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Publication numberUS2765114 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 2, 1956
Filing dateJun 15, 1953
Priority dateJun 15, 1953
Publication numberUS 2765114 A, US 2765114A, US-A-2765114, US2765114 A, US2765114A
InventorsSheldon S L Chang
Original AssigneeRobbins & Myers
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cone type compressor
US 2765114 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct 1955 SHELDON s. 1.. CHANG 2,765,114

CONE TYPE CDMPRESSOR Filed June 15, 1953 IN V EN TOR. JMapa/vS i flu/v A TORNEYS.

United rates Patent G CONE TYPE COMPRESSGR Sheldon S. L. Chang, New York, N. Y., assignor to Robbins & Myers, Inc., Springfield, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application June 15, 1953, Serial No. 361,619

Claims. (Cl. 230-148) This invention relates to an improved cone type-compressor. In the Byram and Chang Patent No. 2,590,751, dated March 25, 1952, there is a general disclosure of pumps having relatively flat disc-like pumping elements wherein the pumping elements are provided with spiral threads and wherein one of the elements has one thread more than the other element.

In the Chang patent, No. 2,590,435, dated March 25, 1952, there is a more detailed disclosure of such pumps. In the last mentioned patent there were disclosed pumps having cone shaped, bowl shaped, or flare shaped pumping elements as well as flat pumping elements.

In the Chang and Hagerman Patent No. 2,566,116, dated August 28, 1951, there is disclosed a machine for forming pumping elements for use with the relatively flat types of pumps and in my copending application, Serial No. 278,030, filed March 22, 1952, now Patent No. 2,720,130, dated October 11, 1955, there is disclosed a lathe having complex tool movement useful in the machining of a cone type compressor element, such as is used in a compressor according to my cope nding application, Serial No. 278,029, filed March 22, 1952, now Patent No. 2,733,854, dated February 7, 1956.

The principal object of the present invention is to provide a compressor of the cone type referred to in said last mentioned copending application having a stator of resilient or rubber-like material, and wherein the starting torque requirements are greatly reduced while the efficacy of the stator-rotor seal is maintained. Other objects of the invention include the provision of a compressor having all of the advantages mentioned in connection with the compressor of my said Patent No. 2,733,854, and without substantially increasing the cost thereof.

These and other objects of the invention which will be pointed out in greater detail hereinafteror which will be understood by one skilled in the art upon reading the specifications, I accomplish by that certain constxuction and arrangement of parts of which I shall now disclose certain exemplary embodiments.

Reference is made to the drawings forming a part hereof and in which:

Figure 1 is a longitudinal cross sectional view of one form of compressor according to the present invention.

Figure 2 is a fragmentary view similar to Figure 1 showing a modification.

Figure 3 is an elevational view, with parts broken away, of the compressor elements in another modification, and

Figure 4 is an axial cross sectional view through a stator representing a still further modification.

For details of the surfaces of the compressor elements, reference is hereby made to my said Patent No. 2,733,- 854, since the present invention is not in any way concerned with the details of the surfaces.

Briefly, in the practice of my invention I provide means whereby the larger end of the resilient stator at least and preferably about the larger half of the stator is protected from the discharge pressure so that only approximately the smaller half end of the stator is subject to the discharge pressure.

As pointed out in said last mentioned patent, the fact that the exterior of the resilient stator is subjected to discharge pressure enhances the stator-rotor seal and makes the compressor more eii"1cient. I have found, however, that where the discharge pressure acts upon the entire stator as in my said last mentioned copending application, the frictional eifect is such that the starting torque of the pump is greatly increased. I have found that if the larger end at least of the stator, and preferably about one-half at the larger end of the stator, is protected from discharge pressure, the starting load is greatly reduced while the sealing qualities are not adversely affected. I am thus enabled to produce a compressor which is just as eflicient but it may be operated with a considerably smaller electric motor.

In Figure 1 I have shown a rotor or inner element 21 driven from a shaft 22 through a universal joint 20 and operating within a stator or outer element 23. The compressor is housed within a casing element 24 having a separate head portion 25 carrying an inlet or suction port 26. A discharge port is provided in the member 24 at 27. The casing portion 24 and head 25 are held together by means of nuts and bolts, as generally indicated at 28, through flanges 28:: on the member 24 and 28b on the member 25. The stator member 23 is provided with an annular flange 29 which is clamped between the flanges 28a and 28b.

The structure described is very similar to that disclosed in my said last mentioned patent. The difference lies in the fact that the annular stator flange 29 is substantially at the midpoint of the stator rather than at the large end and the head portion 25 is correspondingly lengthened to accommodate the large end of the stator.

It will be clear from a study of Figure 1 that only the right hand one-half of the stator, which is peripherally spaced from the casing element 24, is subject to discharge pressure within the casing element 24 and that the larger end of the stator is subjected to suction pressure. In this Way, the frictional effect or binding effect between stator and rotor is eliminated in that region where it would do more harm than good and is maintained in that region where its harmful effects are far outweighed by the beneficial sealing effect.

Similar results may be obtained with the structures illustrated in Figures 2, 3 and 4 and in other modifications which will be apparent to one skilled in theart. Thus, in Figure 2 the casing portion 24a is substantially like that in my said last mentioned copending application and likewise the head element 25a is similar. The head element again contains the suction port 26 and the sections 24a and 25a are held together by means of ports 28c passing through the flanges 28:! andv 28a. The rotor is indicated at 21a and the stator, which is peripherally spaced from the casing element 24a, is indicated at 23a. The stator flange is indicated at 29a. It will be observed also that the stator 23a with its flange 29a is similar to that disclosed in my said last mentioned patent. The larger end of the stator 23a is protected from the discharge pressure within the casing element 24a by a sleeve or shell 30 extending approximately half the length of the stator. The sleeve or shell 30 is bonded in any desired manner to the exterior of the stator and is of a material which is sufficiently rigid to prevent distortion of the larger end of the stator covered thereby by the discharge pressure.

In Figure 3 I have shown another modification where the rotor 21b operates within a stator 23b having a flange 29b and wherein the stator carries a shell 30a which is substantially like the shell 30 of Figure 2 over approxi- 3 mately one-half the length of the stator and which is slotted over approximately the smaller half as at 31, leaving between the slots a number of fingers 32.

It will be clear that the portion 39a functions in the same manner as the shell or sleeve 31) of Figure 2 and that the fingers 32, while providing some protection for the smaller end of the stator, nevertheless permit access of the discharge pressure so as to provide for the sealing effect mentioned above.

In Figure 4, I have shownanother modification of a stator 230 having the flange 29c. In this modilcation I have shown a ring of suitable material, such as fiberglass and indicated at 3617 molded into the body of the stator over approximately the larger half thereof. This reinforcing material removes most of the resilience from the larger end of the stator and thus prevents its compression when it is subjected to discharge pressure.

It will be clear from the foregoing that there are various ways in which the results intended can be achieved. In the embodiments of Figure 1, the larger' end of the stator is simply made to fall on the suction pressure side of the device by moving the flange 29 from the large end of the stator to a point preferably midway between its ends. In the embodiments of Figures 2, 3 and 4, the entire stator is Within the discharge pressure side of the device and various means are provided to protect the larger end of the stator from the effects of discharge pressure.

The particular distance over which the member 30, 39a or 30b extends or at which the flange 29 is placed will vary depending upon the discharge pressure for which the pump is intended. For most purposes, however, the midpoint will be a good compromise.

It will be clear that I do not intend to limit myself to details other than as set forth in the claims which follow.

Having now fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. A compressor having one pair, at least, of cooperating conical pumping elements one within the other,

said pumping elements having threads extending in a conical path, a casing enclosing said elements and spaced from the outer one of said pumping elements over a por tion at least of its length, the outer one of the elements of said pair being of resilient material and being stationary and having means in contact with the said casing and dividing said casing into a high pressure discharge and a low pressure suction side, means for rotating the inner one of said elements, an inlet port in said casing adjacent the larger ends of said elements, an outlet port in'said casing adjacent the smaller ends of said elements, one of said elements being mounted for nutational movement with respect to the other about a fixed point on which an extension of the conical threads of said member would converge, and in a sense opposite to the sense of rotation of said inner element, and means for preventing the larger end, at least, of said outer element from being compressed radially by said discharge pressure, and permitting a desired portion of the length of said outer element, at the smaller end thereof, to be compressed radially by said discharge pressure.

2. A compressor according to claim 1 wherein said means prevent substantially the larger half of said outer element from being compressed radially by said discharge pressure.

3. A compressor having one pair, at least, of cooperating conical pumping elements one within the other,

said pumping elements having threads extending in a in said casing adacent the larger ends of said elements, an outlet port in said casing adjacent the smaller ends of said elements, one of said elements being mounted for nutational movement with respect to the other about a fixed point on which an extension of the conical threads of said members would converge, and in a sense opposite to the sense of rotation of said inner element, the larger end of said outer element up to said flange being thus subjected to suction pressure, while the smaller end of said outer element, up to said flange, is subjected to radial compression by the discharge pressure.

4. A compressor according to claim 3 wherein said outer element flange is disposed approximately midway between the ends of said stator.

5. A compressor having one pair, at least, of cooperating conical pumping elements one within the other, said pumping elements having threads extending in a conical path, a casing enclosing said elements and spaced from the outer one of said pumping elements over a portion at least of its length, the outer one of the elements of said pair being of resilient material and being sta tionary and having means in contact with said casing and dividing said easing into a high pressure discharge and low pressure suction side, means for rotating the inner one of said elements, an inlet port in said casing adjacent the larger ends of said elements, an outlet port in said casing adjacent the smaller ends of said elements, one of said elements being mounted for nutational movement with respect to the other about a fixed point on which an extension of the conical threads of said merriber would converge, and in a sense opposite to the sense of rotation of said inner element, the larger end, at least, of said outer element being encased in a rigid shell to prevent its radial compression by said discharge pressure.

6. A compressor according to claim 5 wherein said rigid shell covers substantially the larger one-half of said outer element.

7. A compressor having one pair, at least, of cooperating conical pumping elements one Within the other, said pumping elements having threads in a conical path, a casing enclosing said elements and spaced from the outer one of said elements over a portion at least of its length, the outer one of the elements of said pair being of resilient material and being stationary and having means in contact with said casing and dividing said casing into a high pressure discharge and low pressure'suction side, means for rotating the inner one of said elements, an inlet port in said casing adjacent the larger ends of said elements, an outlet port of said casing adjacent the smaller ends of said elements, one of said elements being mounted for nutational movement with respect'to the other about a fixed point on which an extension of the conical threads of said member would converge, and in a sense opposite to the sense of rotation of said inner element, said outer element being encased in a shell which is axially slotted from the small end for a portion of its length, to prevent radial compression of the larger end, at least, of said outer element by said discharge pressure, while permitting radial compression of the smaller end of said outer element by said discharge pressure.

8. A compressor according to claim 7 wherein said slots extend substantially one-half the length of said shell.

9. A compressor having one pair, at least, of cooperating conical pumping elements one within the other, said pumping elements having threads extending in a conical path, a casing enclosing said elements and spaced from the outer one'of said pumping elements over a portion at least of its length, the outer one of said elements of said pair being of resilient material and being stationary and having means in contact with said casing and dividing said easing into a high pressure discharge and low pressure suction side, means for rotating the inner one of said elements, an inlet port in said casing adjacent the larger ends of said elements, an outlet port in said casing adjacent't-he smaller ends of said elements, one of said elements being mounted for mutational movement with respect to the other about a fixed point on which an extension of the conical threads of said member would converge, and in a sense opposite to the sense of rotation of said inner element, the larger end, at least, of said stator having reinforcing elements molded thereto, to prevent its radial compression by said discharge pressure.

10. A compressor according to claim 9 wherein said reinforcing elements extend substantially one-half the length of said stator.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Re.21,374 Moineau Feb, 27, 1940 Aldridge July 14, Thompson July 11, Byram June 27, Byram Mar. 20, Moineau Mar. 20, Chang Mar. 25, Byram et a1. Oct. 7,

FOREIGN PATENTS Australia Apr. 28,

Patent Citations
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US2290137 *Oct 22, 1938Jul 14, 1942Robert D QuinnCompressor for refrigerating apparatus
US2353373 *Sep 5, 1941Jul 11, 1944Thompson Arthur JPump
US2512765 *Dec 20, 1946Jun 27, 1950Robbins & MyersRotary pump
US2545604 *Feb 1, 1946Mar 20, 1951Robbins & MyersPump
US2545626 *Oct 2, 1947Mar 20, 1951Robbins & MyersSpiral gear pump and allied device
US2590435 *Apr 29, 1950Mar 25, 1952Robbins & MyersFlat rotary pump
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USRE21374 *Apr 18, 1935Feb 27, 1940 Gear mechanism
AU113009B * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2862454 *Jun 24, 1955Dec 2, 1958Robbins & MyersHelical gear pumps
US2874643 *Oct 15, 1957Feb 24, 1959Robbins & MyersHelical gear pump with stator compression
US2879920 *Dec 18, 1957Mar 31, 1959Colcrete LtdPumping apparatus
US2924180 *Mar 31, 1958Feb 9, 1960Robbins & MyersProgressing cavity pump construction
US2957427 *Dec 28, 1956Oct 25, 1960Walter J O'connorSelf-regulating pumping mechanism
US3004700 *Aug 18, 1959Oct 17, 1961Gen ElectricTurbine engine casing
US3084631 *Jan 17, 1962Apr 9, 1963Robbins & MyersHelical gear pump with stator compression
US3307486 *Jul 16, 1965Mar 7, 1967Flygts Pumpar AbUniversal joint and sealing means for screw pumps
US3369494 *Oct 18, 1965Feb 20, 1968Unitex LtdPumps
US3435772 *Mar 14, 1967Apr 1, 1969Schlecht KarlVariable diameter stator for screw pump
US4818197 *Jan 20, 1987Apr 4, 1989Halliburton CompanyProgessive cavity pump
US4863357 *Apr 21, 1987Sep 5, 1989Svenska Rotor Maskiner AbRotary positive displacement machine for a compressible working fluid
US7413416Jan 28, 2005Aug 19, 2008Pcm PompesProgressing cavity pump
US8083508Jun 8, 2010Dec 27, 2011Blue Helix, LlcProgressive cavity compressor having check valves on the discharge endplate
DE19911454A1 *Mar 8, 1999Sep 14, 2000Busch Sa AtelTrockenverdichtende Orbitspindelpumpe
WO1987006654A1 *Apr 21, 1987Nov 5, 1987Svenska Rotor Maskiner AbRotary positive displacement machine for a compressible working fluid
WO1998020259A2Sep 18, 1997May 14, 1998Robbins & MyersCascaded progressing cavity pump system
Classifications
U.S. Classification418/48, 418/50, 418/49
International ClassificationF04C2/107
Cooperative ClassificationF04C2250/201, F04C2/1076
European ClassificationF04C2/107B4