US 2773498 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. l1, 1956 F. HIMMELMAN 2,773.498
KINESITHERAPY DEVICE Filed July 5l, 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet l IN V EN TOR.
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ATTORNEY KINESITHERAPY DEVICE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 3l, 1953 f K J 12 WIW ATTORNEY Dec. 11, 1956 L. F. HIMMELMAN KINESITHERAPY DEVICE 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed July 151, 1955 l A INVENTOR.
ATTORNEY United States Patent() KINESITHERAPY DEVICE Louis Himmelman, Teaueck, N. J.
Application July 31, 1953, Serial No. 371,590
Claims. (Cl. 12S-33) This invention relates to therapeutic devices especially `kinesitherapy devices and more particularly to kinesitherapy devices including reciprocating applicators.
A principal object of this invention is the provision of a device of the type specified which will include a plurality of reciprocatable applicators arranged in at least twoseries, side by side, and including mechanism, easily manipulated by which the individual applicators in one series may be phased in any relation to the others, and also to the applicators in the other series.
Other objects and advantages will appear as the description of the particular physical embodiment selected to illustrate the invention progresses and the novel features will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In describing the invention in detail and the particular physical embodiment selected to illustrate the invention, reference will be had to the accompanying drawings and the several views thereon, in which like characters of reference designate like parts throughout the several view and in which:
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a device embodying my invention; f
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the device as shown by Fig. 1 on the plane indicated by the line II-II viewed in the direction of the arrows at the endsof the line;
Fig. 3 is a cross sectional View of the device as shown' by Fig. 1 on the plane indicated by the line III-III viewed in the direction of the arrows at the ends of the line;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary enlarged elevational view of a cross shaft and associated parts used in the construction shown by Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary enlarged elevational view of an applicator and operating cam used in my device as shown by Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a pair of dial indicators used in my invention as shown by Fig. 3.
Numeral 1 designates a pad of resilient and deformable material. I prefer a material which approximates a pad of foam rubber about 2 inches in thickness.
Beneath the pad 1'is a sheet like material 3, best shown in Fig. 2. This sheet like material 3 is preferably a rubber impregnated canvas.
At each end of the canvas 3 I prefer to have retaining means to keep the sheet like material 3 in place. I have shown, as a preferred form of the retaining means, springs, as 5 and 7. There will be a plurality of these springs 5 and 7 at each end of the sheet like material. One end of each spring will be connected to the sheet like material and the other end will be connected to a fixed object such as an angle iron 9 suitably supported.
Under the sheet like material 3 I position two rows or series of caps or applicators. These applicators, best shown in Fig. 1, are arranged in two longitudinal series of which caps or applicators 11 may be considered as the `24. There is a through bore for each rod, as 15.
2,773,498 Patented Dec. 11, 1956 ICC lirst of one series and applicator 13 as the first of the adjacent series.
Each applicator is supported by two reciprocatable rods, as best shown in Fig. 3, in which the rods are designated 1S 'and 17, that is, the rods occur in pairs, and a pair is connected to one applicator although it must be understood that I do not mean to exclude a construction in which an applicator is supported by one rod only.
It will be seen by reference to Fig. l that not only arey the rods 15 and 17 in pairs in my preferred construction but the applicators 11 and 13 are also in pairs, preferably.
By reference to Fig. 2, it will be seen there is a platform 19 which is supported by a framework of which 21 is one end and 22 is the other end. This platform 19 is formed with through bores, best shown in Fig. 3, and designated It is preferred to place an anti-friction bushing, as 23, around each rod and support the bushing by a flanged thimble 25. I
Each pair of rods is connected, as best shown in Fig. 3, by a cross bar, as 27. This cross bar preferably carries an anti-friction roller 29. The anti-friction roller 29 bears upon a cam, as 31. All of the pairs of rods are similarly connected to cross bars and positioned in operative relation with a cam.
Each of the cams, as 31, is mounted on a tube, as 33, best shown in Fig. 4. The tube 33 encircles a cross shaft 35 which extends therethrough and is bushed therefrom by the bushings 37 and 39.
The shaft 35 extends transversely substantially the full is a sliding portion 45 of a clutch held from rotation on a shaft, as 35, by a key, as 47. On each tube, as 33, is another part 49 of a clutch. This part 49 is secured firmly to the tube upon which it is positioned, as tube 33. By engaging the two portions 45 and 49 of a clutch the corresponding tube, as 33, is caused to rotate when the shaft, as shaft 35, is rotated. In order to facilitate the engagement or disengagement of the parts of the clutch, I provide a member 51 pivoted at 52 for engagement with part 45 and operate 51 by means of the manually operable member 53 which has notches, as 55 and 57, vto engage with a fixed member, as 21, to retain the part 45 in the moved position. By reference to Fig. 1 it will be seen that my preferred construction contemplates as many manual clutch shifting members 53 as there are pairs of rods, as 15 and 17, supporting a single applicator or cap as 13 or 11, so that any one of the applicators may be caused to operate or be disconnected by operating a proper clutch shifting member, that is, the transverse or cross shaft, as 35, drives the tube, as 33, and the tube 33 drives the cam, as 31, which in turn, operates .upon the cross bars, as 37, to reciprocate the rods, as 15 and 17, and so the applicators or caps, as 11 and 13.
The pad 1 and the platform 19 in its preferred form is made about the length of an average adult person and in width about the greatest width of an average adult person, s-o that a person may lie upon the pad 1 and receive the mechanical therapy of a motion caused by the reciprocation of applicators or caps, as 11 and 13. As is well known to those familiar with mechanical therapy, it is often desirable to use various intervals between the' 3, and also :well shown yin Fig. 2Q This longitudinal shaft is drivenfromiany.suitableor appropriate,rnotor,..as 61,4
preferably of the well-known variable speed type. At each worm gear, as 41, there is positioned a worm, as 63,
best shown` in Fig. 3 on.shaft 59,. so that all of the cams, f. as 31, are driven from the same source of pcawerithrough` the intermediate drive shafts-135.31m order;.tol phasethev applicatorsor caps `as l1 `and 13,;in the propentime ,se-
quence, Iplace `en each tube, as 3.3,.a gear, as 65,;best.4
shown` in Fig. 3. .This gear 65 operatesthe hands, as 67, of a dialindicator, as best shownA in Fig. 6. It does this operating by means of an intermediate` gear, as 69 and 71, as shown in` Fig. 3. l provide an indicator hand, as 67, for each ofthe tubes33, 43as bestshown in Figs. 2 and 3, and I arrange these indicators witha double face, as besttshown in Eig; :3, that is, with a face73 and a face 75, so that each indicator maybe seen fromeither side of the machine..A This is done so that one, standing on one side of the machine may watch the indicator hands as they. revolve when the ishaft 59 yis rotating andthen, by suit-.
in timed sequence as-to each other, or any 4two applicators in line transverselyof the machine may be placed in time sequence as to each other.
Stated more broadly, any` applicator. maybe phasedphysical embodiment of invention andexplained the construction and principlethereof, nevertheless, I desire to have it understood that .the form. selected is merely illustrative, butdoes not exhaust.the possible physical embodiments of the idea of meansunderlying my invention.
What I claim as new and desire to 'secure` by Letters Patent is:
l. A kinesitherapy device, `including in combinatioma rigid platform, a support for theplatform, said platform.
formed with a pluralityof throughibores, rods, `one eX- l tending through each-bore, said rodsiarrangedin pairs in two series,side by side,1caps, one supported `by each.
pair of rods, said caps positioned `above said platform, a
sheet restingron said caps, springs,.a plurality, at one end, i
attached to each end of saidl sheet, said springsalso being pad about the length and Widthl of an.average adult man Y on said Sheet, said pad.being Aof thereSiIiency .and de-V formability of foam rubber of about two inches in thicki.
attached at the -otherendso Ythe support, an ,elongated ness, cross bars, Vone-connecting yeach pair` ofrodsbeneath `the platform, cams, onecontacting each-cross bar.
underneath, a plurality of tubes arranged in pairsin line, one of each pair under one series-of rods and the other of each pair under the other series of rods, said cams being t positioned one on each tube, shafts, one passing through each pair of tubes,.a worm gear on each shaft, clutches, one positioned between each tube and the shaft running therethrough wherebythe tubes and shafts maybe con: nected t and,` disconnected, indicators, one connected to eachutube whereby the rotative position of the said cams may be indicated and so the position of said caps, a shaft positionedat a rightangle to all of the first mentioned shafts, worms on said last mentioned shaft, one cooperating with each Worm gear and means to drive the last mentioned shaft whereby any desired one of said caps may be reciprocated and in any definite phase relation to another of said caps.
2. A kinesitherapy device, including, in combination, a longitudinal shaft, a plurality of worms on the shaft, a plurality of cross shafts, one for each worm, worm gears one on each cross shaft cooperating with a worm on the longitudinal shaft, tubes surrounding each cross shaft, clutches, one for each tube, said clutcheseach having one part connected to a tube and another partl connected to a cross shaft, means for bringing the two parts of each clutch together and for separating them, indicators, one for each tube, each indicator including a rotatable indica'tinghand, means for rotating each hand by a tube, and body applicators operated by the tubes.
3. A kinesitherapy device including, in combination, a motora mainwdrive shaft driven by said motor,` a plurality ofwormsfon ,said shaft, a plurality of intermediate drive shafts.each,having a worm` gear engaging one` `of,said;worrnys,ia plurality of body contacting applicators located on Aeach side of said main shaft and in spaced relation onelto the other along .the'length of said main shaft, an eccentric, means driven by each of said intermediate shaftsand driving one of said applicatorsin i a predetermined path, means for phasing saidapplicators relative to said mainshaft, and means for indicating the phase condition of each applicator.
4. A kinesitherapynevice, including, in combination, a motor, a main drive shaft driven by said motor, a plurality of worms on said shaft, a pluralityof intermediate drive shafts,` each .havingafworm gear engaging oneof said worms, Y, a multiplicity of bodycontacting applicators located on each side Ofsaidman Ashaft and in spaced relation one.to the other along thelength of said main shaft, an eccentric means driven by each of said` intermediate shafts and driving one of said applicators in a predetermined path, individual clutch means for phasing each of said applicators relativeto said main shaft, and.
dial meansrfor indicating the phase 4condition of each applicator.
5. In a kinesitherapy device, the combination with a multiplicity vof body applicators spaced along the length of saidV device andeach movable .in a predetermined path and a, common drive means, of intermediate means connecting each applicator to said common drive meansw said intermediate means including a clutch providing dis-v References Cited `in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES `PATENTS 1,303,475 I-lardyet al. May 13,` 1919 f 2,193,882 Petersen Mar..l9, 1940 2,360,975. Petersen.4 Oct. 24, 1944 2,445,158 Sparhavvlc` `luly 13, 1948 2,591,212 Stauier. Apr. l, 1952 2,664,882 't Parkerv ..-7 v Ian. 5, 1954