|Publication number||US2774474 A|
|Publication date||Dec 18, 1956|
|Filing date||Aug 2, 1954|
|Priority date||Aug 2, 1954|
|Publication number||US 2774474 A, US 2774474A, US-A-2774474, US2774474 A, US2774474A|
|Inventors||Phillips David B|
|Original Assignee||Phillips David B|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (20), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
. 8, 1956 D. B. PHlLLIPS' 2,774,474
PACKAGING DEVICE FOR CYLINDRICAL OBJECTS Filed Aug. 2, 1954 INVENTOR. DAVID B. PHILLIPS g- LUJZQQW 2% A TTORNE Y United States Patent PACKAGING DEVICE FOR CYLINDRICAL OBJECTS This invention relates to packaging devices, and in particular relates to a packaging device designed to facilitate unit transportation of one or more objects of substantially cylindrical shape.
In the past, the transportation of cylindrical objects has generally been efiectuated through the medium of the conventional six-sided box that is provided with spacer members on the interior side walls thereof for the purpose of spacing the cylindrical object with respect thereto.
While the above-referred to type of packaging device functioned properly from the standpoint of transporting the cylindrical objects as a unit, several disadvantages were apparent with respect to this known type of prior art. The first and foremost of these disadvantages relates to the relatively high cost of this type of packag ing device, resulting from the necessity of employing the relatively large amount of wood or other packaging material during the construction of the box member per se. Further expense was caused by the necessity of providing the aforementioned spacer members of an exact and conforming'configuration, whereby the same would be capable of exactly 'spacing'the cylindrical object with respect to the side walls of the box member. A still further disadvantage of this type of packaging device was encountered with respect to certain difficulties that arose when the transportation was interrupted for the purpose of performing a further operation on the cylinder. Such a situation arises, for example, in the manufacture and transportation of artillery shells, wherein shells are made at one plant and loaded with explosive at a second plant. In use of the known prior art devices a great deal of lost time resulted from the mandatory packaging and re-packaging of the relatively complex prior art box.
It has been discovered that a greatly simplified packaging device can be provided if the inherent axial inflexibility of the cylindrical object is utilized to cooperate structurally with the elements ofthe packaging device per se.
Accordingly, it is one object of this invention to provide an inexpensive container adapted for the transportation of objects of substantially cylindrical configuration.
It is a further object of this invention to provide an inexpensive container for the transportation of oneor more objects of substantially cylindrical configuration wherein the axial inflexibility of the cylindrical objects is structurally utilized in cooperation with the elements of the packaging unit to define an overall inflexible packaging structure.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide an inexpensive container for the transportation of one or more objects of substantially cylindrical configuration and being characterized by the extreme ease with which these cylindrical objects can be removed and repositioned with respect to packaging means.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide 2,7 74,474 Patented Dec. 18, 1956 a container for cylindrical objects that includes a pallet means thereon.
These and other objects of the invention will become. more apparent upon a reading of the following bn'ef specification considered and interpreted in the light of the accompanying drawings.
0f the drawings! Figure 1 is a perspective view illustrating the improved packaging device in conjunction with the packaging of a pair of artillery shells.
Figures 2 and 3 are views taken on'the lines 2-2 and 3-3 respectively, of Figure l. e I
Figure 4 is a perspective viewof a modified bottom support member incorporating an improved pallet design. Referring now to the drawings, and in particul'ar,t0'
Figure 1 thereof, the improved packaging unit, generally designated as 10, is shown as including an upper.
support member 11 and a lower pallet support member 12 that are shown secured to the opposed ends of artillery shells 13, 13, by banding straps 14, 14.
.As is best shown in Figure 2 of the drawings, the upper support member 11 is defined by a rectangular block 24 and furtther includes a pair of transversely extending block members 21, 21 secured thereto as by nails 23, 23. For the purpose of receiving the upper tapered ends 13a, 13a of the artillery shells 13, 13, the transversely extending block members 21, 21 are each provided with an aperture 24, 'the arrangement being such that these apertures 24, 24 are axially aligned with and concentric about a pair of apertures 25, 25 that are provided in the block 20 (see Figure 2). The apertures25, 25 are shown radially undercut as at 26, 26 for the purpose of receiving a cooperating shoulder of the artillery shells 13, 13. In addition each aperture 25 is shown slotted radially outwardly as, at 27, 27 .to provide drainage holes for water or other liquids accu- 'mulating on the topsurface of the block 20.
As has been previouslyindicated, the lower support member 12 is engagedabout the opposite axial ends 13b, 13b of the artillery shells 13, 13 in spacedrelationshipi to the support 11. To this end, the lower support mam, ber 12 is shown as including a rectangular platef30lf provided with a pair of cylindrical'undercuts 131, 31 that define seats 32, 32 upon which the artilleryshellslla,
13 may rest. As before, drainage of the lower support member 12 may be facilitated by providing apertures 33, 33 to communicate the seats 32, 32 with the surface 3900f block 31 (See Figure 3.) It is similarly manifest that the seats 32, 32 of the lower support member 12 may be somewhat inclined to cause drainage through apertures 33, 33.
For the purpose of providing pallet means, the block 30 is shown in Figure 1 of the drawings as being supported with respect to the ground or other objects by a plurality of transversely extending spacer blocks 34, 34 that are secured with respect to the block 30 by a plurality of flange members 35, 35, the arrangement being such that the fork lifts of a truck may be inserted into the spaces between the members 34, 34 for lifting engagement with the surface 30a of the lower support member 12 in known manner. It is important to note with respect to the upper and lower support means 11 and 12, that the apertures 25, 25 are axially aligned with the cylindrical undercuts 31, 31, thus permitting upright reception of the artillery shells withrespect to the top and bottom support members 11 and 12.
In use or operation of the improved packaging device, the bottom portions 13b, 13b of artillery shells 13, 13, are first placed upon the cylindrical seats 32, 32 of the lower support member 12, and in this position the same will assume an upright or vertical position with respect to the plane of the block 30. In this position the upper by clamping in known manner.
' result could be,o b,tained .1v
tapered ends 13a, 13a of the artillery shells 13,713 by merely placing apertures 24:,- 24, undercuts 26, 2s and apertures '25,, 25, over these-respective end portions. Inthis partially assembled position the bandingwiresmay bepositioned around the upper,and lower support'mernbers 'lljand 12', respectively, as is best shown in Figure Land the same may then be tightened andsecured as In ther assembled condition of Figure 1, relative lateral displacement between the supportmembers lltand llisobviated by virtue of,eng agement.of the artillery shells 13,13 with the cooperating recesses of the upper= and lower' support membersll and 12. For example, the lower-fiends 13b,' 13b are engaged'by the walls of the;cylinder undercuts- 31, 3 1 ofithe lo,wer support member-12, while the upper ends 13a, 13a are. generally engaged by the 'walls of apertures 24,, 24, undercuts 26, 26. and apertures 25, 25 e Figuresfl nd 7 a 1 As has been previously indicated, the objects that are being packaged or crated for subsequent transportation with the device of this invention, cooperate, by virtue. of their axial inflexibility, with the packaging members perse, and thus define a rigid package or crate that is suitable for transportation as a unit. This aforementinned cooperation between the, objectbeing transported and the packaging elements per se dictates that theesupp ort member must, to some extent, be individually tailored to fit .the requirements of the particular cylin drical object being transported. Accordingly, while the specification of this invention has described the transpgrtation of artillery shells, it is manifest that other cylin- '4 a modification shown in Figure 4, includes a plurality of spacer blocks 41, 41 that'are provided on the corner and center edge portions of the plate, 49. As before, these block members 41, 41 are secured with respect to the plate member 40 by a plurality of flange members 42, 42, the resulting arrangement being such that the usual fork lifts can be inserted-from any side instead of beinglimited tQ insertion from, the frontand rear. sides as is the case with thepalletpmeans shown in Figures l3 of the drawings.
claims. What is claime'diszj 1; A shipping package or" axially inflexible elongated particles having a flat base and a tapered nose section,
dricalobjects couldjbe transported upon slight modification of the support members 11 and 12.. For example,
ifja perfectly cylindrical drum were to be supported, the upper support member could be provided with a pair comprising; a flat base plate having the upper flat sur- 7 face thereof-,providedwith at least. one recessed, horizontal seat againsttwhich the flat base ofsaid inflexible article is seated; a flat cover plate of approximately:
equal dimensions to said base plate having at least one through aperture interconnecting the opposed fiat faces ,thereof; and means for drawing said base and-cover plates toward each other. when positioned with respect to said article; said aperture being substantially concen-- trically disposed above saidjseat when said cover plate is superimposed over. said base plate in vertically spaced relationship; said aperturehaving a plurality of radial dimensions along itsaxial length receiving; the tapered nose section therein; said nose section projecting through and above: the upper-most plane of said cover plate.
2 The device of claim 1, wherein the lowermost sur face of said baseplate includes pallet means operable to space; said base; plate vertically 01" a floor surface'at otlcyli'ndricalgundercuts equivalent in size 'to theunderr designated as 4i). 'The 'structure'of this modified lower? is similar to the support member 12,, with the exception that a; different form of palletdevice is tem- UPP,
ployedin conjunction with this modified form of the desiena i l ke part r The pallet means employed in conjunction with the invention; AcQQIdi JglY, Where indicated, like numbers member and the same there is shown amodia distance atleast equal to the, distance of projection of the nose section above said uppermost plane of said,
coveriplater References-Cited 1 m; file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,446,966 *Swikart Aug. 10, 1948' 2,530,797 Arthur NOV. 21, 1950' 2,571,748 Newman Oct. 16,- 1951 2,644,578 Bramming July 7, 1953' FOREIGN PATENTS" 7 74,692 Switzerland Apr. 2, 19-17
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|U.S. Classification||206/3, 206/427, 206/597|
|International Classification||B65D85/30, B65D71/02, B65D19/44, B65D57/00, B65D19/38|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D57/00, B65D19/44, B65D2571/00111, B65D85/30, B65D2571/00055|
|European Classification||B65D19/44, B65D85/30, B65D57/00|