|Publication number||US2758682 A|
|Publication date||Aug 14, 1956|
|Filing date||Sep 16, 1954|
|Priority date||Sep 16, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2758682 A, US 2758682A, US-A-2758682, US2758682 A, US2758682A|
|Original Assignee||Shwayder Bros Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (14), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
4, 1956 B. SHWAYDER LUGGAGE MOLDINGS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 16, 1954 FIG.
' BEN SHWAYDER BY FIG.
A Horngy Filed Sept. 16, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IIIIIIIIII 7 Ill/IA v 60 Fl 6. 7
65 F I G. 9
BEN SHWAYDER ,QMtm
Afton-hey United States PatentO LUGGAGE MOLDINGS Ben Shwayder, Detroit, Mich assignor to Shwayder Bros., Inc., Detroit, Mich.
Application September 16, 1954, Serial No. 456,417
11 Claims. (Cl. 190-28) This invention relates to luggage moldings adapted to be used on the open edges of luggage boxes and their covers to both finish such edges and to fasten the luggage lining material in position.
In the manufacture of luggage cases of various types one of the diflicult production problems which arises is the fastening of the lining material within the case. At
present, this material is commonly glued or cemented directly to the luggage box and cover or is first pasted to cardboard which is then fastened within the luggage case. Each of these methods is quite expensive due to both the labor and materials required. I
-A second problem which arises is the finishing of the edges of the luggage box and cover where the box and cover contact each other when the cover is closed.
It is an object of my invention to solve both of these problems by providing a novel molding, which may be material and to firmly hold this selvage in proper position within the luggage case.
One object is to provide a molding which increases the strength of the luggage case and also eliminates the necessity of pasting the lining material to the side walls of the case.
Another object of my invention is to provide a luggage case edge molding which may be simply attached to the edges of a case and to which the selvage of the case lining material may be easily attached with a minimum of labor and expense.
Yet another object of my invention is to provide a luggage edge molding formed with tongues and grooves or the like whereby the molding on the edge of the box may be interconnected with the cover molding to form a tight 7 and strong joint when the luggage case is closed.
A further object of my invention is to provide an edge molding having a channel adapted to receive the selvage of lining material, with one wall of this channel being bendable and adapted to be squeezed to tightly grasp said selvage.
Still a further object of my invention is to provide a luggage edge molding having means to frictionally grasp the selvage of the luggage lining material and to tightly hold said selvage in position within the luggage case.
These and other objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent upon reading the following description and claims of which the attached drawings form a part.
Referring to the drawings in which:
Figure 1 illustrates a perspective view of a typical luggage case to which my invention may be applied.
Figure 2 is a perspective view, partially cut away, of the upper and lower moldings.
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of the upper molding 2 before the molding is attached to the luggage case and before the lining material is inserted.
Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of a modified edge molding. Y
Figure 5 is a modification wherein the molding is adapted to support a tray positioned in the'luggage case. Figure 6 shows an additional modification wherein the lining material holding channel is used per se.
Figure 7 shows a further modification which is readily adapted to be made by a bending process.-
Figures 8 and 9' each show modifications whereby tight joints may be effected between the moldings on the luggage box and cover.
Although there may be other uses, as set forth hereinafter, my molding is particularly adapted to be applied to edges of a luggage casesuch as the type illustrated in Figure 1 and broadly designated as 10. This case comprises a box portion 11 having a front 12, a back 13, and sides 14 and 15.
Connected to the back portion 13 by conventional hinges, or the like, is a cover 16, also having a front 17, sides 18 and 19, and a back 20. Suitable fastening means 21a and 21b may be provided on the fronts of the'cover and box to lock the two together when the luggage case is closed. In addition a handle 22, of any conventional construction, maybe provided on the front of the box for carrying purposes.
Secured to the edges of the sides and front of the box is a luggage molding 25, and a somewhat similar molding 26 is secured to the cover. This molding may also fit over the edge of the cover and box backs where desired. These moldings, as illustrated in Figures 2 and 3, each comprise a main channel formed by legs 27 and 28 and base 29. The'material forming the sides and front and back of the cover and box is inserted into this channel. This material may be wood, plastic, or metal, as the situation may be. I
For the purposes of simplicity; the various parts of the upper molding 26 are given the same numerical'designations as are the parts of lower molding 25, with one exception as will appear hereinafter. Leg 28 may be provided with a flange 32 adapted to enter into a channel 33 formed in the luggage walls. I As shown in Figure 3, leg 28 is formed at an angle to leg 27, so that upon assembly leg 28 is bent to tightly engage the walls of the luggage case; In this manner, the molding may be frictionally retained on the case edges with the help of flange 32. However, nails or other fastening means may also be employed to aid in retaining the molding in position. Likewise flange 32 may be eliminated, as illustrated in the modification of Figure 4, and nails, glue, or the like may be substituted to hold the molding on the case edges. 1
A second channel is also formed on the molding which channel is adapted to hold the selvage of the luggage lining materiaL. Leg 28 forms one side of this channel and leg 34 forms the opposite side. As illustrated leg 34 may be provided with a curved flange 35 to press against the lining material and to give the molding a more finished appearance.
In addition, teeth'36 and 37 are formed on legs Miami 34 respectively to bite into and hold the lining material.
The selvage of the luggage liner 38 may be formed with a beading 39 which is inserted into the second channel. Then the leg 34 of this channel is squeezed towards leg 28 to cause the teeth 36 and 37 to bite into the lining material and the flange 35 to press against said material. Teeth 36 and 37 are designed to produce a wedging action, whereby asthe teeth are pressed together, tooth 37 forces the bead 39, of the lining material, deeper into the channel. Moreover, thelining materialis crimped between the teeth 37 and 36, as shown in Figure 2. Because of the wedging and crimping action of the teeth the material is both tightly pulled into the channel and also stretched whereby wrinkles, which may occur in the body of the lining material, are removed.
The lining material may then be fastened to the bottom of the box and the top of the cover by means of some suitable adhesive, by sewing, or by some other suitable fastening means.
As described above, the upper and lower moldings 26 and 25 are constructed substantially alike. The only difference between the two is that a tongue 40 is formed on the upper molding and a groove 41 on the lower molding. Obviously this tongue and groove can be reversed, if desired.
The purpose of the tongue and groove is to provide a rigid joint'between the cover and box when the cover is closed. groove arrangement is dispensed with and base 29a is formed fiat to make a direct contact with its opposite molding base.
Other means may also be provided to join the selvage of the lining material to the molding. For example, in Figure 4, saw teeth 43 and 44 are provided to grip said selvage. Likewise, where the lining material is sufficiently stilf, the beading 39 may be eliminated.
In addition, in Figure 4, I illustrate a pointed flange 42 on leg 28a, which flange is adapted to be pressed into the surface of the luggage case wall. This flange 42 functions in a similar manner to flange 32 illustrated in Figure 2. However, here there is no need for a flange receiving channel 33 since flange 42 bites into the case wall upon the application of sufiicient pressure.
In many types of luggage cases, a divider tray designed to hold miscellaneous small articles is provided as illustrated in Figure 5. For use in such type luggage cases, they bendable leg 45 of the selvage receiving channel 46 may be connected to one of the wall receiving channel legs 47 at a point below channel base 48. In this manner a step or ledge 49 is provided and the tray 50 may rest upon this ledge. Note that in Figure 5, this tray is provided with a peripheral flange 51 which is located substantially at the middle of the tray so that the tray may extend into both the luggage case box and cover.
The legs of the selvage receiving channel 46 may be provided with means to grip the luggage case lining edges such as the pair of teeth illustrated in Figure 3 or the saw teeth of Figure 4 or the like.
There may be occasions when it is not practical or it is not desirable to use a wall receiving channel positioned over the edge of the luggage case walls. In such a situation, a single channel, as illustrated in Figure 6, may be provided having a pair of legs 51 and 52 to grasp the selvage of the lining material (not shown). Here, leg-51: may be abutted against and secured to the case wall 53 by means of nails 54 or some other suitable fastening means. Thereafter, the selvage of the lining material is inserted within the channel and leg 52 may be bent towards leg 51 to restrict the size of the channel and to grasp and hold such selvage. In addition, each of the legs 51 and'52 may be provided with a knurl or saw tooth configuration 55 or the like to grasp and hold the lining material.
In Figure 7, I illustrate a modification wherein the wall receiving channel 56 and the receiving channel 58 for the lining material selvage 57 open in opposite directions. Leg 59 of the selvage receiving channel is provided with a flange 60 which flange is pointed to pierce and hold the selvage 57. This modified construction can be fabricated by some suitable bending process or can be extruded. One advantage resulting from this modification is that the selvage is bent around the end of leg 59 and thereby is capable of sustaining a relatively high pulling force without being pulled out of the selvage channel 58;
In the modification of Figure 4, this tongue and Figure 8 discloses anadditional type of molding wherein the bases 61 and 62 of the upper and lower molding are formed to interconnect when the luggage case cover is closed. In all other respects the molding may be formed similar to the moldings shown in Figure 5 or Figure 2 hereinabove.
In this construction, the bases of each molding are bent to form a tongue portion and the tongue portion of one molding meets with the flat base portion of the other molding, thereby resulting in a tight double joint between the two moldings when the cover of the luggage case is closed.
In Figure 9, the meeting edge of the one of the walls of a luggage case has been provided with a bevel 64. Molding 66 has been made to conform to such bevel. The second molding 67 has been provided with an upright tongue portion adapted to contact the beveled case of molding 66. These moldings are so made to insure that the cover and box edges tightly meet even if there should happen to be some slight inaccuracies in the luggage case construction.
The above moldings are each provided with third legs to form selvage receiving channels 68 and 69.
My molding can be cheaply formed by the process of extrusion and is light weight, inexpensive to make and to apply, and performs the dual function of providing a strong hard edging on luggage case edges, and grasping and holding the lining material selvage. It can also be seen that this molding would be suitable in other places to fasten a lining material to a board-like surface. One example, of such use, may be in fastening cover material to the frame of a piece of furniture, such as in a chair.
This invention may be developed within the scope of the following claims without departing from the essential features of said invention. Accordingly, it is desired that the description and drawings be read as being merely illustrative of one practical embodiment of the said invention and not in a strictly limiting sense.
1. An edge molding comprising a base and three legs integral therewith to form a wall receiving channel and a lining material receiving channel, one of the legs forming said lining material receiving channel being bendable to close said channel and to tightly press against the selvage of a sheet of lining material and means on said bendable leg to tightly grasp and frictionally hold said selvage within said channel.
2. An edge molding comprising a base, a pair of legs integral with said base and forming a wall receiving channel, one of said legs being bendable whereby said bendable leg may be squeezed towards the other leg to tightly grip the edge of a wall inserted in said channel, a third leg integral with said bendable leg and forming a lining material receiving channel therewith, and coacting means formed on said bendable leg and said third leg adapted to grasp and to retain the selvage of a sheet of lining material in said material receiving channel.
3. An edge molding as defined in claim 2 above, wherein said third leg is provided with a flange which flange substantially closes the open end of said material receiving channel and is adapted to press the lining material against said bendable leg.
4. An edge molding comprising a base, a pair of legs integral with said base and forming a Wall receiving channel, one of said legs being bendable whereby said bendable leg may be squeezed towards the other leg to tightly grip the edge of a wall inserted in said channel, a third leg integral with said bendable leg and forming a lining material receiving channel therewith, said bendable leg and said third leg each being provided with at least one wedgeshaped tooth, which teeth are adapted to slide adjacent one another when said third leg is bent towards said bendable leg to crimp and grasp the selvage of a sheet of lining material.
5. In a device of the character described, a wall having an edge and a sheet of lining material adapted to cover one face of said wall; an edge molding comprising a first channel formed by a pair of spaced legs fitted over said edge with said legs connected by a base embracing said wall, a third leg formed integral with one of said pair of legs and having a portion spaced from said one leg to form a selvage receiving channel therewith wherein the selvage of said lining material is inserted, means on the legs forming said selvage receiving channel to grasp and frictionally hold said selvage within said channel.
6. In a device of the type described in claim above, wherein said grasping and holding means includes a flange formed on said third leg which flange substantially closes the open mouth of said selvage receiving channel and which presses the lining material extending through said open mouth against said one leg.
7. In a device of the type described in claim 5 above, one of said pair of legs forming said wall receiving channel being provided with a flange adapted to penetrate the face of said wall adjacent said leg to frictionally grip said wall.
8. Luggage moldings for use on each of the meeting edges of the walls of the box and cover of a luggage case, each comprising a pair of spaced legs connected by a base to form a channeled member fitted over a said wall edge, a leg spaced from one of said pairs of legs and integrally connected thereto by a connecting portion to form a lining receiving channel within which luggage lining material is adapted to be inserted, means formed on a leg forming the said second channel to grasp and hold the selvage of said lining material, said bases being provided with interfitting tongues and grooves whereby a tight joint is formed between the edges of the walls of said box and cover when said cover is closed.
9. Luggage moldings adapted to be fitted over the meeting edges of the walls of a luggage case box and cover respectively, each comprising a pair of spaced legs connected by a base to form a first channel portion fitted over each of said edges, the bases of the molding-s being provided with an interfitting tongue and groove whereby a tight joint is formed between said edges when said cover is closed, each molding having a bendable leg integral with one of the legs to form a second channel within which the selvage of the luggage lining material is adapted to be inserted, said bendable leg being adapted to be bent towards said one leg to frictionally grasp and retain said selvage.
10. Luggage moldings for use on each of the meeting edges of the walls of the box and cover of a luggage case, each comprising a pair of spaced legs connected by a base to form a first channel member fitted over a said wall edge, a third leg spaced from and formed integral with one of said pair of legs to form a second channel within which a luggage wall lining is adapted to be inserted, means formed on one of the legs forming said second channel to grasp and hold the selvage of said lining material, the base of the molding being provided with interfitting portions whereby a tight interfitted joint is formed between the edges of the Walls of said box and cover when said cover is closed.
11. An edge molding comprising a base, a pair of legs integral with said base and forming a wall receiving channel, a third leg integral with one of said pair of legs to form a lining material receiving channel therewith and being bendable towards said one leg, said one leg and said third leg each being provided with at least one wedgeshaped tooth, which teeth are positioned to slide adjacent one another, when said third leg is bent, to crimp and grasp the selvage of a sheet of lining material.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 10,334 Cantel Dec. 20, 1853 123,830 Lagowitz Feb. 20, 1872 1,314,399 Hick-s Aug. 26, 1919 1,393,273 Elliott Oct. 11, 1921 1,397,374 Grossman Nov. 15, 1921 1,963,492 Hiering June 19, 1934
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US10334 *||Dec 20, 1853||Improvement in metallic trunk-frames|
|US123830 *||Feb 20, 1872||Improvement in traveling-bags|
|US1314399 *||Jul 5, 1918||Aug 26, 1919||Bichabd wentworth hicks|
|US1393273 *||Jan 21, 1921||Oct 11, 1921||Bamford Elliott||Suitcase|
|US1397374 *||Apr 29, 1920||Nov 15, 1921||Simon Grossman||Suitcase|
|US1963492 *||Oct 15, 1932||Jun 19, 1934||Mergott J E Co||Hand bag|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2828844 *||Aug 26, 1955||Apr 1, 1958||Arlitt Jr William H||Reinforcing means for an article of luggage|
|US2832448 *||Apr 4, 1955||Apr 29, 1958||Shwayder Bros Inc||Luggage case|
|US3171700 *||Jul 11, 1962||Mar 2, 1965||Ever Wear Inc||Bar cabinet|
|US3194365 *||Nov 28, 1962||Jul 13, 1965||Budd Co||Baggage|
|US3358402 *||Mar 3, 1966||Dec 19, 1967||Broadway Metals & Fabricators||Weather sealed door-frame construction and method of fabrication|
|US3432012 *||Oct 11, 1966||Mar 11, 1969||Samsonite Corp||Luggage cases|
|US4260043 *||Aug 15, 1979||Apr 7, 1981||Presto Lock Company, Division Of Walter Kidde & Company, Inc.||Valance clip|
|US5168968 *||Jan 8, 1991||Dec 8, 1992||Samsonite Corporation||Valence for luggage case|
|US5458718 *||Mar 18, 1994||Oct 17, 1995||Vip Industries Limited||Heat sealing method for making a luggage case|
|US5806673 *||May 2, 1997||Sep 15, 1998||Skb Corporation||Musical sound equipment case|
|US8960391 *||Feb 6, 2012||Feb 24, 2015||Valigeria Roncato S.P.A.||Suitcase with connection for a partition made of double material|
|US20130306421 *||Feb 6, 2012||Nov 21, 2013||Valigeria Roncato S.P.A.||Suitcase with connection for a partition made of double material|
|EP0128547A2 *||Jun 7, 1984||Dec 19, 1984||Karl G. Lehmann||Suitcase|
|EP0128547A3 *||Jun 7, 1984||Jan 15, 1986||Karl G. Lehmann||Suitcase|
|International Classification||A45C5/02, A45C5/00|