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Publication numberUS2774158 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1956
Filing dateMar 15, 1954
Priority dateMar 15, 1954
Publication numberUS 2774158 A, US 2774158A, US-A-2774158, US2774158 A, US2774158A
InventorsWilliam Tamoschat
Original AssigneeZell Products Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Indicia registering mechanism
US 2774158 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

DeC- 18, 1956 w. TAMoscHA-r 2,774,158

INDICIA REIGISTERING MECHANISM Filed March 15, 1954 NTOR Y' I A TORNE y United stares Patent QT 2,774,158 Y y INDICIA REGISTERING MECHANISM William Tamoschat, Bronx, N. Y., assgnor to The Zell Products Corporation, Norwalk, Coun.

Application March 1s, 1954, serial No. 416,929 4 claims. (c1. 411-70) printed, engraved, or otherwise decorated with initials,

numbers or symbols; to provide a mechanism which may be set to register the desired indicia without levers or handles extending from the case; to provide a two-dial mechanism which may be operated in one direction to set one dial and in the other direction to set the remaining dial; to provide two dials which are concentrically positioned with respect to each other whereby the outerV dial may operate the inner dial; and to provide a mechanism of the foregoing character which will not add appreciably to the bulk of the object to which it is added.

I accomplish these and other objects and obtain my new results as will be apparent from the device described in the following specication, particularly pointed out in the claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which- Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a powder compact employing my registering mechanism.

Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the compact of Fig. l taken in the plan 2 2.

Fig. 3 is a sectional plan view of the compact taken in the plane 3 3 of Fig. 2.

Figs. 4, 5, 6, and 7, are plan views respectively of the top cover (partially shown), the outer dial, the inner dial, and the guide plate.

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the supporting rim and.

min-or for positioning under the mechanism in the top cover.

The mechanism is shown in detail in Figs. 2 and 3, inside the compact 10, which comprises a lid 12, and a bottom receptacle 14 hinged at 16. Two annular stampings, concentrically positioned, a-re formed into inner dial 18 and outer dial 20. These are positioned inside a plate 22 for guiding the movement of the dials. This is accomplished by forming upstanding rims 24 and 26 in the plate at the inner and outer edges, respectively, of the dials which rims form a seat within which the dials revolve. The plate is prevented from rotating with respect to the lid by an upset portion 28 in the side wall 30 of the lid wall which tits into a conrponding recess 32 in the plate.

The dials are eccentrically mounted with respect to the lid, to position one edge of the outer dial 20, adjacent an opening 34 in the wall 30 of the lid, where they may be engaged either by the thumb nail, or by a pointed tool 2,774,158 ,Patented Dec. 1s, 195e such as the key 36. The outer dial is notched, as at 38,

to facilitate rotation.

The inner dial 18 is caused to rotate by movement of the outer dial. This is accomplished by providing ratchet teeth 40 on the inner edge 42 of dial 20. These engage in one direction a spring biased pawl 44 formed on the outer edge 46 of inner dial 18. The ratchet teeth and pawl comprise the connecting means. The ratchet teeth will cam over the pawl 44, forming a disconnector when dial 20 is rotated in the reverse direction. 1

The inner edge 48 of dial 18 is similarly provided wi ratchet teeth 50 which are engaged in one direction by a spring biased pawl 52 formed in the wall 24 of plate 22. The 'ratchet teeth and pawl comprise the holding means. The ratchet teeth will cam over the pawl 52, forming a release mechanism when the dial 18 is rotated in the opposite direction.

Looking at the dials in the position shown in Fig. 3, it will be seen that the ratchet teeth and pawls are designed to permit outer dial 20 to rotate clockwise individually, but when rotated counterclockwise the ratchet teeth 40 lock against pawl 44, causing the inner dial to be carried thereby. Then it is possible to set the inner dial to the desired position, and thereafter to reverse the movement of dial 20 which will set the outer dial to the selected indicia, Without loss of position of the inner dial. However, should the inner dial start to rotate clockwise, as seen in Fig. 3, the ratchet teeth 50 will lock against pawl 52 of the plate 22 to prevent clockwise motion.

The dials are, in the example illustrated, provided with letters of the alphabet to permit selected letters from inner and outer dials to be visible through apertures 54 and 56, respectively.

The bottom of the plate 22 may be covered by a mirror 58 supported by an annular rim 60 secured firmly to the wall 30 of the lid. The dials and plate may be made of thin metal stock which permits pawls 42 and 52 to be formed in the stamping operation. Slot 62 may be formed in the plate 22 to facilitate the spring action of pawl 52, while slots 64 may be provided to aid in drawing the wall 26 and limiting the friction between dial 20 and the plate 22.

While the registering mechanism is shown as part of a powder compact, it is apparent that the mechanism may be incorporated in other devices where numbers or symbols may be used in place of letters.

I have thus described my invention, but I desire it understood that it is not confined to the particular forms or uses shown and described, the same being merely illustrative, and that the invention may be carried out in other ways without departing from the spirit of my invention, and, therefore, Iclaim broadly the right to employ all equivalent instrumentalities coming within the scope of the appended claims, and by means of which, objects of my invention are attained and new results accomplished, as it is obvious that the particular embodiments herein shown and described are only some of the many that can be employed to attain these objects and accomplish these results.

I claim:

1. An indicia indicating mechanism comprising a first and second dial mounted on the same axis, and a stationary member; each of said dials containing a plurality of indicia thereon; a cover for said dials containing means for viewing certain of the indicia on said dials; connecting means interlocking the rst and second dials to cause both dials to rotate as a unit when the first dial is rotated in one direction, said connecting means including a disconnector for unlocking the two dials when the iirst dial is rotated in the :reverse direction; holding means interlocking the second dial and the stationary member for preventing rotatiQn of the. second. dial when, the, first dial, is rotated in the `reverse direction, said holding means including a releasing mechanism for unlocking the second dial from the stationary 'member'. when the first second dials are rotating in the same direction-r 2. Themechanismof claim'L, wherinzthevconnectng means .and7 disconnector' @comprise a: set Vof ratchet' teethl fogmed on one of the dials-'and apawl mounted on: the ot er. Y Y

3,1116 mechanism of vclaiml 1', wherein-the. homing 1o means and?feleasingmechanismcomprise a set ot? ratchet, teeth and a pawl,` one' forming au ofthe secondi dial and the other formi-ng part: ofl the stationaryl member. Y


I is provided wit-h engaging means whereby the rst dial may be manually moved in either of the directions. Y

References Cited inthe file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,284,903 111mmV June 2, 1942 2,492,891 Vs1111 De@ 27, 1949 2,537,693 Mono. Ian. 9, 179,51 2,700,837 Wyner. Een r, i955 FOREIGN PATENTS, Y Y

:213,583 Great Britain Mar. 26, 1924

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2284903 *Jun 17, 1940Jun 2, 1942Illmer LouisAutomotive mileage reminder of the dial type
US2492891 *Oct 23, 1945Dec 27, 1949Metallbearbeitung Ag FChangeable indicia for receptacle covers
US2537693 *Dec 5, 1947Jan 9, 1951 Perpetual calendar
US2700837 *May 15, 1952Feb 1, 1955Harry WynerPowder compact and like box, or case for personal use
GB213583A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3628270 *Nov 19, 1969Dec 21, 1971Sterling Plastics CoPerpetual calendar
US5056454 *Jun 22, 1989Oct 15, 1991Turner Lance HUtility locator
US5613463 *Jan 3, 1995Mar 25, 1997Stokes; William T.Numbering device
US6000159 *Jan 29, 1998Dec 14, 1999Hornung; LeeDatable food storage containers
US7661383 *Sep 28, 2007Feb 16, 2010Brandon SongContact lens case with date storing feature
US8281733 *Aug 10, 2009Oct 9, 2012Ace Ventures, Inc.Self adhesive medication reminder device
US20070194128 *Feb 23, 2006Aug 23, 2007Coe Matthew TPromotional items having a card receiving area for holding and displaying a card
US20080128320 *Jul 2, 2007Jun 5, 2008Leifheit AgBeverage container
US20090084305 *Sep 28, 2007Apr 2, 2009Brandon SongContact Lens Case with Date Storing Feauture
US20090293798 *Aug 10, 2009Dec 3, 2009Jeffrey KreshekSelf adhesive medication reminder device
US20170133828 *Sep 13, 2016May 11, 2017Friedrich Goehringer Elektrotechnik GmbhDistributor block with phase indicator
U.S. Classification40/307, 40/495, 116/317
International ClassificationA45D33/00, A45D33/18
Cooperative ClassificationA45D33/18
European ClassificationA45D33/18