US 2760241 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug. 28, 1956 o. SILVERMAN SHEET METAL AWNING 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 21, 1953 Z0 INVENTOR.
Aug. 28, 1956 o. SILVERMAN SHEET METAL AWNING Filed Aug. 21, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. Oscar Szlveflman,
9m ATTO B N EYS.
United States Patent 'Ofice 2,760,241 Patented Aug. 28, 1956 SHEET METAL AWNING Oscar Silver-man, Jacksonville, Fla. Application August 21, 1953, Serial No. 375,703
1 Claim. (Cl. 2057.5)
This invention relates to awnings formed of sheet metal, or other substantially rigid sheet material, and more particularly to a sheet metal awning of attractive and ornamental appearance.
It is among the objects of the invention to provide an improved rigid awning formed of a plurality of parts which can be easily assembled together and disassembled; which can be formed of any suitable material such as metal or a synthetic plastic material or a combination of materials and is shaped to provide an ornamental appearance on an associated building; which is adjustable in width to accommodate the awning to minor variations in the width of window or door openings in a building wall to which the awning is applied; whichis adequately ventilated to avoid the accumulation of heated air below the awning; which is easy to mount in proper position on an associated building wall; which is materially cooler in hot weather than a conventional canvas awning, a temperature difference of as much as 15 F. having been noted; which can be marketed as a package article with template drawings and instructions so that the services of a skilled mechanic are not required to assemble and mount the awning, but the awning can be assembled and mounted by most home owners themselves; and which is simple and durable in construction, economical to manufacture, and well adapted to withstand extreme weather conditions.
Other objects and advantages will become apparent from a consideration of the following description and the appended claim in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure l is a fragmentary perspective view of an awning illustrative of the invention shown mounted in operative position on a building wall;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary cross sectional view on an enlarged scale on the line 22 of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary cross sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a fragmentary top plan view of the awning;
Figure 5 is a fragmentary cross sectional view on the line 5-5 of Figure 4;
Figure 6 is a fragmentary front elevational view of the awning; and
Figure 7 is a fragmentary side elevational view of an outer corner portion of the awning.
With continued reference to the drawings, the awning comprises a panel assembly, generally indicated at 10, having back and front edges and end edges and being of substantially rectangular shape in plan, a rear or upper bar 11 extending along the rear or upper edge of the panel assembly and secured to the individual panels, a lower or front bar 12 extending along the front or lower edge of the panel assembly and secured to the individual panels, an intermediate bar 13 extending across the panel assembly substantially midway between and parallel to the upper and lower bars 11 and 12, a shield or flashing 14 overlying the panel assembly at the upper or rear edge of the assembly, braces, as indicated at 15, inclined rearwardly and downwardly from the outer corners of the panel assembly to the associated building wall 16 and ornamental extensions, as indicated at 17, mounted on the panel assembly one near each outer corner of the assembly and projecting outward substantially in longitudinal alignment with the corresponding braces 15.
The panel assembly 10 includes two different types of panels, as indicated at 20 and 21. Both types of panels are of channel cross sectional shape and have flat webs,
as indicated at 22 and 23 which webs have their side edges substantially in parallel planes but are longitudinally curved to an ogee curvature, as shown in Figure 1. When the panels are disposed in operative position the panels 22 have side flanges, as indicated at 24 and 25, projecting perpendicularly upwardly one along each side edge of the corresponding web 22 and the panels 21 have side flanges 26 and 27 projecting perpendicularly downward from the corresponding side edges of the associated web 23.
The upright panels 20 are disposed in spaced apart, coterminous relationship substantially parallel to each other and the inverted panels 21 extend one over each space between two adjacent upright panels 22. The flanges 26 and 27 of each inverted panel overlie and are spaced from the inner side of the corresponding flanges 24 and 25 of the associated upright panels so that watertight joints are provided between the several panels.
Skirts, as indicated at 28 extend along the outer edges of the outside, upright panels 20 of the panel assembly and each of these skirts comprises a flat plate having its edges curved to the longitudinal curvature of the webs of the panels and folded over or beaded, as indicated at 2? and 30. The outer flanges 24 of the corresponding outside panel 20 is received in the folded-over edge portion 30 along the upper edge of the skirt 28 and the skirt is secured to the panel flange by suitable means, such as the screws 31 extending through registering apertures in the folded-over upper edge portion of the skirt and in the outside panel flange 24 at spaced apart locations along the upper edge of the skirt. These skirts depend below the webs 22 of the outside or end panels at the opposite ends of the awning and extend from the associated building wall to the front or lower edge of the awning.
The web portions of the panels extend beyond the panel flanges at both ends of the panels and along the rear or upper edge of the panel assembly these projecting web portions are directed upwardly and are flanged along their upper edges to provide formations 32 of channel shaped cross section which receive the upper bar 11, this bar being of elongated, rectangular cross sectional shape and having a thickness materially greater than the thickness of the sheet material of which the panels are formed. The upwardly extending panel web portions are each secured to the bar 11 by suitable means, such as the countersunk screws 33 having their heads received in recesses in the panel portions 32 and the bar 11, and nuts 34 threaded one onto each screw 33 at the side of the bar 11 remote from the panel web formations 32.
At the lower or front end of the panel assembly the projecting web portions are directed downwardly, as indicated at 35 and are disposed with their corresponding surfaces substantially in common, vertically disposed planes when the awning is operatively mounted, as illustrated in Figure l. The lower bar 12, which is also of elongated, rectangular cross sectional shape extends along the inner sides of the depending web extensions 35 with its upper edge bearing against the lower surfaces of the webs 22 of the upright panels 20. This lower bar is individually secured to the depending web portions 35 by suitable means, such as the screws 36 extending through registering apertures in the bar and the depending web portions.
The intermediate bar 13 extends along the undersides of 3 a the panels Witirits'upper'surface' in contact with the lower surfaces of the webs 22 ofthe upright panels 20" and is secured to these upright panels by suitable means, such as the screws 37 extendingthrough registering apertures in the webs 22- .andthe intermediate bar 13'; Screws 33 longer than' thescrews 37' extend through aligned aper-- turesin the'webs 23 of the'invertedpanel's 21 and'in' the bar 13 and each of these screws 38 extends through a spacing sleeve 39" disposed between the bar 13 and" the web 23 of'the' corresponding'inverted panel 21.
Each of the bars-1'1, 1'2 and13isprovided at one end or both ends withseries of? screw'h'oles, asindicat'edat 49, spaced apart longitudinally of the bars and which. selectively receive the end screws 37" so that the, length ofthe panel assembly between the end skirts 28' can be adjusted" to compensateforminorvariations'inthewidths of door or window openings to which the awning is applied.
I Angle brackets, as indicated at 40; extend transversely of the lower bar-12 one near each end of this bar' and along the adjacent web' portions of the outer; upright panels 24)- and each of the brace rods 15 has one end welded tome-corresponding angle brackets 40 at the inner side of the angle bracket and extends from the correspondingend of thelowerbarlZindivergent relationship tothe corresponding outer panel-of thepanel assembly. Anchor brackets, as indicated'at 41, are pivotally mounted oneon each-ofjthe brace rods'15 at'the ends of these rods remote from'the awning'bar 12 andthese anchor brackets are secured to the building'wall 16 at the opposite sides of the door or window opening in the wall and below the covers the ventilating openings 50 and 51 so that precipitation will not enter these openings but warm air rising through the openings may flow from under the shield at the opposite ends of the shield and through the spaces between the shield flange 55 and the webs 22 of the upright panels 20.
The bars 11, 12 and 13 are structurally strong and rigid and are secured to thep'anels of the panel assembly, in a manner to provide a strong, and rigid awning and the attachment of" the upper bar to the'building wall and the bracing of the; awning: bythe: brace, rods provides an awning structure highly resistant to. the most severe weatliencondition. The" longitudinal curvature of thev panels together witlrtheskirts; provided by the skirt memassembly in super-imposed relationship to the angle brackets 40 disposed at' the inner sides of these outer panels and the projections are secured to the awning by screws, as indicated at 47 and 46, which extend. through registering:apertures'in' the corresponding legs of the angle bracketsand'4i) and in the: lower'bar 12 and the ad jacent portionof the corresponding panel 20';
The webs 22 and 23 of'the panelsl20' and 21 have ventilating openings therein; as indicated at 50 and 51' and the shield or flashing'1'4 comprises a strip of' sheet material having substantiallypara'llel, straight side edges and a bend, as'indicated at 52 extending longitudinally thereof and providing portions 53' and 54 disposed at an angle to each" other. The portion 53 is disposed against the wall.
55 which contacts the upper surfaces of the web 23 of the invertedpanels 21. This shield" extends over and bers 28 and the depending web portions 35 at the front edge of the awning and'the ornamental projection 17 provide an awning of ornamental and attractive appearance which greatly improves the. appearance of a building on which the. awnings are installed.
The invention mayjbe embodied in other specific forms without'departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiment is, therefore, to beconsidered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claim rather than by the foregoing description; and all changes'which come within the meaning and range of'equivalency of the claim are, therefore, intended to' be embraced therein.
What is claimed is: In a rigid awning, a panel assembly including a pluralityof elongated panels lying in an inclinedplane and connected to one: another in side-by-sid'e relationship, said panels including'first panels formed'as downwardly facing channels andisecond panels formed as upwardly facing channels" alternating with and overlapping the first panels, the-first panels'having Webs, portions of whichare struck upwardly out of said plane. adjacent one end of the Webs' medially between the side edgesof the webs, to provide ventopeningsyanda flashing shield overlying and'extending' transversely of the several" panels from end to end of.
the-panel assembly and inclinedtransversely out of the planeof the panel assembly to'form a space between the flashing shield and panels with which said vent openings arein communication, said shield" having one of its longitudinal edges in contact with, theseveral webs of'the first panels over the full wi'dth of each web at a location close to'the'vent opening of'the web, the upwardly struck portionof each web being disposed at that end ofthe adjacent vent opening nearest said longitudinal-edge of'the shieId.
References Cited inthefile of this patent UlSIITED STATES PATENTSv 2,480,447 Cate: Aug. 30, 1949 2,484,987. Eschrich Oct. 18, 1949 2,565,884 Raibourn Aug; 28, 1951 2,591,610 a Robinson Apr. 1 1952 2,597,633" Graham; May 20; 1952 2,619,691 Bottom Dec. 2, 1952' 2,644,990. Smith .Q July 14, 1953 2,663,918 Pollock Dec. 29, -3