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Publication numberUS2770833 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 20, 1956
Filing dateJan 15, 1953
Priority dateJan 15, 1953
Publication numberUS 2770833 A, US 2770833A, US-A-2770833, US2770833 A, US2770833A
InventorsDrechsel Fred E
Original AssigneeIlg Electric Ventilating Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Separable hinge
US 2770833 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nav; 2o, 1956 F. E... DREcHsEL. SEPARABLE HINGE Filed Jan. 15, 1955 t -frwenZLorf Fred E prec/Sel @www United States Patent SEPARABLE HINGE Fred E. Drechsel, Chicago, lll., assignor to llg Electric Ventilating Co., Chicago, lll., a corporation of Delaware Application Janual'ylS, 1953, Serial No. 331,420

Claims. (Cl. 16-172) This invention relates generally to hinge constructions and more particularly to the provision of an improved hinge construction which is especially adapted for, but not necessarily limited to, use in connection with a shutter for a Ventilating duct outlet.

vThe main objects of the present invention are to provide an improved form and arrangement of a hinge construction for use in mounting a shutter for a Ventilating duct outlet in a manner such that the shutter may be yieldably biased toward open or closed position during operation; to provide an improved hinge construction having interlocking portions which normally resist the disengagement of the hinge members, yet which is so arranged that the interlocking portions may be instantaneously disengaged when desired; and to provide an improved hinge construction which is economical to manufacture, durable in construction, and positive in operation.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view of a ventilator duct outlet box equipped with a shutter and mounting therefor constructed in accordance with this invention, the shutter being shown in open position; f

Figure 2 is a front elevational view of the shutter and mounting shown in Figure 1 with portions broken away to show the underlying structure, the shutter being shown in closed position;

Figure 3 is a side elevational view of the shutter and mounting shown in Figures 1 and 2, the shutter being shown in closed position;

Figure 4 is a top plan View of one end of the shutter and mounting shown in Figures 1 3 and Figure 5 is a perspective view of the hinge members.

An outlet box 10 with shutter means 11 mounted therein shown in Figure l of the drawings is adapted to be connected to an outlet duct 12 of a Ventilating system. The Ventilating system may be similar to that disclosed in Patent No. 2,579,395, in which a ceiling fan connects to a sealed ceiling duct which extends to an outlet box which is set into the outside wall of the house, with the open end of the outlet box substantially flush with the outside face of the wall.

The outlet box 10, in its over-all dimensions, is somewhat larger than the duct 12 and has an integral sleeve part 13 which telescopes with the end of the duct 12 and defines the outlet 14 for the duct 12.

A flash cap 15 is formed integrally with the upper edge of the outlet box 10 and is disposed at an incline so as to prevent rain from entering the outlet box 10. A grating (not shown) formed of rods connected to angular bars disclosed in said prior patent, No. 2,579,395, may be attached to the front of the outlet box 10 by means of screws or the like so as to prevent birds, squirrels, or other animals from entering to the outlet box 10 or duct 12.

The improved form of shutter means 11 for the duct .outlet 14 comprises a frame 17 on which is hinged a shutter door 18 to which are attached a pair of springs 19 biasing the door toward a closed or open position derice pending upon whether or not air is being exhausted through the duct 12. The frame 17 is a rectangular stamping with a transverse flange 20 dening an opening co-extensive with the duct outlet 14 at the end of the sleeve 13. The frame 17 is held in fixed position within the outlet box 10 by a pair of hook members 21 which are fixed to and pivoted on pins 22 which extend inwardly from the sides of the frame 17. The hooks 21 are engageable with pins 23 which are aixed to and extend inwardly from the side walls of the sleeve 13 of the outlet box 10. The frame 17 also mounts a pair of hinge members 24 which engage hinge members 27 connected to the shutter door 18. Extending outwardly from the flange 20 of the frame 17, are pins 25 for anchoring the lower ends of the springs 19. The hinge members 24 are attached to the upper corners of the frame 17 by means of screws 28, whereas the pins 25 are attached to the lower corners of the frame 17 by means of riveting or the like as indicated at 29 in Figure 2. The pins 25 are provided with grooves 30 through which one of the ends of the springs 19 are looped.

The shutter door 18 as herein shown comprises a pair of plates 31 and 32 between which is interposed a sheet of insulating material 33. The outer plate 31 is of a dimension a trie larger than the outside dimension of the flange 20 of the frame 17 and may be provided with short inwardly extending upper and lower iianges 34 and 35 respectively for strengthening the shutter door and for preventing rain from entering the duct 12 when the shutter door 18 is closed. The plate 31 is formed of a light Weight material, preferably a composition having a minimum capacity for heat conduction, the aim being to reduce, as much as possible, heat dissipation through theduct 12 when the fan is idle.

The insulator sheet 33 is preferably of a relatively soft material, such as felt, and is used to provide the best possible seal around the perimeter of the flange 20 of the frame 17 when the shutter door 18 is closed. This insulating sheet material 33 is secured to the plate 31 by the plate 32 which is bonded to the plate 31 by means such as rivets 37 passing through the two plates 31 and 32.

The plate 32 is also of light weight material, low in heat conductivity. 'Ihe plate 32 is slightly smaller than the interior of the flange 20, thus exposing the perimetrical portion -of the insulating material 33 to contact the edge of the ange 20.

Each of the hinge members 24 includes a vertical ange portion 38 formed so as to provide a V-shaped notch 39 within which the cooperating hinge member 27 may be pivoted, an overlying hook portion 40 which functions so as to normally secure the hinge member 27 against accidental displacement, and an opening 41 which permits the hinge member 27 to be disengaged when desired.

The hinge members 27 are secured to the shutter 18 by means of rivets 42 which pass through the two plates 31 and 32 thereby helping to retain the insulating sheet material 33 against the plate 31. The upper sections of the hinge members 27 include outwardly extending arm portions 43, provided with grooves 44 through which the upper ends of the springs 19 are looped. The upper end of the hinge members 27 are also provided with hookshaped portions 45 which are located inwardly of the arms 43. These hook-shaped portions 45 are provided with central slots 47 through which the hook-shaped portions 40 of the hinge members 24 pass when the hinge members 24 and 27 are interengaged. The ends of the hookshaped portions 45 are suitably pointed, as indicated at 48, so as to provide knife edges which cooperate with the notches 39 for pivoting the hinge members 27 relative to hinge members 24.

The hinge arms 43 are positioned on o-ne side or the other of the pivotal axis depending upon whether the shutter door 18 is in its open or closed position. As seen in Figure 3, when the hinge members 24 and 27 are interengaged and the shutter door 18 is in closed position, the hinge arms 43 are positioned forwardly of the pivotal axis of the hinge members 24 and 27. The springs 19 which connect with the arms 43 produce a force tending to rotate the hinge members 27 clockwise as viewed in Figure 3, thus keeping the shutter door 18 in closed position. n the other hand, when the shutter door 18 is in open position, as viewed in Figure 1, the arm 43 is positioned rearwardly of the pivotal axis of the hinge members 24 and 27. The force of the springs 19 on the hinge members 27 will tend to retain the shutter door 18 in open position. Such an arrangement provides a form of toggle so that the springs 19 serve to supplement the action of gravity when there is no air passing through the conduit 12 to secure the shutter door 18 in its closed position as shown in Figure 3. However, as soon as air is driven outwardly through the conduit 12, the springs 19 will supplement the force of the air and will tend to hold the shutter door 18 in its open position, as shown in Figure l.

When it is desired to remove the shutter door 18, the upper ends of the springs 19 are unhooked from the notches 44 in the arms 43 and the hinge members 27 are then rotated until the hook portions 40 of the hinge members 24 are no longer within the slots 47 of the hinge members 27. The outer end portions of the hooks 4S of the hinge members 27 can then be passed through the openings 41 of the hinge members 24, thereby disengaging the hinge members 27 and disconnecting door 18 from the hinge members 24. In addition, the shutter frame 17 can be disengaged from the outlet box by simply raising the hooks 21 from the pins 23.

The operation of the shutter mechanism is believed to be apparent from the foregoing description.

Variations and modifications in the details of structure and arrangement of the parts may be resorted to within the spirit and coverage of the appended claims.

I claim:

l. A pair of cooperating hinge members comprising a first hinge member having a hook portion with a slot therein, the end of said hook portion being pointed so as to form a knife edge, a second hinge member having a vertical flange portion which includes a tl-shaped notch at its base portion and an overlying hook portion, said first hinge member being interengageable with said second hinge member with said overlying hook portion of said second hinge member extending through the slot in said first hinge member and with said knife edge seating in said notch in said second hinge member, and said first hinge member being free to pivot on said knife edge relative to said second hinge member when said hinge members are interengaged.

2. A pair of cooperating hinge members comprising a first hinge member having one edge pointed so as to form a knife edge, a second hinge member having a vertical flange portion which includes a V-shaped notch, said first hinge member being interengageable with said second hinge member with said knife edge of said first hinge member seating in said notch of said second hinge member, said first hinge member being free to pivot on said knife edge relative `to said second hinge member when said hinge members are interengaged, and said first hinge member having an arm extending outwardly of and offset from said knife edge which is adapted for engagement with a spring for assisting in controlling the relative movement of said hinge members.

3. A pair of cooperating hinge members comprising a first hinge member having a hook portion with a slot therein, the end of said hook portion forming a downwardly depending knife edge, a second hinge member having a vertical iiange portion which includes a V-Shaped notch at its base portion and an overlying hook portion, said first hinge member being interengaged with said second hinge member with said overlying hook portion of said second hinge member extending through the slot in said first hinge member and with said knife edge seating in said notch in said second hinge member, said first hinge member being free to pivot on said knife edge relative to said second hinge member when said hinge members are interengaged, and said first hinge member having an arm portion extending outwardly of said hook portion and offset from said knife edge which is adapted for engagement with a spring for assisting in controlling the relative movement of said hinge members.

4. Hinge means comprising a hinge member adapted to be attached to a frame and having a notched portion, a cooperating hinge member adapted to be attached to a plate normally disposed in a vertical closed position adjacent the upper edge thereof, said hinge member on said plate having a knife edge pivotally engaged with the notch in said hinge member on said frame for pivotal movement of said plate about a horizontal pivotal axis, said hinge member on said plate having an arm extending outwardly beyond one lateral edge of said plate and offset from said knife edge, said arm being positioned forwardly of said pivotal axis when said plate is in closed position and rearwardly of said pivotal axis when said plate is in open position, a tension spring having its lower end connected to saidframe and its upper end connected to said offset arm whereby the tension of said spring on said arm biases said plate so as to supplement the action t of gravity to hold said plate in closed position and also biases said plate to assist in holding said plate in open position.

5. Hinge means comprising a hinge member adapted to be attached toa frame and having an upper hooked portion and an underlying notch, a cooperating hinge member adapted to'be attached to aplate normally disposed in avertical closed position adjacent the upper edge thereof, said hinge member on said plate having a hook portion with a slot therein, said hook portion having a knife edge pivotally interengaged with the notch in said hinge member on said frame for pivotal movement about a horizontal pivotal axis, the hook portion on the hinge member on said frame normally extending through said slot in said hinge member on said plate, said hinge member on said plate alsohaving an arm extending outwardly eyond one lateral edge of said` plate and offset from said knife edge, said arm being positioned forwardly of said pivotal axis when said plate is in closed position and rearwardly of said pivotal axis when said plate is in open position, a tension spring having its lower end connected to said frame and its upper end connected to said offset arm whereby thetension of said spring on said arm biases said plate so as to supplement the action of gravity to hold said plate in closed position and also biases said plate to assist in holding said plate in open position.

`References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,007,406 Warner Oct. 31, 1911 1,589,507 Bond June 22, 1926 2,299,833 Mader Oct. 27, 1942 2,321,118 Zechiel June 8, 1943 2,579,395 Pfautsch Dec. 18, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS 643,792 Germany Apr. 17, 1937

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1007406 *Aug 3, 1911Oct 31, 1911George W WarnerSash-hanger.
US1589507 *Jan 7, 1925Jun 22, 1926Bond Frank JHinge
US2299833 *May 20, 1940Oct 27, 1942John SpargoLouver mechanism for attic ventilation
US2321118 *Jan 9, 1942Jun 8, 1943Eugene H ZechielHinge
US2579395 *Aug 4, 1949Dec 18, 1951Ilg Electric Ventilating CompaShutter mounting for ventilating duct outlets
DE643792C *Apr 17, 1937August KolbSicherungsvorrichtung gegen das Hochschnellen von Schiebefenstern
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2912919 *Sep 26, 1957Nov 17, 1959Bernstein Samuel MVentilating range hood
US3287852 *May 11, 1964Nov 29, 1966Louver Mfg Co IncLouvered ventilator device
US5383816 *May 4, 1993Jan 24, 1995Webb IndustriesExhaust box
US5662522 *Nov 12, 1993Sep 2, 1997Noll Manufacturing Co.Exhaust vent
US6994622Dec 24, 2003Feb 7, 2006Juergen KoesslerVent apparatus
US7411153 *Mar 10, 2003Aug 12, 2008Illinois Tool Works Inc.Removable panels for a welding-type machine enclosure
US7654183 *Mar 22, 2006Feb 2, 2010Worktools, Inc.Compact heavy duty hole punch
US7988544 *Jun 29, 2006Aug 2, 2011P-Tec Products, Inc.Bird/animal restricting vent for fluid/air discharge conduits
US8033900Aug 29, 2008Oct 11, 2011P-Tec Products, Inc.Low profile animal restricting vent for fluid discharge conduits
US20040178182 *Mar 10, 2003Sep 16, 2004Radtke David E.Removable panels for a welding-type machine enclosure
US20050148295 *Dec 24, 2003Jul 7, 2005Juergen KoesslerVent apparatus
US20060025067 *Sep 29, 2005Feb 2, 2006Juergen KoesslerVent apparatus
US20070010191 *Jun 29, 2006Jan 11, 2007Vanden Bosch Kalvin KBird/animal restricting vent for fluid/air discharge conduits
US20070199424 *Mar 22, 2006Aug 30, 2007Marks Joel SCompact heavy duty hole punch
US20090081942 *Aug 29, 2008Mar 26, 2009P-Tec Products, Inc.Low profile animal restricting vent for fluid discharge conduits
US20140287675 *Jun 6, 2014Sep 25, 2014Robert LabrecqueExtraction Fan Assembly Including a Damper that Closes Firmly when the Fan is not Running and Reduces the Pressure Drop when the Fan is Running at Full Speed
Classifications
U.S. Classification16/255, 454/359, 16/268
International ClassificationF16K1/20, F24F13/14, F16K1/18
Cooperative ClassificationF24F13/1406, F24F13/1486, F24F2013/146, F16K1/20
European ClassificationF16K1/20, F24F13/14F, F24F13/14A