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Publication numberUS2771588 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 20, 1956
Filing dateAug 24, 1953
Priority dateAug 24, 1953
Publication numberUS 2771588 A, US 2771588A, US-A-2771588, US2771588 A, US2771588A
InventorsMitchell Len B, Schinske William G
Original AssigneeIdeal Ind
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Prod construction for voltage testers and the like
US 2771588 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 20, 1956 w. G. SCHINSKE ETAL 2,771,588

PROD CONSTRUCTION FOR VOLTAGE TESTERS AND THE LIKE Filed Aug. 24, 1953 1770672 fora M Z'z'ZZz'a/Vz 6'. Sch-wk Zen 3. Jiz'zcei? United States Patent PROD CONSTRUCTION FOR VOLTAGE TESTERS AND THE LIKE William G. Schinske and Len B. Mitchell, Sycamore, Ill.,

assignors to Ideal Industries, Inc., Sycamore, 11]., a corporation of Delaware Application August 24, 1953, Serial No. 376,056

3 Claims. (Cl. 339102) This invention resides in the field of electric contact prod structures and is an improvement on prior such structures used to establish contact between any type of electric testing instrument and a source of electric current. Such devices are generally composed of a meter in an instrument housing with two or more flexible leads extending therefrom with manually manipulatable prod handle structures on the ends, each handle having exposed pointed metal prods for contacting leads, sockets or the like. For a device of this nature, reference is made generally to U. S. Patent No. 1,970,232.

One of the primary objects of our invention is a molded electric contact prod handle structure made of an insulating material which can be easily and efficiently manipulated by hand.

Another object of our invention is a prod handle structure of the above type which is constructed and adapted so that strain placed on the insulated lead through manipulation of the prod handle will be applied to the cord and relieved from the wire.

Another object of our invention is a prod handle structure of the above type with means incorporated therein so that the insulation of the lead will not be reduced in cross section and made brittle during the molding process.

Another object of our invention is a method of molding a prod handle of the above type so as to prevent a breakdown of the dielectric properties of the body of the molded prod handle.

Other objects will appear from time to time in the ensuing specification and claims in which:

Figure 1 is a plan view of our molded prod handle structure and a portion of the insulated wire to which it is connected;

Figure 2 is a cross section, on an enlarged scale, of the prod handle structure shown in Figure 1; and

Figure 3 is a sectional view along line 33 of Figure 2.

In Figure 1, our prod handle structure is composed of a body portion, indicated generally at 10, which is made of an insulating material, such as rubber or the like. An elongated metal prod or spike 12 is generally centrally disposed in the body portion, as shown in Figure 2, and it has an exposed pointed contacting prod portion 14 at one end. The end of the body portion adjacent the pointed contacting prod portion 14 is reduced in cross section so as to form a sleeve portion 16. The section of the body portion joining the sleeve portion 16 and the main body portion may be of any general configuration and we have shown it as having various cross sections and tapered portions as indicated generally at 18. The inner end 20 of the elongated metal prod is connected to an insulated electric wire 22 which has its inner end stripped of insulation to expose a contact portion 24. This portion is wound around the inner end 20 of the prod and is secured thereto in any suitable manner, such as by soldering, brazing or the like.

A plug insert 26 having a generally cylindrical configuration is slipped over the end of the insulated wire 22, the insulated wire being pushed through a central bore 28 in the plug. The plug insert is positioned with a por tion 30 of the insulation of the wire extending beyond its inner end.

The prod structure is formed in the following manner: The insulation is stripped from "the end of the insulated wire so that a substantial portion of bare wire extends. beyond the end of the insulation. The plug insert 26 is slipped over the end of the insulated wire and is posi tioned approximately an inch beyond the end of the insulation, as shown in Figure 2. The stripped end is then twisted around or otherwise suitably connected to the inner end 20 of the elongated metal prod 12 and is secured thereto in any suitable manner. A piece of natural or synthetic rubber tubing is then slipped over the elongated metal prod until it contacts the plug insert 26. This piece of tubing is a moldable insulating material. her works very well. The tubing has a slight excessofi material so that after the prod handle is formed a slight flash portion will appear along the sides. With tubing in position over the elongated metal prod, the assembly is put between a pair of dies having suitably shaped cavities. The plug insert 26 closes one end of the cavity. The dies then compress the piece of tube, and heat is applied so that the material of the tubing will flow in and around prod structure, and the plug insert 26 with the exterior of the tube assuming the shape of the die cavity, this being the configuration shown in the drawings. The excess of material is squeezed between the parting line of the dies. The plug insert prevents this excess material from flowing past that end of the dies and contacting the insulation of the wire. The inner end 31 of the plug insert is reduced in diameter and has two or more ring grooves 32 so that the moldable material will interlock therewith and form a tight moisture-proof connection.

Thus the body portion of the handle structure is molded around the stripped end of the insulated wire with the pointed end of the elongated metal prod exposed from the opposite end; and a rigid mechanical, as well as a moisture-proof connection, is formed between the molded body portion 10, the insulated wire 22, and the plug insert 26. r

The use of the plug insert 26 prevents the molding material from directly contacting the insulation on the flexible lead beyond the handle structure. We have found that the portion of the insulated wire directly adjacent the upper end of the prod structure, designated generally at 34, is subjected to continuous bending and flexing, and in a prod structure of this nature the insulation of the wire at the point 34 will quickly break down and rupture if it is subjected to the heat and pressure of the molds and the molding material during the molding operation. The presence of the plug insert 26 prevents this, as the hot molding material and the hot dies do not contact the insulation on the wire at any point-beyond the inner edge of the plug insert, as shown in Figure 2. The portion 30 of the insulated wire extending below the plug insert in Figure 2 will be contacted by the hot molding material and it may become brittle. It will not lose its in- .sulating characteristics and the brittleness acquiredduring the molding process is unimportant because this portion of the insulated wire is not subjected to continual flexing. v

The portion of the insulated wire inside the bore 28 of the plug insert is not directly subjected to the heat and pressure during the mold process and it will not become brittle but will retain the majority of its flexibility. This portion of the insulated wire is, also not.

subjected to continual flexing due to its encasement within. the plug insert. The insulation of the wire exterior to Patented Nov. 20, 1956 Although uncured, natural or synthetic 1115.1.

3 the plug outside of the handle structure will retain its original flexibility, as it has not been subjected to the heat and pressure of the molding process. Therefore, it will not rupture or break down when it is flexed during the rough handling that generally accompanies the use of such a device.

' The plug insert 26 is of sufiicient length so that it encloses a substantial length of the insulated wire 22. Thus, this portion of the insulating Wire is rigidly held by plug insert and cannot be flexed when the device is handled roughly.

The area or portion 34 can be described as the point of maximum stress concentration and it is important that this point retain its original flexibility. The plug insert, therefore, prevents stretching of this area and it also prevents any reduction in its cross section during the molding operation.

The body portion is connected to the plug insert 26 and the insulated wire 22; consequently, the plug insert relieves the strain placed on the device during its use. The insert additionally serves to moisture-proof the joint between the insulated wire and the body portion. All stresses placed on the body portion 10 will be applied to the cord and not the wire. Therefore, no tension will be placed on the connection between the stripped end 24 of the insulated wire and the inner end 20 of the elongated metal prod.

While we have shown and described the preferred form of our invention, it should be understood that numerous modifications, alterations, substitutions and changes can be made without departing from its essential theme and we wish that our invention remain unrestricted except by the appended claims.

We claim:

1. In an electric prod structure, an elongated handle composed of an insulating moldable material, an elongated metal spike molded and imbedded in the handle and projecting from one end, a plug insert imbedded in the other end of the handle having a central bore generally aligned with the spike, an insulated lead extending through and conforming generally to the bore of the insert, a portion of the lead being disposed and molded in the handle beyond the insert, the lead having a stripped end in permanent electrical contact with the spike, the insert having an outer portion with the same general cross sec tion as the handle and an inner portion with a reduced cross section, and a plurality of grooves in the inner portion of the insert in molded interlocking engagement with the handle.

2. In an electric contact, manually manipulatable, prod structure, an elongated handle body formed of a moldable insulating material, an electrical conductive elongated generally pointed metal prod approximately. centrally molded in the handle body with its pointed end extended beyond one end of the body, a plug insert in the other end of the handle body, the insert being provided with an approximately centrally disposed bore aligned generally with the metal prod, and an insulated wire extending into and through the bore of the plug insert with a substantial portion extending beyond the inner end of the plug, that portion extending beyond the inner end of the plug insert being molded in the handle body, a portion of the handle body being molded around and overlapping at least a part of the plug insert, the plug insert extending only a short distance beyond the overlapped part of the handle body, the innermost extremity of the wire being stripped of insulation and in permanent electrical association with the metal prod.

3. The structure of claim 2 wherein the plug insert has circular indentations on the surface of the overlapped part with the handle body molded around them to form a tight, moistureproof connection.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,970,232 Hady Aug. 14, 1934 2,091,824 Lewis Aug. 31, 1937 2,206,714 Benander July 2, 1940 2,292,236 Martin Aug. 4, 1942 2,438,350 Reichard Mar. 23, 1948 2,659,795 Boggs Nov. 17, 1953 2,668,187 Von Wald Feb. 2, 1954 FOREIGN PATENTS 153,591 Switzerland June 16, 1932 509,169 Great Britain July 12, 1939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1970232 *Oct 21, 1931Aug 14, 1934Webster Electric Co IncTesting device
US2091824 *May 26, 1933Aug 31, 1937Gen ElectricElectric cord set
US2206714 *May 8, 1937Jul 2, 1940Monowatt Electric CorpMethod of making attachment caps
US2292236 *Jan 14, 1941Aug 4, 1942Martin Carl PProd
US2438350 *Aug 22, 1945Mar 23, 1948Reichard William CTest probe
US2659795 *Nov 1, 1951Nov 17, 1953Wiegand Co Edwin LSheathed resistor electric heater
US2668187 *Jun 17, 1949Feb 2, 1954Dayton Aircraft Prod IncLead through insulator
CH153591A * Title not available
GB509169A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3016489 *Jul 17, 1959Jan 9, 1962Drexel Dynamics CorpTest jig for contacting circuit card positions
US4105278 *Dec 20, 1976Aug 8, 1978A P Products IncorporatedMolded cable termination assembly with insert
US4206960 *Apr 5, 1978Jun 10, 1980Component Manufacturing Service, Inc.Electrical connector
US6257920Jun 25, 1999Jul 10, 2001Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc.Cable retention clip
US6507207 *Feb 20, 2001Jan 14, 2003Vinh T. NguyenContact probe pin for wafer probing apparatus
U.S. Classification439/606, 439/482, 174/77.00R
International ClassificationG01R1/067
Cooperative ClassificationG01R1/06788
European ClassificationG01R1/067P