|Publication number||US2759610 A|
|Publication date||Aug 21, 1956|
|Filing date||Jan 16, 1953|
|Priority date||Jan 16, 1953|
|Publication number||US 2759610 A, US 2759610A, US-A-2759610, US2759610 A, US2759610A|
|Inventors||James William S|
|Original Assignee||James William S|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (14), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 21, 1956 W. s. JAMES 2,759,610
PLEATED PAPER FILTER ELEMENT Filed Jan. 16, 1953 INVENTOR. l WILLIAM 5. JAMES ATToRNEYs United States Patent O 1 2,759,610 PLEATED PAPER FILTER ELEMENT William S. James, Providence, R. I. Application January 16, 1953, Serial No. 331,597 1 Claim. (Cl. 210-169) This invention relates to a filter element, more particularly of the type embodying the pleated paper.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a seal for the pleated ends of the paper of simple and inexpensive construction.
Another object of the invention is to provide a seal which will be sufiicient to exclude contaminant to be removed from the liquid filter although permitting passage of the filtrate.
Another object of the invention is to provide a material which may seal by pressure being applied without the need of adhesive.
Another object of the invention is to support the paper in the shape desired against pressures to which it may be subjected.
Another object of this invention is to support the pleated paper in a generally annular form against pressures tending to force the same inwardly.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, as will be more fully described and particularly pointed out in the appended claim.
In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is an elevation partly in section showing the filter element;
Fig. 2 is a fragmental sectional view on a greatly enlarged scale showing the sealing means at the end of the pleated paper wall;
Fig. 3 is a plan view looking at the inner side of one of the end walls of the element;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the pleated paper which forms the filter element.
In proceeding with this invention, I provide paper in a pleated form, arranging the same generally in the shape of an annulus and then supporting this pleated paper in a metal can having a cylindrical wall with inwardly extending ribs and a helical coil at the center to engage the inner edge of the annular pleats. The bottom of the can is provided with a gasket as likewise is the top of the can provided with a gasket which will be pressed against the ends of the pleats sufliciently to provide a seal against the passage of contaminant carried by the liquid to be filtered. This gasket may be permeable to filtrate in the same manner that the paper is, thus an absolute seal-need not be provided but merely one which will prevent the passage of the contaminant to be removed.
With reference to the drawings, designates generally pleated paper in which the plane of each of the pleats extends generally radially of an annular form of the pleated paper. This paper thus formed has its upper edges 11 and lower edges 12 in engagement with a soft gasket 13 of cotton in a felted form or some similar material which may be indented as shown in Fig. 2 by the edges such as 11 of the pleated paper. One form of felt gasket which is satisfactory is that disclosed is Pat. No. 2,528,793, November 7, 1950.
I have shown this annular pleated paper as positioned within a can designated generally 14 having cylindrical outer wall 15 with openings 16 arranged throughout its surface. The wall is rolled inwardly to provide ribs at 17, 18 and 19 so as to space the outer edge of the pleated annulus inwardly from the cylindrical wall. The bottom 20 is a metal wall which is rolled into engagement with the wall 15 as at 21 to provide a seal while along the 2,759,610 Patented Aug. 2l, 1956 ICC inner surface of the bottom wall 20 there is this soft gasket 13 which may be of a size and shape to be positioned on the bottom wall centrally thereof while having an open center. The bottom wall of this can is provided with an opening 22 which is flanged outwardly. This wall may be permanent with the cylindrical wall 15 of the can prior to loading of the can with the annular pleated paper. The top wall 23 of the can is formed separate and has a central opening 24.
The pleated paper in annular form is dropped into the can before the top wall 23 is applied and then there is positioned within the center opening of the pleated form and against the edges 25 thereof a cylindrical member in the form of a helix or wire spring 26 which is of a size to engage the edges 25 of the pleats and prevent the pleats from being forced radially inwardly. The spring assists in maintaining the pleats against the ribs 17, 18 and 19 and also centralize the opening through the pleated .form within the can. This opening will register with the openings 22 and 24 in the ends of the can. After the helix is in place, gasket 13 of soft material is positioned on the upper end of the pleats and then the can top is placed in position, pressure is applied, and the top is rolled into sealed engagement as at 28. There is sufficient pressure provided on the ends of the can and toward each other so that a good seal against passage of the contaminant is formed at the ends of the pleats. Should there by any irregularities in the axial length of the can, the pressure will ybe sufficient to compress the can 15 axially by forcing the ribs 17, 1S and 19 inwardly to an extent necessary to cause the can to conform to a desired length. In some cases, the pressure applied could be sufficient to place the gaskets 13 under a predetermined pressure for sealing as the ribs are compressed.
In operation, the liquid passes through the openings 16 in the cylindrical Wall 15 thence through the pleated paper or possibly through the sealing gasket 13 to the center opening while leaving its contaminant deposited on the paper or on the sealing gasket. By this means, a very inexpensive contaminant seal is provided for the ends of the pleated paper. The pleated paper is well supported both against pressures inwardly or pressures outwardly and a satisfactory cartridge is formed.
A filter comprising a can having a cylindrical wall and end walls firmly secured thereto, a filter member in the can and comprising an annulus formed of filtrate permeable paper provided with pleats that extend parallel to the axis of the annulus, a soft fibrous gasket having resilient properties confined between each end wall of the can and the ends of said pleats, and said cylindrical wall having a plurality of annular inwardly protruding, hollow ribs adapted to hold the pleats away from the sides of the can and buckle under pressure to make the can wall longitudinally compressible, whereby said ends can be forced against the resilient gaskets by compressing the can longitudinally to reduce its length and thereby embed the ends of the pleats permanently in these gaskets to close the ends of such pleats.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,690,564 Ward Nov. 6, 1928 2,239,868 Williams Apr. 29, 1941 2,413,991 Newman Jan. 7, 1947 2,468,862 Briggs May 3, 1949 2,577,169 Von Pentz Dec. 4, 1951 2,627,350 Wicks Feb. 3, 1953 2,642,187 Bell June 16, 1953 2,675,127 Layte Apr. 13, 1954
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|US2642187 *||Jan 11, 1950||Jun 16, 1953||Purolator Products Inc||Filter unit construction|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3054507 *||Jan 5, 1955||Sep 18, 1962||Wix Corp||Replaceable filter cartridges|
|US3178025 *||Jul 18, 1962||Apr 13, 1965||Gen Motors Corp||Dry cleaning filter with adsorbent means|
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|US5587066 *||Feb 8, 1994||Dec 24, 1996||Dana Corporation||Barrel shaped spring center tube for a fluid filter|
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|US5776342 *||Mar 5, 1996||Jul 7, 1998||Pall Corporation||Filter assembly|
|US5871645 *||Aug 25, 1997||Feb 16, 1999||Pall Corporation||Filter arrangement including a non-perforated housing and an axially pleated filter pack|
|US6103120 *||Oct 23, 1995||Aug 15, 2000||Pall Corporation||Fluid processing apparatus|
|US6110368 *||Jun 7, 1996||Aug 29, 2000||Pall Corporation||Fluid processing apparatus|
|US7066338 *||Dec 17, 1999||Jun 27, 2006||Filter Technology Australia Pty Limited||Filter element with anti-tracking ribs|
|US7731886||Oct 22, 2004||Jun 8, 2010||Filter Technology Australia Pty Ltd.||Method of manufacturing a filter cartridge|
|US20050108867 *||Oct 22, 2004||May 26, 2005||Filter Technology Australia Pty Limited||Filter cartridge and process|
|DE102004063346A1 *||Dec 23, 2004||Jul 13, 2006||Mann + Hummel Gmbh||Concentric filter is made from folded paper, non-woven or melt-blown fabric which is bonded to end disks and is supported by helix made from plastic or metal|
|U.S. Classification||210/493.1, 210/484, 210/493.2|
|International Classification||B01D27/06, B01D27/00|