|Publication number||US2758296 A|
|Publication date||Aug 7, 1956|
|Filing date||Jan 19, 1953|
|Priority date||Jan 19, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2758296 A, US 2758296A, US-A-2758296, US2758296 A, US2758296A|
|Inventors||Larsen Fritz P|
|Original Assignee||Larsen Fritz P|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (10), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
7, 1956 F. P. LARSEN 2,758,296
ALARM SYSTEM OR MECHANISM FOR SAFETY BOXES OR THE LIKE Filed Jan. 19, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. 72 m/m-w ATTORNEK Aug. 7, 1956 F. P. LARSEN ALARM SYSTEM OR MECHANISM FOR SAFETY BOXES OR THE LIKE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 19, 1953 NQ N) m R V @Q R N m x g g m R 5 w A k E Q S wm H MN SN z wls m n m ATTORNE Y ALARM SYSTEM OR MECHANISM FOR SAFETY BOXES OR THE LIKE Fritz P. Larsen, Paris, France Application January 19, 1953, Serial No. 331,377
'2 Claims. (Cl. 340-280) The present invention relates to a new and improved alarm mechanism or system by means of which all kind of articles, whether included in a safety box or being positioned underneath said alarm mechanism may be protected. The alarm mechanism may also be used to the same protecting effect against undesired or unauthorized opening of windows, doors or the like by simply locating it against same.
The primary object of this invention is to produce an alarm mechanism adapted to provide protection against sneak thieves, burglars and the like by producing a persistent audible signal, as soon as the least tampering or shifting occurs. Said mechanism is contained in a box that may serve directly as a means to hold valuables or as a locker adapted to receive the objects to be protected, or an alarm system that may be simply located at any suitable point such as the door or window of the premises to be protected or over a stack of dockets, securities, bank notes or the like, in a manner such that any tentative removal even of a single article produces of necessity a shifting of the box that releases the alarm signal.
A further object of this invention is to provide for an alarm mechanism, the action of which cannot be stopped wilfully from the outside of its containing box, once said action has been released by any undesired or unauthorized movement of said safety box, except by an authorized person carrying and using a movable locking member to silence the action of said alarm mechanism.
Still another object of this invention is to provide for control means which are coupled with the alarm only when they are to release same.
Yet another object of this invention is to provide for control means which may execute, as a consequence of a deformation of the deformable system, a movement, the nature and/or direction and/or amplitude of which may differ from those of the member of the deformable system actuating them.
A further object of this invention consists in using as a movable locking member the bolt of a lock in which case the removable member is constituted by a key.
Various further and more specific purposes, features and advantages will clearly appear from the detailed description given below taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which form a part of this specification and illustrate merely by way of example one embodiment of the device of the invention.
The invention consists in such novel features, arrangements and combinations of parts as may be shown and described in connection with the apparatus herein disclosed by way of exemplification only and as illustrative of a perferred embodiment.
In the following description and in the claims, parts will be identified by specific names for convenience, but such names are intended to be as generic in their application to similar parts as the art will permit. Like reference characters denote like parts in the several figures of the drawings, wherein:
nited States Patent Figure 1 shows the front view of a safety box with the alarm mechanism according to the invention shown in unreleased position;
Figure 2 illustrates the safety box in lifted position with the alarm mechanism released for giving alarm;
Figure 2a shows how the released alarm mechanism is operated by merely moving or shifting the alarm box;
Figure 3 is a sectional view on the line 3 -3 of Figure 1;
Figure 4 shows an inside view of the alarm mechanism according to the invention; the electric wiring being shown diagrammatically; Figure 4a is a perspective detail view of one of the operating springs;
Figure 5 is a sectional view on the line 5-5 of Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a view of a part of the alarm mechanism in cocked or set position; and
Figure 7 is a view illustrating the part of the alarm mechanism shown in Figure 6 after the alarm has been released by the closing of the electric circuit.
Referring now in more detail to the drawings illustrating a preferred embodiment by which the invention may be realized, the safety box 11 comprises a frame 12 bolted to the inside thereof. The safety box 11 has an opening 13 in its bottom through which a small weight 14 protrudes. This small weight 14 is suspended on a rod 15 forming a loop 16 on its lower end to allow the small weight to be shifted with reference to the rod 15 in all directions, said weight and rod forming the deformable arrangement referred to hereinabove. The rod 14 is rotatably connected to a double-arm lever 17 pivotally mounted on a stud 18. The front arm 19 of said lever 17 is shaped as a small contact hammer while the rear arm 20 thereof is cut out to avoid a protruding stud 21 and is cam-shaped to be operated in connection with said stud 21. A spring 22 is constructed to form loops 22a which coil around stud 18. One end of spring 22 terminates in a loop 22b which is held securely by pin 22s. The other end of spring 22 forms an arm 22c terminating in a hook-like end 22d looped over lever 17. Spring 22 keeps lever 17 under tension in such manner that the front arm 19 is kept in a downwardly direction, thus forcing rod 15 and small weight 14 also downwardly against the support 23 upon which the safety box is resting. At the same time the spring 22 forces the camshaped part of the rear arm 20 of the lever 17 to cooperate with the stud 21. This stud 21 forms part of the movable back-plate 24 of the combination-lock mechanism of the safety box the locking lugs 25 of which only are visible in the drawings. Pivotally mounted on a stud 26 which is fixed to the inner cover plate of the combination-lock mechanism of the safety box is a blocking lever 28 which can be moved by the action of the backplate 24 of the combination-lock mechanism because it is connected to the stud 21, which is fixed to said backplate, by means of a connecting link 29. A spring 30, one end of which is kept firmly by a lug or bracket 31 and the other end of which is connected to said lever 28, tends to pull said blocking lever 28 against the free end 32 of a resilient contact spring blade 33 and keeps said blocking lever 28 under constant pressure against said end 32 of said contact spring blade 33. Underneath the contact spring blade 33 is located another resilient contact spring blade 34, the support of which is separated from the support of said upper contact spring blade 33 by an insulating means 35. An electrically operated bell 36 the hammer 37 of which is adapted to strike a loudsounding alarm bell 38 is arranged within and bolted to the frame 12. As a power source for the alarm bell 36 a flash-light battery 39 kept in a holder 40 is also arranged within the frame 12 in such manner that the contact fingers 41 and 42 engage with contact fingers 43 and 44 separated be insulating means 45 from one another which are correspondingly connected to the contact of the bell 36 and to the body of the safety box which forms the ground connection or second conduit. The mechanism is operated by the turn of a safety lock combination key which fits through the keyhole 46.
The alarm mechanism is operated in the following manner: If the safety box is closed and locked in its normal position, the lugs of the combination lock engage with corresponding recesses in the body of the safe box. As shown in Figure 4, the back-plate 24 of the combination-lock is moved in this position so far back, that the stud 21 connected to it keeps the rear arm 20 of the lever 17 down, whereby the front arm 19 of said lever 17 stays clear of the upper contact spring blade 33. The electric circuit is thus interrupted and the mechanism is in its ineffective position. The key can be removed in this position and the box can be carried or moved without giving alarm. Now, if the box is brought into its right position and the key is turned in the lock in the direction 47 as shown in Figure 6 by one half turn, the back-plate 24 of the combination safety lock is moved in such manner, that the stud 21 thereof slides down the cam-shaped cut-out on the rear arm 20 of the lever 17 thus making free the action of said lever 17 which is now only supported by rod 15, small weight 16 and supporting means 23 for the safety box. The lever 28 moves also under the influence of the spring 39 against the front edge 32 of the upper contact spring blade 33 and is kept there under the tension of said spring 30. The key can be removed from the box in this position, too, but the alarm mechanism is now cocked. The slightest movement of the box in any direction causes the small weight 14 to tilt under the pressure of spring 22 which is free to move the front arm 19 of lever 17 downwardly pressing upper contact spring blade 33 likewise downwardly to make contact with lower contact spring blade 34. The circuit is thus closed and the alarm released (see Figure 7). The alarm cannot be stopped from outside the box unless the mechanism is turned back by the key into its locked normal position, because lever 28 became also free and had been pulled over upper contact spring blade by its spring 30 when said upper contact spring blade 33 was pressed downwardly by the front arm 19, shaped like a hammer, of lever 17, thus blocking the electric contact in its closed position. To open the safety box 11 it is only necessary to turn the key in the lock in the direction 48 shown in Figure 4, whereby the backplate 24 is moved further backwardly moving simultaneously the locking lugs 25 to disengage from their corresponding recesses in the body of the safety box but not releasing the alarm mechanism.
The looped portion 16 of the rod 15 is located in housing 11a connected to frame 11, having the bottom wall 11b provided with opening 110 accommodating the weight 14, and the top wall 11d provided with slot 11s for the projection of rod 15.
While the invention has been described and illustrated with respect to a certain particular preferred example which gives satisfactory results, it will be understood by those skilled in the art after understanding the principle of the invention, that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention and it is intended, therefore, in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications.
What I claim is:
1. An alarm mechanism comprising a box with an opening, a control element inside said box and displaceable between a normal and an ofi-normal position and comprising a stationary front plate and a responsive movable back plate with protruding bolt means mounted thereon, said control element being inaccessible from outside said box, removable key means fitting said opening and adapted to displace said control element from without, alarm means within said box including circuit contacts, operating means within said box for rendering said alarm means elfective, said operating means comprising a pivotally operated lever having a front contact arm and rear cam shaped arm, and wherein said rear cam shaped arm in cooperation with said protruding bolt of said control means is adapted to be inoperative when properly aligned with said protruding bolt and operative when disaligned therewith in response to movement of said box, resilient means urging said lever into an operative position, link means operatively connected with said protruding bolt for actuation of said alarm means upon movement of said back plate and bolt into said operative position, a pivotally operated blocking lever mounted on said front plate and having a moving free end and interfering in said normal position of said control element with any displacement of said link means tending to actuate said alarm means, thereby preventing operation of said alarm means in said normal position of said control element while permitting such operation in said off-normal position thereof, and resilient actuated locking means in said box so engaging said alarm means including said circuit contacts in said oh normal position of said control element, as to maintain said alarm means actuated independently of said locking member until said control element is returned to normal position.
2. In an alarm mechanism a control element displaceable between a normal and off-normal position and comprising a stationary front plate and a responsive movable back plate with protruding bolt means mounted thereon, means to displace said control element, alarm means, operating means for rendering said alarm means effective, said operating means comprising a pivotally operated lever and so aligned with said protruding bolt means as normally to be in an operative position and adapted to be in an inoperative position when not so aligned, resilient means urging said lever into an operative position and link means operatively connected with said protruding bolt means for actuation of said alarm means upon movement of said back plate and protruding bolt means into an operative position, blocking means on said front plate interfering, in said normal position of said control element, with any displacement of said link means tending to actuate said alarm means, thereby preventing operation of said alarm means in said normal position of said control element while permitting such operation in said 01fnormal position thereof, and resilient actuated locking means so engaging said alarm means in said off-normal position of said control element, as to maintain said alarm means actuated independently of said locking member until said control element is returned to said normal position.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 215,120 Hall May 6, 1879 530,975 Stromberg Dec. 18, 1894 548,887 Murphy Oct. 29, 1895 919,385 Ruthven Apr. 27, 1909 2,273,440 Gould Feb. 17, 1942 2,438,076 Stelter Mar. 16, 1948 2,694,803 Larsen Nov. 16, 1954
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2919318 *||Jul 8, 1957||Dec 29, 1959||Brown John H||Portable alarm|
|US3041594 *||Dec 26, 1957||Jun 26, 1962||Charles Ralph J||Baby guard|
|US3044053 *||Feb 1, 1960||Jul 10, 1962||Pierre Larsen Frederic||Boxes, money-bags, small-cases, caskets and similar articles provided with an alarm device|
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|US4117468 *||Mar 15, 1977||Sep 26, 1978||Tulio Vasquez||Sound alarm for protecting briefcases and the like|
|US4190828 *||Jun 19, 1978||Feb 26, 1980||Wolf Daniel H||Movement sensitive anti-theft alarm|
|US7026932||May 12, 2003||Apr 11, 2006||Loudon Gary J||Electronic lock-out tag-out safety device|
|US20040227631 *||May 12, 2003||Nov 18, 2004||Loudon Gary J.||Electronic lock-out tag-out safety device|
|U.S. Classification||340/571, 109/39|
|International Classification||A45C13/00, G08B13/14, A45C13/24|
|Cooperative Classification||A45C13/24, G08B13/1436|
|European Classification||A45C13/24, G08B13/14F|