US 2774531 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
1 3 RL v0 s, W 4 NT R 7 EN o 7 VE T 2, mw m Filed MaICh 19, 1954 Yonah., jgumb,
Dec. 18, 1956 D ROSENTHAL.
DISPOSABLE WASTE RECEPTACLE:
United States Patent O DISPOSABLE WASTE RECEPTACLE Daniel Rosenthal, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application March 19, 1954, Serial No. 417,350 A1 Claim. (Cl. 229-53) This invention relates to Waste receptacles and, more particularly, to disposable waste receptacles. v
The disposal of waste tissues and the like in a sick room, whether at home or in a hospital, presents an awkward problem. A floor-based receptacle positioned so as to be convenient for the patient is generally underfoot for an attendant, and a receptacle that is unobtrusive is generally in an inconvenient position for use. Numerous disposal devices have been proposed and used heretofore in sick rooms, but to the best of my knowledge these devices have been designed more for the convenience ofthe attendant than with thought for the patient. t
I have now devised a wholly disposable waste receptacle which is particularly suitable for use by a bedridden patient. This receptacle comprises a folding paper bag closed at one end and open atV the other end, the
open end of the bag being provided with a plurality of substantially parallel cuts extending a substantial distance toward the closed end of the bag'. One of the end portions of the bag between the aforementioned parallel cuts may be inserted under the Vsideedge of a mattress.
2,774,531 Patented Dec. 18, 1956 nice comprising main panels 21 and 22 having a width equal to the majorwidth of the open tube and the other two panels comprising side panels 23 and 24 having a width equal to that of the minor width of the open tube. rl`he length of the cut lines 19 and 20 should be such that the length of one of the main panels 21 is suicient to provide a supporting flap for the opened tube. i Y
it will be appreciated, accordingly, that the hereindescribed device comprises a folding paper bag closed at one end and opened at the other end with the open end of the bag provided with a plurality of substantially parallel cuts extending a substantial distance toward the closed end of thebag. This device is readily transformed into a waste receptacle by folding into the interior of the opened bag the side panels 23 and 24 adjacent the inner terminals of the cut lines, as Vcan be seen in Fig. 2. These two inwardly folded side panels thus hold the sides of the bag injtheir opened condition in spite of the gusset folds about the gusset fold lines 15 and 16 which would otherwise permit the bag to collapse into its normally folded state. One of the main panels 22 may similarly be folded inwardly into the interior of the .open bag,'as shown in Fig. 2, or it may be left out of the bag so as to form a closure therefor. The. other main panel 21 remains outside the bag and is ,advantageously folded out- Wardly ina direction opposite that of the other panels,
In order to promote the anchoring of this portion of the bag in its desired position, at least one surface of this portion is advantageouslyrprovided with an extraneous surface-engaging,material such; as an adhesive orfriction deposit.v
These and other novel features of the waste receptacle of my invention will be more fully understood by reference to the accompanying drawings in whichA Fig. l is an isometric view of the folded receptacle;
Fig. 2 is an` isometric view of the receptacle of Fig. 1 in its opened condition;
Fig. 3 is an isometric partial view of two folded receptacles of the invention stacked in the form in which they are shipped and sold with the back surfaces of Fig. 1 facing upward;
Fig. 4 is a plan view of the back surface of one end portion of another modification of the receptacle; and
Fig. 5 is a plan View of the opened receptacle when supported by, an extraneous clamping device.
The waste receptacle of my invention comprises, as shown in Fig. 1, a folding paper bag 10 of the type which is known as a folding paper tube provided with a plurality of longitudinal fold lines. These longitudinal fold lines comprise four main or corner fold lines 11, 12, 13 and 14 and two intermediate gusset fold lines 15 and 16. One end of the tube is sealed in the conventional manner as at 17, and the other end 18 remains open or unsealed. Each of the four main longitudinal fold lines 11, 12, 13 and 14 is provided with a cut extending from the open end 18 of the tube a substantial distance toward the closed end 17 of the tube. Although this vmay be done simply by cutting along the foldlines themselves, I have found that these cuts may be provided without opening the tube by cutting away a narrow section of the two sides of the folded tube as indicated by the lines 19 and 20 in Fig. 1. The cuts 19 and 20 thus define four separate end panels adjacent the open end of the bag, two of thesepanels as can be seen in Fig. 2. In order to facilitate the folding of the main panelsand side panels, the bag may advantageouslybe provided with transverse score ,lines 25, 26, 27 and 28V interconnecting the inner terminal ends of the cut lines as shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
In order to place the opened bag in position for use as a waste receptacle, it is only necessary to insert the exterior panel 21 of the receptacle under'the side edge o f the patients mattress or pillow. The receptacle will thenfbein a convenient position for use by the patient. In ,order to supplement or replace the normal frictional contact between the panel and the, bedding under which itrests', thepan'el may beprovided' withv a deposit '.of a surface-ehgagirig material 29 `such asan adhesive or friction material. The adhesive deposit may comprise a pressure-sensitive adhesive, applied either directly to the receptacle surface or in the form of an extraneous strip of sheet material having at least one of its surfaces provided With such a pressure-sensitive adhesive,or it may comprise a water-soluble adhesive such as that used on letter envelopes. The friction material deposit may comprise a layer Vof non-tacky but slip-resistant latex material such as that which results from applying a deposit of rubber cement to the panel and then allowing the solvent in the cement to evaporate. Such surface-engaging deposits may be formed on either or both of the surfaces of the main panel 21v which is used as the supporting element for the receptacle.
When the surface-engaging deposit 29 comprises a conventionalpressure-sensitive material, it may be protected by a superimposed but readily removable strip of smooth surfaced or glossy paper, waxed paper, or silicon treated paper, or the like. This same result may be produced by applying to an. appropriate surface of the other main panel of the tube a waxed surface or strip sopositioned as to engage and thereby protect the pressuresensitive deposit from adhering to the adjacent paper surface `in a bundle or package of the folded receptacles. For example, if the pressure-sensitive deposit is positioned on the inner surface of the main panel 21 which serves as the supporting element, then the cooperating waxed surface or strip is positioned on the inner surface of the opposite main panel 22. On the other hand, if the pressure-sensitive deposit is formed on the outer surface ofthe supporting panel 21, then the waxed surface portion 30 is advantageously provided on the outer surface of the opposite main panel 22 so that when the folded bags or tubes are stacked in their normal shipping condition the waxed portion 30 of one bag will engage the pressure-sensitive deposit 29 on the outer surface of the adjacent bag. However, as shown in Fig. 4, both-the pressure-sensitive deposit 29 and the protective waxed surface 30 may he formed as parallel laterally positioned spaced deposits or bands on the same side of `each bag, the panel 21 or the bag itself being Yfolded about an intermediate fold line 31 so that the waxed surface portion 30 makes contact with and protects the pressure-sensitive deposit 29. Y
YAlthough the receptacle of the -present invention is particularly adaptedltoprovide self-supporting 'engagement withbedding such as theunderside ofla mattress or the sheet which covers the underside of -a mattress, it must be understood that a separate supporting device may be used. A wide variety of such supporting devices are capable of being used to engage thesupporting main panel 21 of my receptacle, but only as ing-le representative supporting device is shown in Pig. 5. This device comprises a clamp portion and a tongue portion. The clamp portion comprises two parallel adjacent armsr32 and 33 of resilient material such as metal wire or strip which can be spread apart tofreceive and hold the supporting main panel 21 of the opened receptacle. The tongue portion 34 of the device is then inserted under the patients mattress or is otherwise secured at the side orframe of the bed where itis within convenientreach.
iIf desired, threev of the four panels formed bythe cuts adjacent the open end of the bag may befcut oil, thus leaving the lower portion of the Vbag with an upper flap composed of one of the main or side panels, for example, the main panel 21. The resulting product would then appear exactly like that shown in Fig. 2 with the exception that there would be no other main or side panels folded downwardly into the interior of the opened bag.
It will'be appreciated, accordingly, that the receptacle of my invention is wholly disposable. After it has been filled with waste tissues or the like, the supporting main panel 21 may be folded over the top of the receptacle or may be tucked downwardly thereinto in order to eiectivelyclose the ,illedfreceptacle It will also be apprecited that although the receptacle of my invention has Vbeen described herein with particular reference to its use as a bedside accoutrement, it can be used effectively as a convenient receptacle to be attached or secured to a dining table top for use in the disposal of waste such as lobster shells, bones, or the like.
It will also be understood that the paper of my disposable receptacle may be impregnated with a scent (such as perfume) or with a gerrnicide (such as hexylresorcinol) or with a deodorant (such as chlorophyllin), or with a combination of these materials. Moreover, the paper may be appropriately treated to make it moisture resistant, particularly where it may be used for the disposal of waste materials at a dining table. The bag itself may be formed from moisture-resistant paper such as waxed paper or dry wax paper, in which case a deposit of a pressure-sensitive material on one surface of the bag will not objectionably adhere to another adjacent surface of the same bag or to a proximate surface of another adjacent bag of the same material.
A receptacle for waste and the like which comprises a folding paper bag closed at one end and open at the other end, the open end of the bag being provided with a plurality of substantially parallel cuts extending a substantial distance toward the closed end of the bag, the inboard ends of the cut lines being interconnected by fold lines extending transversely across the bag, one of the end portions of the bag between said cuts being provided with a deposit of a pressure-sensitive material protected by a superimposed but readily removable strip of sheet material.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 426,770 Claussen Apr. 29, 1890 1,800,143 Hughes Apr. 7, 1931 2,337,370 Broadfoot Dec. 2l, 1943 2,349,488 Dement May 23, 1944 2,367,440 Schieman Jan. 16, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS 54,571 Denmark Mar. 21, 1938 60,617 INetherlands Jan. 16, 1948