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Publication numberUS2773161 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 4, 1956
Filing dateMay 25, 1954
Priority dateMay 25, 1954
Publication numberUS 2773161 A, US 2773161A, US-A-2773161, US2773161 A, US2773161A
InventorsBaker Robert M
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination control system for continuous heat treatment
US 2773161 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. M. BAKER Dec. 4, 1956 COMBINATION CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CONTINUOUS HEAT TREATMENT Filed May 25, 1954 III!!! Controller WITNESSES. Z4 717%. M. 5.

INVENTOR Robert M. Baker.

2 yum/ 0 ATTORNEY United States Patent CONIBINATION CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CON- TlNUOUS HEAT TREATMENT Robert M. Baker, Catousville, Md., assignor to Westinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pittsburgh, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application May 25, 1954, Serial No. 432,115

7 Claims. (Cl. 219--10.77)

My invention relates to a control system for apparatus for heat treatment of metallic strip; and more particularly relates to a control system for maintaining a constant temperature in moving strip during continuous heat treatment thereof.

One of the difiicult problems encountered in the continuous induction heat treatment of strip material is that of controlling the temperature of the strip within narrow critical limits. Absence of accurate and quick responsive control will often result in a defective material which must be scrapped.

It is an object of my invention to provide an improved control system for the continuous heat treatment of moving metallic strip.

It is another object of my invention to provide a control system for the continuous heat treatment of moving metallic strip which will maintain the temperature of the strip substantially constant during heat treatment.

A further object of my invention is to provide a control system for the continuous induction heat treatment of moving metallic strip which will compensate for sudden line voltage fluctuations substantially as they occur.

It is a still further object to provide a substantially constant temperature in the strip as it leaves the heating member.

These and other objects of the invention are effected as will be apparent from the following description and claims, taken in accordance with the accompanying drawing which forms a part of this application.

In the single figure of the drawing is illustrated an induction heating apparatus according to my invention.

In accordance with one preferred embodiment of my invention, a control system is provided for use with apparatus for heat-treating strip metal by inducing currents therein through the medium of transverse magnetic flux; that is, transverse to the direction in which the strip is traveling. One such apparatus is that described and claimed in my Patent No. 2,448,009, dated August 31, 1948. It is understood that the present invention is applicable to the heat treatment of magnetic and non-magnetic strip, respectively, and applies equally well to other strip heating apparatus, and even apparatus where gas heating is employed. In the latter case, the controlled element would be a gas valve and the voltage responsive circuits, to be described later, would be replaced by gas fiow indicators with radically ditferent time constants.

Referring to the drawing in detail, I illustrate apparatus employing my invention for heat treatment of metallic strip, such as aluminum alloy or the like.

The apparatus illustrated in the drawing comprises heating means or coils 10, means for applying power to heating means or coils 10, means for moving strip material through the heating means or coils 10, and a control circuit indicated as a whole by the reference number 11 for controlling the temperature of a moving strip 12.

The heating means or coils comprise three serially connected induction coils 13, 14, and 15. The coils 13,

2,773,161 Patented Dec. 4, 1956 ice 14, and 15 have an opening centrally located therein through which the strip material 12 is passed for heating.

Power for heating the strip material is supplied from some suitable external three-phase source, such as illustrated by the reference number 16. Power from the source 16 is connected to the three coils 13, 14, and 15 through a control member 17 and conductors 18, 19, and 20. The three coils 13, 14, and 15 are serially connected by conductor 21.

Strip metallic material 12 is moved through the coils 13, 14, and 15 by means of rolls 22 and 23, which are driven by some satisfactory means, not illustrated.

A control circuit 11 is illustrated as comprising two compensating circuits 24, 25, and a detector or sensing element 26. One phase of power source 16 is connected to circuits 24 and 25 through conductors 27 and 28. The compensating circuits 24 and 25 are connected serially with the detector element 26, and the output of control system 11 is connected to the control member 17 through conductors 29 and 30.

The compensating circuit 24 of the control circuit 11 comprises capacitors 31, 32, and 33, a rectifier 34, and resistances 35 and 36. Circuit 25 of the control circuit 11 comprises capacitors 37, 38, and 39, a rectifier 40, and resistances 41 and 42. The rectifiers 34 and 40 are poled such that the capacitors 33 and 39 are charged up to the peak voltage of the power source 16. The values of the resistances 35 and 36 are such so as to give circuit 24 a long resistance-capacitance time constant. The values of the resistances 41 and 42 are such so as to give circuit 25 a relatively much shorter resistancecapacitance time constant than circuit 24. The detector element 26 is a temperature sensing element of the type which is sensitive to infrared radiation from the strip 12. One side of the detector element is connected to the power controller 17 through resistors 42 and 36 and a conductor 29. The other side of the detector 26 is connected directly to the controller 17 through conductor 30.

An aluminum alloy strip 12 passes over a roll 22 and then downward through the induction heating coils 13, 14, and 15 where the strip is inductively heated through the medium transverse magnetic flux.

The strip 12 passes from the heating means or coils 10 and travels past the temperature sensing element 26. The strip 12 then passes around a roll 23 to other apparatus (not shown) for other possible handling, controlling or treating.

The temperature of the strip 12 is sensitive to changes in the voltage at the power source 16, to changes in the speed of the strip, and to changes in the gauge of the strip.

The temperature sensing element 26 responds variably in accordance with the temperature of the'strip 12. The intelligence from this element 26 which is located immediately below coil 15 of the heating means 14) will be adequate for control purposes when the above-mentioned quantities vary slowly as compared to the time required for the strip 12 to traverse the length of the heating means 10. However, rapid changes in the voltage at the power source 16 will occur and the temperature sensing element 26 cannot sense a changing requirement until that portion of the strip 12 in the heating means ltl at the time of the change has had time to move down in close relation to this element 26.

Since circuit 24 has a long time constant and circuit 25 has a relatively shorter time constant than circuit 24, due to the action of the rectifiers 34 and '40, the directcurrent voltage appearing across resistor 42 will thus follow closely the momentary variations in supply voltage; whereas, the voltage across resistor 36 will retain for some time after a sudden change in supply voltage a direct-current voltage proportional to the supply voltage existing before the sudden change occurred. Thus, the difference voltage between points A and B will be proportional to the amount of sudden change in supply voltage 15. The values of resistors 35, 36,41, and 42 are chosen so that zero difference voltage is produced under steady state voltage conditions or when the supply voltage 16 is varying slowly. The difiierence voltage is connected in series with the direct-current output voltage of the temperature sensing element 26.

Assume that the terminal voltage on the inductive. heating member lit has suddenly dropped. The voltage across resistor 42 will be lower than the voltage across resistor 36, and the difference voltage is in such a direction as to oppose the voltage put out by the temperature sensing element 26. This results in a lowered output voltage being supplied to the control member 17. Thus, the effect is the same as if the temeprature-sensing element 26 had immediately responded to a decrease in strip temperature and controller 17 will start immediately to correct the discrepancy.

Thus, we see that the voltage responsive circuits 24- and 25 are anticipating in their action and initiate a correction immediately upon the occurrence of a sudden change in line voltage. The other quantities such as strip speed and strip gauge vary slowly and can, therefore, be compensated for by the temperature sensing element 26 without excessive variations in strip temperature.

While I have shown my invention in a preferred form, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that it is not so limited but is susceptible of various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit thereof.

I claim as my invention:

1. In apparatus for the heat treatment of moving metallic strip and. operable with a power supply providing an output voltage and having a control member, the combination of an induction heating member adapted to be connected to said power supply to. receive said output voltage, a control circuit connected between said'induc tion heating member and said control member, said control circuit comprising a temperature detector element and first and second control networks, said temperature detector element providing an output signal responsive to the temperature of the moving strip, said first control network having a first time constant and being connected to said power supply to be responsive to variations in said output voltage to provide afirst control voltage, said second control network. having a second time constant and being connected to said power supply to be responsive to variations in said output voltage to provide a second control voltage, with said first and second control networks being connected to said temperature detector element such that said output signal is combined with said first and second control voltages for controlling the temperature of said strip.

2. In apparatus for the heat treatment of moving metallic strip and operable with a power supply having a control member, the combination of an induction heating member adapted to be connected to said power supply, a control circuit connected between said induction heating member and said control member, said control circuit comprising a temperature sensing element which produces an output voltage dependent upon the temperature of the strip as it leaves the induction heating member, voltage responsive means consising of a first circuit with a long time constant and a second circuit with a relatively shorter time constant than said first circuit, means for comparing the output voltage ofsaid first and second circuits to produce a difference voltage proportional to a sudden change in supply voltage to said induction heating member, and means for applying the output of said temperature sensing element in series with said difference voltage to the control member to maintain a constant temperature in said moving strip.

3. In apparatus for the heat treatment of moving metallic strip and operable with a power supply having a control member for regulating the voltage from the power supply, the combination of an induction heating member adapted to be connected to the power supply through the control member, a control circuit connected between said induction heating member and the control member, said control circuit comprising a temperature sensing element for producing a voltage dependent upon the temperature of the strip as it leaves the induction heating member, voltage responsive. means consisting. of a first circuit with a long time constant and a second circuit with a relatively shorter time constant than said first circuit, means for comparing the outputs of said first and second circuits to produce a voltage proportional to a sudden change in supply voltage, and means for applying the output of said temperature sensing element in series with said difference voltage. to the control memher to maintain a constant temperature in said moving strip.

4. In apparatus for the heat treatment of moving striplike material and operable with a power supply providing an output voltage and having a control member,

the combination of an induction heating member adapted to be connected to said power supply to receive said output voltage, a control circuit connected between said induction heating member and said control member, said control circuit comprising a temperature sensing element having an output signal and first and second voltage compensating circuits which. are responsive to variations in said output voltage, with said first voltage compensating circuit including a first time constant network and pro viding a first control signal and saidsecond voltage compensating circuit including a second time constant network and providing a second control signal, with said temperature responsive element being connected to said first and second Voltage compensating circuits such that said output signal is compared with the difference between said first and second control signals to thereo control. the temperature of said strip.

5.111 apparatus for the heat treatment of moving metallic strip and operable with a three-phase power supply providing an output voltage and having a control member, the combination or" an'induction'h-eating member adapted to be connectedto said power supply through said control member to receive said output voltage, a control circuit connected to said control member and one phase of said power supply for maintaining a substantially constant temperature in said moving strip, said control circuit comprising a temperature sensing element having a first output signal and first and second voltage comparison circuits responsive to variations in'said output voltage, with said first voltage comparison circuit providing a second output signal and said second voltage comparison circuit providing a third output signal, with said first and second voltage comparison circuits being connected to said temperature sensing element such that said control circuit is operative to control the heat treatment of said strip in response'to said first, second and third output signals.

6. The apparatus of claim 1, with the first time constant of said first control network being longer in duration than said second time constant of the second control network.

7. The apparatus of claim 4, withthe first time constant of said first time constant network being of different duration than the second time constant of said second time constant network.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,448,008 Baker Aug. 31, i9 8 2,459,616 Burgwin Jan, 18, 1949 2,608,635 Mershon Aug. 26, 1952 2,610,797 Miller Sept. l6, 1952 2,640,137 Ketchledge May 26, 1953 2647,98 3 Boyd. Aug. 4,- 1953

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2448008 *Dec 7, 1943Aug 31, 1948Westinghouse Electric CorpControlled induction heating
US2459616 *Jul 28, 1944Jan 18, 1949Westinghouse Electric CorpControl apparatus for induction heating systems
US2608635 *Mar 17, 1950Aug 26, 1952Westinghouse Electric CorpTemperature regulating system
US2610797 *Apr 22, 1949Sep 16, 1952Western Electric CoTemperature control apparatus
US2640137 *Nov 15, 1950May 26, 1953Bell Telephone Labor IncTemperature control system
US2647983 *Dec 22, 1948Aug 4, 1953Westinghouse Electric CorpPower regulation in high-frequency heating apparatus
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2993114 *Oct 7, 1959Jul 18, 1961Western Electric CoMethods of and apparatus for handling electrically conductive strand material
US3058840 *Apr 16, 1959Oct 16, 1962Electric Furnace CoInduction strip heating apparatus
US3097283 *May 5, 1960Jul 9, 1963Nat Video CorpRegulation of high frequency induction heating apparatus
US3190997 *Feb 16, 1961Jun 22, 1965Transcontinental Electronics CHeating apparatus
US3272956 *Mar 26, 1964Sep 13, 1966Baermann MaxMagnetic heating and supporting device for moving elongated metal articles
US3448242 *Jun 13, 1966Jun 3, 1969Walco Electric CoWire heater temperature control device
US3476910 *Feb 19, 1968Nov 4, 1969Walco Electric CoWire heater temperature recording and control device
US3530499 *Sep 29, 1969Sep 22, 1970Charles F SchroederElectrically heated appliance unit
US4315124 *Nov 9, 1978Feb 9, 1982Asea AktiebolagHeating modules for billets in inductive heating furnaces
US4506131 *Aug 29, 1983Mar 19, 1985Inductotherm Industries Inc.Multiple zone induction coil power control apparatus and method
US4560849 *Jun 13, 1984Dec 24, 1985The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of EnergyFeedback regulated induction heater for a flowing fluid
US4899025 *Dec 1, 1988Feb 6, 1990U.S. Philips CorporationHeating apparatus comprising at least two independent inductors
US5785772 *May 27, 1997Jul 28, 1998Bethlehem Steel CorporationMethod and apparatus for controlling galvanneal induction furnace operation
DE1081985B *Aug 9, 1958May 19, 1960Deutsche Edelstahlwerke AgVerfahren und Vorrichtung zum fortschreitenden induktiven Erwaermen von Blechbaendern
Classifications
U.S. Classification219/645, 219/155, 219/667, 219/669
International ClassificationG05D23/20, G05D23/22
Cooperative ClassificationG05D23/2206
European ClassificationG05D23/22C