|Publication number||US276078 A|
|Publication date||Apr 17, 1883|
|Publication number||US 276078 A, US 276078A, US-A-276078, US276078 A, US276078A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
GALVANIG BELT. No. 276,078. 7 Patented Apr. 17,1883.
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NITED STATES PATENT JOSEPH mirror, or CAMDEN, new JERSEY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 276,078, dated Aprfl 17, I883.
Application filed November 17, 1882. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH RITTIG, a citizen ot' the United States, and a resident of Camden, New Jersey, have invented certain Improvements in Galvanic Belts, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to that class of galvanic or electric belts, pads, or bandages in which the negative and positive elements 'of the battery are so secured or applied to the belt or bandage as to come directly into contact with the body of the wearer; and the main object of my invention is to improve and simplify the construction of these belts or bandages, as more fully described hereinafter.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a view of the inner face of a portion of the belt with its galvanic elements; Fig. 2, a reverse view with the outer cover removed Fig. 3, a perspective view of parts detached; Fig. 4, a section on the line 1 2, Fig. 1; and Fig. 5, a view on a smaller scale of a belt embodying my improvements.
The belt or bandage A may be constructed of leather, fabric, or any other suitable flexible material, and to the inner fold of the belt are secured the zinc and copper or other positive and negative elements, 0 Z, ofthe battery, in the manner shown in Fig. 3. The element is preferably in the form of a circular disk, with acentral depression and a slot, b, therein. In the inner fold of the belt is formed an opening, a, at the point where the zinc or copper plate is to be applied. Through the slot in the disk and through the opening a is then passed the split shank of the retainerB, which may be simply the well-known form of paperfastener, whose head fits into the recess or depression in the center of the disk. The two legs of the retainer are then partially bent back, and the uncovered conducting-wires E, Fig. 2, are wound around them' to make a good electrical connection, and then the said legs are bent outward at right angles, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4, and the succeedingdisks are applied in the same way. The outer portion, a, of the belt may then be secured in place to inclose the conducting-wires and the bent-up shanks of the retainers B. The advantages of this construction are that while the disks are effectually held in place as long as may be desired, they can, when worn out, be readily removed and replaced by withdrawingthe detachable retainer B.
In front of each disk I secure a piece, D, of flannel or other porous material, as a retainer of moisture to assist in forming the circuit when the belt or bandageis applied to the body of the wearer.
In using galvanic bandages it is, in many cases, desirable to so apply the bandage that the current may he sometimes passed through the bodyin one direction and sometimes in the opposite direction.- This may be usually accomplished by reversing the bandage; but where the latter is not reversible I accomplish the desired object by constructing the bandage as shown in Fig. 5. bandage is made in two main parts, A and A, connected together by elastic cords F, and provided with suitable straps and buckles or other fasteners. Each part has its series of zinc and copper plates. Z 0 connected up in quantity or series to two terminal rings, N and P, (N" and P,) negative and positive, respectively. In the drawings the terminalsP and N are shown connected by a flexible covered conductor, E, so that when the bandage is applied to the body the current will pass through the wearers body from the elements of the part A to those carried by the part A- say from back to front of the body; but by connecting the terminals N and P by the flexible conductor E the electric current will flow in the opposite direction, from front to back of the wearers body.
I claim as my invention-- 1. The combination of a bandage or belt and a series of negative and positive disks, Z O, on the surface of the bandage or belt, and adapted to come into direct contact with the wearers body, with detachable retainers B and conductin g-wires passin ground the shanks of said retainers, all substantially as set forth.
2. The combination of the bandage or belt and disks Z O, having central depressions and In this instance the slots 1), with retainers B, having split shanks In testimony whereof Ihave signed my name 10 passing through the disks, and heads adapted to this specification in the presence of two subto said depressions. scribing witnesses.
3. The combination of the two parts of a galvanic bandage, each having positive and JOSEPH RITTIG. negative elements and positive and negative terminaisN P N P, with a detachable con- Witnesses: dnctor, E, substantially as and for the purpose HARRY DRURY, set forth. HUBERT HoWsoN.
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