US 2766464 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 16, 1956 1 G. SAW
UNIVERSAL BABY NURSERY Filed Sept. 50, 1955 I Y INVENTOR:
JOSEP/1 6, `514V/ BY M United safes Patent o UNIVERSAL BABY NURSERY Joseph G. Savi, Bronx, N. Y.
Application September 30, 195B, Serial No. 383,303
2 Claims. (Cl. 5-93) My present invention relates to nursery furniture and more particularly to a piece ofuniversal furniture adapted to be used as a crib, baby walker, play pen, tableand-chair combination, or aid in toilet training.
In patent application Ser. No. 731,534, filed February 28, 1947, by Michael A. Camerino .and myself (since abandoned), we have disclosed a combined crib and baby walker comprising a collapsible frame, a retractable seat member adapted to serve as a toilet seat, and a floor board adjustablyfpositionable on the frame Iat different elevations. v
The object of my instant invention is to provide an improved -device of the general character set out above, of simple construction, inexpensive to manufacture and conveniently convertible from one of the aforementioned uses to another.
A feature of my invention resides in 1a slidable body support which is guided in a pair of horizontal channels by means of two pairs of dowels, removal of the support from the frame without disassembly of the latter being possible by the provision of slots or notches through which the dowels of each pair may be lifted, one at a time, from their guide channel.
Another feature of my invention resides in a rotatable ioor board having a hard and a soft surface, the former serving as a walking iloor when the support is in place, the latter affording a cushioned resting surface when the support has been removed and the device is used as a crib.
A further feature of my invention resides in the provision of a pivoted seat member which when placed in a depending position will form part of an end wall of the crib, thereby preventing the infant from leaving the enclosure, yet which when positioned horizontally will uncover an aperture large enough to permit withdrawal of the floor board from the frame.
The above and other features and objects of my invention will become more fully apparent from the following detailed description of a now preferred embodiment, reference being had to the accompanying drawing in which:
Fig. l is a perspective view of a piece of nursery furniture according to the invention;
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the device of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, illustrating in dot-dash lines the removal of the body support from the frame;
Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 3, illustrating in dot-dash lines the removal of the floor board; and
Fig. 5 is a front elevation of the removed floor board.
The device shown in the drawing comprises a rectangular frame provided with four legs 11, side boards 12a, 12b and end boards 13a, 13b extending between these legs at the top of the frame, side moldings 14a, 14b and end moldings 15a, 15b extending between these legs near the bottom of the frame, and bars 16a, 16h, 16e substantially closing the two sides :and one end of the frame.
The side boards 12a, 12b are provided with two hori- 2,766,464 PatentedY Oct. 16, 1956 zontal channels 17a, 17b serving for the guidance of a body support 18 provided with an aperture 19. The support 18 carries on each side a pair of dowels, as shown in Fig. 2 where part of the side board 12b has been broken away to expose the dowels 20', 20" received in channel 17b. The side boards are further provided with notches 21a, 2lb just wide enough to accommodate the dowels 20', 20 and communicating, respectively, with the channels 17a, 17b. The support 18 can be removed from the frame 10 by first aligning the front dowels 20 with the notches 21a, 2lb, then pivoting the support about rear dowels 20 and lifting the front dowels out of the guide channels 17a, 17b, and sliding the support forwardly to align the rear dowels with the notches so as to enable their withdrawal; this will be apparent from Fig. 3 where an intermediate position of the support has been illustrated in dot-dash lines.
Pivotally lodged in the end moldings 15a, 15b is a floor board 22 which as shown may comprise a wooden frame 23, a wooden panel 24 extending across one side of the frame, cushioning material (e. g. soft rubber) 25 filling the inside of the frame 23, and a fabric 26 covering the exterior of the floor board with the exception of panel 24. A pin 27, extending rearwardly from wooden frame 23, is receivable in either of two vertically spaced bores 28', 28 in the rear molding 15b; a crank 29, extending forwardly from frame 23, forms the other pivot and is receivable in either a straight notch 30 or a curved notch 30 in front molding 15a, the latter notch forming a bearing for the crank 29 underneath the bottom of notch 30. The bores 2S', 2S afford sucient play to` allow the tilting of floor board 22, as shown in dot-dash lines in Fig. 3, for the purpose of withdrawing the crank 29 from either of its two notches. lt will thus be seen that the floor board may be selectively placed in an upper or in a lower position, depending on whether pin 27 and crank 29 :are placed in bore 28' and notch 30 or in bore 28 and notch 30, respectively.
In order to guard against spontaneous rotation of the oor board 22, a spring-pressed indexing pin 31 is mounted in front molding 15a in eccentric position. Floor board 22 is provided with two pairs -of holes 32', 32" .and 33', 33", as best seen in Fig. 5, which are selectively engageable by the pin 31 depending on whether the floor board is in its upper or its lower position and whether the panel 24 is at the top or at the bottom thereof. In Fig. 3, where the board is in its upper position with the panel 24 at the top, pin 31 enters the hole 32.
The opening between head board 13a and head molding 15a, through which the floor board 22 may be withdrawn as illustrated in dot-dash lines in Fig. 4, is normally blocked by a seat member 33 pivoted in the two front legs 11 by means of pins 34; one of these pins may be spring-loaded in the well-known manner, if desired, to facilitate removal of the seat member from the frame 10. In order to secure member 33 in its horizontal position illustrated in Figs. 2-4, a pair of short bars 35 are rotatably mounted thereon and when turned at right angles to the seating surface, as best seen in Figs. 3 and 4, will brace the member 33 against the head board 13a. The board 13a may be provided with shallow recesses 36, as shown, to receive the bars 35 when the seat 33 is taken into use.
Seat member 33 is shown provided with an aperture 37 so as to be usable as a toilet seat, for which purpose a pot (not shown) may be placed underneath the same when required. It will be apparent that ya suitable cover or plug, not shown, may be provided for aperture 37 if desired, and that a similar lid could be placed upon aperture 19 of body support 18 when the latter is to be used, for example, as a play table in conjunction with seat 33. A pair ofV strips 38 on molding 15a prevent the seat from being pushed outwardly when in its depending position (Fig. 1).
It will thus be apparent that I have provided a universal baby nursery which will benefit both the infant and the parent or guardian by its great versatility and by the many practical features combined therein. The infant may use my device for purposes of sleeping, eating, play ing and elimination, and in addition will be able to get from it all the physical exercise required for the health and development of a growing body. The mother or nurse, at the same time, will not need to worry about any possibility of the baby wandering off or incurring bodily harm, being secure in the knowledge that her child is safe within the enclosure provided by this device.
Various departures from the specic arrangement described and illustrated are, of course, possible without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
l. In a piece of nursery furniture, in combination, a frame provided with a pair of parallel, horizontal channels, a supporting member of substantially rectangular configuration, said member having an aperture adapted to receive the body of an infant, a pair of horizontally spaced dowels on each of two opposite sides of said member, said dowels being received in said channels, said frame being provided with a pair of aligned notches communicating with said channels, respectively, said dowels being withdrawable through said notches for removal of said supporting member from said frame, a floor board removably secured to said frame below said member, said frame having four sides including one open side permitting the withdrawal of said oor board therethrough, a seat pivoted to said frame near the top thereof at said open side and movable between a horizontal and a sub stantially vertical position, said seat obstructing said open side in said vertical position, and means for securing said seat in side horizontal position.
2. ln a piece of nursery furniture, in combination, a four-sided frame substantially closed on three sides, a licor board removably secured to said frame, said frame having an open fourth side permitting the withdrawal of said lioor board therethrough, a seat member pivoted near the top to said fourth side of said frame and movable between a horizontal and a substantially vertical position, said seat member substantially closing said frame at said fourth side in said vertical position, and bracing means on said seat member adapted to engage said frame for maintaining said seat member in said horizontal position.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 839,681 Voigt Dec. 25, 1906 1,577,255 Hill Mar. 16, 1926 1,737,276 Taglang Nov. 26, 1929 1,760,301 Dougherty May 27, 1930 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,253 Great Britain 1900 19,592 Great Britain 1912 232,860 Switzerland Sept. 16, 1944 564,019 France Oct. 10, 1923