for applying the fluid to the curl.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a perspective view showing a number of curlers made in accordance with the present invention as the same are used in the curling procedure and forming a part of the hair curling assembly hereof.
Fig. 2 is an elevational view of a curler such as shown in Fig. 1, with the resilient retaining strap removed.
Fig. 3 is an elevational view of said strap.
Fig. 4 is a longitudinal, cross-sectional view through the curler and its strap.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view showing the manner of using the aforementiofied curler and the structure that is employed for applying chemical solutions.
Fig. 6 is an elevational view of a modified form of hair curler; and
Fig. 7 is an elevational view showing the curler of Fig. 6 in a position for holding a curl in place.
' nited States Patent 0 The hair curler shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive of the drawing, is composed of an elongated rod 10 having screw threads 12 and 14 on the ends thereof for removably receiving a pair of opposed, internally tapped nuts 16 and 18 respectively. The nuts 16 and 18 are knurled as at 20 for facilitating removal and replacement.
Nut 16 is provided with a knob 22 integrally joined thereto by a stem 24, and the nut 18 has a finger 26 integral therewith and preferably in axial alignment with the rod 10 and the stem 24. The stem 24 is adapted to receive one end of an elongated, resilient strip 28 that may be made from rubber or the like through the provision of an opening 30 in the strip 28 that may be slipped in place over the knob 22 and around the stem 24. The strip 28 may be attenuated asshown in Fig. 4 of the drawing and looped over the finger 26 by virtue of the provision ofa finger-receiving opening 32 in the strip 28.
There is'provided an elongated, highly absorbent and extremely soft, resilient, pliable element 34 that has a central longitudinal bore 36 therethrough for receiving the rod 10. When the element 34 is mounted on the rod 10, it spans the distance between the nuts 16 and 18 and its approximate diameter may be substantially the same as that of the nuts 16 and 18.
Many materials are suitable for the purpose of producing the replaceable element 34 and the most satisfactory substance is sponge rubber. This material is capable of absorbing large quantities of liquid and is likewise sufficiently soft and pliable to avoid hair breakage when the curler is place d in use. Other cushioning materials having absorptive characteristics may be used and when the curler is employed as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing, curls 38 may be formed without danger of hair breakage because of the fact that it is impossible for the operator to wind the curls 38 too tightly. The element 34 absorbs the shock and cushions the curl 38 so that even when the operator attempts to wind the same tightly, the material forming element 34 will still effectively produce a loose curl. It may be pointed out further that notwithstanding beliefs to the contrary, a loose curl is to be desired for permanent waving, particularly in the well-known cold waving processes.
After the curls 38 are formed throughout the head of the customer the equipment shown in Fig. 5 of the draw.- ing is placed in use to saturate each curl 38 individually with a proper cold wave solution 40. This solution 40 is directed to the curls 38 one at a time by employment of a conventional syringe 42. The excess solution 40 is not permitted to drain to the head of the customer, but after the curl 38 and the absorbent element 34 wound therein, have been completely saturated, such excess fluid 40 drains therefrom into a suitable receptacle such as a bottle 44 as guided by a specially formed funnel 46. Funnel 46 has a fiat wall 48 that underlies the curl 38 or is disposed between the curl 38 and the head of the customer as shown in Fig. 5, andthe excess solution 40 is guided into a tubular plug 50 by side walls 52 on the funnel 46 which converge into a tubular stem 54 that extends through the rubber plug 50.
All of the curls 38 are thus treated with the solution 40 without the necessity of the operator touching the fluid 40 with his hands and without saturating the head and neck of the customer with such chemical solution.
1 These two factors therefore, the elimination of broken hair and the avoidance of burning of the customer, particularly those who are especially hypersensitive to the solutions commonly employed, are eliminated through use of the hair curling assembly shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive.
In Fig. 6, there is shown a slightly modified form of curler that embodies an element which may be identical in form to the element 34 above described. It is mounted on an elongated, bendable device 102 that projects beyond the ends of the element 100 as is clear in Fig. 6, and which may be bent as shown in Fig. 7 to hold a curl 104 in place. Here again, whenever any curl is to be formed for purposes other than permanent waving, it is a simple matter to bend the ends of the element 102 to the curl-holding position and the operator cannot inadvertently or purposely wind the curl 104 too tightly and thereby cause hair breakage as has heretofore been true when conventional curlers are employed.
Having thus described the invention what is claimed as newand desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
In a hair curler assembly, an elongated, straight rod; a first collar; means for fixedly mounting said first collar on one end of the rod; a second collar; means for releasably mounting said second collar on the opposite end of the rod; a stem integral with one of said collars and extending therefrom oppositely to and in axial alignment with the rod; a knob integral with the stem on the extremity of the latter remote from said one collar; a finger integral with the other of said collar and extending therefrom oppositely to and in axial alignment with the rod; an elongated, cylindrical, resilient, porous, liquid absorbent, curl-receiving element having a longitudinal,
axial bore therethrough, said element being removably mounted upon the rod between the collars with the rod passing through said bore; and an elongated, elastic strip provided with an opening adjacent each end thereof respectively, one of said openings being fitted upon the stern between the knob and said one collar, the other of said openings being adapted to releasably receive said finger when the strip is longitudinally stretched, whereby the strip will releasably hold a curl wrapped upon the element against unwinding.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,061,817 Van Cleef Nov. 24, 1936 2,400,102 Casieri May 14, 1946 2,410,144 Ashford Oct. 29, 1946 2,525,750 Spencer Oct. 10, 1950 2,525,981 Webster Oct. 17, 1950 2,693,809 Spencer Nov. 9, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 252,452 Switzerland Oct. 1, 1948 621,686 Great Britain Apr. 14, 1949